UCL University College London Eprints
UCL Eprints collects the work of UCL researchers and makes it freely available over the web, helping the worldwide scholarly community to discover UCL research. Institutional repositories like UCL Eprints complement the traditional academic publishing and scholarly communications processes. They raise the visibility of research and help to maximise its impact. UCL researchers are encouraged to deposit a copy of each journal article, conference paper, working paper, and any other research output, in the UCL Eprints at the earliest opportunity, ensuring that their research reaches as wide an audience as possible.
Socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality in the Czech Republic, Russia, Poland and Lithuania in the 2000s: Findings from the HAPIEE study - Vandenheede, H; Vikhireva, O; Pikhart, H; Peasey, A; Marmot, M; Bobak, M; Kubinova, R; Malyutina, S; Simonova, G; Pajak, A; Topor-Madry, R; Tamosiunas, A
Background: Relatively large socioeconomic inequalities in health and mortality have been observed in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the former Soviet Union (FSU). Yet comparative data are sparse and virtually all studies include only education. The aim of this study is to quantify and compare socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality during the 2000s in urban population samples from four CEE/FSU countries, by three different measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) (education, difficulty buying food and household amenities), reflecting different aspects of SEP. Methods: Data from the prospective population-based HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, and Psychosocial factors in Eastern Europe) study were used....
Architecture, travellers and writers: constructing histories of perception 1640-1950 - Hultzsch, A
Does the way in which buildings are looked at, and made sense of, change over the course of time? How can we find out about this? By looking at a selection of travel writings spanning four centuries, Anne Hultzsch suggests that it is language, the description of architecture, which offers answers to such questions. The words authors use to transcribe what they see for the reader to re-imagine offer glimpses at modes of perception specific to one moment, place and person. Hultzsch constructs an intriguing patchwork of local and often fragmentary narratives discussing texts as diverse as the 17th-century diary...
Architectural History from Eye-level: Nikolaus Pevsner’s “Treasure Hunts” in the Architectural Review, 1942 - Hultzsch, AK
In 1942, Nikolaus Pevsner published a series of articles in the Architectural Review that he called ‘Treasure Hunts’. Discussing mostly obscure, and often unpopular, buildings of the last hundred years, Pevsner jovially invited readers to join him in a game to ‘Date your District’. Instantly recognisable through bubble-shaped detail photographs and with a mixture of cheerful language and dense art-historical analysis, these articles present a unique opportunity within Pevsner’s often-examined oeuvre to explore word-image relationships and their appeal to the lay public. The present article analyses the use of typography, layout and photography in the Treasure Hunts and relates them...
Right Pulmonary Artery Sling in a Single Lung with Bronchial Isomerism. - Abelardo, E; Roebuck, D; McLaren, C; Elliott, MJ; Muthialu, N
Pulmonary artery slings are rare congenital anomalies seen only on the left side. The presence of right pulmonary artery (RPA) sling is extremely rare. We report a case of a RPA sling with a single lung associated with tracheal stenosis and its management.
Micro-scale vaccine bioprocessing of a Japanese Encephalitis Virus vaccine - Hughson, MD
Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is the most common form of viral encephalitis in the world, caused by the Japanese Encephalitis virus (JEV), it is responsible for around 10,000 deaths a year whilst many more are left with long term neurological sequelae and disability. This work sought to use small-scale development techniques alongside high-throughput methodologies to explore and develop selected processing techniques. Formaldehyde inactivation of JEV was characterised and optimised through the use of Design of Experiments screening techniques where temperature, time and formaldehyde concentration were found to be key factors in antigen loss. Glycine and to a lesser extent sorbitol were...
Multidecadal Atlantic climate variability and its impact on marine pelagic communities - Harris, V; Olhede, SC; Edwards, M
A large scale analysis of sea surface temperature (SST) and climate variability over the North Atlantic and its interactions with plankton over the North East Atlantic was carried out to better understand what drives both temperature and species abundance. The spatio-temporal pattern of SST was found to correspond to known climate indices, namely the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), the East Atlantic Pattern (EAP) and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). The spatial influence of these indices is heterogeneous. Although the AMO is present across all regions, it is most strongly represented in the SST signal in the subpolar gyre region. The...
Network histograms and universality of blockmodel approximation - Olhede, SC; Wolfe, PJ
In this article we introduce the network histogram: a statistical summary of network interactions. A network histogram is obtained by fitting a stochastic blockmodel to a single observation of a network dataset. Blocks of edges play the role of histogram bins, and community sizes that of histogram bandwidths or bin sizes. Just as standard histograms allow for varying bandwidths, different blockmodel estimates can all be considered valid representations of an underlying probability model, subject to bandwidth constraints. We show that under these constraints, the mean integrated square error of the network histogram tends to zero as the network grows large,...