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FADEUP - Artigo em Revista Internacional
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 165
Acute acalculous cholecystitis in malaria: A review of seven cases from an adult cohort - Abreu, C.; Santos, L.; Poínhos, Rui; Sarmento, A.
Purpose and methods Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an uncommon condition related to serious clinical conditions, such as surgery, trauma, burn injuries and sepsis. The diagnosis of AAC remains challenging to make, since it generally occurs as a secondary event in acutely ill patients with another disease. Imaging evaluation is crucial, and welknown criteria are accepted for the diagnosis. To our knowledge, only case reports of AAC related to 12 malaria adult patients have been published. In this series, seven cases of AAC from a cohort of 42 adult patients with severe
imported falciparum malaria [according to the World
Health Organization (WHO)...
Relevance of a hypersaline sodium-rich naturally sparkling mineral water to the protection against Metabolic Syndrome induction in fructose-fed Sprague-Dawley rats: a biochemical, metabolic and redox approach. - Pereira CD; Milton S; Araújo JR; Guimarães JT; Pestana D; Santos A; Ferreira R; Ascensão A; Magalhães J; Azevedo I; Monteiro R; Martins MJ
The Metabolic Syndrome increases the risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Increased fructose consumption and/or mineral deficiency have been associated with Metabolic Syndrome development. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 8 weeks consumption of a hypersaline sodium-rich naturally sparkling mineral water on 10% fructose-fed Sprague-Dawley rats (Metabolic Syndrome animal model). The ingestion of the mineral water (rich in sodium bicarbonate and with higher potassium, calcium and magnesium content than the tap water used as control) prevented not only the fructose-induced increase of heart rate, plasma triacylglycerols, insulin and leptin levels, hepatic catalase activity and...
DIET QUALITY IN ELDERLY PORTUGUESE HOUSEHOLDS - Santos, Débora; Rodrigues, Sara; Oliveira, Bruno; Almeida, Maria Daniel Vaz de
Objective: To identify diet quality time trends in Portuguese elderly households and the association of
diet quality with sociodemographic characteristics. Design: Set of four cross-sectional studies. Setting:
Portuguese population. Subjects: Nationally representative samples from Household Budget Surveys (1989-1990,
1994-1995, 2000-2001 and 2005-2006 versions). Households with members aged ≥ 65 years were categorized as
solitary elderly female, solitary elderly male, or elderly couple (composed of one elderly female and one elderly
male) and compared with adult households with the same composition. Methods: Diet quality was assessed
through a revised version of the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDIr). Univariate and multiple backward linear
regression models were used to study the...
Evaluation of prerequisite programs implementation at schools foodservice - Margarida Martins; Ada Rocha
Introduction: Strengthening food safety measures in schools would improve protection of students and
school staff from outbreaks of foodborne illness. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the
non-conformities in prerequisite programs implementation at school foodservice.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between October and December 2011 involving 88
school foodservice units at a Portuguese Municipality. Each school foodservice was audited using a
hygiene-sanitary checklist including 146 statements by the same nutritionist. Prerequisite program
procedures were evaluated after categorization as standard operating procedures, sanitation and hygiene
procedures and procedures for receiving and storage of foods. Food safety procedures and practices were
compared between cooking and distribution...
System of planning and evaluation of school meals - Ada Rocha; Cláudia Afonso; Maria Santos; Cecília Morais; Bela Oliveira; Rui Chilro
Objective: To develop a software to plan and evaluate school meals according to
the main national and international standards for foods and nutrition.
Design: Development of software.
Setting: Public schools, Portugal.
Subjects: School meals for students.
Results: The System of Planning and Evaluation of School Meals (SPARE) is a
software that allows the planning of school meals in an effective and organized
way, according to the main national and international standards for food and
nutrition. The regular use of this tool enables the evaluation, monitoring and
verification towards continuous improvement of the quality of school meals.
Conclusions: The SPARE software aims to promote healthy eating by focusing
on the planning and...
Food hygiene practices in different food establishments - Ilija Djekic; Nada Smigic; Eleni P. Kalogianni; Ada Rocha; Lamprini Zamioudi; Ana Pacheco
The aim of this study was to investigate three dimensions of food hygiene in three European cities -
Belgrade, Thessaloniki and Porto. The first dimension of the survey was to evaluate the level of hygiene in
different food establishments supplying food direct to consumers. A total of 91 food businesses were
included in the survey with 30 food businesses from Belgrade and Porto, and 31 from Thessaloniki. In
parallel with scoring the premises, the second dimension of the study was to examine the opinion of
managers of these food establishments regarding food hygiene rating. Finally, in order to justify the
importance of food hygiene, the research...
Food waste as an index of foodservice quality - Ferreira, Maria; Martins, Margarida; Rocha, Ada
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate waste at a Portuguese university setting in order
to suggest improvements on foodservice sustainability.
Design/methodology/approach – The work was developed during four weeks in order to allow
the evaluation of parameters of an entire menu cycle. The index of waste/consumption (%) was
obtained by the ratio between plate waste and the quantity of foods distributed, subtracting the weight
Findings – The average index of waste/consumption was approximately 24 percent, higher in the
days with a fish menu, values considered unacceptable. Each canteen user is served with
approximately 940 g of foods, from which only 660 g...
Comparação da composição corporal de remadores utilizando a bioimpedância e as dobras cutâneas - Martins, Margarida; Carvalheiro, Ricardo; Rocha, Ada
OBJECTIVES: To compare two methods to evaluate body composition of rowers. METHODS:
Skinfolds, weight, height, waist circumference and bioimpedance were used to evaluate body
composition. The correlation of the two methods (anthropometric and bioimpedance) were
analysed by Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: 53 athletes male and female were
evaluated. The values found for body fat showed some discrepancies when the bioimpedance and
the skin fold measurements were compared, mainly for the athletes above the recommended
percentage of body fat. It was also found a moderate correlation between the values of the
bioelectrical impedance and skinfold. CONCLUSION: The results point to the...
Processing and storage effects on anthocyanin composition and antioxidant activity of jams produced with Camarosa strawberry - Amaro, Luís; Soares, Teresa; Pinho, Carina; Almeida, Isabel; Pinho, Olívia; Ferreira, Isabel
Anthocyanin profiles and radical scavenging activity of Camarosa strawberry jams as affected by two processing methods (conventional/industrial) and storage conditions were evaluated. Industrial strawberry jam produced in a closed system with vacuum preserved the anthocyanin composition (the total content was 35.77 ± 2.56 mg per 100 g) when compared with conventional jam produced in an open system (3.35 ± 0.05 mg per 100 g). However, the radical scavenging activity of conventional jam was lower than that of industrial jam, as EC50 was 52.99 ± 0.94 and 44.33 ± 2.47 mg mL−1, respectively. Two-way analysis of variance indicated a significant effect...
Furans and other volatile compounds in ground roasted and espresso coffee using headspace solid-phase microextraction: Effect of roasting speed - Petisca, Catarina; Palacios, Trinidad; Farrah, Adriana; Pinho, Olívia; Ferreira, Isabel
The profile of major classes of furanic compounds, as well as other volatile compounds, was evaluated by headspace solid-phase microextraction GC/MS in Arabica ground coffee roasted at three speeds, and in their respective espresso coffees. A total of 113 and 105 volatile compounds were respectively identified in ground coffee and espresso coffee. They were clustered in the following chemical classes: furans, pyrroles, pyridines, pyrazines, ketones, hydrocarbons, aldehydes and others. Results from Principal Component Analysis (PCA) using the data of major volatile class as variables showed that the levels (expressed as relative percentage of total peak area) of furans and pyrroles...
Analysis of Pesticides in Tomato Combining QuEChERS and Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Followed by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography - Melo, Armindo; Mansilha, Catarina; Pinho, Olívia; Ferreira, Isabel
A new sample preparation procedure combining QuEChERS and dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) was optimized for the determination at trace levels of 13 pesticides from different chemical families (i.e. 2,4-D, acetamiprid, bentazone, cymoxanil, deltamethrin, dicamba, diuron, foramsulfuron, mesotrione, metalaxyl-M, methomyl, pyraclostrobin and tembotrione) in tomato by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection. Target pesticides from tomato samples were isolated by liquid partitioning with acetonitrile and salts and cleaned up by dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE); the analytes were concentrated in trichloromethane by the DLLME procedure. The disperser solvent from DLLME was used at the same time as carrier of analytes form...
α-MSH signalling via melanocortin 5 receptor promotes lipolysis and impairs re-esterification in adipocytes. - Rodrigues, Adriana; Almeida, Henrique; Gouveia, Alexandra
The melanocortin system has a clear effect on the mobilisation of stored lipids in adipocytes. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of melanocortin 5 receptor (MC5R) on alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-induced lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To this end, MC5R expression was decreased by small interfering RNA (siRNA), which significantly impaired the alpha-MSH stimulation of lipolysis, as determined by glycerol and nonesterified fatty-acid (NEFA) quantification. The functional role of alpha-MSH/MC5R on triglyceride (TG) hydrolysis was mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), perilipin 1 (PLIN1) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed that phosphorylated HSL...
Structural determinants regulating cell surface targeting of melanocortin receptors - Rodrigues, Adriana; Sousa, D.; Almeida, Henrique; Gouveia, Alexandra
Melanocortin receptors (MCRs) belong to the G-protein-coupled receptor family of transmembrane proteins. They recognize specific ligands named melanocortins that are mainly produced in the pituitary and hypothalamus. Newly synthesized MCRs at the endoplasmic reticulum are subjected to quality control mechanisms that screen for the correct structure, folding or processing, essential for their proper cell surface expression. Some motifs, located at the N- or C-terminus or even on transmembrane and in loop regions, have been implicated in these biological processes. This article reviews these specific domains and the role of accessory proteins and post-translation modifications in MCRs' targeting to cell surface....
Cardiovascular risk in Mozambique: who should be treated for hypertension? - Damasceno, Albertino; Padrão, Patrícia; Matos, Carla; Prista, António; Azevedo, Ana; Lunet, Nuno
Aim: To estimate the proportion of Mozambicans eligible
for pharmacological treatment for hypertension, according
to single risk factor and total cardiovascular risk
Methods: A representative sample of Mozambicans
aged 40–64 years (n¼1116) was evaluated according to
the WHO STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk
Factor Surveillance (STEPS). We measured blood pressure
(BP) and 12-h fasting blood glucose levels and collected
data on sociodemographic characteristics, smoking, and
use of antidiabetic and antihypertensive drugs. We
estimated the 10-year risk of a fatal or nonfatal
major cardiovascular event (WHO/International
Society of Hypertension risk prediction charts), and
computed the proportion of untreated participants
eligible for pharmacological treatment for hypertension,
according to BP values alone and accounting also
for the total...
Ações de alimentação e nutrição e sua interface com segurança alimentar e nutricional: uma
comparação entre Brasil e Portugal - Vieira, Viviane; Gregório, Maria João; Mancuso, Ana; Graça, Pedro
This paper aims to compare food and nutrition actions related to foodsecurity (FS) in Brazil and Portugal, keeping in mind that several countries have established guidelines to guarantee adequate food. Both nations are experiencing a reduction in fertility rates, increased life expectancy, and a high prevalence of non-communicable diseases. In Brazil, 30.2% of households live in food insecurity; in Portugal, even without estimating food insecurity, 18.0% of its inhabitants are at risk for poverty. The National Food and Nutrition Policy is the current Brazilian document which seeks to ensure universal access to food. Portugal, due to its inclusion in the...
A cohort study on psychosocial adjustment and psychopathology in adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease. - Freitas, Isabel; Castro, Marta; Sarmento, Sofia; Moura, Cláudia; Viana, Victor; Areias, José; Areias, Maria
Objectives: Our purpose was to study psychosocial adjustment and psychiatric morbidity of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD).
Design: All assessment measures were obtained on a single occasion. Clinical data was obtained through the patient's clinical records.
Setting: A teaching and tertiary care facility in Porto, Portugal.
Participants: We evaluated 110 CHD patients (62 male) aged from 12 to 26 years (mean=18.00±3.617), 58 cyanotic. All assessment measures were obtained on a single occasion in a tertiary hospital. Demographic information and clinical history were collected.
Primary and secondary outcome measures: Questionnaires regarded topics such as social support, family educational...
Food Handler´s Perception of Fresh Cut Products - Barros, Manuela; Rocha, Ada
The use of Fresh Cut Products (FCP) allows food service units to offer a greater variety of menus, reducing costs and
minimizing cross contamination. Few food units in Portugal are adopting FCP, since these products are viewed as being more
expensive and are regarded as less natural and easily perishable.The present study aims to identify and analyze the level of awareness of
food service operators in respect to FCP. Approximately 90% of food handlers referred the use of FCP at their workplace, pointing as
the main advantages for using them the less time spent on preparation (58.6%), the variety (55.9%) and the convenience (55.9%).
The Impact of an Intervention Taught by Trained Teachers on Childhood Overweight - Rosário, Rafaela; Oliveira, Bruno; Araújo, Ana; Lopes, Óscar; Padrão, Patrícia; Moreira, André; Teixeira, Vitor; Barros, Renata; Pereira, Beatriz; Moreira, Pedro
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a six-months' nutrition program, delivered and taught by classroom teachers with in-service nutrition training, on the prevention of overweight and obesity among children in grades 1 to 4. In this randomized trial, four hundred and sixty four children from seven elementary schools were allocated to a nutrition educational program delivered by their own teachers. Intervened teachers had 12 sessions of three hours each with the researchers throughout six months, according to the topics nutrition and healthy eating, the importance of drinking water and healthy cooking activities. After each session,...