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Document Server@UHasselt (58.393 recursos)

Repository of the University of Hasselt containing publications in the fields of statistics, computer science, information strategies and material from the Institute for behavioural sciences.

Behaviour, Communication & Linguistics - Behavioural Sciences - Diversity

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 113

  1. Deaf parents and pediatric cochlear implantation: an exploration of the decision-making process

    Hardonk, S.; Daniels, S.; Desnerck, G.; Loots, G.; Van Hove, G.; Van Kerschaver, E.; Sigurj??nsd??ttir, H.B.; Vanroelen, C.; Louckx, F.
    Objective To examine factors which play a role in deaf parents' decision-making process for cochlear implantation (CI) or traditional hearing aids. Participants Parents, at least one deaf, of children with severe/profound congenital hearing loss, born 1999-2004. Methods Thematic content analysis within a phenomenological approach was applied to interviews with parents. Results With the exception of a family with one hearing parent, none of the parents gave priority to spoken language development. Spoken language was considered as nothing more but equal to their ???mother tongue???, sign language. As the parents were familiar with deafness and the Deaf community, professional advice was not...

  2. Congenital deafness and interaction: The impact of different disability models

    Hardonk, Stefan; Mouvet, Kimberley; Matthijs, Liesbeth; Loots, Gerrit
    Research into issues of childhood deafness is predominantly based on a medical approach, in which diagnosis and treatment of impaired hearing capacities are emphasised. Most contemporary early intervention programmes also focus on development of spoken language when supporting children with congenital deafness. Furthermore, technological developments in the field of cochlear implantation (CI) have resulted in new opportunities for spoken language development, and they have strongly influenced parents’ care-related decision making. With the development of CI has come an even stronger focus on spoken language development, especially among hearing parents – who represent 90 percent of all parents of congenitally deaf...

  3. Analyseren van moeder-kind interacties tegen de achtergrond van constructies van doofheid en voorkeuren inzake communicatiemode

    Hardonk, Stefan; Mouvet, Kimberley
    In ons recent onderzoek in het domein van congenitale doofheid hebben wij ons toegelegd op vragen rond beslissingen rond zorg van ouders, en de kwaliteit van interacties tussen moeder en kind. Deze op het eerste zicht verschillende onderzoeksdomeinen zijn aspecten van de algemene vraag naar de ervaring van ouders van de doofheid van hun kind en hun aanpassing aan de veranderende situatie. Daarom, voor het Sign Language Colloquium hebben we gezamenlijk de moeder-kind interacties geanalyseerd in relatie tot de ouders' constructies van doofheid en hun voorkeuren inzake communicatiemode. Meer specifiek analyseerden we drie gevallen met verschillende kenmerken, met aandacht voor...

  4. The Role of Communication Choice in the Deaf Child’s Language Development

    Mouvet, Kimberley; Matthijs, Liesbeth; Hardonk, Stefan; Loots, Gerrit; Van Herreweghe, Mieke

  5. Expert opinions on precarious employment in Flanders

    Bosmans, Kim; Hardonk, Stefan; Vanroelen, Christophe; Louckx, Fred
    Background. The concept of 'precarious employment' becomes more popular to investigate non-standard and flexible employment conditions. However, disagreement remains about the meaning of precariousness and which aspects of employment can be included in this concept. The purpose of this paper is to report on expert knowledge and views about how precarious employment can be conceived and becomes manifested in the Flemish labour market. Furthermore, we reflect on the extent to which these expert views coincide the conceptualisation of precarious employment that we made on theoretical grounds. Method. Semi-structured interviews with experts having varying backgrounds and relevant specific knowledge were conducted...

  6. Parents' perspective on the care-trajectory of their congenitally deaf child: a sociological analysis of their experiences, preferences and decisions

    Hardonk, Stefan
    The context of congenital deafness has changed under the influence of recent technological innovations in the field of medicine. The implementation of universal neonatal hearing screening programmes in many countries has allowed for early care intervention, and cochlear implants offer new possibilities for hearing and spoken language development. Members of the Deaf community have challenged the medical approach of deafness and emphasised a perspective in which deafness is not considered as an impairment, but as a characteristic of a cultural-linguistic minority. Today, little is known about parents' perspective on their child's care trajectory. Given the different conceptual approaches of deafness...

  7. From Screening to Care: A Qualitative Analysis of the Parental Experiences Related to Screening and (Re)habilitation Care for Children with Congenital Deafness in Flanders, Belgium

    Hardonk, Stefan; Desnerck, Greetje; Loots, Gerrit; Matthijs, Liesbeth; Van Hove, Geert; Van Kerschaver, Erwin; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hanna Björg; Vanroelen, Christophe; Louckx, Fred
    The objective of this study is to analyze parental perspectives concerning the use of (re)habilitation services after Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS). A qualitative study design was used involving children with moderate-to-profound hearing loss who were born between 1999 and 2001 and who are registered in the UNHS program in Flanders, Belgium. Parents of these children were interviewed using a topic list and a chronological scheme to register meaningful events while using (re)habilitative services. Subsequently, thematic content analysis was applied to the transcripts of the interviews. Analysis found that differences exist in parental experiences and some parents who were referred...

  8. Deaf parents and pediatric cochlear implantation: an exploration of the decision-making process

    Hardonk, Stefan; Daniels, Sarah; Desnerck, Greetje; Loots, Gerrit; Van Hove, Geert; Van Kerschaver, Erwin; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hanna Björg; Vanroelen, Christophe; Louckx, Fred
    The study examined factors in deaf parents' decision between cochlear implantation (CI) and traditional hearing aids for their child. The subjects were 6 Flemish children ages 5-9 years with severe/profound congenital hearing loss, with at least 1 deaf parent. The researchers, who conducted thematic content analysis of qualitative data collected through parent interviews, found that with the exception of a family with 1 hearing parent, parents gave priority to Deaf identity sign language, and ethical issues in deciding between CI and hearing aids. Medical risks were also mentioned. The researchers conclude that the decision-making processes of the parents involved factors...

  9. Congenitally deaf children's care trajectories in the context of universal neonatal hearing screening: a qualitative study of the parental experiences

    Hardonk, Stefan; Desnerck, Greetje; Loots, Gerrit; Van Hove, Geert; Van Kerschaver, Erwin; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hanna Björg; Vanroelen, Christophe; Louckx, Fred
    The objective of this study is to examine the early care trajectories of congenitally deaf children from a parental perspective, starting with universal neonatal hearing screenings. The analysis using a three-dimensional care trajectory concept is aimed at developing a basic typology of postscreening care trajectories. Children with severe/profound hearing loss, registered in the Flanders' (Belgium) universal neonatal hearing screening program, born between 1999 and 2001. Thematic content analysis of qualitative data collected retrospectively from participant's parents. Two basic types of care trajectories emerged; based on differences in care-use in the phase of further diagnosis and related parental experiences. Subtypes resulted...

  10. First Information Parents Receive After UNHS Detection of Their Baby???s Hearing Loss

    Matthijs, Liesbeth; Loots, Gerrit; Mouvet, Kimberley; Van Herreweghe, Mieke; Hardonk, Stefan; Van Hove, Geert; Van Puyvelde, Martine; Leigh, Greg
    The first information parents receive after referral through Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) has significant consequences for later care-related decisions they take and thus for the future of the child with a hearing loss. In this study, 11 interviews were conducted with a representative sample of Flemish service providers to discover (a) the content of the information provided to parents and (b) the service providers??? assumptions and beliefs concerning deafness and care. To do this, we conducted an interpretative phenomenological analysis, followed by a discourse analysis. Results showed that parents receive diverse information, depending on the reference center to which...

  11. Analysing care-related decisions in parents of congenitally deaf children: introduction of an explanatory model

    Hardonk, Stefan; Desnerck, Greetje; Matthijs, Liesbeth; Loots, Gerrit; Van Hove, Geert; Van Kerschaver, Erwin; Sigurj??nsd??ttir, Hanna Bj??rg; Traustad??ttir, Rannveig; Vanroelen, Christophe; Louckx, Fred
    Research into issues of deafness is characterised by the dominance of the medical model of disability. Although social and cultural-linguistic models have received increasing attention from scholars, they have been used mainly in theoretical debate. Empirical application has been limited. Based on our comprehensive research project into the care-related decisions of parents of congenitally deaf children in Flanders, Belgium, an explanatory model for care-related parental decisions was constructed, which transcends the specific findings generated by our studies. This model is presented and discussed in this paper. Illustrations are provided based on our empirical findings.

  12. First Information Parents Receive After UNHS Detection of Their Baby's Hearing Loss

    Matthijs, Liesbeth; Loots, Gerrit; Mouvet, Kimberley; Van Herreweghe, Mieke; HARDONK, Stefan; Van Hove, Geert; Van Puyvelde, Martine; Leigh, Greg
    The first information parents receive after referral through Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) has significant consequences for later care-related decisions they take and thus for the future of the child with a hearing loss. In this study, 11 interviews were conducted with a representative sample of Flemish service providers to discover (a) the content of the information provided to parents and (b) the service providers' assumptions and beliefs concerning deafness and care. To do this, we conducted an interpretative phenomenological analysis, followed by a discourse analysis. Results showed that parents receive diverse information, depending on the reference center to which...

  13. De boezem van de wetenschap-redactioneel

    van Balen, Barbara; Oldersma, Jantine; Valgaeren, Elke
    Vrouwen zijn nog steeds ondervertegenwoordigd in het academisch kader. Dit is een slechte zaak voor de universiteiten, want dit betekent dat zij een groot deel van hun intellectueel potentieel links laten liggen. Tegelijk staan organisaties anno 2012 onder steeds meer druk om aan te tonen dat ze gelijke kansen bieden.

  14. Diversiteit in het nieuwe arbeidsbestel: Schipperen tussen kritische analyse en pragmatiek

    Zanoni, Patrizia
    Diversiteit is in het laatste decennium steeds meer ingeburgerd in België. Waar men tot kort het voornamelijk had over kansengroepen en hun evenredige arbeidsdeelname, spreekt men vandaag steeds vaker over diversiteit, diversiteitsmanagement, -beleid, -plannen, -consulenten, -prijzen en -labels. De populariteit van de term getuigt van een zekere consensus dat diversiteit, als idee, een legitieme plaats heeft verworven in het hedendaagse debat rond de toekomst van werk. Ondanks deze terminologische eensgezindheid blijven achter diversiteit tegenstrijdige belangen schuilen. Diversiteit maakt immers haar entree precies op een moment dat de instituties die de Belgische arbeidverhoudingen historisch gekenmerkt hebben fundamenteel ter sprake staan. De...

  15. Determinants of Ethnic Minority Confidence in the Police

    VAN CRAEN, Maarten
    In this article I test the contribution which (aspects of) social capital theory, performance theory and the procedural justice-based model can make towards explaining ethnic minorities' confidence in the police. To answer my central question-What determining factors account for minorities' level of confidence in the police?-I conducted regression analysis of quantitative data collected from minority-group members in Belgium via 456 face-to-face interviews. The results suggest that feelings of insecurity and perceptions of discrimination play a large part in accounting for ethnic minorities' confidence (or lack of) in the police.

  16. ???What???s new???? The rhetoric construction of innovation by ethnically diverse creative entrepreneurs

    Thoelen, Annelies; Zanoni, Patrizia
    Conceptualizing innovation as the ???social and cultural act of ascribing value??? (Rehn and Vachhani 2006), this study investigates how ethnically diverse creative entrepreneurs rhetorically construct their work as innovative. Drawing on Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca???s (1969) theory of rhetoric, we specifically examine how they deploy rhetorical schemes ??? frames minimally connecting ideas and concepts ??? to build claims of aesthetic innovation. From our analysis, three main types of argumentations emerged, each characterized by specific rhetorical schemes. A first type claims innovation by relying on liaisons of coexistence relating one???s creative work to one???s unique self and biography. A second type uses...

  17. ???What???s new???? The rhetoric construction of innovation by ethnically diverse creative entrepreneurs

    Thoelen, Annelies; Zanoni, Patrizia
    Conceptualizing innovation as the ???social and cultural act of ascribing value??? (Rehn and Vachhani 2006), this study investigates how ethnically diverse creative entrepreneurs rhetorically construct their work as innovative. Drawing on Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca???s (1969) theory of rhetoric, we specifically examine how they deploy rhetorical schemes ??? frames minimally connecting ideas and concepts ??? to build claims of aesthetic innovation. From our analysis, three main types of argumentations emerged, each characterized by specific rhetorical schemes. A first type claims innovation by relying on liaisons of coexistence relating one???s creative work to one???s unique self and biography. A second type uses...

  18. Crafting success by ‘fitting in’ and ‘standing out’: Ethnic minority entrepreneurs’ construction of legitimacy in the creative industries

    Thoelen, Annelies; Zanoni, Patrizia
    This study investigates how ethnic minority entrepreneurs in the creative industries deploy their ethnic background to craft professional legitimacy drawing on De Clercq and Voronov’s (2009) theory of legitimacy, we examine how they discursively deploy their ethnic minority background and combine it with other available discourses to fit in and stand out in their field. Based on data collected through 13 in-depth interviews with established ethnic entrepreneurs in the creative industries, we identify four types of use of the ethnic minority background to craft legitimacy: the ‘ethnic’ creative entrepreneur, the ‘hybrid’ creative entrepreneur, the ‘heroic creative entrepreneur, and the ‘unproblematic’...

  19. Crafting success by ‘fitting in’ and ‘standing out’: Ethnic minority entrepreneurs’ construction of legitimacy in the creative industries

    Thoelen, Annelies; Zanoni, Patrizia
    This study investigates how ethnic minority entrepreneurs in the creative industries deploy their ethnic background to craft professional legitimacy. Drawing on De Clercq and Voronov's (2009) theory of legitimacy, we examine how they discursively deploy their ethnic minority background and combine it with other available discourses to fit in and stand out in their field. Based on data collected through 13 in-depth interviews with established ethnic entrepreneurs in the creative industries, we identify four types of use of the ethnic minority background to craft legitimacy: the 'ethnic' creative entrepreneur, the 'hybrid' creative entrepreneur, the 'heroic' creative entrepreneur, and the 'unproblematic'...

  20. Legitimiteitsmanagement van inclusieve scholen in de Vlaamse onderwijsmarkt: een synthese van het neo-institutioneel en impressiemanagement perspectief

    Mampaey, Jelle
    In dit doctoraatsproefschrift willen we bijdragen tot de onderwijsliteratuur door te onderzoeken hoe (Vlaamse) etnisch diverse inclusieve scholen hun reputatie (of legitimiteit) in de ogen van autochtone ouders van leerlingen kunnen behouden, wat in een quasi-onderwijsmarkt (zoals de Vlaamse) noodzakelijk is om hun werking en overleving op lange termijn te waarborgen. Inclusieve scholen definiëren we als scholen die de kloof in de onderwijsprestaties tussen autochtone en allochtone leerlingen verkleinen. We maken hiervoor gebruik van een meervoudige gevalstudie van vier Vlaamse secundaire inclusieve scholen. Om onze data te interpreteren gebruiken we de literatuur rond reputatiemanagement (of legitimiteitsmanagement) van organisaties, die in...

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