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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.279 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Nursing

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 162

  1. Consequences of Preeclampsia (PE) for Offspring do not Increase with the Introduction of a Walking Intervention During Pregnancy

    Dluzynski, Nina
    Preeclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, has adverse consequences for pregnant women who experience the disorder and for their offspring. Infants born to women with PE are of lower birth weight due to prematurity. Additionally, PE has a 20% reoccurrence rate—creating a need for further research and intervention. A clinical trial was conducted in which pregnant women who had PE in a previous pregnancy were randomized to a walking intervention (n=42) or to an attention-control group (n=46). The trial’s goal was to reduce the recurrence of preeclampsia; however, there were no differences in the rate of reoccurrence of preeclampsia...

  2. Children’s Reports of Asthma Education Received from Healthcare Provider

    Pike, Brittany
    Children are assuming responsibility for their asthma management at younger ages. It was reported that 20% of 7 year olds, 50% of 11 year olds and 75% of 15 year olds are responsible for their daily controller medication use (Orrell-Valente et al., 2011). Although children have developmental differences due to age, experts suggest they want to be stakeholders in their health care. When children feel a part of the decision-making process they may be more likely to adhere to the management plan. This project evaluated asthma education received from the healthcare provider and identified gaps in their asthma treatment plans...

  3. Variables Contributing to the Psychological Well-Being in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

    Zhang, Wan
    (Background) Recent statistics indicate that approximately 12 percent of women in the United States will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in their lifetimes. A breast cancer diagnosis can be detrimental and produce long lasting effects to women’s physical and psychological well- being. A number of variables that affect women’s well-being have been identified in the literature. (Aim) The purpose of this research is to conduct a systematic review regarding the variables that contribute to the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. (Methodology) Khan, Kunz, Kleijnen, and Antes’ (2003) framework was used to conduct the systematic review. A total of 254...

  4. Pathogens on the Hands of Hospitalized Patients

    Truesdell, Taylor
    Hand hygiene is recognized as the most important measure to prevent the transmission of infection. Despite evidence that infections can be transferred from contact with a patient’s skin or the environment, little research has been directed toward patient-centered hand hygiene. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between patient characteristics and the presence of pathogens on patients’ hands. This cross-sectional, observational study collected bacterial samples and demographic data from 22 adult medical-surgical patients at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center East. Bacteria were collected using glove juice sampling procedures. Samples were then serially diluted, plated, and...

  5. Associations among Antioxidant Intake and Cardiovascular Health in Women with Chronic Hypertension

    Woellert, Patricia
    One in three American women have hypertension, a disease with modifiable risk factors. One preventative measure is a diet high in fruits and vegetables. Occurring naturally in fruits and vegetables are antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin E. We aimed to determine if higher intake of vitamin C and/or E was associated with lower blood pressure and improved vascular function, thus providing preliminary data regarding the potential effectiveness of dietary antioxidant intake on cardiovascular health among women. Using a cross-sectional design, 11 women were enrolled in the primary study. Participants completed the diet history questionnaire (DHQ), assessing nutrient intake over the...

  6. Effects of Aromatherapy in Patients with Leukemia: Impact of Gender, Age, and Scent Preference

    Honebrink, Erin
    Patients newly diagnosed with acute leukemia experience an array of different symptoms throughout their chemotherapy treatments in the hospital. Aromatherapy, the use of essential oils through diffusion, is often used to alleviate some of these symptoms. The purpose of this study was to: (1) to examine the difference in response to aromatherapy in patients with acute leukemia by gender on sleep quality and other common symptoms associated with cancer; (2) to examine the difference in response to aromatherapy in patients with acute leukemia by age on sleep quality and other common symptoms associated with cancer; (3) to determine if there...

  7. Delirium and Deep Sedation in a Long-Term Acute Care Hospital

    Crozier, Lauren
    Research conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) suggests the development of delirium, agitation, and deep-sedation effects numerous patient outcomes. There is little information, however, about the frequency of these syndromes/symptoms in the Long Term Acute Care Hospital (LTACH) setting (i.e., centers that specialize in mechanical ventilation weaning and rehabilitation). This interim analysis will describe the prevalence, incidence, and duration of delirium, coma, deep sedation, and agitation in adults who require mechanical ventilation in the LTACH setting and explore the accuracy of Registered Nurses’ (RNs) assessment of delirium. The ongoing study utilizes a prospective, observational, before/after design. The first five...

  8. Depressive Symptoms, Sleep Quality, and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors Who Participated in Mind-Body Movement Classes

    Jeu, Gabriel P.
    Background: Cancer survivorship is defined as the term used to describe all persons that have had a diagnosis of cancer, not only those whose cancer is in remission. The number of cancer survivors in the United States is projected to reach 20.3 million by 2026. Significant problems cancer survivors face include depression, poor sleep quality, and poor quality of life (QOL). Mind-body movement exercises (MBME) have the potential to improve depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and QOL among cancer survivors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of MBME on the depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and quality...

  9. Government-Led Programs to Improve Maternal and Infant Health in India: a Systematic Review of Literature

    Bruns, Heather
    India has unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates (174 per 100,000 and 28 per 1000, respectively) due to lack of antenatal care, unskilled delivery, and poor access to emergency obstetric services. To meet the United Nation’s 2015 Millennium Development Goals, the government of India (GOI) implemented several programs to improve access to maternal healthcare services. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize and critically appraise the literature on government-led programs to improve maternal and infant health in India. Database searches were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Medline, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL using key terms such as India,...

  10. Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation on Protease Levels in the Microenvironment of Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Sales, Michelle
    In the U.S. alone, the average annual incidence of chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) in individuals aged 65+ is 2.2% with payer burden reaching ~$35 billion. Moreover, the incidence is expected to rise dramatically because CVLUs are associated with aging and obesity. CVLUs are difficult to treat, frequently recur, and lead to a reduced quality of life. Therefore, adjuvant therapies to standard care are needed to help improve healing outcomes. High levels of neutrophil-derived proteases in CVLU microenvironments are associated with slow healing. The bioactive components of fish oil, eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA], have been shown to...

  11. Symptoms and Delirium in Critical Illness

    Lee, Angela
    The number of chronically critically ill (CCI) [i.e. patients recovering from an extended intensive care unit (ICU) stay] is expected to reach 600,000 within a decade with associated hospital costs nearing $60 billion annually (Kahn et, al., 2015). Increasingly, these patients are discharged to long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) for ventilator liberation and rehabilitation. Few studies describing symptom burden in patients admitted to LTACHs have been undertaken. The purpose of this study is to identify symptoms experienced in patients who require mechanical ventilation in an LTACH. This prospective observational study of 5 mechanically ventilated patients admitted to an LTACH following...

  12. Nurse Distractions in the Intensive Care Unit

    Maresco, Meredith
    Critical care nurses are often distracted or interrupted in their daily work caring for seriously ill patients in the fast-paced, high-tech Intensive Care Unit (ICU) setting. Distractions can lead to poor patient outcomes if they result in mistakes in practice. Nurses respond to distractions in a number of ways, such as acknowledging the distraction, multitasking, or interrupting the task at hand. Much of the literature focuses on medication errors, but little is known about events and responses leading to the error or other distracted patient care tasks. The purpose of this study was to describe distraction and nurses’ response to...

  13. Dietary Supplement Use by Older Adults with Chronic Venous Leg Ulcers

    Lang, Allison
    Approximately 49% of all U.S. adults consume one or more dietary supplements daily. One concern about this finding is that some supplements interact negatively with certain medications. For example, vitamin E combined with aspirin can decrease platelet function and increase risk for bleeding. Older adults who are using dietary supplements are likely at increased risk of dangerous supplement/medication interactions because they often have several chronic diseases requiring multiple medications. However, little is known about supplement use in this population. This study’s purpose was to describe supplement use in a sample of older adults with chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs), chronic...

  14. Evaluation of Interrater Reliability for Coding of Types of Gazes in Nurse-Patient Dyads

    Martz, Alexandria
    The purpose of this secondary analysis project was to describe and evaluate processes of interrater reliability assessment based on 13 videotapes of ICU nurse-patient dyads that were collected as part of a prior study (Happ et al., 2004). The videos were coded for four types of gazes (relating, assessing, technical doing, listening) during nursing care in the Medical (MICU) or Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit (CTICU). Interrater reliability is important to establish in research data collection, codebook development, and standardized nursing assessments in clinical practice. Steps described by Lombard et al. (2010) constituted the overall framework for interrater reliability assessment for...

  15. Autonomic Nervous System Function in Newborns with Congenital Heart Disease

    Behm, Nicole
    Infants with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) exhibit abnormal autonomic nervous system (ANS) function prenatally and are exposed to stressful environments postnatally that further alters autonomic development. Impaired autonomic function during early infancy influences behavioral, social, and cognitive development, and infants with CCHD are at high risk for developmental delays. The purpose of this study is to describe autonomic function during the perioperative period in newborns with CCHD and to explore associations with type of cardiac defect. In this multiple case study design, linear (power spectral density) and non-linear (Poincare plots) heart rate variability (HRV) were examined using four to...

  16. Dementia as Detected on the Clock Drawing Test in Older Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer

    Perry, Madison
    Background/Significance: Dementia is a leading cause of dependence and a common comorbidity in older women who are also diagnosed with breast cancer. Many older women with dementia die within six months of a cancer diagnosis. This project is significant in that many older breast cancer patients are also diagnosed with dementia, which can impact the diagnosis and treatment of the malignancy. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to describe the incidence, demographic characteristics and types of cognitive deficits in older breast cancer patients as detected by administering the clock-drawing test (CDT). The Theoretical framework used for the research is...

  17. Influential Factors of Medication Adherence in the HIV-Positive African-American Female Population

    Patel, Anushka
    Medication adherence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a critical factor of the quality of life in people living with HIV/AIDS. Near perfect levels of medication adherence is needed to optimally suppress viral load, though they are not frequently achieved. African American women constitute as the biggest group of women living with HIV/AIDS. Currently, the relationship between medication adherence and African American HIV-positive women is not clearly understood, but is vital to the livelihood of this population. We performed a systematic review in order to understand what factors influence medication adherence in African American HIV-positive women. We examined peer-reviewed studies published...

  18. Exploring Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Body Composition among Appalachian Teens

    Skinner, Katie
    A factor gaining increased attention in research and clinical practice regarding adolescent obesity prevalence is sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and its role in health outcomes. Adolescents residing in rural Appalachia have the highest consumption rate of SSBs when compared to other adolescent populations. The purpose of this study was to explore SSB consumption patterns among adolescents residing in rural Appalachia. Obesity-related health outcomes – body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage – and their relationship to SSBs were also examined. This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis of a sub-sample of high school aged participants enrolled in...

  19. The Efficacy of Patient-Centered Hand Hygiene in the Hospital Setting: A Systematic Review

    Radtke, Alexandra Blair
    Hand hygiene and the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers are recognized as the best means to prevent the spread of infection in the hospital setting. According to the World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2009), an average of 8.7% of hospitalized patients develop a nosocomial infection during their stay. While emphasis has been placed on healthcare workers and hand hygiene compliance, little effort has been directed toward patient participation. The objective is to analyze and synthesize results from various studies to determine the efficacy of hand hygiene among patient populations. The methods include using PubMed, MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Library...

  20. Influence of Protein Intake on Maternal Weight Gain and Infant Birth Weight Across Pregnancy

    Hughes, Jennifer M.
    Protein and amino acid intake during pregnancy appears to influence gestational weight gain (GWG). Nutrient intake and GWG have been linked to birth weight, respectively, with little evidence of the temporal effects. The purpose of this study was to examine maternal protein and amino acid intake on gestational weight gain (GWG) and birth outcomes across pregnancy. Prospectively, we collected dietary intake data from nulliparous women (n=52) during each trimester. We correlated maternal protein and amino acid intake with the defined pregnancy outcomes. We analyzed group differences for total GWG (≤19 lbs. [n=17], ≥25 lbs. [n=18]), 1st to 2nd trimester GWG...

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