Against the backdrop of a high proportion of mothers who take care of their children at home
and the problem of child-rearing anxiety and social isolation among them, the Japanese government has
currently expanded child-rearing support via the Community-based Child-rearing Support Centers
(CCSCs). They are open spaces for infants and parents in the community, where they can gather freely,
communicate with each other, and share their anxieties and worries related to child rearing. There are
also many voluntary programs that are similar to the CCSCs in each region, and all of these are often called
“childcare salons.” In this study, I categorize these childcare salons into...
This paper will report and analyze ongoing changes in the accentual system of Hokkaido
Japanese (HJ), a regional variety spoken on the northernmost islands of the Japanese archipelago,
originating in relatively recent settlement from mainland Japan. In recent years, as in almost all regions of
Japan, HJ has undergone dialect levelling towards standard (Tokyo) Japanese (TJ). Although the
accentual system of HJ, in terms of the possible number of contrastive accent patterns and the prosodic
characteristics that define them, is largely identical to that of TJ, traditional HJ differs significantly from TJ
in which lexical items are realised with which accent pattern.
Adopting an analysis using Kindaichiʼs...
Ng, Ka Shing
Population ageing is advancing rapidly in Hong Kong. Between 1987 and 2013, the
percentage of population considered elderly rose from 7%in 1987 to 14%, indicating the city is
joining the ranks of the ageing societies. Together with increasing quality of health care services
and openness to the discussion of death in society,End of Life(EOL) services are not only used
by terminally or chronically ill patients,but have also begun to attract many old people in good
state of health who wish to prepare for ‘a good death’in advance. This paper studies this
relatively new form of elderly service―EOL services for the healthy elderly in Hong Kong by
Li, Yuan; Shin, Woongchul; Okada, Kazuhiro
This essay will address differences in orientation in early Japanese lexicography with
regard to the Japanese rendering of definitions in a Chinese language dictionary. Most,if not all,
premodern Japanese dictionaries took the form of rendering the headword in Chinese characters
and Chinese words,while also offering a Japanese reading. This does not, however, entail that
early Japanese lexicography was entirely oriented to the Chinese language:in fact,a representative
portion of Japanese oriented language dictionaries were produced. Japanese readings in
Japanese language dictionaries explain the Japanese use of the headword. Alternatively,
Chinese-Japanese dictionaries, including Chinese character dictionaries, explain the Chinese use
in the Japanese language. By virtue of this fact,they are...
This paper investigated the frequencies and semantic category distribution of Japanese
idioms based on The Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese(BCCWJ) and Word
List by Semantic Principles, Revised and Enlarged Edition. The following three main conclusions
First, from the perspective of“class”distribution, idioms of each group are concentrated in
the verb class,while those in adjective and adverb,noun,and other classes are less. Second,from
the perspective of“division”distribution, idioms of each group are concentrated in Division 1:
Abstract Relations and Division 3: Human Behavior―Spirit and Action, while those in
Division 2:Human Beings―Subjects of Human Behavior,Division 4:Products and Equipment,
and Division 5:Natural Beings and Natural Phenomena are less. Third,from the perspective of
The concept of“return”is considered significant in J.R.R.Tolkien’s The Lord of the
Rings;this paper aims to illuminate the perspective afforded by Tolkien’s personal experiences
with the concept, and to explain its role in his trilogy. Tolkien endured various traumatic
experiences where some of the people closest to him never came back. In his childhood,
Tolkien’s father died in Bloemfontein in the Orange Free State, far away from his homeland of
Britain. During Tolkien’s youth, close friends and numerous fellow soldiers died overseas in
World War I. Because of these experiences, Tolkien seems to have adhered strongly to the
concept of return and/or circulation while writing his work. The...
Terazawa, Shigenori; Ng, Ka Shing; Yokoyama, Tadanori
This paper examines the effects of parents’religious affiliation on respondents’educational
attainment in contemporary Taiwan. Data comes from religion module of 1999 Taiwan
Social Change Survey. Controlling for various socio-demographic variables including ethnicity,
occupational status of fathers, and educational attainment of parents, OLS regression
analyses showed that educational attainment is significantly affected by the religious affiliation of
parents. Clearer differences were found among Eastern religion such as folk religion and
Taoism. These results imply that traditional religiosities maybe one of the important determinants
of educational disparities in contemporary Taiwan.
Tayama, Tadayuki; Sato, Fumiaki
Minimum temporal thresholds(Tmin)for discriminating motion direction were measured
in various conditions. The results of Experiment 1 showed that Tmin for the change from a
stationary pattern to a moving pattern was shorter than that for the abrupt appearance of a moving
pattern. The time needed to process the pattern explained this difference. The results of
Experiment 2 showed that Tmin for the change from a stationary pattern to a moving pattern was
shorter than that for the directional change of a moving pattern. Furthermore,Tmin for discriminating
a directional change with a 90 deg difference was shorter than that of 45 and 135 deg. In
addition,an anisotropy in...
Takase, Katsunori; Lebedintsev, Aleksandr I.
T. M. Dikova and N. N. Dikov collections, currently conserved in the North-Eastern
Interdisciplinary Research Institute(NEISRI),Far Eastern Branch,Russian Academy of Sciences,
are the largest collections of archaeological materials from the Kamchatka Peninsula. Although
ceramic specimens in these collections definitely play a significant role in our approach to study
the early history of the Kuril Ainu,only a small number of potsherd in them have been published
so far. In this study,we present a total picture of the pottery from Southern Kamchatka housed
in these collections and demonstrate that a hypothesis on temporal change in the distribution of
Naiji pottery can be supported.
The term “spiritual”can be taken to mean “religious”―that is, something universal
and comprehensive―rather than relating to a specific or traditional religion. Indeed, in the
present day,we tend more and more not to follow or rely on notions of life and death as approved
by a particular religion but, rather, are influenced in our views by contemporary thinking,mass
media and the like. Such apparent diversity and modernism, however, is unlikely to lead to an
immediate or radical change in the general attitude to life and death. In particular,people will
not suddenly alter key life practices and ceremonies, such as weddings and funerals. In Japan,
for example,while there is...
This paper examines thematic similarities between the mythical story of the Wandering Jew and the works of F.Scott Fitzgerald; more specifically his short stories“Babylon Revisited” and “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button.” Permeating all three tales are themes of wandering, inability to escape the repercussions of the past, and debt, particularly to the dead, that can never be repaid. I argue that the protagonists of“Babylon Revisited”and “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button”have serious and unredeemable moral debts they acquired spontaneously. I argue that in both stories, Fitzgerald deliberately draws on the myth to explore issues of moral redemption,guilt,suffering,and the impossibility...
The purpose of this report is to reveal the utilization of woods, which were used for materials of pit dwellings from the Epi-Jomon culture (1 st century) to Satsumon culture (13 th century). I analyzed and concentrated on three points concerning the charred woods excavated at sites in Hokkaido. First, I analyzed the situations of wood materials that were construed as roof structure by investigating the distribution patterns of excavated woods in pit dwellings at several sites. In Hokkaido, some houses were discovered to be burned down, which is a sign of abandonment, and in those situations charred woods were...
Terazawa, Shigenori; Ng, ka Shing
Religion and social stratification has been an important sociological topic since Max
Weber and Karl Marx. It continues to attract scholarly attention nowadays in the United States,
giving rise to numerous empirical studies on their complex relationships. However, there is no
or inadequate studies on the relations between religion and social stratification in societies that have very different cultural backgrounds compared to the U.S. This research note attempts to expand this sociological topic to non-Christian societies using Taiwan as a case study, where Christianity is not the dominant culture. It first offers a literature review of religion and social stratification in Taiwan, followed...
The present paper deals with the I wonder if you VP construction in English, with a special focus on its use for conveying a request as opposed to genuine information question. The paper has three aims: (i) to define the nature of request made with this construction from the viewpoint of the types of verbs that frequently appear; (ii) to characterize this directive construction within the framework of the 6-parameter analysis of FORCE EXERTION (Takahashi 2012), a theory originally designed to capture the difference in illocutionary force among different imperative utterances; and (iii) to describe the ways in which this...
This study examined the functions of chipped and ground stone tools from the coast of Karaga Bay in Northeastern Kamchatka, Russia. The specimens analyzed include 27 stone tools restored after the excavations at the Karaga 6 (11th to 13th centuries) as well as the Karaga 10 and 13 (15th to 17th centuries) sites in 2012. The high-power approach of the lithic use-wear analysis was applied. Because of microscopic observations, six specimens displayed distinct use-wear polish. Polish morphology indicated that two utilized flakes and a retouched flake were used for hide working, while a side scraper exhibited a use-wear polish that...
An increasing number of Buddhist texts are being discovered among old manuscript collections extant in Japan that bear titles identical to the woodblock printed editions produced in China but that differ significantly in content. The discovery in recent years of such texts is helping to shed light on different aspects of the transmission of Buddhist texts, aspects that we would not have learned from the study of the woodblock editions alone. In this paper I would like to take up one such text, namely the text of the San fa du lun 三法度論 found in old manuscript collections. This hitherto...
SUZUKI, Takaaki; IKEDA, Tohru
The common raccoon (Procyon lotor) has been designated asan invasivealien species,
and an eradication programhasbeen undertaken in Japan to curtail damageto nativeecosystems,
agriculture loss, and propertydamage. The raccoon is alreadynaturalized in 39 of Japan’s 47
prefectures and is recognized as a nationwide problem. To control raccoons, cooperation
between and among prefectures and municipalities is needed;however, currently, theyindividuallycontrol
theraccoons. Prefectures neithercooperatewith contiguousprefecturesnordo they
shareinformation about raccoon control. Building up a nationwidecontrol framework (forthe
purpose of promoting cooperation and sharing information) is helpful to overcome such a
situation. We investigated the actual demand for an information sharing network and the
situation ofeach region. Hence,wediscussed thenecessityfor and theprefecture’scapabilityof
an information sharing network. We...
NG, Ka Shing
Through extensivefieldwork in aYiguan Dao BuddhaHall located in Hong Kong,this
paper attempts to study the organizational characteristics of this Chinese religion and the
conversion experiences ofits adherents. It first discusses thedevelopmental historyand features
of this religion through textual analysis and interview. Drawing insights from Lofland and
Stark’s model of conversion (1965), it attempts to studyhow conversion takes place in Yiguan
Dao through analyzing the narratives of twelve Yiguan Dao practitioners in Hong Kong. It
suggests a five-stage model to explain their conversion to Yiguan Dao that consists of (1)
predisposing personal conditions;(2) developing social ties with Dao practitioners;(3) receiving
Dao;(4)cultivating Dao and (5)promoting Dao. In brief,social networksplayasignificant role