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Datasets with PANGAEA technical keyword @margo

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 432

  1. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  2. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  3. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  4. Geochemical investigations of sediment profiles in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea

    Voelker, Antje H L
    High-, i.e. 15-140-yr-resolution climate records from sediment cores 23071, 23074, and PS2644 from the Nordic Seas were used to recon:;truct changes in the surface and deep water circulation during marine isotope stages 1-5.1, i.e. the last 82 000 yr. From this the causal links between the paleoceanographic signals and the Dansgaard-Oeschger events 1-21 revealed in 0180-ice-core records from Greenland were determined. The stratigraphy of the cores is based on the planktic 0180 curves, the minima of which were directly correlated with the GISP2-0180 record, numerous AMS 14C ages, and some ash layers. The planktic d18O and dl3C curves of all three...

  5. Carbon and alkenone analysis on sediment core MD97-2151

    Zhao, Meixun; Huang, Chi-Yue; Wang, Chia-Chun; Wei, Ganjian
    We report 150 kyr records of U37K' sea-surface temperature (SST) and carbonate content with 150-200-year sampling resolution from the southern South China Sea (SCS) in the northern margin of the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) using IMAGES Core MD972151. The glacial/interglacial SST change is about 5 °C for Termination II (23.5 to 28.5°C) and 4°C for Termination I (24 to 28°C). The simultaneous rise of sea level and U37K' SST during Termination I suggests that sea-level change has played an important role in the SCS SST variability by influencing the exchange of tropical ocean warm surface water with the SCS...

  6. Carbon and alkenone analysis on sediment core MD97-2151

    Zhao, Meixun; Huang, Chi-Yue; Wang, Chia-Chun; Wei, Ganjian
    We report 150 kyr records of U37K' sea-surface temperature (SST) and carbonate content with 150-200-year sampling resolution from the southern South China Sea (SCS) in the northern margin of the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) using IMAGES Core MD972151. The glacial/interglacial SST change is about 5 °C for Termination II (23.5 to 28.5°C) and 4°C for Termination I (24 to 28°C). The simultaneous rise of sea level and U37K' SST during Termination I suggests that sea-level change has played an important role in the SCS SST variability by influencing the exchange of tropical ocean warm surface water with the SCS...

  7. Glacial Mediterranean sea surface tempertures based on planktonic foraminiferal assemblages

    Hayes, Angela; Kucera, Michal; Kallel, Nejib; Sbaffi, Laura; Rohling, Eelco J
    We present a new reconstruction of Mediterranean sea surface temperatures (SST) during the last glacial maximum (LGM). A calibration data set based on census counts of 23 species of planktonic foraminifera in 129 North Atlantic and 145 Mediterranean core top samples was used to develop summer, winter and annual average SST reconstructions using artificial neural networks (ANNs) and the revised analogue method (RAM). Prediction errors determined by cross-validation of the calibration data set ranged between 0.5 and 1.1 °C, with both techniques being most successful in predicting winter SSTs. Glacial reconstructions are based on a new, expanded data set of...

  8. Glacial Mediterranean sea surface tempertures based on planktonic foraminiferal assemblages

    Hayes, Angela; Kucera, Michal; Kallel, Nejib; Sbaffi, Laura; Rohling, Eelco J
    We present a new reconstruction of Mediterranean sea surface temperatures (SST) during the last glacial maximum (LGM). A calibration data set based on census counts of 23 species of planktonic foraminifera in 129 North Atlantic and 145 Mediterranean core top samples was used to develop summer, winter and annual average SST reconstructions using artificial neural networks (ANNs) and the revised analogue method (RAM). Prediction errors determined by cross-validation of the calibration data set ranged between 0.5 and 1.1 °C, with both techniques being most successful in predicting winter SSTs. Glacial reconstructions are based on a new, expanded data set of...

  9. Reconstruction of sea-surface temperatures from asseblages of planktonic foraminifera

    Kucera, Michal; Weinelt, Mara; Kiefer, Thorsten; Pflaumann, Uwe; Hayes, Angela; Weinelt, Martin; Chen, Min-Te; Mix, Alan C; Barrows, Timothy T; Cortijo, Elsa; Duprat, Josette M; Juggins, Steve; Waelbroeck, Claire
    We present a conceptual framework for a new approach to environmental calibration of planktonic foraminifer census counts. This approach is based on simultaneous application of a variety of transfer function techniques, which are trained on geographically constrained calibration data sets. It serves to minimise bias associated with the presence of cryptic species of planktonic foraminifera and provides an objective tool for assessing reliability of environmental estimates in fossil samples, allowing identification of adverse effects of no-analog faunas and technique-specific bias. We have compiled new calibration data sets for the North (N=862) and South (N=321) Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean (N=1111)....

  10. Reconstruction of sea-surface temperatures from asseblages of planktonic foraminifera

    Kucera, Michal; Weinelt, Mara; Kiefer, Thorsten; Pflaumann, Uwe; Hayes, Angela; Weinelt, Martin; Chen, Min-Te; Mix, Alan C; Barrows, Timothy T; Cortijo, Elsa; Duprat, Josette M; Juggins, Steve; Waelbroeck, Claire
    We present a conceptual framework for a new approach to environmental calibration of planktonic foraminifer census counts. This approach is based on simultaneous application of a variety of transfer function techniques, which are trained on geographically constrained calibration data sets. It serves to minimise bias associated with the presence of cryptic species of planktonic foraminifera and provides an objective tool for assessing reliability of environmental estimates in fossil samples, allowing identification of adverse effects of no-analog faunas and technique-specific bias. We have compiled new calibration data sets for the North (N=862) and South (N=321) Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean (N=1111)....

  11. Reconstruction of sea-surface conditions at middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere

    de Vernal, Anne; Eynaud, Frédérique; Henry, Maryse; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude; Londeix, Laurent; Mangin, Sylvie; Matthiessen, Jens; Marret, Fabienne; Radi, Taoufik; Rochon, André; Solignac, Sandrine; Turon, Jean-Louis
    A new calibration database of census counts of organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) assemblages has been developed from the analyses of surface sediment samples collected at middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere after standardisation of taxonomy and laboratory procedures. The database comprises 940 reference data points from the North Atlantic, Arctic and North Pacific oceans and their adjacent seas, including the Mediterranean Sea, as well as epicontinental environments such as the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Bering Sea and the Hudson Bay. The relative abundance of taxa was analysed to describe the distribution of assemblages. The best...

  12. Reconstruction of sea-surface conditions at middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere

    de Vernal, Anne; Eynaud, Frédérique; Henry, Maryse; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude; Londeix, Laurent; Mangin, Sylvie; Matthiessen, Jens; Marret, Fabienne; Radi, Taoufik; Rochon, André; Solignac, Sandrine; Turon, Jean-Louis
    A new calibration database of census counts of organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) assemblages has been developed from the analyses of surface sediment samples collected at middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere after standardisation of taxonomy and laboratory procedures. The database comprises 940 reference data points from the North Atlantic, Arctic and North Pacific oceans and their adjacent seas, including the Mediterranean Sea, as well as epicontinental environments such as the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Bering Sea and the Hudson Bay. The relative abundance of taxa was analysed to describe the distribution of assemblages. The best...

  13. A global compolation of late Holocene planktonic foraminiferal d18O

    Waelbroeck, Claire; Mulitza, Stefan; Spero, Howard J; Dokken, Trond; Kiefer, Thorsten; Cortijo, Elsa
    We review the different sources of uncertainty affecting the oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera and present a global planktonic foraminifera oxygen isotope data set that has been assembled within the MARGO project for the Late Holocene time slice. The data set consists of over 2100 data from recent sediment with thorough age control, that have been checked for internal consistency. We further examine how the oxygen isotopic composition of fossil foraminifera is related to hydrological conditions, based on published results on living foraminifera from plankton tows and cultures. Oxygen isotopic values (delta18O) of MARGO recent fossil foraminifera are 0.2-0.8...

  14. A global compolation of late Holocene planktonic foraminiferal d18O

    Waelbroeck, Claire; Mulitza, Stefan; Spero, Howard J; Dokken, Trond; Kiefer, Thorsten; Cortijo, Elsa
    We review the different sources of uncertainty affecting the oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera and present a global planktonic foraminifera oxygen isotope data set that has been assembled within the MARGO project for the Late Holocene time slice. The data set consists of over 2100 data from recent sediment with thorough age control, that have been checked for internal consistency. We further examine how the oxygen isotopic composition of fossil foraminifera is related to hydrological conditions, based on published results on living foraminifera from plankton tows and cultures. Oxygen isotopic values (delta18O) of MARGO recent fossil foraminifera are 0.2-0.8...

  15. Stable isotope record of planktonic foraminifera from sediment core MD96-2085

    Chen, Min-Te; Chang, Yuan-Pin; Chang, Cheng-Chieh; Wang, Liping; Wang, Chung-Ho; Yu, Ein-Fen
    A high-resolution (~4-5cm/kyr) giant piston core record (MD962085) retrieved during an IMAGES II-NAUSICAA cruise from the continental slope of the southeast Atlantic Ocean reveals striking variations in planktonic foraminifer faunal abundances and sea-surface temperatures (SST) during the past 600 000 yr. The location and high-quality sedimentary record of the core provide a good opportunity to assess the variability of the Benguela Current system and associated important features of the ocean-climate system in the southeast Atlantic. The planktonic foraminifer faunal abundances of the core are dominated by three assemblages: (1) Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (right coiling) + Neogloboquadrina dutertrei, (2) Globigerina bulloides, and...

  16. Stable isotope record of planktonic foraminifera from sediment core MD96-2085

    Chen, Min-Te; Chang, Yuan-Pin; Chang, Cheng-Chieh; Wang, Liping; Wang, Chung-Ho; Yu, Ein-Fen
    A high-resolution (~4-5cm/kyr) giant piston core record (MD962085) retrieved during an IMAGES II-NAUSICAA cruise from the continental slope of the southeast Atlantic Ocean reveals striking variations in planktonic foraminifer faunal abundances and sea-surface temperatures (SST) during the past 600 000 yr. The location and high-quality sedimentary record of the core provide a good opportunity to assess the variability of the Benguela Current system and associated important features of the ocean-climate system in the southeast Atlantic. The planktonic foraminifer faunal abundances of the core are dominated by three assemblages: (1) Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (right coiling) + Neogloboquadrina dutertrei, (2) Globigerina bulloides, and...

  17. Lithology, micropaleontology and isotope record of sediments from the Nordic Seas

    Bauch, Henning A; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Spielhagen, Robert F; Struck, Ulrich; Matthiessen, Jens; Thiede, Jörn; Heinemeier, Jan
    On the basis of various lithological, mircopaleontological and isotopic proxy records covering the last 30,000 calendar years (cal kyr) the paleoenvironmental evolution of the deep and surface water circulation in the subarctic Nordic seas was reconstructed for a climate interval characterized by intensive ice-sheet growth and subsequent decay on the surrounding land masses. The data reveal considerable temporal changes in the type of thermohaline circulation. Open-water convection prevailed in the early record, providing moisture for the Fennoscandian-Barents ice sheets to grow until they reached the shelf break at ~26 cal. kyr and started to deliver high amounts of ice-rafted debris...

  18. Lithology, micropaleontology and isotope record of sediments from the Nordic Seas

    Bauch, Henning A; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Spielhagen, Robert F; Struck, Ulrich; Matthiessen, Jens; Thiede, Jörn; Heinemeier, Jan
    On the basis of various lithological, mircopaleontological and isotopic proxy records covering the last 30,000 calendar years (cal kyr) the paleoenvironmental evolution of the deep and surface water circulation in the subarctic Nordic seas was reconstructed for a climate interval characterized by intensive ice-sheet growth and subsequent decay on the surrounding land masses. The data reveal considerable temporal changes in the type of thermohaline circulation. Open-water convection prevailed in the early record, providing moisture for the Fennoscandian-Barents ice sheets to grow until they reached the shelf break at ~26 cal. kyr and started to deliver high amounts of ice-rafted debris...

  19. Age determination and stable isotope record of foraminifera of sediment core SO82_5-2

    van Kreveld, Shirley A; Sarnthein, Michael; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Jung, Simon J A; Pflaumann, Uwe; Voelker, Antje H L
    Surface and deepwater paleoclimate records in Irminger Sea core SO82-5 (59°N, 31°W) and Icelandic Sea core PS2644 (68°N, 22°W) exhibit large fluctuations in thermohaline circulation (THC) from 60 to 18 calendar kyr B.P., with a dominant periodicity of 1460 years from 46 to 22 calendar kyr B.P., matching the Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) temperature record [Grootes and Stuiver, 1997, doi:10.1029/97JC00880]. During interstadials, summer sea surface temperatures (SSTsu) in the Irminger Sea averaged to 8°C, and sea surface salinities (SSS) averaged to ~36.5, recording a strong Irminger Current and Atlantic THC. During stadials, SSTsu...

  20. Age determination and stable isotope record of foraminifera of sediment core SO82_5-2

    van Kreveld, Shirley A; Sarnthein, Michael; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Jung, Simon J A; Pflaumann, Uwe; Voelker, Antje H L
    Surface and deepwater paleoclimate records in Irminger Sea core SO82-5 (59°N, 31°W) and Icelandic Sea core PS2644 (68°N, 22°W) exhibit large fluctuations in thermohaline circulation (THC) from 60 to 18 calendar kyr B.P., with a dominant periodicity of 1460 years from 46 to 22 calendar kyr B.P., matching the Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) temperature record [Grootes and Stuiver, 1997, doi:10.1029/97JC00880]. During interstadials, summer sea surface temperatures (SSTsu) in the Irminger Sea averaged to 8°C, and sea surface salinities (SSS) averaged to ~36.5, recording a strong Irminger Current and Atlantic THC. During stadials, SSTsu...

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