Palmer, Colin Michael
The ‘missing wedge’ is a long-standing problem in electron tomography, caused by the use of slab-like flat specimens, which increase in thickness when tilted to high angles. Attempts have been made to reduce the undesirable effects caused by the missing wedge, but the problem remains, particularly for the radiation-sensitive frozen-hydrated specimens used for high resolution imaging.
Specimens with cylindrical symmetry offer a way to overcome this problem, since the thickness remains constant at all viewing angles. However, while this has been suggested before, it has never been demonstrated for frozen-hydrated specimens. In this work, I present a way to make cylindrical...
Migrating cells have two basic ways of extending their leading edge: by dendritic actin polymerization beneath the membrane, or by fluid pressure, which produces blebs. Most cells are believed to move using actin-driven projections, but in more physiological conditions, blebbing motility is also apparent. It has been shown that certain cells even can switch between these two modes of motility, although it is not known how this switch is triggered. Besides, it is unclear whether blebbing can be regulated by chemotactic stimuli, and generally, how blebbing is controlled in the cell.
In this study I employed a popular model organism –...
Janga, Sarath Chandra
It is increasingly becoming clear in the post-genomic era that proteins in a cell do not work in isolation but rather work in the context of other proteins and cellular entities during their life time. This has lead to the notion that cellular components can be visualized as wiring diagrams composed of different molecules like proteins, DNA, RNA and metabolites. These systems-approaches for quantitatively and qualitatively studying the dynamic biological systems have provided us unprecedented insights at varying levels of detail into the cellular organization and the interplay between different processes. The work in this thesis attempts to use these...