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Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers (135.711 recursos)

HUSCAP (Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers) contains peer-reviewed journal articles, proceedings, educational resources and any kind of scholarly works of Hokkaido University.

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 149

  1. 座談会:北大の教養教育改革と旧高等教育センターの役割

    丹保, 憲仁; 佐伯, 浩; 阿部, 和厚; 新田, 孝彦; 町井, 輝久; 出村, 文理; 三浦, 洋; 佐々木, 隆生; 栗原, 正仁; 望月, 恒子; 小笠原, 正明; 安藤, 厚; 細川, 敏幸
    Celebrating the publication of the book entitled "All about Liberal and General Education of Hokkaido University" (edited by Masaaki Ogasawara, Atsushi Ando and Toshiyuki Hosokawa; published by Toshindo Co., Ltd. in June 2016), a get-together dinner was held on September 1, 2016 at Sapporo Aspen Hotel. Seven authors as well as former presidents of the university and an administrator talked about how the educational reforms were made in the last two decades at Hokkaido University. The discussion also included the perspective of higher education in Japan with special reference to liberal and general education. This article is composed of the...

  2. 平成29年度北海道大学教育ワークショップの取り組み

    山本, 堅一; 細川, 敏幸; 山田, 邦雅; 三上, 直之
    Hokkaido University began holding an annual two-day workshop on education for the faculty members in 1998. Since 2007, this workshop has been implemented twice a year, and its target participants have been young faculty members. Since last year, we have held three separate workshops. The purpose of this report is to explain what was done in the 2017 workshops, and to explore the challenges that remain to improve the workshops. The first workshop in June had 15 participants from Hokkaido University and 2 participants from other institutes of higher education, the second one in September had 16 participants from Hokkaido...

  3. インターンシップ参加学生アンケート調査結果 : 2017年度北海道大学全学インターンシップ

    亀野, 淳; 川上, あき
    This report contains an analysis of the outcome of a survey regarding participation in an internship implemented at Hokkaido University. According to the results of this analysis: (1) Motivation for participating can be divided into students who cited their choices of future career and industry, and those who cited improving their perspective on employment and professional awareness. (2) Satisfaction was generally high with the explanatory sessions, advance training, individual interviews, and achievement reports. (3) Over 90% of the students responded that their internship experience was useful in planning for both the future and their careers.

  4. アセスメント・ポリシーの考え方 : アセスメント・ポリシー研究会報告

    細川, 敏幸; 山田, 邦雅; 宮本, 淳
    Japanese universities are recommended to introduce an assessment policy to certify the quality of education. The policy should have a checklist that shows the methods used to assess the degree of achievement of the diploma policy. We describe an example of the checklist in detail in this paper. It shows the important role of a survey of the students, including a questionnaire for alumni. It is important in this assessment that the survey uses common questionnaire items. It also should report the results of the assessment and ideas for educational reform. This will be the last step to create a...

  5. 授業への没頭度を説明する理論 : 総学習動機量説の提唱

    山本, 堅一
    Even if there is a desire to learn, there are times when we cannot engage ourselves in a class and there are cases when we are engaged in the class even if you we not have the desire to learn. If we cannot engage ourselves in the class, not only will it not lead to deep learning, but it may also impede the learning of others. Until now, there is no existing theory explaining how to engage in a class. In this research, we focus on the motives to learn and introduce the concepts of positive motives to learn and...

  6. どのように質問力を評価するか? : メタモデルに基づいた評価の信頼性に関する検証

    池田, 文人
    All universities in Japan are required to evaluate three aspects of academic ability in a multifaceted and comprehensive manner in the entrance examination. The learner’s ability to ask questions is deeply involved in these elements. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a method to evaluate this ability. In this research, I divided the ability to ask questions into (1) the ability to notice implicit information and (2) the ability to express the information without bias in an adequate question form. I then verified the reliability of this method, which contained 12 evaluation viewpoints of the meta-model for each ability. There...

  7. 教職員協働による教学に関するIR(Institutional Research)勉強会

    宮本, 淳; 出口, 寿久; 伊藤, 一馬; 川西, 奈津美; 河野, 未幸; 鈴木, 里奈; 高原, めぐみ; 中川, 紗百合; 柳川, 仁美; 細川, 敏幸
    Institutional research (hereafter referred to as “IR?) activities in Japanese universities have shifted from the introductory stage in which organizations were set up to the productive period of embodying their activities. The fundamental task of IR relating to education is to collect data from a questionnaire survey of students about their learning activities and various teaching data as provided by the university administrative office, and to thereby objectively determine the strengths and weaknesses of the university. Furthermore, it is important to promote detailed analysis by collaborating with each department in the university to make use of this in educational improvement....

  8. 米国のコミュニティカレッジの役割とその教員のアイデンティティ

    宇田川, 拓雄
    Community colleges in the United States are a pathway to opportunities for higher education for all, regardless of their high school grades. Many students from disadvantaged families go to community colleges with the hope of transferring to four-year universities to acquire diplomas, which opens up opportunities to find better jobs. However, for students with low GPAs, it is not easy to meet the requirements for transfer, and only a handful succeed. Clark (1960) maintained that community colleges perform the function of?cooling out,?which reduces the aspirations of students from poor families and provides them with a?soft?denial while maintaining their belief in...

  9. 法的擬制としての「最終的決定権」: 学校教育法における大学学長の権限規定の法解釈問題の検討を通じて

    小林, 建一
    The change of regulation concerning faculty meetings of university in the School Education Law has changed the administration of the university. The president has become able to make all of the administrative decisions of the university, because the president can freely deny the opinions of the faculty meeting. This is called the “ultimate decision-making authority” by the Ministry of Education. There is no definition or direct regulation of the decision-making authority in the School Education Law. This power is due to the interpretation of law by the Ministry of Education. The technique of interpretation is a fiction of law. This...

  10. 初年次ゼミの学習成果を高める雰囲気と授業デザインの特性

    石川, 勝彦
    The present study investigated how first-year seminars should be designed to support the academic achievements of freshmen. Case examples of course design for first-year seminars were collected from six teachers. On the basis of the results of qualitative arrangement, seven categories were generated and three main principles were discovered: building membership among students in their class, mutual or reciprocal learning among peers and teacher’s facilitation of peer learning, and individualized coaching in addition to teaching groups of students. Examples of course design were consolidated into a scale, and the scale was positively correlated with a safe class climate and the...

  11. Controlling Medicalization and Nurse Practitioner Roles

    Noriyo, Colley; Cashin, Andrew
    Purpose The training system in specific practice for Registered Nurses was legalized in June 2014, instead of creating a new Nurse Practitioner role in Japan. The aim of this policy paper is to describe the need for Nurse Practitioner roles and discuss a model of Nurse Practitioner graduate education in Japan based on the identified social needs in rural areas. Design Policy analysis was conducted considering national and international aspects. The diffusion of Home Mechanical Ventilation and struggle of family caregivers were used as an exemplar of the disadvantage created by the enactment approach for the long-term care population in...

  12. Origami-based self-folding of co-cultured NIH/3T3 and HepG2 cells into 3D microstructures

    He, Qian; Okajima, Takaharu; Onoe, Hiroaki; Subagyo, Agus; Sueoka, Kazuhisa; Kuribayashi-Shigetomi, Kaori
    This paper describes an origami-inspired self-folding method to form three-dimensional (3D) microstructures of co-cultured cells. After a confluent monolayer of fibroblasts (NIH/3T3 cells) with loaded hepatocytes (HepG2 cells) was cultured onto two-dimensional (2D) microplates, degradation of the alginate sacrificial layer in the system by addition of alginate lyase triggered NIH/3T3 cells to self-fold the microplates around HepG2 cells, and then 3D cell co-culture microstructures were spontaneously formed. Using this method, we can create a large number of 3D cell co-culture microstructures swiftly with ease in the same time. We find that HepG2 cells confined in the 3D cell co-culture microstructures...

  13. 北海道大学オープンエデュケーションセンター : 2015年度 活動報告書


  14. 北海道大学オープンエデュケーションセンター : 2014年度 活動報告書


  15. 北海道大学オープンエデュケーションセンター : 平成28年度 活動報告書


  16. Hierarchical viscosity of aqueous solution of tilapia scale collagen investigated via dielectric spectroscopy between 500 MHz and 2.5 THz

    Kawamata, Hiroshi; Kuwaki, S.; Mishina, T.; Ikoma, T.; Tanaka, J.; Nozaki, R.
    Aqueous solutions of biomolecules such as proteins are very important model systems for understanding the functions of biomolecules in actual life processes because interactions between biomolecules and the surrounding water molecules are considered to be important determinants of biomolecules' functions. Globule proteins have been extensively studied via dielectric spectroscopy; the results indicate three relaxation processes originating from fluctuations in the protein molecule, the bound water and the bulk water. However, the characteristics of aqueous solutions of collagens have rarely been investigated. In this work, based on broadband dielectric measurements between 500 MHz and 2.5 THz, we demonstrate that the high...

  17. Cooperative strings in glassy nanoparticles

    Arutkin, Maxence; Raphael, Elie; Forrest, James A.; Salez, Thomas
    Motivated by recent experimental results on glassy polymer nanoparticles, we develop a minimal theoretical framework for the glass transition in spherical confinement. This is accomplished using our cooperative-string model for supercooled dynamics, that was successful at recovering the bulk phenomenology and describing the thin-film anomalies. In particular, we obtain predictions for the mobile-layer thickness as a function of temperature, and for the effective glass-transition temperature as a function of the radius of the spherical nanoparticle - including the existence of a critical particle radius below which vitrification never occurs. Finally, we compare the theoretical results to experimental data on polystyrene...

  18. Cooperative strings in glassy nanoparticles

    Arutkin, Maxence; Raphael, Elie; Forrest, James A.; Salez, Thomas
    Motivated by recent experimental results on glassy polymer nanoparticles, we develop a minimal theoretical framework for the glass transition in spherical confinement. This is accomplished using our cooperative-string model for supercooled dynamics, that was successful at recovering the bulk phenomenology and describing the thin-film anomalies. In particular, we obtain predictions for the mobile-layer thickness as a function of temperature, and for the effective glass-transition temperature as a function of the radius of the spherical nanoparticle - including the existence of a critical particle radius below which vitrification never occurs. Finally, we compare the theoretical results to experimental data on polystyrene...

  19. 教員との関わりが就職決定に与える影響 : 難関校と非難関校の比較

    平尾, 智隆; 梅崎, 修; 田澤, 実
    In this paper, we analyze the effects of tutor-student communication on securing an initial job in the Japanese youth labor market. The government promotes higher education reforms aimed at enhancing student advising. In response to these policy decisions, many higher education institutions have introduced innovative tutoring functions such as open office hours, providing academic advice and career guidance. In Japan, however, there is little literature and few case studies on the relevance of these functions to the actual initial careers. This study was undertaken to more accurately measure the effects of tutor-student communication on securing a job. Our study used the longitudinal data set of...

  20. 学習動機の多様性 : アクティブラーニング型授業における鍵要因

    山本, 堅一
    In active learning, we must focus on learners’ motivation to learn. Since we have both positive and negative motivation in each lecture, we should also be sure to study the negative type. When the negative motivation is stronger than the positive one, that learner will negatively influence other learners. This article focuses on the diversity of motivation. We try to create a new classification of motivation, and insist on the necessity of taking various way of dealing with it. There are many existing theories regarding motivation. But it is hard to motivate all learners by only following those theories. Sometimes instructors need to improve the atmosphere...

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