Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.635 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Allied Medical Professions

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 67

  1. A Comparison of Native and Foreign-Born Mexican American Dietary Patterns

    Petrovich, Brandon
    Data comparing diet quality of US-born and Mexico-born MA is limited in quantity and available data is largely outdated. This study aims to provide up-to-date information on the dietary quality of US- and Mexico-Born MA. NHANES 2005-2010 data was analyzed to evaluate dietary quality via HEI score and nutrient composition of MA meeting inclusion criteria, with Mexico or the US as their country-of-origin (n=3194). Dietary quality of the collective MA population was analyzed, in addition to a comparison of US-born (n=1,345) and Mexico-born (n=1849) subgroups. Mexico-born MA were found to have a diet of greater quality than US-born MA (HEI:...

  2. Validation of a Cancer Readmission Predictive Model

    Lollo, Amber
    Cancer patients are at a high risk of hospital readmissions due to the complex nature of the disease. Currently, there is not a reliable predictive measure to assess hospital readmissions in cancer patients, but there have been attempts to determine readmissions based on other factors. The purpose of the study is to determine whether or not assigning a logistic model driven risk score to a patient at the time of discharge is an accurate predictor of readmissions, and to determine which additional factors influence readmissions. If assigning a risk score at the time of discharge is an accurate predictor of...

  3. "Self-Care" as it Relates to Poverty Status and Age in U.S. Adults: American Time Use Survey

    Moore, Sierra
    Taking an active role in one’s health is moving to the forefront of evolving healthcare. Health disparities, especially by poverty status and age, may be the result of differing capabilities to invest time in self-care behaviors. The purpose of this study is to fill the knowledge gap about time spent on self-care by age and poverty status. The 2006-2008 American Time Use Survey data by The Bureau of Labor and Statistics and The U.S. Census Bureau was used. The total time spent (minutes) was computed for personal self-care activities, including: sleeping; health-related self-care; food preparation and cleanup; eating and drinking;...

  4. Variants in Hdac9 Intronic Enhancer as Candidates for Skin Tumor Susceptibility 5 (Skts5) Locus

    Siekmann, Tyler
    Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) are the most common forms of cancer in the world accounting for nearly half of all cancer diagnoses. Rates of NMSC are on the rise with an over 300% increase in diagnosis of these cancers in the last 20 years. While environmental risk factors for skin cancer such as ultraviolet light (UV) exposure are well understood, little is known about inherited genetic risk factors for these cancers. Mouse linkage studies have identified several loci housing skin cancer susceptibility genes (susceptibility to skin cancer or Skts). Human tumors show evidence of preferential allelic imbalance for polymorphisms in...

  5. An Evaluation of Respiratory Therapist-Delivered COPD Self-Management Education and Hospital Readmissions

    Sim, Riana
    BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in USA, known to annually cause 134,676 American deaths. In 2011, it was estimated that 12.7 million adults were living with COPD and there are over 800,000 COPD-related hospital admissions in the USA annually. The increase in prevalence of COPD, and the severity of the disease, highlights the need for intervention in COPD treatment with a focus on prevention of exacerbations and self-management. Current research illustrates a number of ways to effectively manage COPD disease progression including: use of the GOLD guidelines to classify and treat COPD,...

  6. Obesity-induced Brain Insulin Resistance Exacerbates TBI Outcome

    Freeman, Lindsey
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) hospitalizes 1.7 million Americans every year and puts patients at risk for many complications including brain swelling, stroke, and behavioral, emotional and cognitive deficits. A common consequence of TBI is increased energy demand in the brain following injury, a phenomenon that has been attributed to a need to counteract the physical damage of impact. Our data suggest 1) that this compensatory mechanism is impaired when multiple TBIs occur close together in time, and 2) that this effect is driven by brain insulin resistance. The purpose of this study is to examine whether systemic insulin resistance prior...

  7. Body Weight Overestimation in Adolescents and Its Relationship with Weight Management Behavior

    Reifenberg, Grace
    In the United States, 20 million men and women suffer from a clinically significant eating disorder at some time in their life. The National Eating Disorder Association reports that by age six, girls especially start to express concerns about their own weight. Eating disorders are often associated with adolescents’ prior risky behaviors such as poor weight management strategies, as well as inaccurate body image. Early identification of this at-risk population is crucial in order for preventive measures to be successful. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine distorted body image (body weight overestimation in normal or underweight adolescents)...

  8. The Progression and Impact of Sleep Disordered Breathing in the Post-Discharge Phase of Acutely Decompensated Heart Failure

    Hsieh, Jenny
    Background: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent in more than half of patients with stable heart failure (HF). The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC) Ross Heart Hospital has implemented a surveillance program to identify and treat sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in patients admitted with acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Problem Statement: No studies have examined SDB following treatment during ADHF admission in-hospital to outcomes post-discharge. Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the in-hospital screening program at the Ross Hospital and evaluate the course of SDB post-discharge for admittance of ADHF. Methods: Subjects were obtained from an existing...

  9. Defining the Role of Notch Signaling in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Differentiation

    Jackson, Kamari
    Complications resulting from vascular disease such as atherosclerosis are a major health concern in the United States. Treatments to remove atherosclerotic plaques from occluded blood vessels often result in injury causing aberrant vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation leading to restenosis and vessel occlusion, rendering the procedure ineffective. Methods to prevent restenosis are limited due to the lack of understanding of the signaling pathways involved. The Notch signaling pathway is known to be important in VSMC development and likely contributes to vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, and may be involved in the restenosis process. This study will define...

  10. Dietary Fiber Intake and Its Relationship To Childhood Obesity

    Patella, Christine
    While childhood obesity rates remain high, the dietary habits of children remain poor. Research has shown evidence of the beneficial role of fiber in maintaining a healthy body weight. Increasing the dietary fiber intake of children through consumption of fruits and vegetables, and complex carbohydrates may prevent the incidence and risk of obesity. This study examined the relationship between fiber intakes and obesity in US children using data from 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Children and adolescents were stratified (n = 11778) into three different age groups: 2-5, 6-11, 12-18 years of age and according to BMI percentiles:...

  11. College Student Social Media Use and Its Relation to Health Behaviors

    Hill, Emily
    It is well known that dietary and activity patterns of college students can affect their health. Technology, including social media, has the ability to impact these lifestyle behaviors and aid users in making decisions regarding various health beliefs and activities. Social media could establish an educational and supportive system to help college students work toward goals for healthy living. To examine the relationship between social media use and college student lifestyle behaviors, we collected a cross-sectional survey of students at a large Midwestern university. An email invitation was sent to 847 students asking them to complete an online survey to...

  12. The Prevalence and Severity of Arthritis among Older Women Farmers in Ohio

    O'Neill, Chelsie
    Agriculture requires repetitive and sometimes strenuous activities in order to complete a task, often leading to arthritis. Farming with Arthritis is an ongoing research project conducted through The Ohio State University aimed at determining whether those who are farming have an increased risk of arthritis and of those farmers whether or not women have a greater chance of developing arthritis than men. Through this research, we have collected arthritis questionnaires from over 300 farmers to determine the severity of their arthritis, focusing mainly on the area of the knee joint. Preliminary data shows that farmers are more likely to develop...

  13. Differences in Infant Feeding Practices in Relationship to Ethnicity and Income Level

    Dyck, Stephanie
    Breastfeeding is linked to numerous health benefits, for both infants and mothers, and is the ideal nutrition for infants until 6 months of age. Failing to follow specific guidelines, such as exclusively breastfeeding for 6 months or waiting until 4-6 months to introduce solids foods, maybe linked to poor health outcomes and higher infant mortality rates. The CDC reports 14.1% of mothers exclusively breastfed their children for six months and 43.5% breastfeed until six months of age. The Non-Hispanic black and lower income populations have the lowest breastfeeding rates and experience higher infant mortality rates. The objective of this study...

  14. A Comparison of Vegetarian Diets and the Standardized Western Diet in Nutrient Adequacy and Weight Status

    DiMarino, Anthony
    Over the past several decades, Americans have shifted how much and of what kinds of meats they consume, and sometimes totally exclude animal products. As many as 11% of Americans follow some kind of vegetarian diet, which have been linked to lower rates of obesity, heart disease, and diabetes mellitus; however, these diets may increase the likelihood of deficient in several key nutrients commonly obtained from meat-containing foods, such as calcium, iron, protein, and vitamin B12 . The objective of this research was to compare the nutritional and weight status among vegans (those who consumed no animal products), lacto-ovo vegetarians...

  15. Utilizing contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of perineural trauma and associated hypervascularity of the median nerve: A small cohort study.

    Holtzapple, Ashley
    This small cohort study was conducted to determine, by way of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), if there is a quantifiable vascular difference in patients affected with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms versus patients who are not affected by the disease's symptoms. The clinical translation of this study was to identify CEUS as a novel diagnostic tool for the detection and evaluation of CTS and encourage the FDA approval of CEUS studies in the U.S. medical field. Ultrasound equipment settings and dosing were optimized to provide consistent CEUS imaging. The contrast dosing amounts were determined at the discretion of the lead echo sonographer...

  16. An Investigation of the Relationship Between Complication and Comorbidity Clinical Codes and the Financial Health of a Hospital

    Catuogno, Maria
    In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) revised the way it pays hospitals for Medicare inpatient admissions using a payment system called Medicare-Severity-adjusted Diagnostic Related Groups (MS-DRGs). The MS-DRG system uses “major complication/comorbidity” (MCC) and “complication/comorbidity” (CC) diagnosis codes to better identify the severity of inpatient cases. Payment rates for a hospital are established based on MS-DRGs which in turn are based on the diagnoses and procedure codes. MS-DRGs gave hospitals a financial incentive to improve coding of patient encounters. As a result CMS stated that a 2.9% coding offset would be implemented for all hospitals in...

  17. An Examination of Factors Related to Radiation Safety Practices of Interventional Radiologic Technologists in Ohio

    DeFauw, Elizabeth
    Introduction: As endovascular interventional radiology becomes more popular in contrast to open surgeries due to shorter hospital stays, lower number of complications in surgery, and shorter procedure times, the number of people who are being exposed to the potentially harmful consequences of ionizing radiation also increases. When this is combined with follow up procedures and additional imaging studies ordered on the patient in their lifetime, dose rates can quickly exceed safe levels if radiation safety practices are not followed. Not only do patients receive these high levels of radiation; interventional radiologists and technologists can also receive high doses if radiation...

  18. Utilizing multi-sonographic measures in the detection of clinically diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome, compared to nerve conduction studies: A pilot study

    Fahy, Christine
    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has shown increasing incidence rates over the last few decades. This upward trend will likely continue, correlating with increases in contributing factors, including obesity, diabetes, increased age, and occupational strain. Carpal tunnel syndrome is generally diagnosed clinically but confirmed with nerve conduction studies (NCS). The use of NCS as the gold standard has been argued in the literature, largely based on false negative rates up to 34%. Additionally, the invasive and costly nature of NCS has prompted the exploration of alternative methods. Sonography has shown great promise, reporting comparable predictive values in current literature. Although sonography...

  19. Outcomes Evaluation in Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Patients with Cystic Fibrosis at Nationwide Children’s Hospital

    Jacobson, Alice
    INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an individualized program aimed at helping patients manage and cope with their symptoms. Comprehensive PR includes education regarding pulmonary disorders, exercise training, nutrition classes, and psychosocial counseling. Traditional PR programs for patients with chronic respiratory diseases such as COPD have shown positive outcomes. In addition, physical activity has been shown to benefit cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. As a result, PR may be a beneficial intervention for CF. However, there are few centers that have designated programs for CF patients and there are no current studies describing the outcomes of pulmonary rehabilitation programs for CF patients....

  20. Hysterosalpingogram Confirmation for Essure® Permanent Birth Control Device Placement and Occlusion

    Hartley, Jaime
    The Essure® hysteroscopic sterilization system is a minimally invasive technique that involves the placement of micro-inserts into the fallopian tubes. These micro-inserts contain polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibers, which cause a benign inflammatory response, occlude the fallopian tubes, and cause permanent sterilization. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires that the patient undergo follow-up hysterosalpingography three months after device placement to prove device retention, determine the location of the inserts, and ensure tubal occlusion. Many imaging professionals are not properly educated on the procedures and images required in the manufacturer recommended follow-up hysterosalpingography protocol. In this study, data from...

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