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Archive of European Integration (72.444 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Policy Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 3.055

  1. Reversing over the cliff edge? EPC Policy Brief, 18 September 2017

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    Almost a year after the referendum, Brexit negotiations finally got under way in June 2017, after the UK had notified the European Union (EU) of its intention to leave under Article 50 of the EU Treaty on 29 March. Article 50 specifies a fixed negotiation period of two years after notification, which can only be extended by unanimity among the EU27. But despite the ticking clock, progress has been slow. While the EU27 quickly agreed on its guidelines and a clear negotiating position (reputed to have been waved through in minutes), with a strong mandate for Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier, the UK's position has been...

  2. The multi-speed Baltic States. Reinforcing the defence capabilities of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. OSW STUDIES 68 August 2017

    Szymański, Piotr
    The Baltic states are often viewed by the West and Russia as a single region. However, the different economic and demographic potentials, strategic cultures and geographic location result in differences in their defence solutions. Estonia is devoted to a conscript-based army with a significant reserve force, Latvia is developing professional army with a small reserve, and Lithuania has decided to combine the two models.

  3. Are we seeing ‘peak’ Germany? Why we should be cautious before recommending Merkel and Schröder to other countries. CEPS Commentary, 7 September 2017

    Beblavý, Miroslav
    There is a well-known phenomenon called the “skyscraper index” that relates the number and height of skyscrapers to the economic cycle.[1] At the peak of a bubble, ground is broken for the start of construction of the most ambitious projects. In the same manner, one can observe a tendency in the international community of policy-makers, journalists and academics to advocate policies akin to those adopted by countries that display all the signs of enduring success, just prior to taking a major stumble. This is particularly worrying if this tendency leads other countries to undertake similarly radical changes in their own...

  4. The EU and Israel - Partnership and the weight of history. CEPS Commentary, 7 September 2017

    Vogel, Toby
    The effects of that Six-Day War are still being felt today. They created an enduring cycle of Israeli occupation, Palestinian resistance, terror, and Israeli repression. The Arab defeat of 1967 also led to the formation of a Palestinian national movement, at the time embodied by the Palestine Liberation Organization.

  5. Why are central bankers shifting the goalposts? CEPS Commentary, 8 September 201

    Gros, Daniel.
    The theme of this year’s meeting of the world’s central bankers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, had little to do with monetary policy. “Fostering a Dynamic Global Economy” is, of course, an important topic. But it is telling that the European Central Bank also chose, for its own annual gathering, a similar non-monetary topic: “Investment and Growth in Advanced Countries”.

  6. Brexit Transitional Period: The solution is Article 50. CEPS Commentary, 9 September 2017

    Frantziou , Eleni; Łazowski , Adam
    As the Brexit negotiations labour on, the complexity of what lies ahead is finally, painfully, becoming clear to the UK government. Some Brexiteers, including Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, David Davis, now seem to accept the idea that, although the United Kingdom is due to leave the EU on 29 March 2019, some sort of a transitional phase will be necessary

  7. To filter or not to filter - That is the question. CEPS Commentary, 13 September 2017

    Echikson, William
    During the 2016 US presidential election, this headline spread rapidly through Facebook, provoking a wave of Tweets and YouTube videos. It looked true. Yet it was false. How should policymakers and social media platforms fight such “fake news”?

  8. The Commission’s Views on Strengthening the Euro Area: Barking up the wrong tree? CEPS Commentary, 14 September 2017

    Gros, Daniel.
    In his State of the Union speech of September 13th, President Juncker laid out a vision for a political euro area. His starting point was that the euro should be considered the currency of the Union, not just the currency of some Member States. From a formal point of view this is correct, as the euro is indeed designated in the European Treaties as the currency of the Union. The countries that are not part of the euro area are considered to have a derogation which in principle is temporary

  9. Remaking Europe: the new manufacturing as an engine for growth. Bruegel Blueprint Series 26 September 2017

    Altomonte, Carlo; Batsaikhan, Uuriintuya; Filippo Biondi, Filippo Biondi; Bravo-Biosca, Albert; Bukowski , Maciej; Feliu, Justine; Kalcik, Robert; Marcus, J. Scott; Marin, Dalia; Merler, Silvia; Morales, John; Negri, Valeria; Petropoulos, Georgios; Śniegocki , Aleksander; Tagliapietra, Simone; Veugelers, Reinhilde; Zachmann, Georg
    Europe needs to know how it can realise the potential for industrial rejuvenation. How well are European firms responding to the new opportunities for growth, and in which global value chains are they developing these new activities? The policy discussion on the future of manufacturing requires an understanding of the changing role of manufacturing in Europe’s growth agenda.

  10. Capital Markets Union and the fintech opportunity. Bruegel Policy Contribution Issue n˚22 | September 2017

    Demertzis, Maria; Mombelli, Gerardo; Wolff, Guntram B.
    Fintech has the potential to change financial intermediation structures substantially. It could disrupt existing financial intermediation with new business models empowered by intelligent algorithms, big data, cloud computing and artificial intelligence. Policymakers need to consider four questions urgently: Develop a European or national fintech market? What regulatory framework to pursue? Should supervision of fintech be exercised at the European level? What is the overall vision for the EU’s financial system?

  11. Brexit and freedom of movement in the EU: a legal primer. Interview September 2017. Bertelsmann EU-flashlight 2017/07

    Fabbrini, Federico
    Brexit negotiations are in full swing. A main point of contention involves the freedom of movement of EU citizens. To explore the legal basis and limitations of a key EU right, we interviewed Federico Fabbrini, Professor of European Law.

  12. The Visegrad countries and "Post-Truth". Bertelsmann Policy Brief Policy Brief 06/2017

    Wenerski , Lukasz
    The Kremlin’s disinformation methods create an effective model of geopolitical influence. Russian propaganda distorts the perception of people, events and even entire institutions (the EU, NATO). The results are impressive: propaganda has created an alternative version of events at the Euromaidan, the war in Donbas and Syria. This disinformation destabilizes the political situation in many countries by supporting one political faction and simultaneously discrediting others. Recent cases included the presidential elections in the United States and France, as well as the parliamentary elections in the Netherlands. Similar disinformation campaigns are expected for the German parliamentary elections later this year.

  13. The condition of NGOs and civil society in Belarus. Bertelsmann Policy Brief 07/2017

    Laputska, Veranika
    When in 1991 Belarus gained its independence from the USSR, Belarusian civil society could be characterized as typical for a post-Soviet third sector. On the one hand, a large number of public associations had existed since Soviet times, but they were in fact closely associated with the state and the Communist Party, rather than with the population. This group comprised either pro-government or state-founded organizations whose aim was to control and influence state ideology, morality, and the upbringing and education of a maximum amount of Soviet citizens. To a great extent, practically all “public associations,” including those which operate in sports, culture and education and involve the participation of people of various ages and social statuses, fell under this...

  14. The reform of the EU courts (IV). The Need for a Better Focus on the European Court of Justice’s Core Mission. Egmont Paper 96, September 2017

    Dehousse, Franklin
    In recent years, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has sometimes been accused of judicial activism, especially in Great Britain. This accusation is far from new. In 1993, Margaret Thatcher declared to the House of Lords that ‘some things at the Court are very much to our distaste’.1 Before that, Michel Debré had even evoked the Court’s ‘pathological megalomania’.2 From a technical point of view, Rasmussen published a seminal comment in the 1980s,3 and many others followed. There is now a huge volume of literature on the subject.

  15. The reform of the EU courts (IV). The Need for a Better Focus on the European Court of Justice’s Core Mission. Egmont Paper 96, September 2017

    Dehousse, Franklin
    In recent years, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has sometimes been accused of judicial activism, especially in Great Britain. This accusation is far from new. In 1993, Margaret Thatcher declared to the House of Lords that ‘some things at the Court are very much to our distaste’.1 Before that, Michel Debré had even evoked the Court’s ‘pathological megalomania’.2 From a technical point of view, Rasmussen published a seminal comment in the 1980s,3 and many others followed. There is now a huge volume of literature on the subject.

  16. Brexit: dealing with withdrawal symptoms. EPC Discussion Paper, 5 September 2017

    Duff, Andrew
    Britain's efforts to leave the European Union are in trouble. At the press conference on 31 August after the third round of talks, Michel Barnier evinced his frustration: "The UK wants to take back control, it wants to adopt its own standards and regulations but it also wants to have these standards recognised automatically in the EU. That is what the UK papers ask for. This is simply impossible."

  17. The Zapad-2017 exercises: the information war (for now). OSW Commentary NUMBER 249 | 01.09.2017

    Wilk, Andrzej
    The Russian-Belarusian Zapad-2017 (West-2017) exercises, scheduled for 14–20 September, have for many months been the core of an information war between Russia and NATO, in which Ukraine and Belarus have also participated. The media have presented these exercises as allegedly the biggest military undertaking carried out in recent years by the armed forces of the Russian Federation (together with its Belarusian ally) in the immediate vicinity of the borders of NATO states, which could form the basis for the annexation of Belarus and/or a strike at Ukraine. And although it is hard to dispute the scale and breadth of these exercises, they are only a small part...

  18. Elections to the Bundestag: make or break for the liberal party. OSW Commentary NUMBER 248 | 23.06.2017

    Ciechanowicz, Artur
    Many commentators viewed the FDP’s defeat in the 2013 Bundestag elections, when the party failed to cross the 5% electoral threshold, as the end of the German liberal party. This view was further confirmed by another local election which the FDP lost, and by the dwindling number of party members. The FDP became a symbol of the maladies affecting German political life, and of politicians’ faults: clientelism, opportunism, a lack of direction and greed. The party had been present in the Bundestag for 64 subsequent years, and had been a member of government coalitions for 45 years. It also served...

  19. Brexit and the Treatment of EU Citizens by the UK Home Office. CEPS Policy Insights No 2017-33/September 2017

    Guild, Elspeth
    While the British Government is seeking to negotiate a good deal for British citizens in the EU-27 and, on the basis of reciprocity, an acceptable deal for EU27 citizens in the UK, the Home Office is busy undermining good faith and trust in the process. Four specific actions by the Home Office reveal this lack of good faith: The Home Office has been sending out letters to EU citizens in the UK threatening them with detention and expulsion irrespective of their status. The Home Office continues to create mind-boggling administrative obstacles to prevent EU-27 nationals from applying for documents proving their immigration...

  20. Brexit: Towards an ‘EFTA-like’ dispute settlement mechanism. CEPS Commentary, 31 August 2017

    Blockmans, Steven.; Van der Loo, Guillaume
    In its position paper on the jurisdiction of the CJEU, the UK is flirting with an EFTA-like solution, but it does not spell out the inherent consequences of such a future dispute settlement model. The UK government of Theresa May is fond of saying that it wants a “deep and special partnership” with the EU after Brexit. But for more than a year, it has been conspicuously vague about what that relationship should amount to. To close the gap that had emerged with the hard and fast positions formulated in a transparent fashion by the European Commission’s negotiating team, the UK...

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