Senocak, Naciye Selin
The principal purpose of this theoretical analysis is to identify the different assumptions between
Europe and Turkey regarding the axiological perspective which distinguishes the value
judgments used as an instrument of persuasion by each culture. For decades, Turkey’s accession
process within the EU is a highly controversial issue which has been an intensive process,
brimmed with ups and downs. Due to its geopolitical position and cultural identity, as a Muslim
secular state, Turkey is a cultural bridge between the West and Muslim countries, making it particularly
important in cultural diplomacy for EU foreign policy. Nevertheless, the cultural misunderstanding,
the misinterpreted perceptions, the axiological nihilism between Turkey and...
As cultural diplomacy is usually grounded in a
set of values that state or non-state actors are
expected to share, we opted for a preliminary
study of the cross perception of fundamental European
values as they are perceived on the Arab
side, with a limited scope and a selected theoretical
object that is the model of European political
models and especially the European liberal democracy
as perceived by the Arab intellectuals.
Senocak, Naciye Selin
In recent years, the European Union (EU) has
been promoting cultural diplomacy, framed in
terms of dialogue between civilisations/cultures,
and has aimed to exploit its role in the conduct
of foreign policy.
A recent declaration from the EU’s High Representative
for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,
Federica Mogherini, has urged caution, emphasising
the importance of cultural diplomacy:
“Investing in cultural diplomacy could help
strengthening the economy of your region, but
especially creating bridges, letting others know
us and knowing others reciprocally, establishing
bonds among people especially during these
hard times, to prevent fears and radicalisation
both in Europe and abroad. This is why we have
worked so hard to the first European strategy for
cultural diplomacy.” 1
he European Union (EU) has adopted a very generous region-to-region approach towards Latin America in recent decades. However, although the EU adopted the same interregional strategy across different policy areas, the quality of interregional interaction (and success) vary significantly. A telling example is the EU’s interregional approach to sign a far-reaching region-to-region association agreement with Latin America: instead of having one overarching EU-LAC agreement, the EU had to negotiate agreements with sub-regions in Latin America, and eventually only successfully concluded an Association Agreement with the Central American region (SICA) as negotiations with MERCOSUR have only recently been re-launched after a...
Building on the analytical tools defined by Kingah, Amaya & Van Langenhove (2016) in the EL-CSID Working Paper 1, this paper assesses the willingness, capacity and acceptance of EU SD policies in the Black Sea Region (BSR). This qualitative mapping looks at science initiatives that aimed to enhance regional cooperation, both in the BSR itself and between those countries and the EU. There has been widespread commitment and willingness from the EU and the BSR to involve in science cooperation projects, and the projects under FP6, FP7 and H2020 did not face acceptance issues from national or regional leaders. However,...
The present work seeks to analyse the reasons behind the creation of a new instrument by the European Commission in order to improve the implementation of the European Union (EU) environmental law: the Environmental Implementation Review (EIR). To do so, it builds upon existing theoretical frameworks developed in the analysis of policy implementation, public policy instruments and public policy change. The analysis of the empirical evidence leads to conclude the significance of organisational factors-the Better Regulation reform program and the new Commission's executive. The design of the EIR itself seems to have been influenced by both the instrument mix already...
This study explores the EU’s role in reaching the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with
Iran on 14 July 2015. More specifically, the paper examines the validity of a statement made by High
Representative Federica Mogherini, which suggests that it “mainly” was due to the EU that it was
possible to settle the historic nuclear deal. This topic is particularly interesting because most recent
studies have focused on the provisions of the JCPOA and its geostrategic impact rather than the political
process behind the deal. In particular, the last stage of negotiations from November 2013 – July
2015 is under-investigated. The paper hypothesizes that the...
The paper passes in review the post-war steps to a parliamentary European Union and a party-political
European Union and concludes that these are irreversible. It further considers the
Spitzenkandidaten/Lead Candidate procedure, first used in 2014, and assumes, more debatably
perhaps, that it, too, is probably irreversible. The paper acknowledges six ‘known unknowns’
that could have considerable consequences for the evolution of the Union’s party-political
system. The paper then considers some basic questions about the model the Union has
cumulatively chosen before considering some of the ‘discontents’ of some party-political
systems and their potential relevance to the EU’s emerging system. The paper briefly considers
whether the early evolution of...
Perilli , Andrea
This paper investigates to what extent and why the key action 1 of the Erasmus+ programme,
namely learning mobility of individuals, can be considered a soft power’s instrument on European
Neighbourhood countries. The core assumption is that due to people-to-people contact, Erasmus
participants are most likely to become EU informal ambassadors, in the sense that they become
carriers of EU soft power leading to changes in cultural and social perceptions.
However, what will the place of Erasmus+ be in the ongoing debate on international cultural
relations’ strategy? Erasmus+ can play a major role in this new strategy considering the huge growth
of mobility flows between EU and...
De Botselier, Bram
Drawing on a comparative framework, this paper analyses to what extent and how
the institutional reforms of the Treaty of Lisbon impacted on the ‘actorness’ and
effectiveness of the European Union (EU) with regard to the negotiation of Multilateral
Environmental Agreements. In order to examine whether the Lisbon Treaty was really
a game changer, the paper compares two case studies before and two case studies
after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in the fields of climate change
(Copenhagen COP-15 2009 and COP-21 Paris 2015) and biological diversity
(Cartagena Protocol 2000 and Nagoya Protocol 2010). The paper finds significant
variation across the four cases, with no...
This paper seeks to explain why, in May 2015, the European Union (EU) and Turkey have
chosen to modernize their Customs Union instead of directly completing Turkey’s
accession process, how they will most likely do so, and the implications thereof for
Turkish EU membership. I argue that Turkey and the EU seek to modernize the Customs
Union because of the EU’s increased quest for bilateral free trade agreements after
the failure to conclude the Doha Development Round, the flawed implementation of
the institutional provisions of the 1963 Ankara Agreement, and the stalemate in EU
accession negotiations. The Customs Union is likely to be modernized by liberalizing
In this paper I analyse in how far the 2016 EU Global Strategy (EUGS) has changed the
European Union (EU)’s approach towards multilateralism compared to the approach
under its predecessor, the 2003 European Security Strategy (ESS). I identify three major
innovations: First, while the EUGS incorporates the EU’s long-standing commitment to
‘effective multilateralism’, its approach of ‘effective global governance’ goes
beyond that earlier approach and represents a qualitatively different concept.
Second, the EUGS transcends the ESS in terms of emphasising the need to transform
rather than just to preserve the multilateral system. Third, the EUGS neglects traditional
‘strategic partnerships’ and expands the EU’s partnership approach towards
engaging with a...
O'Connell, Philip J.; McGuinness, Seamus; Kelly, Elish
This paper develops a statistical profiling model of long-term unemployment risk in Ireland using a combination of administrative data and information gathered from a unique questionnaire that was issued to all jobseekers making a social welfare claim between September and December 2006 who were then tracked for eighteen months. We find that factors such as a recent history of long-term unemployment, advanced age, number of children, relatively low levels of education, literacy/numeracy problems, location in urban areas, lack of personal transport, low rates of recent labour market engagement, spousal earnings and geographic location all significantly impact the likelihood of remaining...
This article examines the time path of broadband adoption for households in areas that are offered broadband service for the first time and the socioeconomic characteristics of broadband users generally. Using cross-sectional data on broadband take-up and socioeconomic characteristics of small areas in Ireland, linked to GIS data on ADSL availability over time, I find that local penetration growth rates are elevated immediately after service is offered. Local growth rates then decline towards the national average, reaching it after about 3.5 years. The article also includes estimates of the effect of various household characteristics on adoption, finding effects broadly consistent...
This paper first considers the origins of the Irish economic crisis. It discusses where the policy failures occurred, to what extent they were foreseeable, and how certain key financial institutions performed in the run up to the crisis. In the light of this analysis the paper then considers what institutional changes could feasibly be implemented which would strengthen policy making for the future.
Leahy, Eimear; Lyons, Sean; Tol, Richard S.J.
In this paper we examine the distributional effects of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Ireland. Using the 2004/2005 Household Budget Survey, we assess the amount of VAT that households pay as a proportion of weekly disposable income. We measure VAT payments by equivalised income decile, households of different composition and different household sizes. The current system is highly regressive. With the use of a micro-simulation model we also estimate the impact of changing the VAT rate on certain groups of items and the associated change in revenue. We also consider how the imposition of a flat rate across all goods...
Bargain, Olivier; Gonzalez, Libertad; Keane, Claire; Ozcan, Berkay
If participation in the labour market helps to secure women's outside options in the case of divorce/separation, an increase in the perceived risk of marital dissolution may accelerate the increase in female labour supply. This simple prediction has been tested in the literature using time and/or spatial variation in divorce legislation (e.g., across US states), leading to mixed results. In this paper, we suggest testing this hypothesis by exploiting a more radical policy change, i.e., the legalization of divorce. In Ireland, the right to divorce was introduced in 1996, followed by an acceleration of marriage breakdown rates. We use this...
O'Connell, Philip J.; Williams, James
This paper reports the results of the first nationally representative survey of the incidence of workplace bullying in the Republic of Ireland. The results are based on analysis of a sample of over 5,200 individuals in paid work outside the home. Overall, 7% of per persons in the work-place report that they experienced bullying in the 6 months preceding the survey. Bullying victimisation was far more common among employees than among the self-employed, and victimisation rates were higher among women than men. Almost 3% of those at work report that they experienced bullying either daily or several times per week...
Kelly, Elish; McGuinness, Seamus
The labour market consequences of the severe fall in economic activity that took place in Ireland after the recent global recession were quite stark, especially for young people. One particularly disquieting development has been the rise in the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET), which increased from 11.8 per cent in 2006 to 24 per cent in 2011 (Eurostat, 2013). Very little is known about NEET individuals in Ireland, either in terms of their profile or their labour market transitions, i.e., the extent to which youth NEETs have transitioned into employment. Given this information gap,...
Since the onset of the financial crisis, income and consumption have fallen sharply in Ireland, particularly for young households. This paper shows that young households are more likely than older ones to be exposed to unemployment, arrears and negative equity. These may give rise to credit constraints and buffer-stock savings. Savings may be built up not only to finance future consumption, but also to deleverage, since high indebtedness makes the access to additional credit more difficult. We show that the permanent income hypothesis, which posits that consumption should evolve more smoothly than actual income, apparently fails to hold for households...