Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.208 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 171

  1. Influence of Religiosity on Adolescent Chronic Physiologic Stress

    Forero, Laura P.
    Chronic stress in youth increases risk for poor physical and mental health, thus it is important to understand the factors that influence persistent stress in youth. Religiosity embodies support, self-worth and acceptance and has been associated with lower perceived stress levels in youth. Studies to determine the relationship between religiosity and measures of physiologic stress are necessary. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between religiosity and chronic physiologic stress in adolescents. Secondary data were examined from two linked studies composed of a representative sample of 508 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years in a large Midwestern...

  2. EPA+DHA Oral Therapy Reduces High Levels of Circulating Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Older Adults with Chronic Wounds

    Wood, Sarah
    High levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines contribute to inflammaging, the age-related chronic systemic inflammation involved in the pathobiology of numerous chronic conditions common to older adults (e.g., cardiovascular disease (CVD), arthritis, chronic wounds). Low-risk therapies to target the underlying factors linked to inflammaging are critically needed because by 2060 the U. S. population aged 65 years and older is projected to reach 98 million. Some studies have shown that the bioactive elements of fish oil, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine synthesis, but the effects of supplementing diets with EPA+DHA in older adults remain unclear. The...

  3. The Effects of Exercise on Pregnancy Outcomes: A Systematic Review

    Ams, Kassidy
    Maternal morbidity continues to be a significant problem worldwide. Yet, for every woman who dies of pregnancy-related causes, 20 or 30 others experience acute or chronic morbidity, often with permanent sequelae that undermine their normal functioning. Health behavior interventions, such as increasing physical activity, have potential to reduce the incidence of complications of pregnancy, and reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality for families throughout the world. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to describe if physical activity before and during pregnancy affects the incidence of complications in first pregnancies or recurrence of complications in subsequent pregnancies. Databases...

  4. Dietary Fat Intake and Endothelial Dysfunction among Hypertensive Women

    Jackson, Mallory
    High fat diets lead to low-grade systemic inflammation, a known cause of endothelial dysfunction and hypertension. Current research suggests that dietary modifications, including increasing unsaturated and lowering saturated fat intake, effectively treat hypertension. Adherence to recommendations to promote heart health can be low and influenced by factors such as age. This study was designed to examine associations among dietary intake of heart-healthy (i.e., monounsaturated, polyunsaturated) and heart-unhealthy (i.e., saturated) fats and endothelial function in hypertensive women as well as the predictive value of age for dietary fat intake. This secondary analysis utilized data obtained from a pilot study designed to...

  5. Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Advanced Cancer

    Frooman, Abigail
    As cancer detection and treatment improves, people with cancer diagnoses are living longer. Cancer as a chronic illness has led to new demands to manage the side effects of the disease. In cancer patients, one of the most common symptoms is sleep disturbance and fatigue. Sleep is critical for providing restorative, protective, and energy-conserving functions that are imperative for human life. The purpose of this study is to be able to describe sleep trajectories and symptom burden for hospitalized patients with advanced cancer over time. The Unpleasant Symptom Theory was used to explain how distressing symptoms, for example sleep disturbances,...

  6. Exploration of Communal Discipline as a Contributing Factor to Community Stress in African American Adults

    Ciehanski, Morgan
    Discipline of children varies, and is multifactorial in its intent and impact. Exposure to discipline begins in childhood and continues through adolescence and adulthood. Physical or verbal discipline may come from parents and family, the community, or society. A lack of discipline, as well as parental permissiveness, positively predicts developmental changes and deviant behaviors in children (Harris et al., 2017). Community stressors may include abuse, neglect, and exposure to violence or prolonged economic hardship that results in protracted biological and psychological alterations in individuals. These alterations may have negative consequences for overall health, well-being, and positive life course progression. Exposure...

  7. White Noise and Its Impact on Alcohol Withdrawal

    Hetrick, Krista
    Title: The Impact of White Noise on Alcohol Withdrawal: A Pilot Study Purpose: To examine the impact of white noise on patients experiencing alcohol withdrawal in the inpatient setting. Background/significance: Almost half of the adult US population report regular alcohol use. For patients who consume alcohol on a daily basis, admission to an acute care facility means potentially experiencing withdrawal. Theoretical Framework: Stochastic resonance (SR) is a phenomenon where random noise plays a beneficial role in enhancing the detection of weak information-carrying signals. The SR model hypothesized that a moderate amount of auditory noise benefit individuals in a hypo-dopaminergic states...

  8. A User Experience on Rover Technology

    Welch, Lindsey
    This study seeks to understand usability of Rover technology by staff nurses at a large Midwest academic medical center. Nurses use Rover, a hand-held device, to facilitate patient care. This study explores nurses' perceptions of advantages and disadvantages of Rover, and about what facilitates or hinders use. Findings can be used to guide administrators in helping nurses make best use of the technology, and for working with the vendor to improve the technology. The Health Information Technology Evaluation-Level 3, a stratified view of health IT usability evaluation which considers interactions between user, technology, task and environment, served as the framework...

  9. Community Perceptions of Toxic Stress: A Phenomenological Approach

    Buck, Caroline
    Background: Toxic stress involves life course exposure to adversity without adequate support or protective factors. This adversity begins in childhood and continues through adolescence and adulthood, and may occur in form of abuse, neglect, exposure to violence or prolonged economic hardship that results in protracted biological and psychological alterations in the lives of affected persons. These alterations have negative consequences for persons' overall health, well-being, and positive life course progression. Research indicates that the presence of toxic stress may be more detrimental across the life course for persons from African American populations living in poor, stress-filled communities. The purpose of...

  10. Consequences of Preeclampsia (PE) for Offspring do not Increase with the Introduction of a Walking Intervention During Pregnancy

    Dluzynski, Nina
    Preeclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, has adverse consequences for pregnant women who experience the disorder and for their offspring. Infants born to women with PE are of lower birth weight due to prematurity. Additionally, PE has a 20% reoccurrence rate—creating a need for further research and intervention. A clinical trial was conducted in which pregnant women who had PE in a previous pregnancy were randomized to a walking intervention (n=42) or to an attention-control group (n=46). The trial’s goal was to reduce the recurrence of preeclampsia; however, there were no differences in the rate of reoccurrence of preeclampsia...

  11. Children’s Reports of Asthma Education Received from Healthcare Provider

    Pike, Brittany
    Children are assuming responsibility for their asthma management at younger ages. It was reported that 20% of 7 year olds, 50% of 11 year olds and 75% of 15 year olds are responsible for their daily controller medication use (Orrell-Valente et al., 2011). Although children have developmental differences due to age, experts suggest they want to be stakeholders in their health care. When children feel a part of the decision-making process they may be more likely to adhere to the management plan. This project evaluated asthma education received from the healthcare provider and identified gaps in their asthma treatment plans...

  12. Variables Contributing to the Psychological Well-Being in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

    Zhang, Wan
    (Background) Recent statistics indicate that approximately 12 percent of women in the United States will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in their lifetimes. A breast cancer diagnosis can be detrimental and produce long lasting effects to women’s physical and psychological well- being. A number of variables that affect women’s well-being have been identified in the literature. (Aim) The purpose of this research is to conduct a systematic review regarding the variables that contribute to the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. (Methodology) Khan, Kunz, Kleijnen, and Antes’ (2003) framework was used to conduct the systematic review. A total of 254...

  13. Pathogens on the Hands of Hospitalized Patients

    Truesdell, Taylor
    Hand hygiene is recognized as the most important measure to prevent the transmission of infection. Despite evidence that infections can be transferred from contact with a patient’s skin or the environment, little research has been directed toward patient-centered hand hygiene. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between patient characteristics and the presence of pathogens on patients’ hands. This cross-sectional, observational study collected bacterial samples and demographic data from 22 adult medical-surgical patients at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center East. Bacteria were collected using glove juice sampling procedures. Samples were then serially diluted, plated, and...

  14. Associations among Antioxidant Intake and Cardiovascular Health in Women with Chronic Hypertension

    Woellert, Patricia
    One in three American women have hypertension, a disease with modifiable risk factors. One preventative measure is a diet high in fruits and vegetables. Occurring naturally in fruits and vegetables are antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin E. We aimed to determine if higher intake of vitamin C and/or E was associated with lower blood pressure and improved vascular function, thus providing preliminary data regarding the potential effectiveness of dietary antioxidant intake on cardiovascular health among women. Using a cross-sectional design, 11 women were enrolled in the primary study. Participants completed the diet history questionnaire (DHQ), assessing nutrient intake over the...

  15. Effects of Aromatherapy in Patients with Leukemia: Impact of Gender, Age, and Scent Preference

    Honebrink, Erin
    Patients newly diagnosed with acute leukemia experience an array of different symptoms throughout their chemotherapy treatments in the hospital. Aromatherapy, the use of essential oils through diffusion, is often used to alleviate some of these symptoms. The purpose of this study was to: (1) to examine the difference in response to aromatherapy in patients with acute leukemia by gender on sleep quality and other common symptoms associated with cancer; (2) to examine the difference in response to aromatherapy in patients with acute leukemia by age on sleep quality and other common symptoms associated with cancer; (3) to determine if there...

  16. Delirium and Deep Sedation in a Long-Term Acute Care Hospital

    Crozier, Lauren
    Research conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) suggests the development of delirium, agitation, and deep-sedation effects numerous patient outcomes. There is little information, however, about the frequency of these syndromes/symptoms in the Long Term Acute Care Hospital (LTACH) setting (i.e., centers that specialize in mechanical ventilation weaning and rehabilitation). This interim analysis will describe the prevalence, incidence, and duration of delirium, coma, deep sedation, and agitation in adults who require mechanical ventilation in the LTACH setting and explore the accuracy of Registered Nurses’ (RNs) assessment of delirium. The ongoing study utilizes a prospective, observational, before/after design. The first five...

  17. Depressive Symptoms, Sleep Quality, and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors Who Participated in Mind-Body Movement Classes

    Jeu, Gabriel P.
    Background: Cancer survivorship is defined as the term used to describe all persons that have had a diagnosis of cancer, not only those whose cancer is in remission. The number of cancer survivors in the United States is projected to reach 20.3 million by 2026. Significant problems cancer survivors face include depression, poor sleep quality, and poor quality of life (QOL). Mind-body movement exercises (MBME) have the potential to improve depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and QOL among cancer survivors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of MBME on the depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and quality...

  18. Government-Led Programs to Improve Maternal and Infant Health in India: a Systematic Review of Literature

    Bruns, Heather
    India has unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates (174 per 100,000 and 28 per 1000, respectively) due to lack of antenatal care, unskilled delivery, and poor access to emergency obstetric services. To meet the United Nation’s 2015 Millennium Development Goals, the government of India (GOI) implemented several programs to improve access to maternal healthcare services. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize and critically appraise the literature on government-led programs to improve maternal and infant health in India. Database searches were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Medline, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL using key terms such as India,...

  19. Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation on Protease Levels in the Microenvironment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Sales, Michelle
    In the U.S. alone, the average annual incidence of chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) in individuals aged 65+ is 2.2% with payer burden reaching ~$35 billion. Moreover, the incidence is expected to rise dramatically because CVLUs are associated with aging and obesity. CVLUs are difficult to treat, frequently recur, and lead to a reduced quality of life. Therefore, adjuvant therapies to standard care are needed to help improve healing outcomes. High levels of neutrophil-derived proteases in CVLU microenvironments are associated with slow healing. The bioactive components of fish oil, eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA], have been shown to...

  20. Symptoms and Delirium in Critical Illness

    Lee, Angela
    The number of chronically critically ill (CCI) [i.e. patients recovering from an extended intensive care unit (ICU) stay] is expected to reach 600,000 within a decade with associated hospital costs nearing $60 billion annually (Kahn et, al., 2015). Increasingly, these patients are discharged to long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) for ventilator liberation and rehabilitation. Few studies describing symptom burden in patients admitted to LTACHs have been undertaken. The purpose of this study is to identify symptoms experienced in patients who require mechanical ventilation in an LTACH. This prospective observational study of 5 mechanically ventilated patients admitted to an LTACH following...

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