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Archive of European Integration (68.133 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Policy Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.852

  1. How the European External Action Service Deals with Religion through Religious Freedom. EU Diplomacy Paper 7/2017

    Foret, François
    The purpose of this paper is to understand why and how the European External Action Service (EEAS) has developed a specific approach towards religion, an approach characterised by the focus on freedom of religion and belief (FoRB). The research question is to assess the level of autonomy and distinctiveness of religion as a policy issue. The European diplomatic strategy on religion reflects geopolitical and societal changes at the global scale. It is also an effort of the EEAS to assert itself as a political player and to reinforce the profile of the European Union (EU) in international relations. In practice, the handling of religion is framed by...

  2. Did the European Union Light a Beacon of Hope in North Africa? Assessing the Effectiveness of EU Democracy Promotion in Tunisia. EU Diplomacy Paper 6/2017

    Bassotti , Giorgio
    This analysis addresses the European Union’s (EU) democracy promotion policy in Tunisia, aiming at understanding its evolution and at assessing its effectiveness: how did the EU’s approach to democracy promotion evolve overtime? To what extent was it effective in promoting Tunisia’s democratic transition? In order to assess the impact of an external actor in the democratic transition, I opted for a two-folded approach: on the one hand, I analysed the EU’s declaratory policy regarding democracy promotion and its implementation. On the other hand, I identified several domestic key actors and analysed their perception of the EU’s contribution to the transition process. I argue that the EU did not...

  3. New Pact for Europe - National Report - FINLAND. EPC Report, May 2017

    Jokela, Juha
    This is the third in a series of National Reports to be published as part of the new phase of the New Pact for Europe project.* Since becoming a member of the EU in 1995, Finland has been of the EU’s more constructive member states. But with the rapid emergence of an openly populist and Eurosceptic party in the 2010s (coinciding with the financial and economic crisis in the EU) Finland’s image has somewhat changed: it is now often seen as a hardliner and, at times, a difficult member state. Despite these developments, the Finns still sees the Union as...

  4. Tackling irregular migration through development-a flawed approach? EPC Discussion paper, 22 May 2017

    Funk, Marco; Mc Namara, Frank; Pardo, Romain; Rose, Norma
    Faced with a large influx of asylum seekers in recent years, but little agreement among member states on how to share the burden, the European Union (EU) is increasingly turning to third countries to stem the flow. This push for external action focuses on tackling the 'root causes of migration' as well as strengthening third countries' migration management efforts. The current approach is based on the premise that increasing development aid to developing countries will reduce the stimulus for emigration. At the same time, the principle of conditionality has emerged as a means of ensuring cooperation on operational matters such as border control and readmission. Development...

  5. A Court in Crisis? The ICC in Africa, and Beyond. Egmont Paper 93, May 2017

    Arnould, Valerie
    The atmosphere of crisis surrounding the International Criminal Court (ICC) seems to be slowly dissipating after Gambia and South Africa revoked their notices of withdrawal from the Court in February and March 2017 respectively. Concerns that the threats of withdrawal made by Burundi, Gambia and South Africa in late 2016 would produce a domino effect, and even become the harbinger of the ICC’s demise in the long term, have proven premature. This development should, however, not make us complacent about the challenges the ICC continues to face, even in the absence of further state withdrawals.

  6. New Pact for Europe - National Report - GERMANY. EPC Report May 2017

    Koenig, Nicole
    This is the second in a series of National Reports to be published as part of the new phase of the New Pact for Europe project.* While the German National Reflection Group (NRG) views the current state of the Union as critical, it is also convinced that the EU can still be a positive sum game for all. Drawing on the discussions held amongst the members of the group, this report presents a set of conclusions on how Germany sees the future of the European project.

  7. Reconstructing the Union - Report of the 2017 CEPS Ideas Lab. CEPS Report, 12 May 2017

    Author, No
    "Reconstructing the Union" was the ambitious but timely theme of CEPS’ fourth big forum for debate, the Ideas Lab, which was held in Brussels, 23-24 February 2017. Experts from 11 policy domains shared their insights on the many complex challenges facing Europe. A total of 834 participants attended the event over the two days. This report gives an overview of the insights gleaned from the many constructive discussions

  8. Towards a More Resilient Global Economy. CEPS Report, 12 May 2017

    Gros, Daniel.
    This report contains the Executive Summary of the proceedings of a high-level conference organised jointly by the German Federal Ministry of Finance and Deutsche Bundesbank, in cooperation with CEPS, on the occasion of Germany’s presidency of the G20, which runs from 1 December 2016 to 30 November 2017. The conference, held on 30 November 2016 in Berlin, aimed to ensure that the German Government’s performance during the presidency was underpinned by solid expert advice and that there was continuity between the work done under previous G-20 presidencies and also the work being carried out in an academic and research context. A...

  9. Strategic autonomy and EU-NATO cooperation: squaring the circle. Security Policy Brief No. 85 May 2017

    Howorth, Jolyon
    Since the publication of the European Union Global Strategy (EUGS) in June 2016, there have been innumerable calls for the re-launch of the EU’s much misunderstood Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). One can call this CSDP-redux. What is the objective behind this renewed energy?

  10. Central Asia: the crisis of the migration model and its potential impact on the EU. OSW COMMENTARY NUMBER 237 | 25.04.2017

    Lang, Józef
    Over the past fifteen years, the presence in Russia of several million labour migrants from Central Asia has been a key determinant of the region’s stability. This migration has contributed to reducing internal problems and has helped provide a source of income to societies in specific countries. At present, due to the economic crisis, Russia is unable to continue its involvement in relieving socio-economic tensions in the region. Remittances from migrants have declined by 50% over the last three years. Undeveloped Central Asian economies are unable to offer an alternative to labour migration and other states which migrants previously chose as destination, such as Kazakhstan, Turkey and...

  11. The Amber Rush in Ukraine. OSW COMMENTARY NUMBER 241 | 08.05.2017

    Piechal, Tomasz
    Illegal amber mining in Ukraine has intensified since the Revolution of dignity. The practice has progressed at an unprecedented rate and has contributed to the degradation of vast swathes of forests in areas where there are deposits of amber, mainly in the north-western part of the country (Polesia). Ukraine has the world’s second largest deposits of amber in terms of amount, following the Kaliningrad area. As little as approximately 4 tonnes are legally mined each year, whereas 150-200 tonnes are extracted illegally and over several thousand people are involved in this practice. According to the Ukrainian government’s calculations, the state...

  12. The improving economic situation in Russia: reality or creative statistics? OSW COMMENTARY NUMBER 240 | 05.05.2017

    Wiśniewska, Iwona
    The indicators published in recent months by the Russian Statistics Office (Rosstat) are much more optimistic than the estimates and forecasts announced several months earlier. A significant improvement in statistical data is evident in particular regarding the figures for GDP and industrial production. According to new information, over the last two years (2015-2016) the Russian economy shrank by 3%, and not by 4.5% as previously estimated. Moreover, data compiled by Rosstat show an increase in industrial production was registered, even in the face of a decline in citizens’ income and fixed investment. In addition, the slowdown in the industrial sector...

  13. The constitutional referendum – another step towards a New Turkey. OSW COMMENTARY NUMBER 239 | 28.04.2017

    Strachota, Krzysztof
    On 16 April the citizens of Turkey voted in a national referendum to amend the constitution. This will lead to a radical strengthening of the president’s power. 51.4% of the voters backed the amendments. They will come into force after the next presidential and parliamentary election (scheduled for 2019). The amendments are an important step in the thorough reconstruction of the Republic of Turkey which began in 2002. They will strengthen the position of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in legal terms, and – with all the controversies that entails – will adjust the legal status to the situation on the ground....

  14. The rise of post-national democracy: Macron, Brexit and the electoral reform of the European Parliament. EPC Discussion Paper 10 May 2017

    Duff, Andrew
    Emmanuel Macron is the first European leader to be elected on a platform that embraces the electoral reform of the European Parliament. He is convinced that, in order to change the Union, the EP needs greater legitimacy, and that such legitimacy will only come if the relationship between the Parliament and the electorate gets to be closer and more direct. In this Discussion Paper, Andrew Duff examines the likelihood of electoral reform of the Parliament, and whether or not the circumstances today are right to introduce a transnational list on the ballot in time for the European elections of May...

  15. The Macedonian Crisis – A failure of EU conflict management? CEPS Commentary, 5 May 2017

    Fouéré, Erwan
    In the Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy, there is a chapter devoted to “An Integrated Approach to Conflicts and Crises”. It sets out a ‘multi-dimensional’ approach through the use of all available policies and instruments aimed at ‘conflict prevention, management and resolution’. The difficulty of transforming such lofty aspirations into reality couldn’t be more evident than in the ongoing and deepening crisis in Macedonia – an EU candidate country in the heart of the Western Balkans.

  16. Macron's victory brings new hope across Europe on several fronts. CEPS Commentary 8 May 2017

    Alcidi, Cinzia.; D’Imperio , Paolo; Thirion, Gilles
    The resounding victory of the centrist, pro-European Emmanuel Macron, who will become the next French president, has shown that populism can be defeated; not by trying to appease xenophobic voters, but by offering an alternative based on openness and European integration. This was also confirmed by regional elections in Germany, which delivered another victory to the CDU party of Angela Merkel and only a modest score of 6% to the German radical right, AfD.

  17. flashlight europe 04/2017: Policy Brief 4/2017-Poland and the EU: two-speed Europe would undermine the achievements of enlargement

    Kucharczyk, Jacek; Łada, Agnieszka
    May 1, 2017 marks 13 years since Poland and other central European states joined the European Union. What has become of the hopes and aspirations in recent years?

  18. New Pact for Europe - National Report - BELGIUM. EPC Report May 2017

    Mattelaer, Alexander
    Foreword. This report is inspired by the discussions of the BELGIAN National Reflection Group enriched by exchanges with National Reflection Groups from FINLAND and SLOVAKIA. It reflects on the ‘state of the Union’ from a national perspective and discusses the main challenges the EU and its members are facing, taking into account both the European and national perspective. Finally, it proposes ideas and recommendations on how the EU and its members should react to these main challenges and sets out how the EU and European integration should develop in the years to come. This paper is part of a series of ten national reports. These reports...

  19. Message to – and from – the European political leadership: Agreeing to disagree on strategy is a luxury the EU can no longer afford. Egmont Security Policy Brief No. 71 May 2016

    Coelmont, Joel.
    “We, the political leaders of the EU member states, in order to ensure the security of our citizens and to resolve more effectively and more efficiently the common problems we face at present do agree on a global EU strategy that couples unity of vision with unity of action.”

  20. The UK’s foreign and security policy: what’s at stake in the referendum? Egmont Security Policy Brief No. 73 May 2016

    Whitman, Richard.
    Foreign and security policy was not an area in which Prime Minister Cameron sought to alter the relationship between the UK and the European Union (EU) in renegotiating the terms of Britain’s membership. However, security has become a key theme in the referendum debate. The airport and metro bombings in Brussels have focused particular attention on the issue of border and ‘homeland’ security, and whether the UK has its security enhanced, or compromised, through its membership of the EU. There are also broader questions about the EU’s historic role in bringing peace to the European continent and its capacity to...

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