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Archive of European Integration (73.487 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Working Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.207

  1. Timing and Determinants of Local Residential Broadband Adoption: Evidence from Ireland. ESRI WP432. March 2012

    Lyons, Sean
    This article examines the time path of broadband adoption for households in areas that are offered broadband service for the first time and the socioeconomic characteristics of broadband users generally. Using cross-sectional data on broadband take-up and socioeconomic characteristics of small areas in Ireland, linked to GIS data on ADSL availability over time, I find that local penetration growth rates are elevated immediately after service is offered. Local growth rates then decline towards the national average, reaching it after about 3.5 years. The article also includes estimates of the effect of various household characteristics on adoption, finding effects broadly consistent...

  2. Restoring Credibility in Policy Making in Ireland. ESRI WP415. November 2011

    FitzGerald, John
    This paper first considers the origins of the Irish economic crisis. It discusses where the policy failures occurred, to what extent they were foreseeable, and how certain key financial institutions performed in the run up to the crisis. In the light of this analysis the paper then considers what institutional changes could feasibly be implemented which would strengthen policy making for the future.

  3. The Distributional Effects of Value Added Tax in Ireland. ESRI WP366. December 2010

    Leahy, Eimear; Lyons, Sean; Tol, Richard S.J.
    In this paper we examine the distributional effects of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Ireland. Using the 2004/2005 Household Budget Survey, we assess the amount of VAT that households pay as a proportion of weekly disposable income. We measure VAT payments by equivalised income decile, households of different composition and different household sizes. The current system is highly regressive. With the use of a micro-simulation model we also estimate the impact of changing the VAT rate on certain groups of items and the associated change in revenue. We also consider how the imposition of a flat rate across all goods...

  4. Female Labour Supply and Divorce: New Evidence from Ireland. ESRI WP346. June 2010

    Bargain, Olivier; Gonzalez, Libertad; Keane, Claire; Ozcan, Berkay
    If participation in the labour market helps to secure women's outside options in the case of divorce/separation, an increase in the perceived risk of marital dissolution may accelerate the increase in female labour supply. This simple prediction has been tested in the literature using time and/or spatial variation in divorce legislation (e.g., across US states), leading to mixed results. In this paper, we suggest testing this hypothesis by exploiting a more radical policy change, i.e., the legalization of divorce. In Ireland, the right to divorce was introduced in 1996, followed by an acceleration of marriage breakdown rates. We use this...

  5. The Incidence and Correlates of Workplace Bullying in Ireland. ESRI WP148. 2002

    O'Connell, Philip J.; Williams, James
    This paper reports the results of the first nationally representative survey of the incidence of workplace bullying in the Republic of Ireland. The results are based on analysis of a sample of over 5,200 individuals in paid work outside the home. Overall, 7% of per persons in the work-place report that they experienced bullying in the 6 months preceding the survey. Bullying victimisation was far more common among employees than among the self-employed, and victimisation rates were higher among women than men. Almost 3% of those at work report that they experienced bullying either daily or several times per week...

  6. The Impact of the Recession on the Structure and Labour Market Success of Young NEET Individuals in Ireland. ESRI WP465. September 2013

    Kelly, Elish; McGuinness, Seamus
    The labour market consequences of the severe fall in economic activity that took place in Ireland after the recent global recession were quite stark, especially for young people. One particularly disquieting development has been the rise in the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET), which increased from 11.8 per cent in 2006 to 24 per cent in 2011 (Eurostat, 2013). Very little is known about NEET individuals in Ireland, either in terms of their profile or their labour market transitions, i.e., the extent to which youth NEETs have transitioned into employment. Given this information gap,...

  7. The effect of unemployment, arrears and negative equity on consumption: Ireland in 2009/10. ESRI WP457. May 2013

    Gerlach-Kristen, Petra
    Since the onset of the financial crisis, income and consumption have fallen sharply in Ireland, particularly for young households. This paper shows that young households are more likely than older ones to be exposed to unemployment, arrears and negative equity. These may give rise to credit constraints and buffer-stock savings. Savings may be built up not only to finance future consumption, but also to deleverage, since high indebtedness makes the access to additional credit more difficult. We show that the permanent income hypothesis, which posits that consumption should evolve more smoothly than actual income, apparently fails to hold for households...

  8. Distance Effects, Social Class and the Decision to Participate in Higher Education in Ireland. ESRI WP444. December 2012

    Cullinan, John; Flannery, Darragh; Walsh, Sharon; McCoy, Selina
    While a number of international studies have attempted to assess the influence of geographic accessibility on the decision to participate in higher education, this issue has not been addressed in detail in an Irish context. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap and to present a higher education choice model that estimates the impact of travel distance on the decision of school leavers to proceed to higher education in Ireland, while also controlling for a range of individual level characteristics and school related variables. To do so we use data from the 2007 wave of the School...

  9. Consumption in Ireland: Evidence from the Household Budget Surveys, 1994-95 to 2004-05. ESRI WP438. August 2012

    Gerlach-Kristen, Petra
    This paper analyses consumption in Ireland using household survey data. Studying surveys from 1994-95, 1999-2000 and 2004-05, we find that the median non-mortgage household tended to consume more than disposable income in the 1990s but apparently started spending in line with income by 2004-05. The initial high consumption may reflect expected income growth at the time. Mortgage households seem to have consumed in line with income in the 1990s but to have started saving by 2004-05. This may relate to the increase in the average mortgage size. A closer analysis of the 2004-05 survey shows that households receiving their income...

  10. Socioeconomic Distribution of Emissions and Resource Use in Ireland. ESRI WP426. February 2012

    Lyons, Sean; Pentecost, Anne; Tol, Richard S.J.
    This paper uses the ESRI’s ISus model to explore the distributional differences in emissions by household type. Most greenhouse gas and metal emissions are emitted via indirect means, although direct sources of emissions play a role for CO2, SO2 and CO. The results suggest that the richest decile is the biggest emitter and poorer and larger households are seen to emit the least per person.

  11. Trade, Energy, and Carbon Dioxide: An Analysis for the Two Economies of Ireland. ESRI WP420. January 2012

    Hyland, Marie; Jennings, Anne; Tol, Richard S.J.
    In this paper we use a subsystem input-output decomposition analysis to examine the drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland. We use a bi-regional input-output analysis to look at how greenhouse gases in one region can be emitted as a result of demand in an exporting region. Looking at emissions generated throughout the island of Ireland, we find that emissions driven by demand in Northern Ireland are larger than those it generates, and vice-versa for the Republic of Ireland. We then use the input-output tables to simulate the effect of imposing a €15/tonne...

  12. The Impact of Changes in Educational Attainment on Life Expectancy in Ireland. WP414. November 2011

    FitzGerald, John; Byrne, David; Znuderl, Nusa
    The purpose of this article is to quantify the contribution of the increasing educational attainment of the Irish population to the prospective improvement in life expectancy over the next 50 years. This analysis uses recently published information for Ireland on life expectancy by level of education. This article also considers the implications of the new data on life expectancy for differences in death rates by level of education for different groups in the population today.

  13. The Impact of Changes in Educational Attainment on Life Expectancy in Ireland. ESRI WP414. November 2011

    FitzGerald, John; Byrne, David; Znuderl, Nusa
    The purpose of this article is to quantify the contribution of the increasing educational attainment of the Irish population to the prospective improvement in life expectancy over the next 50 years. This analysis uses recently published information for Ireland on life expectancy by level of education. This article also considers the implications of the new data on life expectancy for differences in death rates by level of education for different groups in the population today.

  14. Cyclical Investment Behaviour across Financial Institutions. ECMI Working Paper No. 4 / July 2017

    Timmer, Yannick
    This paper contrasts the investment behaviour of different financial institutions in debt securities as a response to price changes. For identification, the author uses unique security-level data from the German Microdatabase Securities Holdings Statistics. Banks and investment funds respond in a pro-cyclical manner to price changes. Insurance companies and pension funds act counter-cyclically, however; they buy after price declines and sell after price increases. The heterogeneous responses can be explained by differences in their balance sheet structure. Within-sector variation in the financial constraint is used to show that tighter constraints are associated with more pro-cyclical investment behaviour.

  15. Cyclical Investment Behaviour across Financial Institutions. ECMI Working Paper No. 4 / July 2017

    Timmer, Yannick
    This paper contrasts the investment behaviour of different financial institutions in debt securities as a response to price changes. For identification, the author uses unique security-level data from the German Microdatabase Securities Holdings Statistics. Banks and investment funds respond in a pro-cyclical manner to price changes. Insurance companies and pension funds act counter-cyclically, however; they buy after price declines and sell after price increases. The heterogeneous responses can be explained by differences in their balance sheet structure. Within-sector variation in the financial constraint is used to show that tighter constraints are associated with more pro-cyclical investment behaviour.

  16. An Examination of the Abandonment of Applications for Energy Efficiency Retrofit Grants in Ireland. ESRI WP533. May 2016

    Collins, Matthew; Curtis, John
    The Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) operates the Better Energy Homes (BEH) grant scheme to incentivise residential energy efficient retrofits, an ongoing scheme which was implemented in 2009. This scheme provides a financial incentive for home owners to engage in energy efficient retrofits, provided the upgrades meet appropriate energy efficiency standards. This study analyses the BEH data, which is comprised of all applications from March 2009 to October 2015, in order to examine the extent to which applications are abandoned and the determinants thereof. We find that more complicated retrofits are more likely to be abandoned, with variation across...

  17. An Examination of the Abandonment of Applications for Energy Efficiency Retrofit Grants in Ireland. ESRI WP533. May 2016

    Collins, Matthew; Curtis, John
    The Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) operates the Better Energy Homes (BEH) grant scheme to incentivise residential energy efficient retrofits, an ongoing scheme which was implemented in 2009. This scheme provides a financial incentive for home owners to engage in energy efficient retrofits, provided the upgrades meet appropriate energy efficiency standards. This study analyses the BEH data, which is comprised of all applications from March 2009 to October 2015, in order to examine the extent to which applications are abandoned and the determinants thereof. We find that more complicated retrofits are more likely to be abandoned, with variation across...

  18. An Examination of Energy Efficiency Retrofit Depth in Ireland. ESRI WP532. May 2016

    Collins, Matthew; Curtis, John
    This study examines energy efficiency retrofit depth in Ireland using data from a national residential grant scheme for energy efficiency upgrades. We specifically examine both the number of retrofit measures adopted per dwelling, and also the comprehensiveness of retrofits upgrades, which are retrofits in excess of the most common and simple retrofit combinations. We find that certain obligated parties, who are obliged by the State to reduce energy consumption in Ireland, vary both positively and negatively in terms of number of retrofit measures relative to private retrofits, but perform negatively with regard to comprehensive retrofits. All parties are found to...

  19. An Examination of Energy Efficiency Retrofit Depth in Ireland. ESRI WP532. May 2016

    Collins, Matthew; Curtis, John
    This study examines energy efficiency retrofit depth in Ireland using data from a national residential grant scheme for energy efficiency upgrades. We specifically examine both the number of retrofit measures adopted per dwelling, and also the comprehensiveness of retrofits upgrades, which are retrofits in excess of the most common and simple retrofit combinations. We find that certain obligated parties, who are obliged by the State to reduce energy consumption in Ireland, vary both positively and negatively in terms of number of retrofit measures relative to private retrofits, but perform negatively with regard to comprehensive retrofits. All parties are found to...

  20. Use It or Lose It: Irish Evidence. ESRI WP531. April 2016

    Mosca, Irene; Wright, Robert E
    A small but growing body of research suggests that retirement and cognitive decline are related. In fact, some have argued that retirement causes cognitive decline. The aim of this paper is to add to this literature using data of older women from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Ordinary least square (OLS) regressions show a significant negative association between retirement duration - defined as time elapsed since last job ended - and cognition. This association is, however, very small when compared to the association of age or education with cognition. As retirement is potentially endogenous to cognition, instrumental variable (IV)...

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