PANGAEA - Publishing Network for Geoscientific & Environmental Data
The information system PANGAEA is operated as an Open Access library aimed at archiving, publishing and distributing georeferenced data from earth system research. The system guarantees long-term availability of its content through a commitment of the operating institutions.
Carbonate chemistry, temperature and salinity of Lady Elliot Island Reef 2009-2010 - Shaw, Emily C; McNeil, Ben I; Tilbrook, Bronte
Ocean acidification leads to changes in marine carbonate chemistry that are predicted to cause a decline in future coral reef calcification. Several laboratory and mesocosm experiments have described calcification responses of species and communities to increasing CO2. The few in situ studies on natural coral reefs that have been carried out to date have shown a direct relationship between aragonite saturation state (Omega arag) and net community calcification (Gnet). However, these studies have been performed over a limited range of Omega arag values, where extrapolation outside the observational range is required to predict future changes in coral reef calcification. We...
Superoxide decay rates during METEOR cruise M83/1 - Wuttig, Kathrin; Croot, Peter L
Superoxide is an important transient reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the ocean formed as an intermediate in the redox transformation of oxygen (O2) into hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and vice versa. This highly reactive and very short-lived radical anion can be produced both via photochemical and biological processes in the ocean. In this paper we examine the decomposition rate of O2- throughout the water column, using new data collected in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic (ETNA) Ocean. For this approach we applied a semi factorial experimental design, to identify and quantify the pathways of the major identified sinks in the ocean....
Holocene flood frequency across the Central Alps - Wirth, Stefanie B; Glur, Lukas; Gilli, Adrian; Anselmetti, Flavio S
The frequency of large-scale heavy precipitation events in the European Alps is expected to undergo substantial changes with current climate change. Hence, knowledge about the past natural variability of floods caused by heavy precipitation constitutes important input for climate projections. We present a comprehensive Holocene (10,000 years) reconstruction of the flood frequency in the Central European Alps combining 15 lacustrine sediment records. These records provide an extensive catalog of flood deposits, which were generated by flood-induced underflows delivering terrestrial material to the lake floors. The multi-archive approach allows suppressing local weather patterns, such as thunderstorms, from the obtained climate signal....