Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.208 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Arts and Sciences

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.838

  1. Regulatory Elements in the HIV-1 5'UTR that Modulate Gag Binding Specificity

    Reyes, Joshua-Paolo
    The 5'UTR of the HIV-1 genomic RNA (gRNA) contains a structured RNA element (termed Psi) that is specifically recognized through the interaction with the nucleocapsid (NC) domain of HIV-1 Gag, ensuring that two copies of gRNA are packaged into newly assembled virions. However, the mechanism by which Gag recognizes gRNA over other cellular RNAs and spliced RNAs is not well understood. Exposed guanosine residues within the loops and bulges of Psi have been shown to be high affinity NC binding sites, providing a selective advantage for gRNA. Furthermore, a recent study suggested that a negative regulatory element upstream of Psi...

  2. Rape Culture and Abuse Against Women in Past and Modern Literature

    Wiest, Aubrey
    Despite advancements in women's rights and an overall greater call for gender equality there remains an overwhelming amount of violence against women in the modern era. Domestic abuse and sexual assault continues to run rampant in a world that thrives off of modern day rape culture. The phrase "rape culture" reflects the overall dismissive attitude and trivialization of sexual assault and abuse in society. Rape culture is perpetuated by a number of factors, and has been an existing theme of humanity since its beginning days of society building. Such cultural views are spread and dismantled through many means, but one...

  3. Measurement of Anthropogenic Gadolinium in the Scioto and Olentangy River System Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)

    Cole, Bradley
    Gadolinium, a rare earth element (REE), is used throughout modern medical facilities as a paramagnetic component for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) contrast agents. Eventually after use, contrast agents travel through hospital or city wastewater treatment facilities and end up as waste in the City of Columbus's Scioto and Olentangy River systems. Our study, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, measured the dissolved rare earth element chemistry upstream, within the City of Columbus, and downstream of the City of Columbus's wastewater treatment facilities to detect any possible amounts of anthropogenic gadolinium throughout these waterways. Following the detection of any anthropogenic gadolinium,...

  4. Blackened Tradition

    Ward, Cyrah
    Within the world of dance traditional balletic technique is seen as prized currency. Big stage ballets with classical music are the most recognized form of concert stage dance. Therefore, my study will challenge the ideas that classical music is best paired with Eurocentric bodies of sameness. I am interested in how modern/contemporary movement on a black body paired with classical music will change not only the stereotypes associated with classical music but also the choreographic/artistic possibilities of African-American performers. My artistic process consists of a self-exploration by improvisation to different genres of music. I documented my own exploratory process in...

  5. Characterization of Novel Aperture Proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Edwards, Ayla
    In many species, exine, the outer wall of pollen grains, is deposited non-uniformly on the pollen surface. The gaps left on the pollen surface by the absence of exine deposition are known as apertures. These apertures facilitate emergence of the pollen tubes, making them important for male fertility in many plants. The positioning of the apertures is highly conserved within species, yet it varies widely between species, making apertures an ideal model for studying how cells control formation of distinct extracellular domains. Very little is known about how the locations of apertures are specified and how apertures are formed. Dobritsa lab’s current work involves identification and characterization...

  6. Spiritus Ex Machina: The Rights of Autonomous Artificial Intelligence by 2050

    Harvey, Benjamin
    My research is a serious inquiry into the future, asking the question "What rights will be granted to artificial intelligence?" In order to examine this topic, I have created a scenario--a plausible narrative of the future-- by using contemporary events as foundational research on the potential rights of autonomous artificial intelligence. These sources include the New York Times, Quartz, Boston Dynamics, and other reputable sites. My scenario details the possible way an autonomous AI may come to being, and how it might begin to explore the world around it with emotion being connected with computational hyper-efficiency. In the scenario, the...

  7. The Relationship Between Responsible Drinking Policies and Football Game-Day Incidents at The Ohio State University: a Preliminary Study

    Sai, Sunder
    Studies have shown crime, misconduct, and incidents tend to increase within and around stadiums during football games, particularly, alcohol-related misconducts (Reese and Schnepel 2008, Merlo et al. 2010, Kalist and Lee 2014). Ohio Stadium, home to The Ohio State University (OSU) Buckeyes college football team, hosts 7-8 annual home football games each fall. Minimal research has been presented observing trends regarding incidents during OSU's home football games. Furthermore, causes for these potential trends remain unknown. It is hypothesized that responsible drinking policies, which are reflected through stadium-wide alcohol sales and a no-bag policy, are associated with reduction of game day...

  8. Navigating the Self in Near Future Science Fiction Films

    Riggs, Elizabeth
    Introduction/Background: For many decades, the genre of science fiction has looked outward and forward through its subjects. Science fiction film, as it tells stories about "another reality", addresses the concerns of a group as they perceive the direction of their real-world society. While science fiction films have focused largely on the effects on society as a whole, there has been a shift towards the end of the 20th century and into the 21st century to focus more on individuals. Instead of asking where our society is headed, they ask how can a person define themselves despite or through the science...

  9. The Complexities of Proletarian Internationalism: Mexican Communism and the Communist Party of Mexico, 1919-1943

    Smith, Nicholas
    The formation of the Communist International (Comintern) in 1919 after the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia represented a turning point in the history of socialism. With a successful workers' revolution in Russia, the time appeared ripe for revolution across Europe and the world. In the same year, a small group of Mexican radicals took steps to form the Mexican Communist Party (PCM) and affiliate with the Comintern. With the Mexican Revolution consolidating into a stable government, the newly formed PCM tried to develop Marxist theory and practice to transform Mexican society along socialist lines. The rise of Stalinism...

  10. Rock Properties of Silurian Niagaran Reef Carbonates in Michigan After CO2 Injection

    Keister, Laura
    Carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies have been implemented to extract hydrocarbons from depleted oil and gas reservoirs in the northern Silurian Niagaran reef trend in the Michigan Basin. This project analyzed rock properties from trim and intact core samples from a well that experienced CO2 injection, and the rock properties were correlated with depth and diagenesis. Three thin sections from different depths, made from trim samples, were imaged using both digital and polarizing light microscopes. Images were used to analyze fractures, porosity, and mineralogy across the slides. The same features were analyzed for the intact core using X-ray...

  11. Examination of a method: Testing the Kelly-Barton Method on the Herðibreið tuya, Northern Volcanic Zone, Iceland

    Oborn, Collin
    Iceland is the most volcanically diverse location on the planet as nearly every type of volcano can be found on this island. Volcanoes are an existential and powerful threat to the modern world on both short and long time scales, and understanding their inner workings is a necessary first step in protecting society from one of nature's deadliest and most destructive activities. This study focused on a specific locality in Iceland's Northern Volcanic Zone, the volcano known as Herdubreid (Herðubreið). The purpose of this research was to determine the depth of crustal magma bodies that feed Herdubreid using a new...

  12. Ethnic Politics and the Saxon Colonization of Medieval Hungarian Transylvania

    Andrei, George
    This project examines the settlement of the Saxons in the Voivodeship of Transylvania (a voivode was a rank roughly equivalent to a mixture of a governor and a landed prince) within the Hungarian Kingdom immediately before and after the Mongol Invasion of 1241. This project attempts to understand the political and inter-ethnic effects of the Saxon settlement in context of the integration of Transylvania (including the Vlach and Pecheneg natives of the area) into Hungary. The research question is as follows: How did the Crown utilize policy based on "otherness" to secure its expansion, stability, and state centralization? This project...

  13. Dialect Classification and Speech Intelligibility in Noise

    Dailey, Megan
    Listeners have good intuitions about regional differences between speakers. Less studied is the relationship between dialect classification and speech intelligibility. Regional dialect is known to affect speech intelligibility: in some cases, familiar dialects can facilitate speech processing, but in other cases, familiar dialects inhibit speech processing. Many other lexical, discourse, and social factors also affect speech intelligibility. The present study explores predictors of dialect classification accuracy and intelligibility accuracy for the Northern and Midland dialects of American English. In previous studies, Midland speech in noise was found to be more intelligible than Northern speech in noise for both Midland and...

  14. Comparison of Denture Base Material Processed by the Traditional and a Two-cycle Method

    Wang, Gefei
    Poly(methyl methacrylate) PMMA is the preferred polymer to fabricate denture base materials. However, the current processing conditions results in unpolymerized methyl methacrylate in the final denture base. This can result in lower mechanical and physical properties and lead to biocompatibility issues. Changing the processing method will change the properties of the denture base materials. Recently, the traditional processing method has been improved. The commonly used processing technique is a one cycle heat-curing: the PMMA resin is heated gradually to 75oC and remains at that temperature for 9 hours. In the new method, after initial heating, the denture base is cooled...

  15. Azo Dyes as Ionochromic Anion Indicators and the Synthesis of 1,2-Diphenylethane-1,2-dione

    McKee, Sydney
    Organic azo dyes, which contain the nitrogen-nitrogen double-bonded azo functional group (-N=N-), have found wide use as valuable textile dyes, tissue stains, and pH indicators. These highly conjugated systems can be synthesized via the electrophilic substitution of activated aromatic rings with arenediazonium salts, resulting in molecules that exhibit high molar absorptivities within the visible light range. Originally, it was thought that structures based on 1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene may have led to dyes that could exhibit ionochromic sensitivity to various aqueous anions. However, it was found that potential dyes containing this motif were impure and difficult to isolate. This structure was thus abandoned...

  16. The Semantics and Pragmatics of Right Dislocation: Odd thing, that.

    Toma, Bethany E.
    The sentence "She's a smart one, that Diana" is a so-called right dislocation construction: the noun phrase "that Diana" occurs at the right edge of the sentence and the sentence itself only realizes a pronoun ("she") to refer to Diana. This construction is particularly common among British English speakers. Whereas prior research has focused on the structure and interpretation of the construction, my research explores the hypothesis that speakers use the construction when they expect their interlocutors to agree with them about the propositional content of the utterance (e.g., that Diana is a smart person, in the aforementioned example). In...

  17. The Geology and Hydrogeology of the Teays-Mahomet Aquifer System in East-Central Illinois

    Clark, Casey
    The Teays River was a large system flowing—in what are now the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois—from the Tertiary period until glaciation in the Pleistocene. Glaciation during the Pleistocene turned the region through which the Teays River flowed into a region of aquifers. The system of aquifers created during this glaciation in the study region is known as the Teays-Mahomet Aquifer System (TMAS). The TMAS is an extensive formation spanning across the Midwestern United States. Specifically, the study focuses on the TMAS in east-central Illinois. The Mahomet Sand Member and Glasford formation are a few of...

  18. Threat induced racial stereotypes in domestic violence situations

    Marston, Brooke
    The role of motivation in stereotyping has been studied extensively (Kunda & Spencer, 2003), and has also recently been examined in conjunction with self-image threat (Spencer et al., 1998). In the following study, participant's sense of self was either threatened or not using a social exclusion manipulation. They were then shown a video of an ostensible domestic dispute. Perception of the arguer's faces was assessed using reverse correlation image classification. The composite images from each condition were rated and the data suggests that the threat female image was seen as significantly more white, and almost significantly more passive than its...

  19. Global Local Folding of the Human Transcriptome

    Li, James
    Analyzing sequence variants for disease has largely been based on the effects of missense mutations on predicted changes to protein function. Previous in silico RNA folding studies suggest that selection in humans and mammals may have been influenced by mRNA secondary structure in certain genes. However, the connection between RNA folding and genetic diseases has not been fully established at the level of an entire transcriptome. Therefore, we performed whole transcriptome analysis to ascertain the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on local RNA folding. We aimed to (1) build a cloud-based big data pipeline to procure RNA folding statistics...

  20. Past, Present, Future: Developing Kinesthetic Teaching Methodology & Choreographing Experience

    Milian, Anthony
    A dancer's body is the instrument through which a dance is created. It is widely understood in the field of dance that the stronger and more flexible a dancer's body is, the more capable it is of a wide range of movement. I am researching the process of developing a teaching methodology centered around finding the necessary physical skills needed to successfully embody the core aesthetic qualities found in my choreographic work—specifically fluidity and the integration of a multi-unit torso by examining the use of pelvis and scapula; pursuing specificity in spinal articulation through the usage of isolated shoulder and...

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