丹保, 憲仁; 佐伯, 浩; 阿部, 和厚; 新田, 孝彦; 町井, 輝久; 出村, 文理; 三浦, 洋; 佐々木, 隆生; 栗原, 正仁; 望月, 恒子; 小笠原, 正明; 安藤, 厚; 細川, 敏幸
Celebrating the publication of the book entitled "All about Liberal and General Education of Hokkaido University" (edited by Masaaki Ogasawara, Atsushi Ando and Toshiyuki Hosokawa; published by Toshindo Co., Ltd. in June 2016), a get-together dinner was held on September 1, 2016 at Sapporo Aspen Hotel. Seven authors as well as former presidents of the university and an administrator talked about how the educational reforms were made in the last two decades at Hokkaido University. The discussion also included the perspective of higher education in Japan with special reference to liberal and general education. This article is composed of the...
山本, 堅一; 細川, 敏幸; 山田, 邦雅; 三上, 直之
Hokkaido University began holding an annual two-day workshop on education for the faculty members in 1998. Since 2007, this workshop has been implemented twice a year, and its target participants have been young faculty members. Since last year, we have held three separate workshops. The purpose of this report is to explain what was done in the 2017 workshops, and to explore the challenges that remain to improve the workshops. The first workshop in June had 15 participants from Hokkaido University and 2 participants from other institutes of higher education, the second one in September had 16 participants from Hokkaido...
亀野, 淳; 川上, あき
This report contains an analysis of the outcome of a survey regarding participation in an internship implemented at Hokkaido University. According to the results of this analysis: (1) Motivation for participating can be divided into students who cited their choices of future career and industry, and those who cited improving their perspective on employment and professional awareness. (2) Satisfaction was generally high with the explanatory sessions, advance training, individual interviews, and achievement reports. (3) Over 90% of the students responded that their internship experience was useful in planning for both the future and their careers.
細川, 敏幸; 山田, 邦雅; 宮本, 淳
Japanese universities are recommended to introduce an assessment policy to certify the quality of education. The policy should have a checklist that shows the methods used to assess the degree of achievement of the diploma policy. We describe an example of the checklist in detail in this paper. It shows the important role of a survey of the students, including a questionnaire for alumni. It is important in this assessment that the survey uses common questionnaire items. It also should report the results of the assessment and ideas for educational reform. This will be the last step to create a...
Even if there is a desire to learn, there are times when we cannot engage ourselves in a class and there are cases when we are engaged in the class even if you we not have the desire to learn. If we cannot engage ourselves in the class, not only will it not lead to deep learning, but it may also impede the learning of others. Until now, there is no existing theory explaining how to engage in a class. In this research, we focus on the motives to learn and introduce the concepts of positive motives to learn and...
All universities in Japan are required to evaluate three aspects of academic ability in a multifaceted and comprehensive manner in the entrance examination. The learner’s ability to ask questions is deeply involved in these elements. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a method to evaluate this ability. In this research, I divided the ability to ask questions into (1) the ability to notice implicit information and (2) the ability to express the information without bias in an adequate question form. I then verified the reliability of this method, which contained 12 evaluation viewpoints of the meta-model for each ability. There...
宮本, 淳; 出口, 寿久; 伊藤, 一馬; 川西, 奈津美; 河野, 未幸; 鈴木, 里奈; 高原, めぐみ; 中川, 紗百合; 柳川, 仁美; 細川, 敏幸
Institutional research (hereafter referred to as “IR?) activities in Japanese universities have shifted from the introductory stage in which organizations were set up to the productive period of embodying their activities. The fundamental task of IR relating to education is to collect data from a questionnaire survey of students about their learning activities and various teaching data as provided by the university administrative office, and to thereby objectively determine the strengths and weaknesses of the university. Furthermore, it is important to promote detailed analysis by collaborating with each department in the university to make use of this in educational improvement....
Community colleges in the United States are a pathway to opportunities for higher education for all, regardless of their high school grades. Many students from disadvantaged families go to community colleges with the hope of transferring to four-year universities to acquire diplomas, which opens up opportunities to find better jobs. However, for students with low GPAs, it is not easy to meet the requirements for transfer, and only a handful succeed. Clark (1960) maintained that community colleges perform the function of?cooling out,?which reduces the aspirations of students from poor families and provides them with a?soft?denial while maintaining their belief in...
The change of regulation concerning faculty meetings of university in the School Education Law has changed the administration of the university. The president has become able to make all of the administrative decisions of the university, because the president can freely deny the opinions of the faculty meeting. This is called the “ultimate decision-making authority” by the Ministry of Education. There is no definition or direct regulation of the decision-making authority in the School Education Law. This power is due to the interpretation of law by the Ministry of Education. The technique of interpretation is a fiction of law. This...
The present study investigated how first-year seminars should be designed to support the academic achievements of freshmen. Case examples of course design for first-year seminars were collected from six teachers. On the basis of the results of qualitative arrangement, seven categories were generated and three main principles were discovered: building membership among students in their class, mutual or reciprocal learning among peers and teacher’s facilitation of peer learning, and individualized coaching in addition to teaching groups of students. Examples of course design were consolidated into a scale, and the scale was positively correlated with a safe class climate and the...
Noriyo, Colley; Cashin, Andrew
Purpose The training system in specific practice for Registered Nurses was legalized in June 2014, instead of creating a new Nurse Practitioner role in Japan. The aim of this policy paper is to describe the need for Nurse Practitioner roles and discuss a model of Nurse Practitioner graduate education in Japan based on the identified social needs in rural areas. Design Policy analysis was conducted considering national and international aspects. The diffusion of Home Mechanical Ventilation and struggle of family caregivers were used as an exemplar of the disadvantage created by the enactment approach for the long-term care population in...
平尾, 智隆; 梅崎, 修; 田澤, 実
In this paper, we analyze the effects of tutor-student communication on securing an initial job in the Japanese youth labor market. The government promotes higher education reforms aimed at enhancing
student advising. In response to these policy decisions, many higher education institutions have introduced
innovative tutoring functions such as open office hours, providing academic advice and career guidance. In
Japan, however, there is little literature and few case studies on the relevance of these functions to the actual
initial careers. This study was undertaken to more accurately measure the effects of tutor-student
communication on securing a job. Our study used the longitudinal data set of...
In active learning, we must focus on learners’ motivation to learn. Since we have both positive
and negative motivation in each lecture, we should also be sure to study the negative type. When the negative
motivation is stronger than the positive one, that learner will negatively influence other learners.
This article focuses on the diversity of motivation. We try to create a new classification of motivation,
and insist on the necessity of taking various way of dealing with it. There are many existing theories
regarding motivation. But it is hard to motivate all learners by only following those theories. Sometimes
instructors need to improve the atmosphere...
The Preparing Future Faculty (PFF) Initiative (1993-2002) is a project made possible through the
partnership of the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS) and the Association of American Colleges and
Universities (AAC&U). PFF is a training seminar for graduate students who desire to become professors.
The initiative aims to develop useful models for PFF and to disseminate those models nationwide. The author
conducted research on the experimental programs of four sociology departments, which were funded by the
PFF Initiative in cooperation with the American Sociological Association (ASA). Only two sociology
departments had active PFF programs; however, all four graduate schools had components of PFF programs
in their curricula...
This paper attempts to clarify the relationship of university studentsʼ performance with entrance
examinations through panel data analysis.
Martin Trow (1972) discussed on transition from elite to mass higher education with educational
growth. However, he also wrote that some elite education sectors will remain in a mass higher education
society. Therefore some elite education sectors or students would maintain their status. Many universities in
Japan, including elite universities such as the national ones, have adopted methods for entrance examinations
without written tests in these few years. Though Nakamura (2011) pointed out that expansion of the entrance
system without the need to apply for entrance to specific faculties...
Heewon, Lee; Atsushi, Miyamoto; Jeung, Yun Choi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the teaching and learning processes experienced by
university students in Korea and Japan, and compare and analyze the higher education systems of the two
countries. For this purpose, surveys were conducted in Seoul National University (SNU) and Hokkaido
University (HU) based on questionnaires developed by the Korea Educational Development Institute and the
Institutional Research Consortium of the universities, respectively. Approximately 800 students from each
university participated. Each of the surveys contained questions in six categories known to affect academic
achievement: the level of class participation, extracurricular activities, active learning, cooperative learning,
interaction with professors and academic competencies. After the...
山田, 邦雅; 山本, 堅一; Michal, MAZUR
How to evaluate a faculty development program and the teaching performance of professors can
be problematic. On the one hand, the Higher Education Academy does recognize the professionalism of
teaching and learning of professors and has achieved certain results by certifying more than 85,000 fellows
since 2006. The evaluation method of the Higher Education Academy is interesting as a successful case.
Therefore we visited the head office of Higher Education Academy (HEA) and interviewed their
International Team. In this paper, we will introduce overviews of “HEA fellowships” and “HEA
accreditation.” All evaluations are based on a detailed framework, the UK Professional Standards
Framework (UKPSF), and this framework...
This study revealed the relationship between generic skills of Hokkaido University students and
their academic performance and employment. A progress report on generic skills (PROG) was used as a way
of measuring these skills quantitatively and its results were linked with data obtained in a questionnaire
survey on their career awareness.
The findings included the following. (1) Although the literacy of Hokkaido University students was found
to be high, their competency was found to be at roughly the same level as the national average. (2) Although
no clear relationship was found between competency and academic performance, prospective employers
tended to report higher satisfaction with students who had...
The Japanese situation of institutional research (IR) in the university is different from that of the
United States because a campus-wide database system has not been constructed. Therefore Japanese IRers
expend substantial manpower on efforts to collect data from each faculty member and consolidate them. For
IR to demonstrate its true value by utilizing data, I think support of IRer is necessary. The most inefficient
work of the Japanese IRer is the basic tasks that should be performed by a computer. Therefore I, a beginner
in programming, developed an application that checks for incomplete IR data for IRers. When I checked the
IR data of the...
Student participation in the management and operation of university open lectures offers a
promising approach to revitalize such lecture programs through intergenerational learning as well as
providing students with valuable learning opportunities in terms of communication skills and other relevant
academic competencies. As part of the Freshmen Seminar course on “Basic Skills for Oral Communication”
in the liberal arts program at Hokkaido University, the author trialed a practical training module in which the
participating freshmen prepared and delivered short presentations to introduce each of the eight lecturers
comprising the University-wide Open Lectures 2016 in front of a general audience. The presentations
received favorable feedback from the open...