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Datasets of project "Quaternary Environment of the Eurasian North"

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 8.422

  1. Compilation of sedimentation rates and smear slide analysis of DSDP sites

    Thiede, Jörn; Ehrmann, Werner
    A history of Mesozoie and Cenozoic palaeoenvironments of the North Atlantie Oeean has been developed based on a detailed analysis of the temporal and spatial distribution of major pelagie sediment facies, of hiatuses. of bulk sediment accumulation rates, and of concentrations and fluxes of the main deep-sea sediment components. The depositional history of the North Atlantic can be subdivided into three major phase: (a) Late Jurassie and Early Cretaceous phase: clastic terrigenous and biogenic pelagic sediment components accumulated rapidly under highly productive surface water masses over the entire occan basin; (b) Late Cretaceous to Early Miocene phase: relatively little terrigenous...

  2. Compilation of sedimentation rates and smear slide analysis of DSDP sites

    Thiede, Jörn; Ehrmann, Werner
    A history of Mesozoie and Cenozoic palaeoenvironments of the North Atlantie Oeean has been developed based on a detailed analysis of the temporal and spatial distribution of major pelagie sediment facies, of hiatuses. of bulk sediment accumulation rates, and of concentrations and fluxes of the main deep-sea sediment components. The depositional history of the North Atlantic can be subdivided into three major phase: (a) Late Jurassie and Early Cretaceous phase: clastic terrigenous and biogenic pelagic sediment components accumulated rapidly under highly productive surface water masses over the entire occan basin; (b) Late Cretaceous to Early Miocene phase: relatively little terrigenous...

  3. Physical properties of deep sea sediments

    Holler, Peter R
    Erstmals quantitativ bearbeitete Rutschungen aus dem Tiefseebereich des äquatorialen Ostatlantiks liegen auf Hängen von 0,4 Grad und 0,7 Grad - das ist sehr viel flacher als die für statische Rutschungsauslösung benötigte kritische Hangneigung (14 Grad bis 16 Grad ). Im Gegensatz zu Flachwassergebieten kann bei Wassertiefen von über 4000 m natürlich der Einfluß von Wellenwirkung und Tidenhub auf die Hangstabilität vernachlässigt werden. Die Sedimentationsraten sind in diesem Bereich zur Bildung eines Porenwasserüberdruckes vielfach zu niedrig. Nach den Hangstabilitätsanalysen bilden hier Erdbeben den wirksamsten Auslösemechanismus für die Rutschungen. Dies gilt auch für Rutschungen an den Kontinentalrändern von Nordwest- und Westafrika sowie...

  4. Physical properties of deep sea sediments

    Holler, Peter R
    Erstmals quantitativ bearbeitete Rutschungen aus dem Tiefseebereich des äquatorialen Ostatlantiks liegen auf Hängen von 0,4 Grad und 0,7 Grad - das ist sehr viel flacher als die für statische Rutschungsauslösung benötigte kritische Hangneigung (14 Grad bis 16 Grad ). Im Gegensatz zu Flachwassergebieten kann bei Wassertiefen von über 4000 m natürlich der Einfluß von Wellenwirkung und Tidenhub auf die Hangstabilität vernachlässigt werden. Die Sedimentationsraten sind in diesem Bereich zur Bildung eines Porenwasserüberdruckes vielfach zu niedrig. Nach den Hangstabilitätsanalysen bilden hier Erdbeben den wirksamsten Auslösemechanismus für die Rutschungen. Dies gilt auch für Rutschungen an den Kontinentalrändern von Nordwest- und Westafrika sowie...

  5. Stable oxygen isotope in opal and seawater

    Anders, Tania-Maria
    Sauerstoff-Isotopenuntersuchungen wurden an frischem Diatomeenopal aus der obersten Wassersäule, Diatomeen aus Kulturen, sowie an sedimentärem Diatomeenopal durchgeführt, um die Anwendbarkeit von d18O-Signalen aus marinen Diatomeen für paläozeanographische Fragestellungen zu untersuchen. Diatomeenopal ist, besonders aus Sedimentproben, schwierig anzureichern. Physikalische und chemische Verfahren müssen mehrfach angewendet werden, um Proben zu erhalten, die den für Sauerstoff-Isotopenmessungen erforderlichen Reinheitsgrad aufweisen. Die Ausgangskonzentration an Diatomeen im Probenmaterial wirkt sich hierbei erheblich auf den Erfolg der Reinigung aus. Verläßliche und reproduzierbare d18O-Werte können nur an sehr reinen Diatomeenproben bestimmt werden. Mittels mikroskopischer Untersuchungen (Durchlichtmikroskopie, Rasterelektronenrnikroskopie), Röntgendiffraktametrie und geochernischer Analysen am ICP-MS können z.T. Art und Menge von Verunreinigungen...

  6. Stable oxygen isotope in opal and seawater

    Anders, Tania-Maria
    Sauerstoff-Isotopenuntersuchungen wurden an frischem Diatomeenopal aus der obersten Wassersäule, Diatomeen aus Kulturen, sowie an sedimentärem Diatomeenopal durchgeführt, um die Anwendbarkeit von d18O-Signalen aus marinen Diatomeen für paläozeanographische Fragestellungen zu untersuchen. Diatomeenopal ist, besonders aus Sedimentproben, schwierig anzureichern. Physikalische und chemische Verfahren müssen mehrfach angewendet werden, um Proben zu erhalten, die den für Sauerstoff-Isotopenmessungen erforderlichen Reinheitsgrad aufweisen. Die Ausgangskonzentration an Diatomeen im Probenmaterial wirkt sich hierbei erheblich auf den Erfolg der Reinigung aus. Verläßliche und reproduzierbare d18O-Werte können nur an sehr reinen Diatomeenproben bestimmt werden. Mittels mikroskopischer Untersuchungen (Durchlichtmikroskopie, Rasterelektronenrnikroskopie), Röntgendiffraktametrie und geochernischer Analysen am ICP-MS können z.T. Art und Menge von Verunreinigungen...

  7. Paleointensities of sediment core PG1111, Lama Lake, northern Central Siberia

    Nowaczyk, Norbert R; Harwart, Stefanie K; Melles, Martin
    High-resolution analyses of rock magnetic and sedimentological parameters were conducted on an 11 m long sediment core from Lama Lake, Northern Siberia, which encompasses the late Pleistocene and the Holocene epochs. The results reveal a strong link between the median grain size of the magnetic particles, identified as magnetite, and the oxidation state of the sediment. Reducing conditions associated with a relative high total organic carbon (TOC) content of the sediment characterize the upper 7 m of the core (~ Holocene), and these have led to a partial dissolution of detrital magnetite grains, and a homogenization of grain-size-related rock magnetic...

  8. Paleointensities of sediment core PG1111, Lama Lake, northern Central Siberia

    Nowaczyk, Norbert R; Harwart, Stefanie K; Melles, Martin
    High-resolution analyses of rock magnetic and sedimentological parameters were conducted on an 11 m long sediment core from Lama Lake, Northern Siberia, which encompasses the late Pleistocene and the Holocene epochs. The results reveal a strong link between the median grain size of the magnetic particles, identified as magnetite, and the oxidation state of the sediment. Reducing conditions associated with a relative high total organic carbon (TOC) content of the sediment characterize the upper 7 m of the core (~ Holocene), and these have led to a partial dissolution of detrital magnetite grains, and a homogenization of grain-size-related rock magnetic...

  9. Rock magnetic record from Lama Lake

    Nowaczyk, Norbert R; Harwart, Stefanie K; Melles, Martin
    An 11 m long sediment core ftorn Lama Lake, Northern Siberia, has been subjected to intense sedimentological, geochemical and rock magnetic analyses. According to a palynologic investigation the recovered sediments cover the whole Holocene and the late Pleistocene reaching back to about 17 ka. IRM acquisition experiments, hysteresis loop and back field as well as thermomagnetic measurements revealed magnetite in the pseudo-single domain range as the only remanence carrier. Sharp rock magnetic boundaries occur at 20 and 745 cm sub-bottom depth that are clearly linked to shifts in the median grain size of the magnetite. These boundaries are close to...

  10. Rock magnetic record from Lama Lake

    Nowaczyk, Norbert R; Harwart, Stefanie K; Melles, Martin
    An 11 m long sediment core ftorn Lama Lake, Northern Siberia, has been subjected to intense sedimentological, geochemical and rock magnetic analyses. According to a palynologic investigation the recovered sediments cover the whole Holocene and the late Pleistocene reaching back to about 17 ka. IRM acquisition experiments, hysteresis loop and back field as well as thermomagnetic measurements revealed magnetite in the pseudo-single domain range as the only remanence carrier. Sharp rock magnetic boundaries occur at 20 and 745 cm sub-bottom depth that are clearly linked to shifts in the median grain size of the magnetite. These boundaries are close to...

  11. Analysis of minerals from Arctic Ocean sediments

    Vogt, Christoph
    The Arctic Ocean System is a key player regarding the climatic changes of Earth. Its highly sensitive ice Cover, the exchange of surface and deep water masses with the global ocean and the coupling with the atmosphere interact directly with global climatic changes. The output of cold, polar water and sea ice influences the production of deep water in the North Atlantic and controls the global ocean circulation ("the conveyor belt"). The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by the large Northern Hemisphere ice sheets which not only affect the sedimentation in the Arctic Ocean but also are supposed to induce the...

  12. Analysis of minerals from Arctic Ocean sediments

    Vogt, Christoph
    The Arctic Ocean System is a key player regarding the climatic changes of Earth. Its highly sensitive ice Cover, the exchange of surface and deep water masses with the global ocean and the coupling with the atmosphere interact directly with global climatic changes. The output of cold, polar water and sea ice influences the production of deep water in the North Atlantic and controls the global ocean circulation ("the conveyor belt"). The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by the large Northern Hemisphere ice sheets which not only affect the sedimentation in the Arctic Ocean but also are supposed to induce the...

  13. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  14. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  15. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  16. Tab 6.3 Compilation of 14C ages from Greenland

    see references

  17. Tab 6.3 Compilation of 14C ages from Greenland

    see references

  18. Sedimentology on two cores from Scoresby Sund, Greenland

    Marienfeld, Peter
    Reconstruction of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental evolution was the main objective of marine geological investigations in the Scorcsby Sund fjord system. For this purpose, samples of marine sediments, taken on RV Polarstern cruises ARK-V/3b and ARK-VII/3b in 1988 and 1990, have been analysed. All investigated fjord sediments are paratills. However, remarkable changes in sediment fabric and composition occur with depth in cores. They are attributable to different modes of sediment deposition. Therefore, a subdivision of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental history into periods of considerably different sedimentary conditions is feasible. The change of sedimentary fades with time is interpreted by deposition under changing climatic...

  19. Sedimentology on two cores from Scoresby Sund, Greenland

    Marienfeld, Peter
    Reconstruction of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental evolution was the main objective of marine geological investigations in the Scorcsby Sund fjord system. For this purpose, samples of marine sediments, taken on RV Polarstern cruises ARK-V/3b and ARK-VII/3b in 1988 and 1990, have been analysed. All investigated fjord sediments are paratills. However, remarkable changes in sediment fabric and composition occur with depth in cores. They are attributable to different modes of sediment deposition. Therefore, a subdivision of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental history into periods of considerably different sedimentary conditions is feasible. The change of sedimentary fades with time is interpreted by deposition under changing climatic...

  20. Sedimentology on two cores from Scoresby Sund, Greenland

    Marienfeld, Peter
    Reconstruction of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental evolution was the main objective of marine geological investigations in the Scorcsby Sund fjord system. For this purpose, samples of marine sediments, taken on RV Polarstern cruises ARK-V/3b and ARK-VII/3b in 1988 and 1990, have been analysed. All investigated fjord sediments are paratills. However, remarkable changes in sediment fabric and composition occur with depth in cores. They are attributable to different modes of sediment deposition. Therefore, a subdivision of the postglacial palaeoenvironmental history into periods of considerably different sedimentary conditions is feasible. The change of sedimentary fades with time is interpreted by deposition under changing climatic...

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