Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (80.208 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Working papers series

Mostrando recursos 1 - 8 de 8

  1. LOST Stability? Consumption Taxes and the Cyclical Variability of State and Local Revenues

    Hou, Yilin; Seligman, Jason S.
    States and localities continue moving towards consumption taxes. Georgia’s local governments displace a portion of their property tax receipts with revenue from the Local Option Sales Tax. This paper employs a panel dataset of Georgia counties across two economic cycles to examine the effects of consumption taxes on the long- and short-run volatility of local own-source revenues. We offer a mean-variance approach for considering correct revenue portfolio shares across tax-instruments. Holding revenues constant we find that permanent substitution towards a consumption tax amplifies variability of own-source revenues, implying that consumption taxes are overweighed in current revenue portfolios.

  2. Counterfactual Impact Evaluation of Enterprise Support Policies: An Empirical Application to EU Co-Sponsored, National and Regional Programs

    Bondonio, Daniele; Greenbaum, Robert T.
    While the importance of enterprise support policies in the EU continues to grow, there remains only limited empirical evidence examining the effects of the policies on socially relevant outcomes such as employment. This paper shows how to exploit firm-level data, formed by merging longitudinal employment and firm demographic information with the firm-level archives of the incentive payments, to offer robust counterfactual impact evaluation evidence on the employment effects of the coexisting European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) co-sponsored, national and regional programs commonly operated in many EU regions. The analysis uses data from a large northern Italian region and yields employment impacts of the policies under plausible identification assumptions,...

  3. Using Consumer Information to Improve Recalls

    Hooker, Neil H.; Shang, Wenjing
    Paper presented on February 7, 2006 at a full-day conference co-sponsored by Battelle Memorial Institute and the John Glenn Institute for Public Service and Public Policy, to examine the intersection of 21st century technology and personal privacy.

  4. Privacy and Access to Public Records in the Information Age

    Bermann, Sol
    Historically, public records, specifically court-related records, have had some measure of public accessibility. Similar to the right to an open court system, the notion of open records goes to the public's right to observe the goings-on of government which leads to government accountability. At the Federal level, one guarantee of open records is embodied by the Freedom of Information Act. At the state level, records are open or closed according to state law. Online public record access brings a wealth of potential benefits ranging from greater government access and accountability to increased cost-savings and efficiencies. However, due to the presence of...

  5. Do High Technology Policies Work? An Analysis of High Technology Industry Employment Growth in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 1988-1998

    Jenkins, J. Craig; Leicht, Kevin T; Jaynes, Arthur
    In the past three decades, federal, state and local governments have launched an array of new high technology development programs. Researchers and policy-makers disagree about the relative merits of these policies as economic development tools. We address two questions: (1) Do these policies affect high technology industry employment net of location and agglomeration factors? (2) Do these policies interact with existing agglomeration advantages to boost high technology industry employment? Using a conditional change score design to examine the effects of seven major high technology policies on the change in high technology industry employment in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) between 1988...

  6. Decomposing the impacts: Lessons from a multistate analysis of enterprise zone programs

    Bondonio, Daniele; Greenbaum, Robert T.
    This paper exploits the exogenous variation of the U.S. state enterprise zone policies to estimate the impact of geographically- targeted tax incentives on a number of dimensions of local economic growth. The econometric analysis uses plant-level data from 11 state programs to sort out growth outcomes into gross flows separately accounted for by new, existing, and vanishing establishments in the target areas. The paper extends the literature by moving beyond a dichotomous treatment indicator to incorporate the contribution of a number common zone policy features. Although the findings of no net mean impacts of the zone programs on various measure...

  7. Estimating the Restoration and Modernization Costs of Infrastructure and Facilities

    Lufkin, Peter; Desai, Anand; Janke, Jay
    Under spending for the maintenance of public facilities and infrastructure is a well-known issue. At least part of the problem can be attributed to our poor understanding of precisely what funding is required. Methodological limitations diminish the credibility of budget estimates that, for many agencies, are based on ad hoc approximations or historical trends. Estimates based on physical inspections are more defensible, but are expensive and more useful for defining remedial projects than estimating future budget requirements. Carefully defining facility restoration and modernization (R&M) requirements yields a collection of determinants—including obsolescence, changing uses, and extraordinary damage—closely related to the concept of...

  8. Viewing Spatial Consequences of Budgetary Policy Changes

    Greenbaum, Robert T.; Desai, Anand
    While the research community is often very concerned with the distributional effect of public policy decisions, the geographic distribution of the affected populations is often overlooked. This paper argues that seemingly geographically neutral policies have spatial consequences and that the choice of how to measure them is important. We suggest that maps produced by geographical information systems (GIS) provide a powerful tool for communicating these ideas to policy makers. We further suggest that GIS supplemented by spatial statistics yield geographic information that can perform a valuable function in policy debates. We use the recent proposed changes in Medicaid expenditures in...

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