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Archive of European Integration (66.602 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 6.821

  1. Regional and global financial safety nets: the recent European experience and its implications for regional cooperation in Asia. Bruegel Working Paper Issue 06 / 2017

    Darvas, Zsolt
    This paper compares financial assistance programmes of four euro-area countries (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Cyprus) and three non-euro-area countries (Hungary, Latvia, and Romania) of the European Union in the aftermath of the 2007/08 global financial and economic crisis—which were supported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and various European financing facilities. These programmes have distinct features compared with assistance programmes in other parts of the world, such as the size of imbalances, financing, unique cooperation of the IMF and various European facilities, and membership of a currency union in the case of euro-area countries. We evaluate the programmes by assessing their success in creating conditions to regain market access,...

  2. Germany and the next French president: in search of the best partner. EPC Commentary, 20 April 2017

    Rittelmeyer, Yann-Sven
    Many hope that after the upcoming French and German elections, a renewed and invigorated Franco-German tandem will be able to breathe some new life into the European integration process. A lot, however, will depend on who the next French president will be. The popularity of the two French extremist candidates, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Marine Le Pen, and the prospect of their potential success in the presidential race is creating political anxiety in Berlin. But whom would the Germans rather see become the next French president? In this Commentary, Yann-Sven Rittelmeyer takes a look at the upcoming French elections from a...

  3. Europe´s political, social, and economic (dis-)integration: Revisiting the Elephant in times of crises. IHS Political Science Series Working Paper No. 143, October 2016

    Eppler, Annegret; Anders, Lisa H.; Tuntschew, Thomas
    Since the outbreak of the European debt crisis, the EU has faced some of its greatest challenges to date. Discussions about the downsizing of the Eurozone, the UK exit referendum or the increasing success of EU-sceptic parties contradict the vision of an “evercloser union.” As disintegration becomes increasingly conceivable, so does our need for a conceptual understanding of the compound processes of European integration. In the present paper, European integration is understood as a bidirectional and multidimensional process. It is assumed that processes of integration and disintegration can occur simultaneously, and that their results can be measured with the help of the same indicators. Moreover, European integration is...

  4. You Have Got Mail! How Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations Shape Constituency Service in the European Parliament. IHS Political Science Series No. 140, May 2016

    de Vries, Catherine; Dinas, Elias; Solaz, Hector
    For representative democracy to work, legislators need to be responsive to the concerns of citizens. One way in which this can be achieved is through constituency service. Two factors drive constituency service: extrinsic and intrinsic motivations. Research to date suggests that extrinsic motivations are crucial for constituency service. Yet, this evidence stems primarily from the US context characterized by a personal ballot structure and campaign content which may bias findings in favor of extrinsic motivations. We present evidence from the first ever field experiment conducted in the European Parliament (EP) in which we vary both the extrinsic and intrinsic motivations...

  5. Brexiting the Energy Union: what do the negotiation positions imply? EPC Commentary, 19 April 2017

    Giuli , Marco
    Brexit is taking place at a crucial moment for the energy systems of both the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU). As the energy transition goes on, their interdependence is set to grow. However, a wide range of energy-related policy areas is expected to face the uncertainty caused by the UK’s decision to leave the EU. This commentary analyses the implications of the energy-relevant aspects of the respective negotiating positions as defined by the UK White Paper and Article 50 letter, and the European Council negotiation guidelines.

  6. The UK’s general election: Mandate for a softer Brexit or preparation for going over the cliff edge? EPC Commentary, 18 April 2017

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    Prime Minister Theresa May has called for a general election on 8 June, to strengthen her mandate. Under British electoral law she needs a two-thirds majority in Westminster, but the Labour Party already looks set to support this move. This general election will be seen as being under the auspices of Brexit, with the Prime Minister claiming that an early election is “necessary to secure the strong and stable leadership the country needs to see us through Brexit and beyond”. Indeed, she has called for the opposition parties to make their Brexit vision(s) the central issue of the elections: “Let...

  7. Limited liability for the net? The Future of Europe’s E-Commerce Directive. CEPS Commentary, 13 April 2017

    Echikson, William
    It has been one of the most successful pieces of European regulation. Back in 2000, just as the internet was going mainstream, Europe enacted the E-Commerce Directive, setting clear limits on liability for digital platforms. Platforms weren’t held responsible for illegal material uploaded to their sites. Instead, they were responsible only for bringing down illegal material when informed.

  8. Why the EU should terminate accession negotiations with Turkey. CEPS Commentary, 19 April 2017

    Blockmans, Steven.; Yilmaz, Sinem
    Dictators do not simply come and go. And when they go, they rarely go quietly. The test of a dictator like President Erdoğan isn't how he came to power but how he treats critics, journalists, minorities, and whether he can still be outvoted. Now that a narrow majority of Turkish voters in the referendum has supported the codification of autocracy, any hope for the democratic removal of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has evaporated. Given this sorry state of affairs, the EU has no other choice but to terminate Turkey’s accession process. By constitutionalising an executive presidential system that erases the separation of powers and frees Erdoğan’s hands to...

  9. The stable crisis. Ukraine’s economy three years after the Euromaidan. OSW Commentary NUMBER 235 | 05.04.2017

    Iwański, Tadeusz
    The economic statistics for 2016 indicate that Ukraine has managed to overcome the toughest phase of the economic crisis. For the first time in four years, the Ukrainian economy recorded a positive growth rate of around 2%. This is due to the reforms launched in the first months following the EuroMaidan and of the implementation of the reconstruction programme under pressure from Western lenders, mainly the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the EU. In addition, the favourable situation on global commodity markets and the drop in the price of energy resources, as well as good weather conditions which enabled record high grain harvest and an all-time-high export...

  10. Europe's role in North Africa: development, investment and migration. Bruegel Policy Contribution Issue No. 10 / 2017

    Dadush, Uri; Demertzis, Maria; Wolff, Guntram B.
    Executive Summary. Africa’s population is projected to reach almost 2.5 billion by 2050. Migration from Africa to the EU is relatively stable, at around 500,000 migrants per year, or 0.1 percent of the EU population, yet irregular immigration into the EU has increased recently. Development is often seen as the way to reduce migration but the development-migration nexus is complex. At low levels of development, migration might increase with rising GDP per capita. This applies to most of sub-Saharan Africa. By contrast, North African countries are among the continent’s more developed economies. Their geographical positions make them natural partners for the EU. The region is diverse but political...

  11. Information Guide: Armenia. February 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    A guide to information sources on Armenia, with hyperlinks to information within European Sources Online and on external websites.

  12. Exploring the Effects of Party Policy Diffusion on Parties’ Election Strategies. IHS Political Science Series Working Paper No. 144, March 2017

    Ezrow, Lawrence; Böhmelt, Tobias; Lehrer, Roni
    Previous research suggests that political parties respond to left-right policy positions of successful foreign political parties that have recently governed (“foreign leaders”). We evaluate whether this is an effective electoral strategy: do political parties gain votes in and office after elections when they respond to successful foreign parties? We argue that following foreign leaders allows parties to better identify the position of their own (domestic) median voter position, which increases their electoral support. The analysis is based on spatial-econometric and instrumental-variable model specifications of parties’ vote shares and whether they obtained office. The results suggest that following foreign leaders is a beneficial election strategy in national elections. The...

  13. Learning from each other for governance: Transatlantic, transdisciplinary knowledge exchange for governance innovation. EDAP Paper 04/2016

    Wlasak, Petra; Blais , Jean-Sébastien
    If traditionally citizens’ influence in the design of strategic goals and policies was limited by the right to vote, the last few decades witnessed the emergence of a normative discourse and the implementation of different initiatives, challenging the representative democracy to offer a structure capable of enabling the dialogue between those elected and voters. By proposing a number of participatory alternatives empowering citizens, some of the democracies using those concepts are committed towards a culture of participatory governance. The two authors of this paper argue that learning and experimenting are crucial elements to find new forms and methods for participatory governance in order to strengthen democratic cultures, enhance the resonance...

  14. Coordinating Global Health Responses. Policy Brief Issue 2016/1 • October 2016

    Šehović, Annamarie Bindenagel
    From the Introduction. The end of the Cold War gave the (Western) world an apparent reprieve from weapons of mass destruction. Then came HIV and AIDS. Since then, a host of human insecurities and pandemic threats have converged to upend that semblance of order.

  15. Armenia, Azerbaijan and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: why the ‘black garden’ will not blossom any time soon. Security Policy Brief No. 71, April 2016

    Schumacher , Tobias
    After the recent escalation of fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenia-backed separatist forces of the self-proclaimed Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh – the bloodiest and most wide-ranging for the last 22 years – the South Caucasus has re-emerged in the international spotlight. What are the prospects of the recently concluded ceasefire agreement mediat

  16. The EU–China Bilateral Investment Agreement: Between high hopes and real challenges. Security Policy Briefs No. 68, February 2016

    Ewert , Insa
    In 2012, negotiations over an EU–China bilateral investment agreement were launched to fully tap into the potential of bilateral investments. This policy brief gives an overview of the current negotiation process and argues that the high hopes advanced politically and economically in the agreement must be weighed against the many challenges and obstacles the negotiations face, regarding current events in EU–China relations, in global trade and investment regimes, and the limits of EU competencies. Strategically, the agreement could be important, as it offers the potential to strengthen the EU’s global economic relevance. This brief concludes that there is much to gain...

  17. Oratio pro PESCO. Egmont Paper 91

    Biscop, Sven.
    From the Introduction. Who really wants to do it? Since the Brexit referendum in the UK and the publication of the EU Global Strategy (EUGS) in June 2016, there has been a flurry of proposals by Member States to deepen defence cooperation in the context of the EU. Most notable among these were two Franco-German papers, first by the two foreign and then by the two defence ministers, and a proposal by the French, German, Italian and Spanish defence ministers. Most notable, because without both France and Germany involved, no initiative can reach the scale to make it worthwhile. And because if France, Germany, Italy and Spain...

  18. EU-China co-operation in global governance: going beyond the conceptual gap. Egmont Paper 92, April 2017

    Ujvari, Balazs
    From the Introduction. The European Union (EU) and China are both central actors in international affairs, collectively accounting for almost 40% (in current market prices) of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP).1 While addressing the key global challenges of the 21st century increasingly requires an entente between these two actors, their relationship is often plagued by conflicting interests. Whether or not the EU will grant market economy status to China still looms largely in the trade relations of the two; the EU is still yet to lift its arms embargo on China; and they also differ in climate action responsibilities, to name a few.

  19. ‘I wouldn’t start from here’: the making of European Banking Supervision, and the road ahead. Egmont Paper 90, November 2016

    Verhelst, Stijn
    From the Executive Summary. When eurozone leaders committed themselves in June 2012 to creating a single supervisory mechanism (SSM, now also known as European banking supervision), few in Europe realised the magnitude of the project. Since then, raising banking supervision to the European level has proven to be one of Europe’s most ambitious projects of the last decades. This is all the more true given that European banking supervision had to be set up in a particularly challenging environment due to the legal hurdles and the urgency involved. This Egmont Paper discusses the key challenges involved.

  20. Counterterrorism in Belgium: Key challenges and policy options. Egmont Paper 89, October 2016

    André, Sophie; Devroe, Elke; Duquet , Nils; Lemeunier, France; Ponsaers, Paul; Renard, Thomas; Seron, Vincent
    From the Introduction. Some days can never be forgotten. Tuesday, 22 March, started just like any other day of any other week, as another grey morning followed another cold night in Belgium. But at exactly 7:58, that morning turned into a living nightmare. Two individuals detonated powerful bombs in the departure hallway of Brussels Airport. One hour later, at 9:11 a.m., a third explosion in the Brussels subway confirmed that Belgium was under attack. Thirty-two people died, and more than 300 were injured on that tragic day. For most Belgian citizens and residents, this was more than a tragedy; it was a traumatic event. Many could relate...

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