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Archive of European Integration (77.970 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 8.312

  1. How Europe should respond to Trump’s steel tariffs. CEPS Commentary, 13 May 2018

    Gros, Daniel.
    Whereas the US has apparently abandoned economic logic in its search for quick ‘wins’ on trade, the EU continues to prioritise economic logic above geopolitical considerations. In this contribution, Daniel Gros argues that when it comes to steel at least, there is a way the EU can give Trump his victory and also support its own economic interests.

  2. The missing link in the EU’s plan on digital health: citizens’ empowerment and endorsement. EPC Commentary 8 May 2018

    Guagliardo, Simona
    On 25 April, the European Commission presented its long-overdue communication on the digital transformation

  3. The next EU budget: firmly rooted in the past? EPC Commentary 7 May 2018

    Hedberg, Annika
    An enormous political battle has just begun in the European Union (EU). On 2 May, the European Commission presented its proposal for the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU budget, for the period 2021-27. This kicked off a lengthy and complex negotiation process. Throughout 2018 and 2019, probably even beyond, we can expect a discussion on the highest political level, involving the European Parliament and the member states, about the priorities and direction for the EU. As before, this will likely turn into horse-trading whereby competing interests are translated into actual figures – at the cost of the agreed...

  4. The Multiannual Financial Framework, where continuity is the radical response. CEPS Commentary, 4 May 2018

    Núñez Ferrer, Jorge; Gros, Daniel.
    Despite the fanfare accompanying its announcement, the Commission’s proposal for the EU budget period 2021-2027 offers an old-fashioned budget in an old-fashioned presentation.

  5. Egypt after the presidential election. CEPS Commentary, 3 May 2018

    Moran, James
    Following the re-election of President Abdel Fatah Al-Sisi, both the Egyptian authorities and the EU must guard, once again, against giving a free pass on ‘universal values’ in the name of stability.

  6. A Proportional Prudential Regime for Investment Firms. ECMI Commentary, No. 53 / 2 May 2018

    Lannoo, Karel.
    Possibly facilitated by the perspective of Brexit, the European Commission has proposed, for the first time, a truly proportional regime in its new prudential framework for investment firms. The very large firms, which are all headquartered in London today, will be required to obtain a banking license – to the extent they will relocate to the EU – given the possible systemic effects. For mid-sized and smaller firms, a different and lighter regime is proposed. This initiative should be welcomed in the context of capital markets union (CMU) as it not only harmonises, but also recognises that a clearly distinct...

  7. Financial literacy and inclusive growth in the European Union. Bruegel Policy Contribution Issue n˚08 | May 2018

    Batsaikhan, Uuriintuya
    Financial literacy is financial education, such as basic economics, statistics and numeracy skills combined with the ability to employ these skills in making financial decisions. As more and more households are asked to make their own decisions about such issues, financial illiteracy can become a serious threat to their life-time welfare. The authors of this paper explain why financial literacy matters and suggest, in light of their findings, some policy recommendations.

  8. Pie in the sky and the death of 'cakeism': towards the brink in EU-UK negotiations. EPC Commentary, 3 May 2018

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    The negotiations between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU) have entered the next ‘hot’ phase. The EU is pushing for an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement (WA) to be ready for sign-off at the June European Council to create certainty on transition and the process to follow. But domestic and EU pressures on Theresa May imply both a hard Brexit and the Irish border backstop. The only way she can get this through parliament is by taking the UK to the brink of no deal.

  9. The US and the EU need a stronger dialogue on Russia sanctions. EPC Commentary, 2 May 2018

    Ivan, Paul
    Following its annexation of Crimea and its military intervention in Ukraine, Russia has been sanctioned by the European Union (EU) and the United States (US). They have often stressed the coordination in their decisions, which has given more weight to the sanctions’ political message and impact. While the initial rounds of measures were not identical, differences in US and EU sanctions have amplified in the past two years. Washington has been readier to reinforce sanctions, the effect of which partially weakens over time. Some of the new actions are based on mounting evidence of the Kremlin’s involvement in the 2016 US presidential elections. The latest...

  10. Last chance for an exit from Brexit? EPC Policy Brief 29 March 2018

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    The result of the Brexit referendum on 23 June 2016 came as a shock to many, including much of the political establishment in the United Kingdom (UK). With a relatively narrow margin of victory (less than 4%) and Scotland, Northern Ireland, and London clearly voting to Remain, the vote left the country deeply divided. The immediate decision of Prime Minister David Cameron to resign, triggering a leadership contest in the Conservative Party, added to the overall sense of dislocation. In addition, there was a degree of uncertainty about the final outcome. In the UK, a referendum is non-binding and the final decision-making body remains the...

  11. Waiting for new deliverables: Can the EU-Japan strategic partnership measure up to global and regional challenges? EPC Policy Brief 10 April 2018

    Hellendorf, Bruno
    The EU and Japan are now concluding two partnership agreements that should facilitate bilateral trade, streamline political and security cooperation and reinforce shared values. While they buttress the strategic scope of their cooperation as “like-minded” partners, their ratification may take a while. Furthermore, in order to measure up to contemporary global and regional challenges, the political and economic agreements need to be followed up by concrete initiatives in such realms as infrastructure investment (connectivity), maritime security and nuclear non-proliferation.

  12. How the Circular Economy can benefit from the Digital Revolution. EPC Commentary 11 April 2018

    Pardo, Romain
    In a circular economy, materials are more durable and easier to repair, reuse and recycle while waste is turned into a resource. In addition, processes from production to waste management become more resource efficient. Innovative business models enable companies to create value by selling services rather than products. Digital technologies will be pivotal in bringing about this systemic change. The European Union (EU) has to make the most of digital solutions for the benefit of a circular economy. This requires addressing the barriers to their uptake, enabling the free flow of data across borders, fostering trust in the data economy,...

  13. EPIM Policy Update April 2018. Elections in Hungary & Italy - A German-Franco alliance? - Progress on CEAS

    Katharina Bamberg,, Katharina Bamberg; Marta Llonch Valsells,, Marta Llonch Valsells,; Frank Mc Namara,, Frank Mc Namara,; Marie De Somer,, Marie De Somer,
    This EPIM policy update covers the elections in Italy and Hungary, which both highlighted the continued significance of immigration for European electorates. Attempts at forming a new government in Italy and Viktor Orbán’s plans for his new term in Hungary will be closely watched in the weeks and months ahead. In the closer look section, the Migration Policy Group presents a new Europe-wide campaign on migration with the objective of engaging the public and influencing EU migration policy. The policy update’s special focus deals with the coalition agreement in Germany and the proposal for a new immigration bill in France. It also considers to what extent a German-Franco alliance on immigration policies could emerge at...

  14. Lebanon on the edge. EPC Policy Brief 26 April 2018

    Fabbri, Francesca
    Lebanon has frequently been praised for its resilience in the face of regional turmoil. But behind its solid façade, there are structural weaknesses – a polarised political class, dysfunctional institutions, deteriorating living standards, and social divisions – that threaten the country’s stability in the long term. On the eve of the long-delayed parliamentary elections, this paper takes a closer look at the political dynamics at play in Lebanon and assesses whether political change is imminent.

  15. A test of strength. The escalation of the crisis in Russian-American relations. OSW Commentary NUMBER 264 | 11.04.2018

    Menkiszak,, Marek; Rodkiewicz, Witold
    On 6 April, the Trump administration introduced additional, more severe sanctions against Russia, covering 24 people and 14 companies: Russian oligarchs, the businesses they run, senior government officials and heads of state corporations, and (again) the Russian state arms company Rosoboroneksport. The immediate consequence of the new sanctions has been a downturn on the Russian stock market and the weakening of the rouble, as well as financial problems for the companies sanctioned, especially those belonging to the oligarch Oleg Deripaska. In the longer term the Russian oligarchs and their companies which conduct extensive activity abroad will find that the sanctions hamper their operations, and as a result,...

  16. High on the party, low on the state. A quantum leap in the process of China’s reconstruction. OSW Commentary NUMBER 265 | 18.04.2018

    Jakóbowski, Jakub; Bogusz, Michał
    At its annual session in March 2018, the National People’s Congress (NPC) approved a series of changes to the structure and organisation of the Central People’s Government (also known as the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, further in the text referred to as the central government) and an amendment to China’s constitution. It also announced nominations to several important state offices. This represents a crowning achievement and formal confirmation of the process of changes to the Chinese system of power that has been ongoing since 2012. The purpose of these changes is to secure continued governance by the Communist Party of China (CPC), to...

  17. Overstretched? Denmark’s security policy and armed forces in light of the new Defence Agreement. OSW Commentary NUMBER 266 | 20.04.2018

    Szymański, Piotr
    In the period from the 1990s until the end of the ISAF operation in Afghanistan in 2014, the primary aim of Denmark’s security policy was to contribute to NATO and US-led crisis management operations. Denmark developed an expeditionary model of its armed forces capable of meeting the demands of asymmetric warfare while cutting its defence budget and the number of military personnel. Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, Denmark did not increase its defence spending and did not make any changes to its armed forces development strategy. Meanwhile, it started paying more attention to deterrence in the Baltic region,...

  18. Putin for the fourth time. The state of and prospects for Russia (2018-2024). OSW Report March 2018

    Team, OSW
    The current system of government in Russia will not collapse, although signs of destabilisation may appear. The authorities will not carry out any reforms, political or economic. A process of ‘technocratisation’ will take place. The economy will remain dependent on external factors. Despite the implementation of energy infrastructure projects, exports of raw materials will not rise significantly. The economy will continue to stagnate, and the government will partially reduce social spending. Russia will attempt to drive a wedge between the United States and its allies by offering the latter the prospect of normalised relations and economic cooperation. Moscow will intensify...

  19. Convergence in the European Union: Inside and outside the euro Contribution by Daniel Gros, Director of CEPS Informal meeting of Economic and Financial Affairs Ministers Sofia, 27-28 April 2018

    Gros, Daniel.
    The convergence process in Europe has bifurcated: the new member states (NMSs) from Central and Eastern Europe are catching up in terms of income per capita, as one would expect, with the initially poorer ones growing generally at a faster pace. Within the euro area, however, the North has diverged from the South since the start of the financial crisis. This pattern, reflecting East-West convergence but also North-South divergence within the euro area, can be observed for a number of indicators, such as real wages, investment and consumption.

  20. The European Battery Alliance: Ambitions and requirements. CEPS Commentary 27 April 2018

    Faure-Schuyer, Aurélie
    A European alliance of battery manufacturers (European Battery Alliance) was launched in 2017. This contributes provides some insight into the Alliance’s strategy and the challenges it faces before publication of the review of the Clean Energy Package.

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