Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.956 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Nursing

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 145

  1. Exploring Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Body Composition among Appalachian Teens

    Skinner, Katie
    A factor gaining increased attention in research and clinical practice regarding adolescent obesity prevalence is sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and its role in health outcomes. Adolescents residing in rural Appalachia have the highest consumption rate of SSBs when compared to other adolescent populations. The purpose of this study was to explore SSB consumption patterns among adolescents residing in rural Appalachia. Obesity-related health outcomes – body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage – and their relationship to SSBs were also examined. This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis of a sub-sample of high school aged participants enrolled in...

  2. The Efficacy of Patient-Centered Hand Hygiene in the Hospital Setting: A Systematic Review

    Radtke, Alexandra Blair
    Hand hygiene and the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers are recognized as the best means to prevent the spread of infection in the hospital setting. According to the World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2009), an average of 8.7% of hospitalized patients develop a nosocomial infection during their stay. While emphasis has been placed on healthcare workers and hand hygiene compliance, little effort has been directed toward patient participation. The objective is to analyze and synthesize results from various studies to determine the efficacy of hand hygiene among patient populations. The methods include using PubMed, MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Library...

  3. Influence of Protein Intake on Maternal Weight Gain and Infant Birth Weight Across Pregnancy

    Hughes, Jennifer M.
    Protein and amino acid intake during pregnancy appears to influence gestational weight gain (GWG). Nutrient intake and GWG have been linked to birth weight, respectively, with little evidence of the temporal effects. The purpose of this study was to examine maternal protein and amino acid intake on gestational weight gain (GWG) and birth outcomes across pregnancy. Prospectively, we collected dietary intake data from nulliparous women (n=52) during each trimester. We correlated maternal protein and amino acid intake with the defined pregnancy outcomes. We analyzed group differences for total GWG (≤19 lbs. [n=17], ≥25 lbs. [n=18]), 1st to 2nd trimester GWG...

  4. Registered Nurses’ Perception of Top of License Practice Activities

    Hlahol, Melanie
    The rapid changes in health care in tandem with the increasing complexity of inpatient care requires that nursing leaders and healthcare administrators think carefully about how best to maximize the education and skill set of the Registered Nurse (RN). Given the shortage of healthcare providers, gaps in care often fall to the RN, and thus RNs have to take on responsibilities that fall below their scope of practice. RNs therefore are unable to perform other activities that they see as value added, such as spending more time with the patient and providing important patient education. The purpose of this study...

  5. Quality of Life and Smoking Status in Cancer Survivors Who Participated in MBME Classes

    Berens, Megan
    By 2024, there will be an estimated 18.9 million cancer survivors in the United States. Cancer survivorship is defined as the time period from cancer diagnosis through the remainder of life. Quality of life (QOL) is important to cancer survivors because they may have many side effects from their cancer and treatment that could decrease their satisfaction in their daily lives. Mind body movement exercise (MBME) such as yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong, is a complementary health approach that can be vital in improving the overall health of cancer survivors. Smoking cessation may also increase cancer survivors’ QOL and efficacy...

  6. A systematic review of the link between childhood obesity and adult cancers

    Schumacher, Makaila A.
    Over the past three decades, Americans’ rates of overweight and obese have steadily increased. It has been suggested that childhood obesity may increase the risk of cancer in adulthood. Much literature has focused on specific cancers or the mechanisms of obesity and its sequelae. Consequently, a systematic review is needed to more fully examine the relationship between childhood obesity and adult-related cancers. This review examined the evidence of the obesity and cancer relationship. A secondary aim was to determine the adult cancers most associated with childhood obesity. PubMed and Cinahl were searched during the fall of 2014. Criteria for inclusion...

  7. Critically Ill Older Adults Respond to the Usability of an Assistive Communication Application on an Electronic Tablet

    Potts, Kelsey
    Effective communication is paramount to good nursing practice, regardless of the setting or population. A patient’s condition (e.g., critical illness, mechanical ventilation) often hinders the development of effective nurse-patient communication. Advances in technology, such as the development of tablet computer applications, help address this issue. However, research on usability, acceptability, and subsequent adaptation in the clinical setting is needed. The purpose of this study is to explore and describe the responses of older (> 60 y/o) and younger (< 60 y/o) adult ICU patients to specific features of a new assistive communication application (VidaTalkTM) on an electronic tablet (i.e. iPad)....

  8. Physiologic Response to Bottle-Feedings in Infants with Congenital Heart Disease: Three Case Studies

    Hoffman, Jennifer L.
    Neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) commonly experience feeding difficulties and, thus, are at increased risk for altered growth and development. Physiologic stability during feedings is a concern for this population who often lack suck-swallow-breathe coordination and may expend more energy than consumed in a feeding. The purpose of this study was to describe the physiologic response of neonates with feeding. In this multiple case study design, single bottle feedings were observed on three infants with various heart defects requiring surgical intervention within the first month of life. Heart rates, respiration rates, and oxygen saturations were collected before, during, and...

  9. Correlations Between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Socioeconomic Factors Among Patients with Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

    Rosenberg, Melanie
    This study’s purpose was to measure fruit and vegetable intake and its potential correlation to social economic status (SES) (annual income and education level) in a sample of older adults with chronic wounds. The antioxidants, vitamins A, C, E, and zinc contained in fruits and vegetables are essential for efficient wound healing (lower levels are linked to slower healing) and optimal health. Chronic wound prevalence has increased dramatically in the U.S. with associated costs now at ~$3 billion/year, but little is known about fruit and vegetable consumption by chronic wound patients. This descriptive correlational study utilized data from a larger...

  10. Physical Restraint Use in Adult Intensive Care Units (ICUs): A Systematic Review

    Philabaum, Anastasia
    Problem: Critically ill adults are at high risk for developing anxiety, agitation, delirium, and weakness during their ICU stay. The role physical restraints (PR) play in the development and outcomes of these symptoms has yet to be determined. Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to critically evaluate the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of PR use in adult ICUs. Search Strategy: We searched eight computerized databases through September 2015. All studies and quality improvement projects that included the terms physical restraints, ICU, and/or critical care in their title and/or abstract were considered eligible for inclusion. Studies conducted outside...

  11. Calcium handling proteins in the heart of tumor bearing mice

    Brooks, Kara
    Cachexia is a metabolic syndrome characterized by marked and unintentional weight loss and muscle atrophy. Other complications of this syndrome include fatigability, weakness, and loss of appetite. Cachexia can result from numerous sources such as: burns, AIDS, COPD, and cancer among others. The occurrence of cachexia reduces quality of life and indicates a poor prognosis with increased mortality. Currently, the means by which cachexia develops are poorly understood and additionally, there are no standard clinical methods approved to treat this syndrome. We hope the findings of our research can be applied clinically to patients afflicted with cachexia. Preliminary research in...

  12. Vitamin D and Birth Outcomes in Pregnancy

    Sawka, Kristen
    Title: Vitamin D and Birth Outcomes in Pregnancy Purpose and Background/Significance: Vitamin D is essential for fetal growth and development and maternal wellbeing. Circulating maternal vitamin D (25[OH]D) serum levels in pregnancy influence birth outcomes, however, there is little evidence regarding the time in pregnancy when vitamin D levels have the greatest impact. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal vitamin D throughout pregnancy. Theoretical/conceptual framework: David Barker’s theory of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease provided the framework of the investigation of early pregnancy maternal vitamin D status as a predictor of birth...

  13. Increased Physical Activity May Have a Positive Effect on Lipid Profiles in Pregnancy

    Midkiff, Kathleen
    During pregnancy, physiologic adaptations preserve maternal homeostasis while promoting fetal growth. Adaptations in the cardiovascular system and metabolic processes ensure adequate nutrients are available to the fetus while maintaining maternal homeostasis. For most women, these adaptations to pregnancy are tolerated uneventfully. In 2-8% of pregnancies, these maternal metabolic changes are not tolerated, resulting in more exaggerated increases in insulin resistance, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides, as well as a reduction in HDL cholesterol (Roberts & Hubel, 2010). These metabolic abnormalities are present in the hypertensive pregnancy complication, preeclampsia. Preeclampsia shares risk factors and pathological features with cardiovascular disease. In both disorders,...

  14. Long-Term Mental and Physical Health Outcomes for Male Victims of Unwanted Sexual Violence: A Systematic Review

    Sampsel, Haley
    Sexual violence (SV) victimization is a public health concern however knowledge about male victims of SV lags behind that of female victims. Studies have explored mental and physical health outcomes related to sexual victimization in females, but a paucity of literature has focused on male victimization. The goal of this project was to systematically review published literature that focused on male SV victims and critically examine associations between SV victimization and longer-term mental and physical health outcomes. Thirty-eight studies were systematically reviewed between September and December 2015. CINAHL, PsycInfo, and PubMed were searched with pre-determined terms. Inclusion criteria were: full-text...

  15. A Case Study of the Environmental Experience of a Hospitalized Newborn Infant with a Complex Congenital Heart Defect

    Daniels, Jacki M.
    Background: Cognitive, social, emotional, behavioral, and motor delays pose a significant concern for infants born with complex congenital heart defects (CCHD). Although the etiology of these delays is multifactorial (e.g. surgery, cerebral injury, parental distress), the physical environment may also contribute to these adverse outcomes. Extensive studies have been conducted in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) measuring environmental influences on development and resulting in policy and practice changes to support improved infant outcomes. Cardiothoracic intensive care units (CTICU) and cardiac step-down units (SDU) are new environments in which newborns with CCHD receive care. No environmental studies have been conducted...

  16. Patient Preferences of Hand Sanitizers

    Smedes, Kristopher
    Hand washing and the use of alcohol-based hand rubs are recognized as the best ways to prevent infection. While prior work has emphasized the role of hand hygiene for healthcare workers, there is increasing evidence that patients may also be important in transmitting infection. However, no prior studies have considered patient preferences for these products and patients may have different perspectives on features of these products that make them acceptable for use. The goal of this study was to evaluate hospitalized patients’ preferences for hand sanitizers. A tool was developed to assess important characteristics of hand sanitizers from the perspective of the patient. Twenty patients compared two hand...

  17. Factors That May Predict Sexuality Changes in Men with Newly-Diagnosed Acute Leukemia Cancer: Fatigue, Pain, Distress

    Kloeb, Ashley
    Background: The diagnosis of acute leukemia abruptly changes the lives of males and their significant others. Leukemia is a disease that requires intense treatment, unfamiliar settings, and a lifestyle that is far from routine. Significant psychosocial problems are understudied and often overlooked in newly-diagnosed males with acute leukemia. Distress levels are elevated (M=3.7, SD=2.8) with significant levels of fatigue (P<0.05), and significantly reduced libido (P<0.05). Methods: A longitudinal design with repeated measures was used to measure the level of distress, level of fatigue, and libido of male patients newly-diagnosed with acute leukemia (N=100) to determine if there were significant correlations...

  18. Relationship between Oxytocin and Growth in Premature Infants

    Toth, Stephanie
    Infants born extremely premature (less than 29 weeks gestation) are at high-risk for inadequate growth because of the effects of acute illness. Researchers have demonstrated that these infants are often discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with weights below the 10th percentile. It is important to identify factors that promote growth. One promising factor is oxytocin. Limited findings from animal models suggest that there is a relationship between weight gain and oxytocin levels. This relationship is not well understood and has not been examined in premature infants. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship...

  19. A systematic review on the effectiveness and proper technique of repositioning for the prevention of pressure ulcers among immobile patients

    Coville, Cassandra
    Every year, it is estimated that a total of 2.5 million pressure ulcers are treated in the United States. However, while repositioning, that is changing patient position to alter pressure on the skin, is common practice, it is still unclear if this is the best method for preventing pressure ulcers. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review to determine the strength of the evidence on repositioning immobile patients to prevent pressure ulcers. Using keywords associated with articles on the topic, two databases were searched: PUBMED and CINAHL. Inclusion criteria for articles were studies on humans,...

  20. A secondary analysis of acculturation, anxiety and depression among South Asian immigrants

    Sarvarova, Roza
    South Asian Americans (SAA) Americans (from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka) were one of the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States in the last two decades. However, this group has been understudied in the field of mental health. Cultural expression of symptoms of mental illness in SAA may vary significantly from westernized culture, or symptoms may cluster in different ways in different ethnic groups. Acquiring more information about the health-seeking behavior of SAA may help to promote culturally appropriate health care and education, and improve health outcomes for this minority group. The purpose...

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