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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (76.127 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Arts and Sciences

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.705

  1. A Historical Analysis of the Beavercreek Public Transportation Controversy

    Maani, Micah
    Part I of this thesis critiques the monolithic view of many people hold of US cities and explores the various forms of housing and transportation idealized throughout Dayton’s history. It investigates how the advent of new means of transportation such as the streetcar and automobile encouraged the development of suburbs like Oakwood and Huber Heights in different eras, while simultaneously discriminatory housing policies promoted ownership of single family homes and segregated metropolitans. Part II examines how decades of housing discrimination confined large parts of Dayton’s black population to the Westside while urban renewal, police brutality, and high unemployment perpetuated poor...

  2. A Historical Analysis of the Beavercreek Public Transportation Controversy

    Maani, Micah
    Part I of this thesis critiques the monolithic view of many people hold of US cities and explores the various forms of housing and transportation idealized throughout Dayton’s history. It investigates how the advent of new means of transportation such as the streetcar and automobile encouraged the development of suburbs like Oakwood and Huber Heights in different eras, while simultaneously discriminatory housing policies promoted ownership of single family homes and segregated metropolitans. Part II examines how decades of housing discrimination confined large parts of Dayton’s black population to the Westside while urban renewal, police brutality, and high unemployment perpetuated poor...

  3. History's "Me Too" Movement: Recognizing the Political Agency of Korean "Comfort Women"

    Kim, Hyeji
    This paper seeks to answer a few questions. Within the context of how justice is delivered in post-conflict settings, in what ways are women’s agency limited? In other words, why is a gendered lens to agency needed? Additionally, how have the South Korean "comfort women" exercised their agency in the political space, and what lessons do they leave behind? The next section delves more specifically into ways that tools of transitional justice have reproduced the silence and invisibility that women experience in pre-conflict and conflict situations. Building off criticisms of transitional justice mechanisms, the paper suggests what a gendered lens...

  4. History's "Me Too" Movement: Recognizing the Political Agency of Korean "Comfort Women"

    Kim, Hyeji
    This paper seeks to answer a few questions. Within the context of how justice is delivered in post-conflict settings, in what ways are women’s agency limited? In other words, why is a gendered lens to agency needed? Additionally, how have the South Korean "comfort women" exercised their agency in the political space, and what lessons do they leave behind? The next section delves more specifically into ways that tools of transitional justice have reproduced the silence and invisibility that women experience in pre-conflict and conflict situations. Building off criticisms of transitional justice mechanisms, the paper suggests what a gendered lens...

  5. Elastic dislocation theory: Investigating the effects of the free surface on the symmetry of displacement across a fault

    Lee, Joon
    The current model we use for computing dislocation of free surface by earthquakes fault is mostly perfectly planar or perfectly spherical and there is no topography. In real world distance between free surface displacement fault plane varies and does not match up with GPS station in ideal model. To acknowledge exact problem, why this is a big problem, we examined the movement of the free surface and dislocation at right above and below the fault plane in the model we created. This model will have equilateral triangle displacement with 100m length in side horizontal under different depth from free surface....

  6. Elastic dislocation theory: Investigating the effects of the free surface on the symmetry of displacement across a fault

    Lee, Joon
    The current model we use for computing dislocation of free surface by earthquakes fault is mostly perfectly planar or perfectly spherical and there is no topography. In real world distance between free surface displacement fault plane varies and does not match up with GPS station in ideal model. To acknowledge exact problem, why this is a big problem, we examined the movement of the free surface and dislocation at right above and below the fault plane in the model we created. This model will have equilateral triangle displacement with 100m length in side horizontal under different depth from free surface....

  7. Fracking the Code on Flowback Fluid

    Adamaitis, Chandler
    Hydraulic fracturing of shale generates brines with complex chemistries. As such, these fluids have trace metal constituents that can be rendered valuable if concentrated. This project used samples of hydraulic fracturing flowback fluid from the Utica/Point Pleasant formations in Ohio to analyze how different additives of acids and bases could influence precipitation and sequester trace metals. Flowback fluids were treated with sulfuric acid (H2SO4), phosphoric acid (H3PO4), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), each in a high and low concentration. The fluids were allowed to react over several weeks and then the precipitates and the solutions were analyzed using...

  8. Fracking the Code on Flowback Fluid

    Adamaitis, Chandler
    Hydraulic fracturing of shale generates brines with complex chemistries. As such, these fluids have trace metal constituents that can be rendered valuable if concentrated. This project used samples of hydraulic fracturing flowback fluid from the Utica/Point Pleasant formations in Ohio to analyze how different additives of acids and bases could influence precipitation and sequester trace metals. Flowback fluids were treated with sulfuric acid (H2SO4), phosphoric acid (H3PO4), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), each in a high and low concentration. The fluids were allowed to react over several weeks and then the precipitates and the solutions were analyzed using...

  9. "Remember Who You Are:" The British Kindertransports of World War II

    Grucza, Emily
    This study focused on the British Kindertransports of World War II. The Refugee Children’s Movement (RCM) rescued approximately 10,000 threatened children from the Nazi Reich in 1939 and provided them a new life in Britain. I examined the function of the RCM, the role of women in the RCM, the children’s experiences before, during, and after the war, how the Kinder were affected by their experiences, and how the transports have been remembered personally and nationally. I focused on the memoirs from the Association of Jewish Refugees: Refugee Voices Collection and used these memoirs to supplement and support the scholarly...

  10. A Comparison of Bird Digestive Systems by Diet

    Siddique, Adnan
    The vertebrate digestive system can be modified to accommodate a diversity of diets. In general, herbivores tend to have longer, more complex digestive systems while carnivores have smaller, less elaborate digestive systems, but most of the research in this area examines mammalian morphology. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to determine the influence of diet on digestive system morphology in birds. I expected the size of the intestines, cecum (if present), proventriculus, and gizzard to be larger in herbivorous birds and smaller in carnivorous birds. Birds of varying diets were dissected and their digestive systems (intestines, cecum, proventriculus, and...

  11. The Consideration of Form in Relation to Function in Ceremonial Tea Ware

    Hung, Annie
    To learn more about my position in the world as a Taiwanese American by considering the relationship between form and function in tea wares. The importance of the role tea plays in Eastern society makes it a specific point of research that is steeped in hundreds of years of tradition. By creating iterations of similar forms, I was able to work through and improve on details such as the proportion between the body and the vessel. Throughout the process of making an important aspect is the consideration of the ideas of contemplation and meditation as they play a large role...

  12. Role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in stress-induced neuroinflammation and anxiety-like behavior

    Sobol, Carly G.
    Exposure to chronic stress or traumatic events increases the risk of developing mood or anxiety disorders (1). In conjunction, mounting evidence indicates that neuroinflammation is linked with the etiology of psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety (2). Specifically, pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β, mediate changes to mood, cognition, and behavior that closely resemble characteristics observed in mood and anxiety disorders (3). Therefore, stress may increase vulnerability towards psychiatric disorders by enhancing neuroinflammatory processes. In support of this, our laboratory uses the repeated social defeat (RSD) murine stress model to measure the effects of stress on neuroinflammation and behavior. We have...

  13. Outside the Land: Hypothesizing the Political Psychology of American Jews on Issues of Israel

    Cleary, Elaine
    My research explores whether or not American Jewish perspectives on Israeli government policies are changing. I review literature on American Jewish history and political involvement, and I develop a “spectrum” model to locate American Jewish views on Israeli policies over the last decade. I cite opinion poll data and testimonials to hypothesize that American Jewish perspectives on Israeli policies are shifting along the spectrum model. I further hypothesize the conditions under which American Jewish views on Israeli policies shift, and in what direction we can expect views to shift when those conditions are met. I outline methods for testing my...

  14. The Empty Harem: Negotiating Muslim Women’s Symbolism through Literature

    Ujayli, Zaina
    Muslim women are the most visible icons of the contentious position of Islam in the modern world, and thus what they symbolize today is an amalgam of debates and ideologies that define modern global politics. Amid the arguments on all sides, Muslim women often become symbols instead of people and their rights fall through the cracks in conversations. However, if we pay attention to Muslim female writers, we can see them reconquering the symbols which defined them. These chapters look at the ways Muslim female writers like Ghada al-Samman, Salwa Bakr, Fadia Faqir, Kamila Shamsie, and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain react...

  15. Surface Atmospheric Conditions Associated with Arctic Sea Ice Retreat, Resolved by the Arctic System Reanalysis

    Maldonado, Stephen
    The years 2007 and 2012 witnessed two of the lowest levels of Arctic sea-ice extent in recorded history. A key indicator of climate change on a global scale, sea-ice dynamics – and the processes behind them – is vital to understanding and predicting changes throughout the Earth System. In data-sparse regions such as the Arctic, reanalyses (syntheses made from a combination of atmospheric models and observed data) are increasingly utilized to understand regional processes better. Largely dependent on model structure, physical assumptions, and data assimilation techniques, reanalyses often vary in their output quality and estimates of the ice-ocean-atmosphere interactions. The Arctic System Reanalysis (ASR) provides a high...

  16. Enduring Effects of Perinatal Nicotine Exposure on Murine Sleep in Adulthood

    Don, Reuben
    Epidemiological evidence shows that humans prenatally exposed to nicotine are at risk for persistent sleep problems, as well as mood and anxiety disorders. Even if the mother is not inhaling nicotine directly, second-hand smoke remains a public health issue and the danger of second-hand vapor is currently unknown. Therefore, there is high potential for a fetus to receive nicotine exposure while in utero. To explore this relationship between perinatal nicotine exposure and offspring sleep, breeding pairs of C57BL/6J mice were administered either vehicle (veh) or nicotine (pNic) solutions through their drinking water. This administration persisted throughout pregnancy and terminated at...

  17. Enduring Effects of Perinatal Nicotine Exposure on Murine Sleep in Adulthood

    Don, Reuben
    Epidemiological evidence shows that humans prenatally exposed to nicotine are at risk for persistent sleep problems, as well as mood and anxiety disorders. Even if the mother is not inhaling nicotine directly, second-hand smoke remains a public health issue and the danger of second-hand vapor is currently unknown. Therefore, there is high potential for a fetus to receive nicotine exposure while in utero. To explore this relationship between perinatal nicotine exposure and offspring sleep, breeding pairs of C57BL/6J mice were administered either vehicle (veh) or nicotine (pNic) solutions through their drinking water. This administration persisted throughout pregnancy and terminated at...

  18. Social Media and its Effects in Politics: The Factors that Influence Social Media use for Political News and Social Media use Influencing Political Participation

    Fountain, Megan
    Political participation is an important part of democracy that has been long studied. A key part of democracy is to have citizens go out and vote, but when we look at voter turnout we can see that the number of citizens that vote has decreased over the last one hundred years. There are factors that can influence political participation: race, education, age, etc. (Wolfinger and Rosenstone). With the new forms of technology (i.e. social media) that citizens have access to, will it provide an opportunity for more citizens to participate in our democracy? Social media will be another factor that influences...

  19. Social Media and its Effects in Politics: The Factors that Influence Social Media use for Political News and Social Media use Influencing Political Participation

    Fountain, Megan
    Political participation is an important part of democracy that has been long studied. A key part of democracy is to have citizens go out and vote, but when we look at voter turnout we can see that the number of citizens that vote has decreased over the last one hundred years. There are factors that can influence political participation: race, education, age, etc. (Wolfinger and Rosenstone). With the new forms of technology (i.e. social media) that citizens have access to, will it provide an opportunity for more citizens to participate in our democracy? Social media will be another factor that influences...

  20. The Rhetoric of the New Woman, 1890-1920

    Stroup, Rachel
    This thesis is a rhetorical analysis that studies the conversation about the emerging archetype of the American New Woman in the popular press dating from 1890-1920. The New Woman served as the aggregate stereotype of modern women during the progressive era—namely women who rode bicycles, attended college, and pursued careers. Magazines and newspapers depicted the New Woman as a sharp distinction from the esteemed Victorian “True” woman, who was submissive, pious, and virtuous. Because the True Woman was such a strong influence, much of the conversation about the New Woman held True Woman ideas. This project found that this discussion...

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