Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.784 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Business

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 89

  1. The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Preventive Services among Racial Groups

    Li, Zili
    On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or Obamacare, into law to reduce the cost of health insurance premiums. Part of the ACA provisions removed the cost-sharing requirements for a list of preventive services. Prior research has documented that more people are covered by health insurance after the implementation of the ACA. I sought to understand whether the ACA has affected racial disparities in utilizing preventive services. Data from the 2007 to 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was examined. The United States Preventive Services Task...

  2. The Connection Between Employee Health and its Affect on the Workplace

    Bacha, Michael F.
    Living a healthy lifestyle can affect your personal relationships, mental state, and overall wellbeing. Companies are beginning to take note of this impact and implementing policies and programs to facilitate healthy living styles for their employees. Whether it’s putting a workout facility in the office, offering healthier food options in the cafeteria, or outfitting desks with “stand-up” capabilities, many businesses are trying to improve their employee’s health. Fortune magazine estimates that currently only around 7% of US companies have a comprehensive promotion plan to encourage employees to live a healthier lifestyle. Should this percentage be increased? The purpose of this...

  3. Costs and Benefits of a Renewable Portfolio Standard in Florida

    Silberman, Max
    The purpose of this study is to assess the costs and benefits of issuing a renewable portfolio standard in Florida. A renewable portfolio standard (RPS) is a regulatory mandate that forces state utilities to sell a percentage of their electricity that comes from renewable energy. This results in an immediate to medium term increase in energy prices. Currently, only 29 states and Washington D.C. have adopted RPS’. A complex financial model was created to test different scenarios of a base case (assuming no RPS), 15%, 25%, and 50% RPS levels. For example, by year 2050, 15% of energy consumption will...

  4. The impact of corporate social responsibility on stock returns: Evidence from the U.S. stock market

    Zhang, Yilin
    Corporate social responsibility, often abbreviated “CSR,” is a company’s practices and initiatives to take responsibility for the benefit of society. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of corporate social responsibility on the stock returns of U.S. publicly-traded companies that constitute S&P Composite 1500 Index, based on the stock performances during 2000-2014. Following a disaggregate measure as well as conducting cross-sectional one-year lagged regression analyses, the study assesses the effect of three corporate social responsibility indicators from the KLD STATS database, including: (1) Environmental Performance; (2) Corporate Governance Performance; and (3) Social Performance indicators. All three variables...

  5. Numeracy, Financial Literacy, and Investment Behaviors

    Gao, Tianjie
    Past research has established the connections linking augmented financial literacy and objective numeracy to better-informed investment decisions. However, no known research has examined the independent predictive power of numeric competencies (i.e., objective numeracy, subjective numeracy, symbolic-number mapping) and financial literacy on investment behaviors, and it is unclear which skills may matter most. In an online study, participants (N=235) completed a test of general mathematical ability (i.e., objective numeracy), symbolic number-mapping, financial knowledge, and indicated their perceived mathematical ability and preference for numbers (i.e., subjective numeracy). To assess investment behaviors, participants completed a retirement savings game (Koehler et al. 2015) and...

  6. Effect of Activist Investing on Stock Returns in the Restaurant Industry

    Idoine, Jason
    According to Bloomberg, fourteen percent of large firms in the restaurant industry (market capitalization greater than $100mm) have activist shareholders. These investors’ goal is to drive shareholder value, but whether activist investors accomplish this goal is unclear. The purpose of my research is to determine whether activist investors create lasting value in the restaurant industry by streamlining organizational efficiency, or whether they ultimately destroy shareholder value through cost cutting and firm restructurings. The methodology used involved examining stock return data from public firms in the restaurant industry that have been targeted or taken over by activists and comparing these returns...

  7. Through the Lens of Investment Anomalies: Profitable Investment Strategies Throughout Business Cycles

    Guitteau, Merrina
    Market efficiency is a topic that has been thoroughly questioned and examined by various economists and market strategists. Market efficiency has been challenged, as anomaly research has exposed its limitations within the investment process. Economists and researchers continue to study the puzzling nature of asset pricing anomalies and examine various factors’ predictive power in understanding where these anomalies come from and how they impact securities’ performance over time. The purpose of this study is to further examine asset price anomalies, the development of investment strategies, and the success of each investment strategy throughout economic upward and downward trends. The methodology...

  8. Financial Literacy, Financial Markets Index, and Investors’ Biased Responses

    Xu, Can
    Using earnings data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2015 for 300 stocks in 15 countries, this study aims to investigate relations between financial literacy, financial markets index, and investors’ biased responses to earnings news. Financial literacy refers to an individual’s abilities and skills to manage financial problems and make informed decisions that benefit his or her personal financial well-being, including retirement, investing, and loans, etc. (Lusardi & Mitchell, 2014). Financial markets index reflects how developed a financial market is, including its depth, access, and efficiency (Svirydzenka, 2016). Stock prices’ biased responses happen when prices fail to reflect all available information....

  9. CEO Gender Effect on Market Perception and Company Performance

    Gu, Annie
    As of 2016, women hold 4.2% of CEO positions at S&P 500 companies. This underrepresentation indicates that a barrier still exists for women in leadership. However, several female CEOs have paved the way for further advancements, which led me to wonder: How does the gender of CEOs affect company performance? This question will be examined in two ways: (1) by looking at the initial stock market reaction; and (2) by examining the stock market performance during the time of her tenure. The sample of firms includes around 100 women CEOs that have held office from 2000 to present for public...

  10. Evolution of the Space Insurance Market

    Vohra, Ankit
    As the width and breadth of space travel expands and evolves, so do the associated risks. From the perspective of risk management, it is important for insurance companies to have a good understanding of the current and future state of the space industry, and to devise an appropriate process for creating insurance products meant for space travel. With the recent attempts by private organizations to send civilians into space, insurance companies must account for the different variables that impact risk. The primary issue faced by these underwriters is the lack of substantial historical data to reference when designing their insurance...

  11. Utilizing Six-Sigma Techniques to Improve Hospital Pre-Transplant Process

    McKinnell, Sarah
    Typically, one expects to wait at a hospital or doctor’s appointment. However, if patient wait times are associated with inefficient clinical processes resulting in slower clinic throughput rates, both the patient and employee grow frustrated. The pre-transplant patient process at the Comprehensive Transplant Center at The Ohio State University Medical Center has been identified as a candidate for process improvement to increase both patient and employee satisfaction. Before the Comprehensive Transplant Center can perform kidney, liver, and pancreas transplants in the abdominal transplant clinic, the patient must complete a pre-transplant process. Potential transplant patients meet individually with a team of...

  12. Factors associated with graduating undergraduates' perception of degree value at Ohio State

    Knauss, Lauren
    The rising cost of pursuing a college degree and the over $1 trillion of student loan debt have come to the forefront of conversations surrounding higher education in the United States. Many are assessing if benefits of college outweigh financial costs. At The Ohio State University (OSU) the rising cost of college is of interest due to the university’s focus on affordability. What remains unknown is how students at OSU feel about the benefits of receiving an education relative to the costs. The purpose of this study is to examine what drives a graduating undergraduate student at OSU to perceive...

  13. The Role of "Office of Patient Experience" on Experiential Outcomes in U.S. Hospitals: An Empirical Study

    Jha, Anuvrat
    Since the inception of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), there has been a drastic change in the delivery of healthcare. Payment reform was one of the key attributes of the PPACA, shifting the reimbursement model from fee-for-service to value based purchasing (VBP). In the VBP model, payments are bundled and reimbursement is based on a VBP score. The VBP score is comprised of 70% process management (Quality & Safety) and 30% patient experience during their hospital stay. Patient experience is measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) score. These measures are quantifiable...

  14. Understanding Investment – the Effects of Language

    Chang, Ge
    Investment, as a major part of business activities, has always been a popular topic of business research. Economic and financial scientists have identified a lot of financial factors that have been publicly recognized as investment influencers. However, there are relatively few researchers trying to identify behavioral factors that have an impact on investment. Having a business and psychology background, I am interested in exploring people’s investment behaviors from a behavioral-finance standpoint. Previous research has shown that languages differ in whether they require speakers to mark future events using grammatical markers, and this difference actually affects people’s saving behaviors. Considered the...

  15. Gender Differences in Venture Capital Funding on ABC’s Shark Tank

    Hunt, Tyler
    ABC Network’s reality television show “Shark Tank” gives entrepreneurs the opportunity to pitch their ideas to a panel of investors for the chance to receive funding. Each season more than 35,000 entrepreneurs apply to be on the show. Whether they receive an offer for funding or not, they still stand to gain the free advertising that comes with appearing on a show with more than seven million average viewers per episode. Although there are abundant resources for knowledge on Shark Tank, women in venture capital, and behavioral gender differences, sources are lacking on gender differences in venture capital funding on...

  16. Programmatic Advertising: Shaping Consumer Behavior or Invading Consumer Privacy?

    Watts, Mack
    Digital advertising is experiencing a disruptive, industry-transforming shift. Everything – from how companies and brands target consumers, record their preferences and behavior, persuade them, and intervene in the consumer decision process – has dramatically changed. Big Data, particularly from consumers’ online behavior, has fueled opportunities for marketers to create optimized campaigns, cost efficiently, and with great precision, through the phenomenon of Programmatic Advertising. Over half of digital media expenditures in 2015 were on programmatic advertising. It is estimated that $17B will be spent on programmatic advertising next year. Despite its current popularity and exponential growth, there has been a lack...

  17. Global Public Pension Funds 2004-2014: How Public Pension Funds Change Strategies with Their Investment Portfolio

    Hwang, Won Hee
    Applying public pension funds in eight countries—Canada (CPP), Denmark (ATP), Japan (GPIF), Netherlands (ABP), Norway (GPFG), South Korea (NPS), Sweden (AP), and the United States (CalPERS), I investigate backgrounds, changes in investment strategies, and performance from 2004 to 2014. With comparison among portfolio over the time periods, I find that: (i) public pension funds shifted investments from fixed income to equities; (ii) there is increased investments in global markets transferred from domestic markets; (iii) investments in public markets moved to private markets through alternative investments. Another administrative change in those pension funds is increased in-house management of their investments, and...

  18. Correlation of Financial Literacy to Student Loan Debt, Numeracy, and Personal Finance Training

    Murley, Nicholas
    More Americans than ever before are attending college. Meanwhile, the cost of college has risen at a rapid rate. As a result, the quantity of student loans has skyrocketed. As of January 2016, there is over $1.3 trillion in current student loan debt outstanding in America. The increased prevalence of these powerful financial instruments in Americans’ lives could lead to destruction if the borrowers of these funds don’t fully comprehend the finances behind their loans. Although many college students have limited financial experience beyond the use of their debit card, those with loans have committed a major financial transaction and...

  19. Facebook Happiness

    Lu, Kailun
    As the world’s largest social networking site, Facebook has reached 1.59 billion monthly active users around the globe as of December 2015. People access Facebook because they want to connect with their friends and family. People want to find happiness on Facebook, but do they? The purpose of this research is to measure how Facebook users’ emotions change after looking at Facebook, and the role played by different types of Facebook posts and its social comparison. The research was conducted online using 128 college students ranging from the ages of 16 to 41. Since Facebook users were exposed to many...

  20. A Practical Framework for the Scaling of Social Enterprise across Developed and Developing Economies

    Rumburg, Kelsey
    Social enterprise is an emerging field focusing on the use of entrepreneurship and earned income to run a business with a social focus and mission. While the idea is certainly not new, academic analysis, coursework, and degree programs are a recent development in this interdisciplinary subject. Prominent research in the field currently focuses on the key traits of a social entrepreneur, case studies for specific countries, and the sectors in which social enterprise develops and thrives. However, very little research has been done on social enterprise as it spans different economies. As social enterprises seek to solve major societal issues,...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.