New evidence is provided that Romance Clitic Right-Dislocation cannot
be the mirror image of Clitic Left-Dislocation nor its covert counterpart.
It is also shown that an analysis postulating two leftward topic positions
(Split-Topic Analysis) is more adequate on both conceptual and
empirical grounds, since it complies with the highly restrictive view of
syntax imposed by Kayne's Linear Correspondence Axiom, and offers a
principled explanation of the consistent set of similarities and differences
between Clitic Right-Dislocation and Clitic Left-Dislocation.
Gutiérrez Rexach, Javier
In this paper several scope asymmetries in VP ellipsis constructions in
English and Spanish are studied. It is argued that an approach based on
Fox' (1995 a,b) Ellipsis Scope Generalization faces numerous conceptual
and empirical problems. Ellipsis resolution is conceived of as a phenomenon
belonging to the conceptual-intentional pan of the computational system
that is conditioned by the computation of the semantic features of quantifiers
at LF. A semantic approach inspired in higher order unification theories
of ellipsis is defended. This approach is compatible with the overall
philosophy of minimalist grammar: the process of higher-order unification
complies with the principle of inclusiveness (Chomsk-y. 19 or projection
from the lexicon because...
This paper offers an analysis of Nominative and Ergative Case systems in
the spirit of Chomsky's (1995, 1998) Minimalist Program. In particular.
Chom$ky's elimination of AGR from the inventory of admissible
functional heads leads to a re-discussion of most generative analyses on
Ergativity, which were crucially based on the role played by AGR-heads.
In this work I will show that the two Case systems can merely be seen
as the outcome of a principle of Economy which establishes that only
one Case in a transitive sentence needs to be marked. In other words,
the crucial point is not which Case is checked in an unaccusative clause,
as traditionally assumed,...
Luzón Marco, María José
The use of large corpora provides abundant evidence of the actual usage
of grammatical structures and function words and reveals the language
behaviour of native speakers. One of the principles of corpus linguistics
is that meaning is contextual: we can only identify the meaning of items
by investigating the contexts in which they occur. In this paper I use data
from a large corpus of English to describe the usage of three grammar
words: supposing (that), assuming (that), considering (that). By analysing
the regularities in the context of use of these grammar words I attempt
to describe their function in discourse and to reveal what one must
This paper analyzes the derivations of the DE construction, showing that
an antecedent-free DE construction is derived by deverbalization and an
antecedent-dependent DE construction is derived by ellipsis. Semantically,
the former process is substantivization and the latter defocalization.
Relating the antecedent-dependent DE construction to other nominal
ellipses and the verb gapping construciton, I discuss a new type of ellipsis
which can take an ellipsis site as its linguistic antecedent. Furthermore,
I argue that the syntactic status of the word de in a nominal is a functional
category, heading an nP consistently.