By assessing the construct of“waiting”in J.M.Coetzee’s Waiting for the Barbarians
with the purpose of defining the novel’s distinct concept of History,this paper attempts to shed
new light on both the structural and philosophical implications of the novel that are yet to be
The primary focus of the study is placed on the two main characters,the magistrate and
Colonel Joll,particularly on their actions,which revolves around the act of“waiting.”As the
magistrate of a city,the protagonist“I”performs various acts of interpretations:He attempts to
decipher the meaning of ancient letters on wooden slabs;he tries to interpret the scars on a girl
he takes care of. Colonel Joll is also bent on...
The content of this paper was originally presented under the title of ‘Fragmented
Society and the Popularity of Spiritualism in Japan 1990-2000,’as a presenter at the Meeting of
International Society for the Sociology of Religion, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, July 25-31,
2009. Then I was invited to deliver special lecture under the title of “Spirituality Boom and
Declining of Religious Order,”at the Research Institute of Humanity and Social Sciences,Sofia,
Bulgaria, October 19, 2009.
This research examines the relation between spiritualism and contemporary society fragmented
by globalized capitalism and neo-liberal reform in Japan. Since the end of 1990s the
spiritualism movement has changed from the subculture of‘Spiritualism Otaku’to the...
How did dictionaries arranged by radical undergo Japanization? In the following I shall take up for consideration the Tenrei bansho meigi, Shinsenjikyo, and Ruiju myogi sho and consider this question by examining in particular their relationship with the original version of the Chinese Yupian, compiled in 543 by Gu Yewang of the Liang. There is much that needs to be said about early Japanese dictionaries. In this paper I have focused on their relationship with
the Yupian and have discussed questions such as its position as a source among Buddhist monks
and its connections with questions pertaining to radicals, in particular the...
It has long been acknowledged that imperatives in English may vary a great deal in the
degree of force exertion depending on context. The present paper discusses the strength of force
of the imperative Tell me about it in such different conversational interactions as:(i) “A:I’m
having a bad day-B:Tell me about it (standard directive use)”and (ii)“A:Don’t buy anything
in downtown Tokyo -B:Tell me about it. A single cup of coffee can cost 10 dollars!(ironical
To the best of my knowledge, no previous theory is able to specify exactly how imperative
utterances like these differ in the strength of force. This paper is a preliminary attempt to...