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UCL University College London Eprints (331,931 recursos)
UCL Eprints collects the work of UCL researchers and makes it freely available over the web, helping the worldwide scholarly community to discover UCL research. Institutional repositories like UCL Eprints complement the traditional academic publishing and scholarly communications processes. They raise the visibility of research and help to maximise its impact. UCL researchers are encouraged to deposit a copy of each journal article, conference paper, working paper, and any other research output, in the UCL Eprints at the earliest opportunity, ensuring that their research reaches as wide an audience as possible.

Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 331,410

161. Preface - Woo, P; Laxer, RM

162. PAIN ENGAGEMENT AND DISENGAGEMENT, SELF-REPORTED HEALTH AND ILLNESS BEHAVIOUR IN IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME - Martin, M; Chapman, SCE

163. Putin and Medvedev’s policies towards Euro-Atlantic security: between continuity and change, 2000-2012 - Pacer, VA
In this thesis, I examine the Euro-Atlantic security policies of Russian presidents Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev from 2000-2012 and argue that there are differences in the policies of the two men. Understanding the differences and why they exist, while also recognising the points of continuity between the two presidencies, is particularly important in light of Putin’s return to the presidency in 2012 and the implications that his return has for the direction of Russia’s security policy towards the Euro-Atlantic region during his current term in office. By acknowledging the differences between the policies of the two men, greater insight...

164. Assessing and improving the reliability of meta-analyses of hazard ratios derived from published time-to-event data - Tierney, J; Fisher, D; Burdett, S; Stewart, L; Parmar, M

165. Molecular and biochemical expression of TLRs in human amniotic membrane: a comparative study of fresh and cryopreserved specimens. - Micera, A; Jirsova, K; Normando, EM; Stampachiacchiere, B; Esposito, G; Lambiase, A; Bonini, S
To assess the expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in human amniotic membrane (AM) specimens and compare this expression with those of AMs undergoing the standard preservation procedure (handling) for ocular surgery.

166. Variation in the NOS1AP gene is associated with drug-induced QT prolongation and ventricular arrhythmia. - Jamshidi, Y; Nolte, IM; Dalagereorgou, C; Zheng, D; Johnson, T; Bastiaenen, R; Ruddy, S; Talbott, D; Norris, KJ; Snieder, H; George, AL; Marshall, V; Shakir, S; Kannankeril, PJ; Munroe, PB; Camm, AJ; Jeffery, S; Roden, DM; Behr, ER

167. Structure prediction of nanoclusters; a direct or a pre-screened search on the DFT energy landscape? - Farrow, MR; Chow, Y; Woodley, SM
The atomic structure of inorganic nanoclusters obtained via a search for low lying minima on energy landscapes, or hypersurfaces, is reported for inorganic binary compounds: zinc oxide (ZnO)n, magnesium oxide (MgO)n, cadmium selenide (CdSe)n, and potassium fluoride (KF)n, where n = 1-12 formula units. The computational cost of each search is dominated by the effort to evaluate each sample point on the energy landscape and the number of required sample points. The effect of changing the balance between these two factors on the success of the search is investigated. The choice of sample points will also affect the number of...

168. Health inequalities in European cities: perceptions and beliefs among local policymakers - Morrison, J; Pons-Vigués, M; Bécares, L; Burström, B; Gandarillas, A; Domínguez-Berjón, F; Diez, E; Costa, G; Ruiz, M; Pikhart, H; Marinacci, C; Hoffmann, R; Santana, P; Borrell, C
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge and beliefs of public policymakers on social inequalities in health and policies to reduce them in cities from different parts of Europe during 2010 and 2011. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study. SETTING: 13 European cities. PARTICIPANTS: 19 elected politicians and officers with a directive status from 13 European cities. MAIN OUTCOME: Policymaker's knowledge and beliefs. RESULTS: Three emerging discourses were identified among the interviewees, depending on the city of the interviewee. Health inequalities were perceived by most policymakers as differences in life-expectancy between population with economic, social and geographical differences. Reducing health inequalities was a priority...

169. Publication Trends in Medical Anthropology in the Biomedical and Life Sciences Literature - Ruiz, M

170. INEQ-CITIES Atlas - Ruiz, M; Page, A; Pikhart, H
The Atlas has been created on behalf of the INEQ-CITIES Project, the first ever study to systematically monitor and analyse inequalities in health and mortality within the cities of Europe. The INEQ-CITIES Project was co-ordinated by the Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, and was partially financed by the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers (EAHC) of the European Union.

171. European Comparative Cohort Study of Social Inequalities in Child Health and Development: Findings from the DRIVERS Birth Cohorts - Ruiz, M; Goldblatt, P; Morrison, J; Marmot, M; Pikhart, H
INTRODUCTION: Healthy growth in early childhood has become a major priority to reduce health inequalities across Europe. It is now increasingly recognised that the first years of life may provide children with lasting benefits throughout the life course. Investigation of social inequalities in early childhood health has important implications for the health of future generations, but it is not readily known how inequalities in early childhood health and development vary across the region of Europe. METHODS: Longitudinal data from twelve birth cohorts across the European region participating in the DRIVERS for Health Equity – Early Childhood Development research programme were...

172. Education attainment and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality risk in later life: a comparison of synthetic cohorts in England - Ruiz, M; Hardy, R; Blane, D; McMunn, AM
INTRODUCTION: Social inequalities in CHD risk are well-documented in England, but the relative contribution of educational attainment to later risk of CHD is not fully understood. Very few studies have investigated the underlying mechanisms of this relationship and none have assessed how this may vary across cohorts. In England, educational attainment has risen dramatically, alongside simultaneous declines in CHD mortality and incidence. These secular trends have not been considered and it is not known whether those with no educational qualifications are increasingly more marginalised and thus at a greater risk of CHD. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from eighteen annual surveys (1994-2011)...

173. European Comparative Cohort Study of Social Inequalities in Child Health and Development: Findings from the DRIVERS Birth Cohorts - Ruiz, M; Goldblatt, P; Morrison, J; Marmot, M; Pikhart, H
INTRODUCTION: Healthy growth in early childhood has become a major priority to reduce health inequalities across Europe. It is now increasingly recognised that the first years of life may provide children with lasting benefits throughout the life course. Investigation of social inequalities in early childhood health has important implications for the health of future generations, but it is not readily known how inequalities in early childhood health and development vary across the region of Europe. METHODS: Longitudinal data from thirteen birth cohorts across the European region participating in the DRIVERS for Health Equity – Early Childhood Development research programme were...

174. Health care providers' views on digital smoking cessation interventions for pregnant women - Tombor, I; Neale, J; Shahab, L; Ruiz, M; West, R

175. Response to: Practical methods for incorporating summary time-to-event data into meta-analysis - Wang, Y; Zeng, T

176. Efficient energy consumption and operation management in a smart building with microgrid - Zhang, D; Shah, N; Papageorgiou, LG

177. Association between clinical presentations before myocardial infarction and coronary mortality: a prospective population-based study using linked electronic records. - Herrett, E; Bhaskaran, K; Timmis, A; Denaxas, S; Hemingway, H; Smeeth, L
Ischaemia in different arterial territories before acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may influence post-AMI outcomes. No studies have evaluated prospectively collected information on ischaemia and its effect on short- and long-term coronary mortality. The objective of this study was to compare patients with and without prospectively measured ischaemic presentations before AMI in terms of infarct characteristics and coronary mortality.

178. Antipsychotic drugs and risks of myocardial infarction: a self-controlled case series study. - Brauer, R; Smeeth, L; Anaya-Izquierdo, K; Timmis, A; Denaxas, SC; Farrington, CP; Whitaker, H; Hemingway, H; Douglas, I
Antipsychotics increase the risk of stroke. Their effect on myocardial infarction remains uncertain because people prescribed and not prescribed antipsychotic drugs differ in their underlying vascular risk making between-person comparisons difficult to interpret. The aim of our study was to investigate this association using the self-controlled case series design that eliminates between-person confounding effects.

179. Improving the transparency of prognosis research: the role of reporting, data sharing, registration, and protocols. - Peat, G; Riley, RD; Croft, P; Morley, KI; Kyzas, PA; Moons, KG; Perel, P; Steyerberg, EW; Schroter, S; Altman, DG; Hemingway, H; PROGRESS Group,
George Peat and colleagues review and discuss current approaches to transparency and published debates and concerns about efforts to standardize prognosis research practice, and make five recommendations. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.

180. Publishing trends on climate change vulnerability in the conservation literature reveal a predominant focus on direct impacts and long time-scales - Chapman, S; Mustin, K; Renwick, AR; Segan, DB; Watson, JEM; Hole, DG; Pearson, RG
Over the past twelve years the number of papers that explore the impacts of climate change on biodiversity in the conservation literature has grown on average by 20% annually. By categorising these papers on their primary research questions, we show that the vast majority of these articles (88.6%) focus only on those impacts that arise directly as a result of climate change, ignoring the potentially significant indirect threats that arise from human adaptation responses. This pattern has remained fairly consistent throughout the review period (2000-2012), with a trend towards more articles considering both direct and indirect impacts towards the end...

 

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