Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (79.989 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Social Work Honors Theses

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 45

  1. Resource Discrepancies for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: The Effect of Different Policies and Programs Within Ohio

    Wischmann, Alyssa
    Introduction/Background: As per the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, "1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men have been victims of [some form] of physical violence by an intimate partner within their lifetime" (2018). Domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence (IPV), is defined as "a pattern of behaviors used by one partner to maintain power and control over another partner in an intimate relationship" (National Domestic Violence Hotline, 2018). IPV is a widespread, epidemic; so, professionals must advocate for these services to help combat it. Ohio House Bill 392 "extends domestic violence protection to intimate partners" (2017)....

  2. Variables for Predicting Successful Completion of a Treatment Program for Juvenile Males Who Have Committed Sex Offenses

    Brenner, Morgan
    According to the most recent data from the U.S. Department of Justice (2007), adolescents (all genders) perpetrate about 22% of all sex offenses and 15% of all rapes. The importance of rehabilitation in these formative years is significant, especially considering that about half of adults who committed sex offenses have disclosed that their first offenses were committed during adolescence (Fritz, 2003). The purpose of this research was to ask, "Which variables can best predict successful completion of a residential treatment program for juvenile males who have committed sex offenses?" The data used in this study were collected at Hittle House,...

  3. Prenatal Substance Exposure and Associated Factors: Inadequate Housing, Financial Problems, Domestic Violence, Foster Care, Adoption, Living Arrangements

    Bradley, Rebecca
    When a woman uses drugs or alcohol during pregnancy, the fetus is exposed to the substances in utero. This causes extended hospital stays for infants, risks of complications, and extra challenges for new mothers. According to the National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare, an estimated 15% of infants are affected by prenatal alcohol or illicit drug exposure. Prenatal substance exposure complicates pregnancies and possibly the ability for a mother to parent her infant. This warrants a report to Child Protective Services to ensure the child's safety. This study is an analysis of The National Child Abuse and Neglect...

  4. An Examination of Ohio State Student Perceptions of Survivors of Sex Trafficking

    Merickel, Emily
    The purpose of this project was to examine the perceptions and stigma of sex trafficking survivors among undergraduate and graduate college students at the Ohio State University Main Campus, and to explore possible reasons for bias toward survivors. Another goal of this study was to uncover the extent to which survivors are blamed for their experience by students. The findings of the study indicate potential interventions for reducing stigma and bias through education and awareness. Student perceptions of sex trafficking were assessed utilizing an online survey. The sample population consisted of students attending the Ohio State University who were of...

  5. Mainstreaming Intergenerational Care

    Kelly, Cohen
    The population in the United States is rapidly aging, and many elders require care. As a result, systems need to be established that will provide resources for individuals to age with dignity. Intergenerational centers offer an innovative alternative to traditional community-based care, by streamlining day services for children and older adults into one location. However, intergenerational centers are little known and under-utilized. The present study aims to promote the incorporation of intergenerational centers into mainstream options for families when selecting services, by analyzing the motives and knowledge of individuals who currently utilize care at Champion Intergenerational Center. This center provides...

  6. The Role of 6th-8th Grade English Language Arts Curriculum in Transmitting Messages About Mental Health

    Leonard, Sarah
    Mental illness is a serious issue facing numerous children in the U.S. Without early intervention, childhood mental illness can lead to lifelong negative outcomes which are painful for the child, their family, and their community. Research shows that both exposure to stigmatizing messages and a lack of information about mental health prevent individuals from seeking needed treatment and that such messages might be present in the school setting where children spend the majority of their time. The following study explores the presence of mental health-related messages in sixth through eighth grade English Language Arts (ELA) classes that can have an...

  7. The Intersectionality of Race and Gender in Higher Education: The Plight of the African-American woman at a Predominantly White Institution

    Cooper, Candace L.
    The purpose of this study is to conduct a qualitative methodological examination of the intersectionality of race and gender in higher education to examine how these domains may impact the academic success of African-American women at Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs) like The Ohio State University (OSU). This research examines the role social & institutional supports, campus climate and sense of belonging play in student success. Utilizing a case study approach, data are collected through an online Qualtrics survey and personal hour- long interviews. The survey examined social supports, campus climate and sense of belonging. Data is transcribed (verbatim) using auditory...

  8. Social Capital among those experiencing housing hardship

    Epstein, Brooke
    Housing hardship is a common trend experienced by many individuals across the United States. Housing hardship could include struggling to pay rent or mortgage bills due to rising housing costs, moving in with family and friends, living in a car, or living with government support through subsidized housing or vouchers (Desmond & Kimbro, 2015). The instability that comes with housing hardships can be greatly impacted- both positively and negatively by social capital. Social capital refers to the resources that are available through social networks and relationships based on trust, shared norms, and reciprocity" (Curley, 2010). In this study, I explored...

  9. The Effects of Deployment on Military Family Roles

    Hill, Bethany
    The United States Department of Defense is the largest employer in the world, employing 3.2 million people, most of whom are military service members. With spouses and children included, the number of Americans considered part of a military family reaches five million, with about two million military children. Over 50% of service members are married and more than 40% have children. Sixty percent of military service members are deployed at least once, with nearly half of this population experiencing between two and four deployments throughout their military careers. This qualitative study examines the effects of deployment on family member roles...

  10. Barriers to Meditation

    Bork, Samantha
    The purpose of this study is to determine barriers that impede the practice of meditation. Extensive research shows that meditation has major health benefits for those formally and not formally in a clinical environment. However, studies often show high levels of engagement but retention rates of less than fifty percent of participants. Data collection comes from an electronic survey offered to Ohio State students. The questions in the survey include demographics, perceived barriers to meditation, and personality traits. Demographics and personality traits were entered as predictors of perceived barriers to meditation. 93 participants completed the survey. Among the Big Five...

  11. Student Perceptions of Campus Safety and Physical/Sexual Assault

    Kren, Courtney
    According to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, one in 5 women and one in 16 men are sexually assaulted while in college. The Clery Act (1990) requires colleges and universities to disclose campus safety information, and provide requirements for handling sexual violence and emergency situations. However, there isn’t enough literature available on student perceptions during such sexual violence encounters or dangerous circumstances. The purpose of this research is to understand perceptions of students on physical/sexual assault at The Ohio State University, and their attitudes towards administration in regards to campus safety, prevention, and response to violent occurrences. To examine...

  12. Breaking Down the Barriers to Academic Success: Middle School Students' Perceptions of Barriers to Academic Achievement

    Kolesar, Laine
    Middle school students, especially those of racial minorities and low socioeconomic status, face a multitude of barriers when striving for academic success. The wide range of possible barriers is what led me to ask the question of how middle school students themselves perceive their own barriers to academic achievement. What do they think is the most influential factor in their academic success? What do they see as a problem in their classrooms and communities? I also sought to explore how these perceptions are affected by self-efficacy and race. This was achieved through a survey administered to a sample of 88...

  13. Exploring the Geographic Distribution of Patients Seen at the Columbus Free Clinic

    Roth, Cory
    Currently, it is estimated that 13.3% of adults and 5.5 percent of children in the United States are uninsured. While there are many factors that contribute to difficulty accessing healthcare, the largest barrier identified by patients is cost. Additionally, low income and uninsured individuals account for a disproportionate amount of healthcare morbidity and mortality in the United States. Community health centers and free clinics can act as a safety net, providing medical care to many individuals who may otherwise have to go to the emergency department or without treatment. This study was conducted at the Columbus Free Clinic (CFC), a...

  14. Eating Behaviors of First Year Students: Transitioning from High School to College

    Magier, Erica
    First year students attending university typically experience several lifestyle changes during their first semester of college. These changes often impact the eating behaviors and autonomy of students. Specifically, as new dining facilities and meal plans were added for Ohio State students, it is important to look at how these changes are impacting the well-being and health of first year students during their transition period. In order to better understand the eating behaviors and patterns of first year students living on campus, two anonymous online surveys were administered. One survey was administered the first four weeks of fall semester 2016 and...

  15. Am I My Child's Keeper? Grandmothers' Relationships with their Children while they Act as Caregivers to their Children

    Swaim, Shannan
    This thesis explores the relationship dynamics between grandmothers who act as kinship caregivers for their grandchildren and the biological parents who have given up or lost custody of these children. As of 2015, there are nearly 2 million grandmother kinship caregivers in the United States (US Census Bureau, 2015). This study implements a narrative approach and a mixed-methods research design, consisting of two surveys followed by an individual interview with current grandmother kinship caregivers (N = 7). The surveys describe the caregivers’ wellbeing and demographics, while the interviews focus on the following topics: general nature of the grandparent-parent relationship, changes...

  16. Suffering in Silence: Examining Society's Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence

    Rielinger, Andrew
    Little is known about male victims of intimate partner violence. The purpose of this project was to explore societal attitudes that these men might encounter. The current project utilized a cross-sectional survey design administered using an anonymous, web-based response system (Qualtrics). Given a set of narrative vignettes describing different examples of relationship violence, participants were asked to determine on a 5-point scale how “appropriate” the character’s behavior was in each of 11 interactions. Half of the vignettes (odd numbers) described a man’s (Michael) actions toward a woman (Denice) and half were framed the opposite (even numbers). Half of the survey...

  17. Caregiver Resilience in Complex, Chronic Care

    Simpson, Katherine
    The purpose of this study is to examine how primary caregivers who provide complex, chronic care develop individual resilience through the exploration of the caregiver experience. As the population in the United States ages, increasing numbers of family members will serve as the primary caregiver for a family member who requires complex, chronic care. This level of care includes the performance of complex medical or nursing tasks, such as administering medication and wound care, often without professional training and oversight. Family caregivers are most often spousal caregivers over the age of 65 years, or adult children with a median age...

  18. Surviving & Thriving: Exploring Resilience After Cancer

    Peirano, Emily
    This study compares cancer survivors who have and have not participated in support groups and/or survivorship activities in terms of locus of control, hope, life satisfaction, and hardiness. The expected number of cancer survivors by 2024 will be about 19 million. It is critical for health care professionals and social workers to gain knowledge about resilience, including the role of participation in support groups and/or survivorship activities. An online survey was used to collect data from 43 men and women, aged 20 to 50, and 2 to 5 years post-cancer treatment. Participants first indicated their involvement in cancer support groups...

  19. Mindfulness and meditation: The effect of a wellness intervention with child focused human service workers

    Sornchai, Jessica
    With stress levels high in the fields of social work and human services, particularly among those that work with children and their families, symptoms and problems that evolve from stress can impact the wellbeing of the worker, the agency, and their clients. Finding methods of self-care to help combat stress can help with the negative consequences. Evidence shows the practice of meditation can positively impact workplace stress. This study tested whether a single, 45-minute instruction in meditation lead to an increase in mindfulness, which then mediated perceived stress. Random assignment placed the 47 participants, recruited from two agencies, in either...

  20. Through Their Eyes: Identity Development in Transracial Adoption

    Fletcher, Morgan
    The number of Black children in the foster care system continues to grow at a disproportionate rate compared to other racial groups. Concurrently, transracial adoptions have grown steadily over the past several decades and make up of forty percent of adoptions in America. The adoption of Black children into White families faces significant vocal opposition, mainly due to the concern of identity development in a transracial family unit. Prior research has focused on the adoptive parents’ perspective and interviews with young adoptees. This study seeks to fill a gap in the literature by interviewing transracially adopted young adults. This study...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.