Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.279 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Volume 5 (2010)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 24

  1. Announcements

    Keller, Peter E.
    Calls for Papers, Conferences, Podcasts

  2. Third International Conference of Students of Systematic Musicology (SysMus10): A Conference Report

    Jukic, Nina; Küssner, Mats; Wang, Li-ching
    SysMus10, the third International Conference of Students of Systematic Musicology, was held at the University of Cambridge, UK, in September 2010. The conference was organised by PhD students at the Centre for Music and Science in the University’s Faculty of Music. SysMus10 brought together around 40 advanced students working in the field of systematic musicology representing 14 nationalities. The presentations primarily focused on the students’ ongoing research for their PhDs or Masters’ degrees. The conference included the presentation and publication of 25 peer- reviewed papers and posters, keynotes from top researchers in the field (Eric Clarke, Nicholas Cook, and Petri...

  3. Hooked on Music Information Retrieval

    de Haas, W. Bas; Wiering, Frans
    This article provides a reply to 'Lure(d) into listening: The potential of cognition-based music information retrieval,' in which Henkjan Honing discusses the potential impact of his proposed Listen, Lure & Locate project on Music Information Retrieval (MIR). Honing presents some critical remarks on data-oriented approaches in MIR, which we endorse. To place these remarks in context, we first give a brief overview of the state of the art of MIR research. Then we present a series of arguments that show why purely data-oriented approaches are unlikely to take MIR research and applications to a more advanced level. Next, we propose...

  4. Time Series Analysis as a Method to Examine Acoustical Influences on Real-time Perception of Music

    Dean, Roger T.; Bailes, Freya
    Multivariate analyses of dynamic correlations between continuous acoustic properties (intensity and spectral flatness) and real-time listener perceptions of change and expressed affect (arousal and valence) in music are developed, by an extensive application of autoregressive Time Series Analysis (TSA). TSA offers a large suite of techniques for modeling autocorrelated time series, such as constitute both music’s acoustic properties and its perceptual impacts. A logical analysis sequence from autoregressive integrated moving average regression with exogenous variables (ARIMAX), to vector autoregression (VAR) is established. Information criteria discriminate amongst models, and Granger Causality indicates whether a correlation might be a causal one. A...

  5. Lure(d) into listening: The potential of cognition-based music information retrieval

    Honing, Henkjan
    This paper argues for the potential of cognition-based music retrieval by introducing the notion of a musical ‘hook’ as a key memorization, recall, and search mechanism. A hook is considered the most salient, memorable, and easy to recall moment of a musical phrase or song. Next to its role in searching large data-bases of music, it is proposed as a way to understand and identify which cognitively relevant musical features affect the appreciation, memorization and recall of music. To illustrate the potential of this idea for the computational humanities (Willekens et al., 2010), in the second half of the paper...

  6. Using Automated Rhyme Detection to Characterize Rhyming Style in Rap Music

    Hirjee, Hussein; Brown, Daniel
    Imperfect and internal rhymes are two important features in rap music previously ignored in the music information retrieval literature. We developed a method of scoring potential rhymes using a probabilistic model based on phoneme frequencies in rap lyrics. We used this scoring scheme to automatically identify internal and line-final rhymes in song lyrics and demonstrated the performance of this method compared to rules-based models. We then calculated higher-level rhyme features and used them to compare rhyming styles in song lyrics from different genres, and for different rap artists. We found that these detected features corresponded to real- world descriptions of...

  7. Editor's Note

    Keller, Peter E.

  8. Announcements

    Keller, Peter E.
    Call For Papers, Conferences, Podcasts

  9. Quantifying the Use of Dynamics in Western Keyboard Music: Lessons and Problems

    Fabian, Dorottya
    Ladinig and Huron’s (2010) investigation of the relationship between mode (major-minor) and dynamics in Classical and Romantic piano music indicated higher levels of dynamics for compositions from the Classical period but only in major-mode pieces. This was contrary to the expectation that minor mode pieces from the Romantic era would be louder because romantic composers may have intended to convey seriousness, passion or even aggression, rather than sadness. Although the methodology was carefully crafted to enable necessary control for a quantitative study, it also contributed to the questionable relevance of the results. It is arguable whether the chosen repertoire is...

  10. Reaction, Anticipation and Accent in a Gravitational Pitch Space: Commentary on Ammirante and Thompson

    Eitan, Zohar
    Ammirante and Thompson’s intriguing article aims to enhance the ecological validity of their previous findings (Ammirante, Thompson, & Russo, in press) by using music-like melodic stimuli, rather than random pitch sequences. In line with this aim, I will briefly discuss three issues that may be taken into account in relating the motion-like qualities of melody to music and music-related behavior (finger tapping). First, I suggest how the authors’ hypotheses may be examined within a context in which tapping is affected by expectancies for a specific melodic continuation. Second, I discuss how timing and velocity changes associated with melodic distance and...

  11. What Do Interval Cycles Have To Do With Tonal Harmony?

    Quinn, Ian
    Woolhouse’s (2010) central empirical finding is a relatively high correlation between his interval-cycle proximity (ICP) model and the theorist Walter Piston’s (1979) Table of Usual Root Progressions. The fit between these two models can be understood in terms of a classification of chord progressions by root interval class (second, third, fifth) and directionality (strong, weak). The ICP model does not perform as well on data on chord progressions in Tymoczko’s (forthcoming) corpora of music by Bach and Mozart. The alternative MHP model (Quinn, 2010) does not fit the Piston data as well as the ICP model, but it fits the...

  12. Melodic Accent as an Emergent Property of Tonal Motion

    Ammirante, Paolo; Thompson, William Forde
    In a previous continuation tapping study (Ammirante, Thompson, & Russo, in press), each tap triggered a discrete tone in a sequence randomly varying in pitch height and contour. Although participants were instructed to ignore the tones, pitch distance and pitch contour influenced intertap interval (ITI) and tap velocity (TV). The current study replicated these findings with original melodies. Results were interpreted as an effect of apparent tonal motion, with deviation in ITI and TV mirroring implied tonal acceleration. Due to overlapping perceptual and motor representations, participants may have failed to disambiguate acceleration implied by tonal motion from the acceleration of...

  13. Modes on the Move: Interval Cycles and the Emergence of Major-Minor Tonality

    Woolhouse, Matthew
    The issue of the emergence of major-minor tonality is addressed by recourse to a novel pitch grouping process, referred to as interval cycle proximity (ICP). An interval cycle is the minimum number of (additive) iterations of an interval that are required for octave-related pitches to be re-stated, a property conjectured to be responsible for tonal attraction. It is hypothesised that the actuation of ICP in cognition, possibly in the latter part of the sixteenth century, led to a hierarchy of tonal attraction which favoured certain pitches over others, ostensibly the tonics of the modern major and minor system. An ICP...

  14. Editor's Note

    Keller, Peter E.
    editorial

  15. Announcements

    Keller, Peter
    Calls for papers, conferences and podcasts

  16. Dynamic Levels in Classical and Romantic Keyboard Music: Effect of Musical Mode

    Ladinig, Olivia; Huron, David
    An analysis of dynamic markings in 140 works representing three musical periods (Classical, early Romantic, late Romantic) is reported. We tested the hypothesis that minor-mode music from the Romantic period is more likely to exhibit louder dynamic levels than minor-mode music from the Classical period. This hypothesis was motivated by the theory that in the Romantic period, in addition to conveying sadness, the minor mode was more likely to be used to convey affects that are associated with higher dynamic levels, such as seriousness, passion or aggression. Our analysis showed no absolute differences regarding the notated dynamic levels of the...

  17. Empirical Musicology Review: Serialist Claims versus Sonic Reality

    Thomson, William
    This study examines the descriptive mores of Serialism, as found in writings of leading American academics of the past half-century. A serious gap is revealed, especially between claims made for structural conditions rooted in dodecaphonic procedures and the actual kinetics of music as heard. Curious (and debilitating) ambiguities and dead ends are noted in terms used to define critical perceptual conditions in such music; some claims of significance for features of 12- tone rows in certain works are revealed as wholly irrelevant to music as sonic event. Most prominent of the writings discussed are those of Milton Babbitt, Allen Forte...

  18. An Association between Breaking Voice and Grief-related Lyrics in Country Music

    Paul, Brandon; David, Huron
    Thirty-one instances of breaking voice were identified in recordings of Country songs. Song lyrics were rated by independent judges for grief-related content in both breaking-voice songs and matched control songs. Judges compared pairs of lyrics for target and control songs at four context sizes: entire sets of lyrics, single stanzas, isolated lines, and individual words where the breaking voice occurs. An association was found between instances of breaking voice and grief-related content for individual words but not for the larger lyrical contexts. The results are consistent with the idea that breaking voice provides an affective cue conveying, evoking or highlighting...

  19. Editor's Note

    Keller, Peter E.
    Editor's Note

  20. Fixed Average Spectra of Orchestral Instrument Tones

    Plazak, Joseph; Huron, David; Williams, Benjamin
    The fixed spectrum for an average orchestral instrument tone is presented based on spectral data from the Sandell Harmonic Archive (SHARC). This database contains non-time-variant spectral analyses for 1,338 recorded instrument tones from 23 Western instruments ranging from contrabassoon to piccolo. From these spectral analyses, a grand average was calculated, providing what might be considered an average non-time-variant harmonic spectrum. Each of these tones represents the average of all instruments in the SHARC database capable of producing that pitch. These latter tones better represent common spectral changes with respect to pitch register, and might be regarded as an “average instrument.”...

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