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Archive of European Integration (77.746 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Policy Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 3.524

  1. Spotify’s US listing highlights Europe’s failings. ECMI Commentary No. 51 / 3 April 2018

    Lannoo, Karel.
    Europe must wake up to the urgent need to enable pan-European public offerings and to recognise the economic imperative of fostering vibrant capital markets for financing enterprises.

  2. Addressing Europe’s failure to clean up the transport sector. Bruegel Policy Brief ISSUE 2 | APRIL 2018

    Tagliapietra, Simone; Zachmann, Georg.
    Under the Paris Agreement, the European Union has committed to cut its greenhouse gas emissions to 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. Between 1990 and 2015, emissions decreased significantly in all sectors with the exception of transport, which has seen a 20 percent increase. Transport is thus becoming a key obstacle to EU decarbonisation and more aggressive policies are needed to decarbonise this sector. A particular focus should be decarbonisation of road transport because it is responsible for more than 70 percent of overall transport emissions. Decarbonising road transport would also improve air quality i.

  3. Germany's comeback: Worth the wait? EPC Commentary, 26 March 2018

    Rappold, Julian
    During the six months of tedious negotiations to put a German coalition in place, governments across Europe, and France in particular, have been waiting impatiently for a push for European reform from Berlin. The new coalition agreement between the Social Democratic Party (SPD), the conservative Christian Democratic Party (CDU) and her Bavarian sister party CSU puts Europe high on the agenda, at least rhetorically. However, both domestic constraints and unbridgeable differences between France and Germany could derail the reform agenda. If Chancellor Merkel wants to go beyond a muddling-through approach she will have to invest a sizeable share of her political capital – domestically and...

  4. The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund: Easing the pain from trade? Bruegel Policy Contribution Issue n˚05 | March 2018

    Claeys, Grégory; Sapir, André
    With the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF), the EU now has an instrument to help workers negatively affected by trade find new jobs. However, only a small proportion of EU workers affected by globalisation receive EGF financing. How to improve the EGF? Revising the eligibility criteria to qualify for EGF assistance, enlarging the scope of the programme beyond globalisation and collecting more and better data to enable a proper evaluation of the programme.

  5. European Pillar of Social Rights: Member states must shoulder the responsibility of delivery. EPC Commentary, 16 March 2018

    Dhéret, Claire
    The European Commission continues to pursue its goal of building a stronger social Europe with the recent publication of the Social Fairness Package. Released on 13 March, it is a follow-up to the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) adopted in November 2017.

  6. Balancing Openness and Protection: How can the EU budget help? EPC Commentary, 14 March 2018

    Huguenot-Noël, Robin; Andor, László
    In May 2018, the European Commission is expected to publish its proposal on the EU’s post-2020 funding strategy, a seven-year budget known as the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). This proposal comes at a time when, despite strong signs of economic recovery, European citizens’ attitudes towards the EU’s global trade and investment agenda remain mixed. In this commentary, the authors argue that the EU and its member states should use the context of the MFF review to better address European citizens’ concerns about the downsides of globalisation.

  7. European Supervisory Authorities still playing second fiddle to national financial regulators. CEPS Commentary, 14 March 2018

    De Groen, Willem Pieter; Zielińska, Klaudia
    The limited resources available to the ESAs, compared to national regulators, remain a barrier to their ability to carry out their responsibilities and act as independent authorities at EU level.

  8. The fight over clearing euro derivatives. ECMI Commentary No. 50 / 15 March 2018

    Lannoo, Karel.
    In its proposed model to supervise the clearing of euro derivatives following Brexit, the Commission fails to appreciate the huge volume of business that will be disrupted.

  9. Dynamic Currency Conversion and Consumer Protection: Finding the right rules. ECRI Commentary No. 22, 19 March 2018

    Bouyon, Sylvain; Krause, Simon
    Several policy options are under discussion for better regulation of the dynamic currency conversion (DCC) payment service, each of which offers specific advantages but also poses distinct challenges. Enhancing transparency, for example, will require creative solutions. The imposition of fixed price caps would call for the design of robust criteria to determine the level of the caps. And the adjustment of the payment card chip would necessitate the adoption of common standards between card providers. From a consumer protection perspective, a ban on DCC makes sense only if all other options have been exhausted and if consumers can find satisfactory...

  10. Rethinking the European Union’s post-Brexit budget priorities. Bruegel Policy Brief ISSUE 1 | MARCH 2018

    Darvas, Zsolt; Wolff, Guntram B.
    There will be a €94 billion Brexit-related hole in the EU budget for 2021-27 if business continues as before and the United Kingdom does not contribute. The authors show that freezing agriculture and cohesion spending in real terms would fill the hole, but new priorities would then need to be funded by an increase in the percent of GNI contribution.

  11. The trouble with PESCO. The mirages of European defence. POINT OF VIEW 69, February 2018

    Gotkowska, Justyna
    The creation of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) in December 2017 crowned the series of recent debates and actions aimed at strengthening the common security and defence policy of the EU. However, the compromise around PESCO has revealed strategic divergences among France, Germany and the countries on the eastern flank related to the perceptions of threats and challenges, the development of the EU’s security and defence policy, and the future of trans-Atlantic relations. The debates on PESCO in Western Europe have also highlighted a growing gap between the political narratives and military reality.

  12. From vassalisation to emancipation. Ukrainian-Russian gas co-operation has been revised. OSW Commentary NUMBER 263 | 07.03.2018

    Kardaś, Szymon; Iwański, Tadeusz
    The awards by the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (further: the Arbitral Tribunal) concerning the contract on gas supplies to Naftohaz and the volume of Russian gas transit via Ukraine have radically changed the model of gas relations between the two countries as they have existed until now. Kyiv’s victory is its crowning achievement in the process of emancipation from Russian dominance in the energy sector which began after the Revolution of Dignity. This has also significantly strengthened Ukraine’s position with regard to Russia and the EU because Gazprom was found to have been in breach of...

  13. Should all producers of renewable energy automatically receive GOs? CEPS Commentary, 12 March 2018

    Jansen, Jaap
    In this contribution, Jaap Jensen finds that the practice of automatically issuing guarantees of origin (GOs) to all producers of renewable energy undermines EU energy and climate objectives.

  14. Trade policy-making under irrationality. CEPS Commentary, 12 March 2018

    Pelkmans, Jacques.
    Jacques Pelkmans reminds the EU and its WTO partners that trust and the global public good of a rules-based WTO are fragile accomplishments that deserve to be protected, even if the means seem to come from a former imperial age.

  15. A Brexit Gentlemen’s Agreement. CEPS Commentary, 9 March 2018

    Gros, Daniel.
    Now that the contours of the future trade relationship between the UK and the EU are gradually emerging, Daniel Gros reflects on what it would take for that relationship to minimise the friction that Brexit will inevitably generate.

  16. The Future of the Schengen Area: Latest Developments and Challenges in the Schengen Governance Framework since 2016

    Carrera, Sergio; Stefan, Marco
    This study takes stock of the main developments that have occurred in the Schengen Governance Framework since 2016. It analyses the legitimacy of a number of States’ decisions to maintain internal border controls and assesses the most recent policy proposals in the field of internal police checks in light of relevant EU legal standards. The paper also questions the legality of the border walls and fences, which have recently been erected at the EU external borders and within the Schengen area. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of...

  17. On International Women’s Day: More focus needed on integrating migrant women. CEPS Commentary, 8 March 2018

    Barslund, Mikkel; Laurentsyeva, Nadzeya
    To mark International Women’s Day, two CEPS economists, Mikkel Barslund and Nadzeya Laurentsyeva, tackle the challenge facing policy-makers of how best to integrate women migrants into the labour market.

  18. Theresa May’s Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement. CEPS Commentary, 6 March 2018

    Emerson, Michael
    In examining May’s first attempt to operationally define the UK’s future trade relations with the EU, Michael Emerson finds that she draws heavily on the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area model.

  19. Trump’s trade policy turns destructive. CEPS Commentary, 5 March 2018

    Pelkmans, Jacques.
    With his reckless imposition of import tariffs, President Trump has set in motion a nightmare scenario of tit-for-tat trade wars that the world has not seen for generations.

  20. Investments of the European Investment Bank in European Neighbourhood Policy Countries and in Turkey Evidence from the Global Financial Crisis, the Arab Spring and the Conflict in Ukraine. Bruges Political Research Papers 65 / 2017

    Mattmann, Adrian
    Using data from 2006 to 2015, we study the impacts of the Global Financial Crisis, the Arab Spring, and the conflict in Ukraine on European Investment Bank (EIB) investments in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) countries and in Turkey. Our dataset offers insights on how the EIB adjusts its investments in the aftermath of the three events at the global, regional and country level. The impacts of the events vary at the global ENP level. They also vary between and within the two ENP dimensions and between the ENP countries. We find mixed impacts for Turkey. Our results indicate that political motivation rather than economic demand determine...

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