Si une guerre éclate en Irak, nous aurons notre part directe de responsabilité. Tout en la stigmatisant, les Européens sont par leur bêtise un des supports essentiels de la suprématie américaine. Les Etats-Unis sont une hyperpuissance d’abord parce que l’Europe est une hyperimpuissance. Lorsqu’elle stigmatise dans des discours outragés l’impérialisme américain, la classe politique européenne ne fait que contempler sa propre médiocrité dans un miroir.
Struye, Tanguy; Renard, Thomas
Yes, Afghanistan is important!
Since the end of 2015 Vlad Plahotniuc, an oligarch and the richest man in Moldova, leader
of the ruling, nominally pro-European Democratic Party, has been de facto the only person
who counts in Moldovan politics and business. He is an extremely unpopular politician who
has been accused of transforming Moldova into a classic ‘captured state’. However, he has
been forced to work with Igor Dodon, the country’s nominally opposition and pro-Russian
President, who enjoys the most public trust, as well as with the Socialist party (PSRM) which
stands behind him. Both politicians have created a particular system of government which
is something like a political cartel. The...
On 29 January, the administration of President Donald Trump sent Congress a batch of documents
which provide the basis for a possible further expansion of sanctions against Russia:
a report on the Russian business and political elite, and a report on the consequences of selected
financial sanctions. At the same time, the authorisation for the possible introduction of
extraterritorial sanctions against entities from the Russian security sector and arms industry
came into effect. This was in line with the requirements of the Countering America’s Adversaries
Through Sanctions Act, No. 3364 from 2 August 2017. This Act covers US sanctions against
Iran, Russia and North Korea. As of...
Summary. Russia’s policy in the Middle East is part of a wider strategy aimed
at creating an international order which would shield Russia against
Western interference in its internal affairs and would guarantee it an
equal footing with the United States. In practice, that means that Russia’s
Middle Eastern policy is subordinated to the Kremlin’s global
strategy towards Washington. In the Middle East, Moscow seeks to create
a regional variant of what it believes to be the best model of the
international order, i.e. a concert of powers that would include, apart
from Russia, also the regional powers of Turkey and Iran, as well as the
United States; provided...
Alessi, Monica; Núñez Ferrer, Jorge
This paper focuses on the damage – and the potential for inflicting further damage – to investor
confidence arising from legal uncertainties surrounding renewable energy support in some EU
member states. A higher-than-expected expansion of the renewables sector, resulting in higher
costs of the support, combined with the financial crisis, has driven some member states to
radically curtail renewable energy support schemes. Loss-making investors unsuccessfully
challenged these EU governments in national courts, arguing that their rights had been violated
and denounced reforms that they considered to be retroactively punitive in nature. A number
of EU-based international investors turned to international arbitration courts under the
provisions of the Energy...
The first indications to emerge from the impact of MiFID II, following its implementation on 3 January 2018, suggest that … more time is needed. The breadth, complexity and detail of the issues covered in the revamped version of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive meant that even the delay of one additional year in its implementation was not sufficient to adequately prepare supervisors and operators for the challenges. Judging by the last-minute Q&A updates and guidance issued by ESMA (European Markets and Securities Authority) immediately before the deadline, market participants still required clarification on many details. This process can...
Alcidi, Cinzia.; Musmeci, Roberto; Di Salvo, Mattia; Pilati, Marta; Núñez Ferrer, Jorge.
Income convergence is clearly taking place within the EU as a whole, but contrasting.
The surprising readiness of Kim Jong-un to re-open lines of communications and to participate in the 2018 PyeongChang Olympics could strengthen President Moon who needs to change course from announcement of policies to their implementation to live up to his promise to provide jobs through income and innovation lead growth with the aim of establishing a just and fair society for all Koreans. Enhanced EU-Korean cooperation could contribute to economic and political stability and security providing substance to the 55 years’ jubilee.
Van Puijenbroeck, Joost; Vlassenroot, Koen; Titeca, Kristof
Kristof Titeka, Joost Van Puijenbroeck and Koen Vlassenroot ask to the Belgian Foreign Minister, Mr Yves Leterme more attention to Conflict with the LRA rebels in Uganda, DR Congo, sudan and Central African Republic.
One may not be aware of it, but in its 2003 European Security Strategy (ESS) the E.U. has a grand strategy – but only a partial one. Grand strategy is about the long-term overall foreign policy objectives to be achieved and the basic categories of instruments to be applied to that end. It serves as a reference framework for day-to-day policy-making and guides the definition of the means – i.e. the civilian and military capabilities – to be developed. By nature, grand strategy has a broad scope, integrating all external policies, so in E.U. terms not just ESDP or even...
Renard, Thomas; Biscop, Sven
Effective multilateralism is a key principle of European Union foreign policy: only in co-operation with others can the EU’s objectives be achieved peacefully, notably with emerging powers such as Brazil, Russia, India and China, commonly known as the BRICs. To engage with these global actors, the EU has created a new instrument: strategic partnerships. The actual strategy behind these is far from clear however.
There is an urgent need to launch national debates (and a European debate) to define the strategic interest in Afghanistan. If we come to the conclusion that our security depends on the evolution of the situation in South Asia, then Europeans need to strengthen their efforts and assume more responsibility. Conversely, if we come to the conclusion that European deployments harm rather than benefit our security, then it will be a good time to share this view with our allies and take the logical resulting measures.
In his recent speech at the College of Europe, Herman Van Rompuy, the President of the European Council, likened the EU to a convoy of 27 ships, each flying both the national and the EU flag. If the image is apt, some Member States’ ship seems to be a submarine though, for it is not always evident that all Member States are part of the European convoy. Even a submarine is useful however, provided that it does not go off on its own initiative, but acts in coordination with the rest of the fleet, coordination to be provided by the...
From ESDP to CSDP: Time for some Strategy
Entering a new decade with a new Treaty, the EU now possesses more tools to adapt and cope with an increasingly complex, multipolar and interdependent world. Of course, the Lisbon Treaty in itself will not transform the EU into a global superpower, nor even save.
While everyone is eagerly awaiting who will be the successor to Javier Solana as High Representative for the European Union’s foreign policy, and who will be the first permanent President of the European Council, a more fundamental question is: which foreign policy strategy will they actually pursue?
On l’a vu à Copenhague, l’UE n’est pas capable de jouer à la realpolitik avec la Chine ou les USA. Comment arriver à un “ordre multilatéral” où l’UE ne serait pas exclue? UnG20 renforcé peut être la base d’un Nouvel Ordre Multilatéral Mondial.
Thomas Renard assesses the implications of the “interpolar” world that was on display at last December’s global climate conference in the Danish capital.
This article was also published in French, under the title: ‘Après Copenhague : vers un Nouvel Ordre Multilatéral Mondial’.