Recursos de colección


A subject based repository for research materials on European integration and unification with materials from members of 15 institutions in Europe and the United States. The associated search engine AEIPlus allows simultaneous searching of both the AEI, and the European Research Papers Archive (ERPA), including the European Integration online Papers (EIOP).

Type = Working Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 979

  1. The Axiology of EU Cultural Diplomacy in Muslim Majority Countries. The Paradox of Turkey. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/3 • June 2017

    Senocak, Naciye Selin
    The principal purpose of this theoretical analysis is to identify the different assumptions between Europe and Turkey regarding the axiological perspective which distinguishes the value judgments used as an instrument of persuasion by each culture. For decades, Turkey’s accession process within the EU is a highly controversial issue which has been an intensive process, brimmed with ups and downs. Due to its geopolitical position and cultural identity, as a Muslim secular state, Turkey is a cultural bridge between the West and Muslim countries, making it particularly important in cultural diplomacy for EU foreign policy. Nevertheless, the cultural misunderstanding, the misinterpreted perceptions, the axiological nihilism between Turkey and...

  2. The Arab Representation of European Democratic Values and the Influence of Euro-Arab Relations. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/4 • June 2017

    Nohra, Fouad
    As cultural diplomacy is usually grounded in a set of values that state or non-state actors are expected to share, we opted for a preliminary study of the cross perception of fundamental European values as they are perceived on the Arab side, with a limited scope and a selected theoretical object that is the model of European political models and especially the European liberal democracy as perceived by the Arab intellectuals.

  3. Cultural Integration of Muslims in Europe: Prevention of Cultural Misunderstanding and Radicalism. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/5 • July 2017

    Senocak, Naciye Selin
    In recent years, the European Union (EU) has been promoting cultural diplomacy, framed in terms of dialogue between civilisations/cultures, and has aimed to exploit its role in the conduct of foreign policy. A recent declaration from the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, has urged caution, emphasising the importance of cultural diplomacy: “Investing in cultural diplomacy could help strengthening the economy of your region, but especially creating bridges, letting others know us and knowing others reciprocally, establishing bonds among people especially during these hard times, to prevent fears and radicalisation both in Europe and abroad. This is why we have worked so hard to the first European strategy for cultural diplomacy.” 1

  4. EU-Latin American Science Diplomacy. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/8 • September 2017

    Selleslaghs, Joren
    he European Union (EU) has adopted a very generous region-to-region approach towards Latin America in recent decades. However, although the EU adopted the same interregional strategy across different policy areas, the quality of interregional interaction (and success) vary significantly. A telling example is the EU’s interregional approach to sign a far-reaching region-to-region association agreement with Latin America: instead of having one overarching EU-LAC agreement, the EU had to negotiate agreements with sub-regions in Latin America, and eventually only successfully concluded an Association Agreement with the Central American region (SICA) as negotiations with MERCOSUR have only recently been re-launched after a...

  5. Exploring the Impact of the EU’s Promotion of Regional and Inter-regional Processes in the Black Sea Region through Science Diplomacy. EL-CSID Working paper Issue 2017/7 • September 2017

    Boers, Elke
    Building on the analytical tools defined by Kingah, Amaya & Van Langenhove (2016) in the EL-CSID Working Paper 1, this paper assesses the willingness, capacity and acceptance of EU SD policies in the Black Sea Region (BSR). This qualitative mapping looks at science initiatives that aimed to enhance regional cooperation, both in the BSR itself and between those countries and the EU. There has been widespread commitment and willingness from the EU and the BSR to involve in science cooperation projects, and the projects under FP6, FP7 and H2020 did not face acceptance issues from national or regional leaders. However,...

  6. A new instrument for a better implementation of thse European Union environmental law: the Environmental Implementation Review. Bruges Political Research Papers 62/2017

    Saint-Genis, Camille
    The present work seeks to analyse the reasons behind the creation of a new instrument by the European Commission in order to improve the implementation of the European Union (EU) environmental law: the Environmental Implementation Review (EIR). To do so, it builds upon existing theoretical frameworks developed in the analysis of policy implementation, public policy instruments and public policy change. The analysis of the empirical evidence leads to conclude the significance of organisational factors-the Better Regulation reform program and the new Commission's executive. The design of the EIR itself seems to have been influenced by both the instrument mix already...

  7. European Diplomacy in the Iran Nuclear Negotiations: What Impact Did It Have? Bruges Political Research Papers 61/2017

    Jessen, Erik
    This study explores the EU’s role in reaching the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran on 14 July 2015. More specifically, the paper examines the validity of a statement made by High Representative Federica Mogherini, which suggests that it “mainly” was due to the EU that it was possible to settle the historic nuclear deal. This topic is particularly interesting because most recent studies have focused on the provisions of the JCPOA and its geostrategic impact rather than the political process behind the deal. In particular, the last stage of negotiations from November 2013 – July 2015 is under-investigated. The paper hypothesizes that the...

  8. Possible Future European Union Party-Political Systems. Bruges Political Research Papers 60/2017

    Westlake, Martin
    The paper passes in review the post-war steps to a parliamentary European Union and a party-political European Union and concludes that these are irreversible. It further considers the Spitzenkandidaten/Lead Candidate procedure, first used in 2014, and assumes, more debatably perhaps, that it, too, is probably irreversible. The paper acknowledges six ‘known unknowns’ that could have considerable consequences for the evolution of the Union’s party-political system. The paper then considers some basic questions about the model the Union has cumulatively chosen before considering some of the ‘discontents’ of some party-political systems and their potential relevance to the EU’s emerging system. The paper briefly considers whether the early evolution of...

  9. Erasmus student or EU ambassador? People-to-people contact in the European Neighbourhood policy: the cases of Georgia, Ukraine and Tunisia. Bruges Political Research Papers 59/2017

    Perilli , Andrea
    This paper investigates to what extent and why the key action 1 of the Erasmus+ programme, namely learning mobility of individuals, can be considered a soft power’s instrument on European Neighbourhood countries. The core assumption is that due to people-to-people contact, Erasmus participants are most likely to become EU informal ambassadors, in the sense that they become carriers of EU soft power leading to changes in cultural and social perceptions. However, what will the place of Erasmus+ be in the ongoing debate on international cultural relations’ strategy? Erasmus+ can play a major role in this new strategy considering the huge growth of mobility flows between EU and...

  10. The European Union’s Performance in Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Was the Lisbon Treaty a Game Changer? EU Diplomacy Paper 11/2017

    De Botselier, Bram
    Drawing on a comparative framework, this paper analyses to what extent and how the institutional reforms of the Treaty of Lisbon impacted on the ‘actorness’ and effectiveness of the European Union (EU) with regard to the negotiation of Multilateral Environmental Agreements. In order to examine whether the Lisbon Treaty was really a game changer, the paper compares two case studies before and two case studies after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in the fields of climate change (Copenhagen COP-15 2009 and COP-21 Paris 2015) and biological diversity (Cartagena Protocol 2000 and Nagoya Protocol 2010). The paper finds significant variation across the four cases, with no...

  11. The Modernization of Turkey’s Customs Union with the European Union: Reasons and Possible Outcomes. EU Diplomacy Paper 09/2017

    Alkan, Ufuk
    This paper seeks to explain why, in May 2015, the European Union (EU) and Turkey have chosen to modernize their Customs Union instead of directly completing Turkey’s accession process, how they will most likely do so, and the implications thereof for Turkish EU membership. I argue that Turkey and the EU seek to modernize the Customs Union because of the EU’s increased quest for bilateral free trade agreements after the failure to conclude the Doha Development Round, the flawed implementation of the institutional provisions of the 1963 Ankara Agreement, and the stalemate in EU accession negotiations. The Customs Union is likely to be modernized by liberalizing agriculture, services...

  12. The European Union’s Changing Approach towards Multilateralism. EU Diplomacy Paper 08/2017

    Forsch, Sebastian
    In this paper I analyse in how far the 2016 EU Global Strategy (EUGS) has changed the European Union (EU)’s approach towards multilateralism compared to the approach under its predecessor, the 2003 European Security Strategy (ESS). I identify three major innovations: First, while the EUGS incorporates the EU’s long-standing commitment to ‘effective multilateralism’, its approach of ‘effective global governance’ goes beyond that earlier approach and represents a qualitatively different concept. Second, the EUGS transcends the ESS in terms of emphasising the need to transform rather than just to preserve the multilateral system. Third, the EUGS neglects traditional ‘strategic partnerships’ and expands the EU’s partnership approach towards engaging with a...

  13. A Statistical Profiling Model of Long-Term Unemployment Risk in Ireland. ESRI WP345. May 2010

    O'Connell, Philip J.; McGuinness, Seamus; Kelly, Elish
    This paper develops a statistical profiling model of long-term unemployment risk in Ireland using a combination of administrative data and information gathered from a unique questionnaire that was issued to all jobseekers making a social welfare claim between September and December 2006 who were then tracked for eighteen months. We find that factors such as a recent history of long-term unemployment, advanced age, number of children, relatively low levels of education, literacy/numeracy problems, location in urban areas, lack of personal transport, low rates of recent labour market engagement, spousal earnings and geographic location all significantly impact the likelihood of remaining...

  14. Timing and Determinants of Local Residential Broadband Adoption: Evidence from Ireland. ESRI WP432. March 2012

    Lyons, Sean
    This article examines the time path of broadband adoption for households in areas that are offered broadband service for the first time and the socioeconomic characteristics of broadband users generally. Using cross-sectional data on broadband take-up and socioeconomic characteristics of small areas in Ireland, linked to GIS data on ADSL availability over time, I find that local penetration growth rates are elevated immediately after service is offered. Local growth rates then decline towards the national average, reaching it after about 3.5 years. The article also includes estimates of the effect of various household characteristics on adoption, finding effects broadly consistent...

  15. Restoring Credibility in Policy Making in Ireland. ESRI WP415. November 2011

    FitzGerald, John
    This paper first considers the origins of the Irish economic crisis. It discusses where the policy failures occurred, to what extent they were foreseeable, and how certain key financial institutions performed in the run up to the crisis. In the light of this analysis the paper then considers what institutional changes could feasibly be implemented which would strengthen policy making for the future.

  16. The Distributional Effects of Value Added Tax in Ireland. ESRI WP366. December 2010

    Leahy, Eimear; Lyons, Sean; Tol, Richard S.J.
    In this paper we examine the distributional effects of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Ireland. Using the 2004/2005 Household Budget Survey, we assess the amount of VAT that households pay as a proportion of weekly disposable income. We measure VAT payments by equivalised income decile, households of different composition and different household sizes. The current system is highly regressive. With the use of a micro-simulation model we also estimate the impact of changing the VAT rate on certain groups of items and the associated change in revenue. We also consider how the imposition of a flat rate across all goods...

  17. Female Labour Supply and Divorce: New Evidence from Ireland. ESRI WP346. June 2010

    Bargain, Olivier; Gonzalez, Libertad; Keane, Claire; Ozcan, Berkay
    If participation in the labour market helps to secure women's outside options in the case of divorce/separation, an increase in the perceived risk of marital dissolution may accelerate the increase in female labour supply. This simple prediction has been tested in the literature using time and/or spatial variation in divorce legislation (e.g., across US states), leading to mixed results. In this paper, we suggest testing this hypothesis by exploiting a more radical policy change, i.e., the legalization of divorce. In Ireland, the right to divorce was introduced in 1996, followed by an acceleration of marriage breakdown rates. We use this...

  18. The Incidence and Correlates of Workplace Bullying in Ireland. ESRI WP148. 2002

    O'Connell, Philip J.; Williams, James
    This paper reports the results of the first nationally representative survey of the incidence of workplace bullying in the Republic of Ireland. The results are based on analysis of a sample of over 5,200 individuals in paid work outside the home. Overall, 7% of per persons in the work-place report that they experienced bullying in the 6 months preceding the survey. Bullying victimisation was far more common among employees than among the self-employed, and victimisation rates were higher among women than men. Almost 3% of those at work report that they experienced bullying either daily or several times per week...

  19. The Impact of the Recession on the Structure and Labour Market Success of Young NEET Individuals in Ireland. ESRI WP465. September 2013

    Kelly, Elish; McGuinness, Seamus
    The labour market consequences of the severe fall in economic activity that took place in Ireland after the recent global recession were quite stark, especially for young people. One particularly disquieting development has been the rise in the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET), which increased from 11.8 per cent in 2006 to 24 per cent in 2011 (Eurostat, 2013). Very little is known about NEET individuals in Ireland, either in terms of their profile or their labour market transitions, i.e., the extent to which youth NEETs have transitioned into employment. Given this information gap,...

  20. The effect of unemployment, arrears and negative equity on consumption: Ireland in 2009/10. ESRI WP457. May 2013

    Gerlach-Kristen, Petra
    Since the onset of the financial crisis, income and consumption have fallen sharply in Ireland, particularly for young households. This paper shows that young households are more likely than older ones to be exposed to unemployment, arrears and negative equity. These may give rise to credit constraints and buffer-stock savings. Savings may be built up not only to finance future consumption, but also to deleverage, since high indebtedness makes the access to additional credit more difficult. We show that the permanent income hypothesis, which posits that consumption should evolve more smoothly than actual income, apparently fails to hold for households...

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