Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.597 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Human Ecology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 19 de 19

  1. Mindfulness and Sport Participation in College Students

    Belna, Sarah
    Mindfulness is the increased ability to be aware and attentive to what is happening in the moment. The concept of mindfulness embodies being conscious of the present and not being in an automatic mode. Mindfulness training could have a positive impact on athletic performance, injury prevention, and recovery time in athletes, but differences among mindfulness levels in athletes is currently not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine levels of mindfulness among athletes versus non athletes as well as examine whether differences in mindfulness exist between individual sport athletes and team sport athletes. Undergraduate student volunteers (n=...

  2. Risk of Connective Tissue Injury in Dysmenorrheic vs. Eumenorrheic Collegiate Athletes: A Case-Control Study

    Javorek, Julie
    PURPOSE: The Female Athlete Triad is defined by disordered eating, lack of menstrual cycle and low bone mass. The scope of this study is to document the relative risk of self-reported ligamentous and/or boney injury in females with self-reported menstrual dysfunction. METHODS: Athletes at The Ohio State University, University of North Texas, and University of Utah were presented with questionnaires at their annual pre-season physical. The analysis examined data from Demographic, Menstrual History, and Injury Assessment/History Questionnaires. Each dysmenorrheic athlete (0-6 periods per year) was paired with a eumenorrheic control athlete (10-13 periods per year) using the following variables: 1st)...

  3. EFNEP: Assessing the Evaluation Tools and Impact of the Program

    Allen, Jane
    The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) is a federally funded program to assist people with limited resources in developing knowledge and skills about food and nutrition. The program targets youth and low-income families with children. EFNEP programs exist throughout counties in all 50 states and US territories. It has been shown to be an effective program in improving food practices and dietary intake. EFNEP is evaluated by the changes in the baseline questionnaires and post-intervention questionnaires filled out by the participants. Two of the questionnaires which are pertinent to my research are the EFNEP Behavior Checklist (BC) and...

  4. The Efficacy of Structured Field Trip Programs for Third Grade Students at the Center of Science and Industry

    Nameth, Melissa
    Since the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act, schools have seen a shift toward math and reading. Teachers must focus on these subjects so schools can meet their Adequate Yearly Progress, leaving little time for supplemental activities such as field trips. Field trips, however, can connect what students learn in the classroom with real-world experiences that enhance their understanding. The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not structured field trips at the Center of Science and Industry (COSI) improved students’ understanding of science concepts. Using a grant from the Ingram-White Castle Foundation, COSI provided transportation...

  5. Adolescent's Preferences for Complexity in Retail Store Environments

    Lafond, Jaclyn
    Shopping is a large part of American's lifestyles whether they like it or not. It is specifically a large part of adolescent's lives with them spending $300 billion per year. Store targeting adolescents can use aesthetics as a competitive advantage to keep adolescents customers coming back for more or to intrigue new ones. The purpose of this study is to better understand the behaviors (emotional) of adolescents in the apparel retail environment. More specifically to determine their level of preferred complexity, how their immediate feelings are affected by store complexity, how adolescents describes different levels of complexity, and how adolescents...

  6. Examining the Relationship Between Bilingual Books and Multicultural Curriculum

    Whiteside, Erin
    The purpose of this study was to examine the current relationship between bilingual literature and multicultural curriculum, specifically in elementary level classes. An extensive review was completed on current research and resources available regarding both bilingual and multicultural materials. In an effort to demonstrate the ability to functionally combine these two areas a bilingual book was created. This book successfully meets most of the established criteria for both bilingual and multicultural literature. Therefore, the conclusion can be made that there is a natural and plausible overlap between these two areas and this should be further examined and developed in an...

  7. The Effects of Calcium Plus Silicon and Copper on Bone Marker Values in Young Adult Women Starting Resistance Training Exercise

    Crawford, Bethany
    It is well accepted that calcium supplementation in combination with resistance exercise contribute to net bone formation. However, this fact has been supported with limited research. This study seeks to reinforce this accepted knowledge. In addition, copper and/or silicon supplementation in addition to calcium supplementation may enhance the effects of calcium supplementation alone. This effect may be through improved absorption or function and has yet to be proven. Silicon, in fact, is not presently considered to be an essential nutrient, although it may become one. This study also seeks to find evidence that one or both of these supplements may...

  8. Preschoolers’ Self-Concepts: Are they Accurate?

    Erdmann, Amy
    The present study examined the accuracy of young children’s self-concepts through determining if young children’s perceptions of themselves agree with observers’ perceptions of their behavior. The study included seventy-five 3 ½ to 5 year old children who visited a research lab near The Ohio State University with their parents. During this visit, the child completed the video-assisted Child Self-View Questionnaire (Eder, 1990) with a researcher, which measures a child’s views of their self-concept on nine dimensions. After completing this questionnaire, children and their parents completed two videotaped activities together. The first consisted of drawing and labeling a family portrait, and...

  9. The Effects of Fermented Soy and Soy diets on Hepatic Lipid Composition in Zucker (fa/fa) Rats

    Cole, Rachel
    Sixty million (30%) adults in the United States are considered obese. Obesity (Body Mass Index > 30 kg/m²) is an inflammatory disease that has its origin in diet. Obesity is the condition of accumulation of lipids in the adipose tissue and in non-adipose tissues such as the liver and muscle (eg. steatosis). The WHO-coordinated Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison Study (CARDIAC), a worldwide epidemiological study, found that those people who consumed soy had a significantly reduced risk of obesity than those who did not consume soy in their diets. The effects of fermented soy, soy, and casein diets on body weight...

  10. A Content Analysis of House and Garden Magazine Focusing on Environmental Responsibility and User Health and Safety Concerns Relative to Residential Interiors

    Nee, Justin
    As the idea of Green design and sustainability become increasingly more important among interior design professionals, questions arise as to how much quality information is provided to consumers about these areas in relationship to their home. It was the purpose of this research to evaluate the amount of information provided to consumers through a typical home design magazine about environmental responsibility and user health and safety issues as they relate to interior design and residential home products. A content analysis was performed on issues from 1955 to 2005 of House and Garden Magazine. A record was kept of how many...

  11. Development of a K – 3 Sexuality Education Curriculum

    Smith, Megan
    The purpose of this study was to explore the sexuality education concepts taught at the early elementary school level. It was found that very little sexuality education is taught at this level. This led to the development of a sexuality curriculum for kindergarten through third grade. Two main sources were used for the structure and content of this curriculum. The Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States guidelines (2004) were used to help develop the content of the curriculum while Project Taking Charge (1995) was used for the organization. Fives sections were developed including anatomy, growth and development,...

  12. Impact of a Health Intervention in Latino Children in Central Ohio

    Romstedt, Laura
    Background: According to the National Center for Health Statistics, 15.3% of all American children between the ages of 6 and 11 are overweight and the prevalence of overweight children is disproportionately higher among Mexican-American children (1). The percent of overweight Mexican-American children ages 6 to 11 is 23.7%, significantly higher than the 11.8% for non-Hispanic whites (1). Overweight and obesity lead to an increase risk of many severe health problems and morbidities including diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Jump into Food and Fitness (JIFF), an intervention program targeted for elementary school-aged children, was developed by the 4-H Youth...

  13. The Effects of Salacia Oblonga Extract on Postprandial Glycemia Following a Solid, High Starch Meal

    Washam, Matthew
    Attenuation of postprandial glycemia is hypothesized to reduce the risk of progression from impaired glucose tolerance to diabetes. It is also thought to reduce the number of complications associated with diabetes. S. oblonga extract has been shown to reduce postprandial glycemia when it is fed in addition to a liquid nutritional supplement containing mainly maltodextrin. No studies have been done, however, using S. oblonga extract on a solid meal. The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of S. oblonga extract on the postprandial glycemic and lactate responses along with the perceived gastrointestinal, satiety, and flatulence symptoms severity...

  14. Impact of a Culturally Appropriate Nutrition Intervention on Latinos in Central Ohio

    Patterson, Sarah Jane
    Human Ecology Undergraduate Honors Research Scholarship

  15. Student Evaluations of Recyclable Materials Collections in University-Owned Residence Halls at The Ohio State University

    Neeb, Erin
    This undergraduate honors project examined recycling knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of Ohio State University students living in university residence halls. The main purpose of the project was to answer the following questions as they relate to undergraduate students living in residence halls at OSU: 1. What requisite knowledge do these students have about recycling procedures at OSU? 2. What perceptions do these students hold in regard to the recycling program at OSU? 3. What level of satisfaction, in regard to the recycling program at OSU, do these students report? 4. What would further motivate these students to improve their participation in the recycling...

  16. The Effect of Soy and Fructooligosaccarides on the Selenium Status of Postmenopausal Women

    Griffith, Jodi
    This project focused on the nutritional status of postmenopausal women consuming soy. Specifically, this project examined the effect of soy and a prebiotic fiber source, fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on the status of the trace mineral selenium. Soy intake is of current interest to women’s health because of its potential to decrease the risk of menopausal side effects, and chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Soy’s effects may be elucidated by the plant estrogens it contains. FOS is a prebiotic which can stimulate gut microflora, resulting in a possible increase in soy bioavailability. Soy products typically contain a significant amount...

  17. Using sign language as a communication tool in infant/toddler group care settings

    Francik, Abby T.
    This study focuses on how and when sign language is used in infant/toddler group care settings. The sample includes infants and toddlers in two childcare centers in the Columbus, Ohio, area. One day per week in each center, for two hours per session, during a 20-week period of time, interactions involving sign language between teachers and children or between children and their peers were observed. Data was recorded regarding who initiated the sign-based conversation, the context in which the sign was used, and the method of response to the sign. The data was analyzed and the signs which were used...

  18. The impact of gender, family, and mental health issues on displays of relational aggression in a sample of court-involved youth

    Sereika, Lindsay S.
    This study focuses on a form of problematic behavior known as relational aggression. Relational aggression is defined as the manipulation of an interpersonal relationship, through both direct and indirect non-physical means, in order to harm another person. Previous studies have examined potential gender differences regarding displays of this type of aggression in samples of children and adolescents, with results that have been inconclusive. The present study extends this literature by considering two additional factors, family issues and mental health concerns, in order to more comprehensively understand the prediction of relational aggression in males and females. The study examined a sample...

  19. An Examination of the Public School Lunch Program in the United States of America

    Dahdah, Garth
    A Senior Honors Thesis Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for graduation with distinction in Department of Hospitality Management in the College of Human Ecology at The Ohio State University

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