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Archive of European Integration (78.593 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Review Essay

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 28

  1. Ireland's Rejection of the Lisbon Treaty and the EU's Impasse.

    Parsons, Craig; Bickerton, Chris J.; Glencross, Andrew; Dehousse, Renaud; Schmidt, Vivien A.; Marks, Gary; Cohen, Benjamin J.; Hadden, Jennifer; Schulze, Jennie

  2. The 2009 European Parliament Elections: A Disaster for Social Democrats. The European Parliament Elections of 2009 and the Fate of Euroscepticism.

    Hix, Simon; Taggart, Paul.; Hodson, Dermot; Quaglia, Lucia; Caviedes, Alexander; Stajano, Attilio

  3. Teaching the EU to Europeans: How Can “old” and “new” Europe be Brought Together?

    Fuchs, Eileen; van der Hout, Robin.
    [Introduction]. Not long ago European leaders celebrated the unification of their continent beneath the Athens Acropolis.1 The signing of the Constitution for Europe2 is a milestone of a development which started more than fifteen years ago with the unexpected fall of the Berlin Wall and the German reunification. All European countries - but especially those in the East of the continent - have hence been going through exciting and sometimes troubling times. After the recent events in the Ukraine it appears to be evident that these times are not over yet.3 A “Unified Europe,” meaning the enlarged European Union4 is...

  4. The Politics of Bifurcation: The 2005 Referendums in France and the Netherlands.

    Taggert, Paul; Mény, Yves; de Beus, Jos; Ross, George
    [Introduction] A few months after the French and Dutch electorate rejected the constitutional treaty, it is time to analyze the results of the June referenda and reflect on what they teach us about the EU’s legitimacy predicament. We must first disentangle what the “no” voters wanted to reject: their own government, “Europe” as they saw it, enlargement —since the phobia of the outside ran deep, well beyond the now proverbial fear of the Polish plumber. There were many “nos” and the French and Dutch outcomes need not stem from the same political dynamic. An understanding of the social bases of...

  5. The EMU Stability and Growth Pact: Is it dead? If so, does it matter?

    Verdun, Amy; Jabko, Nicolas; Enderlein, Hendrik; Martin, Andrew.
    IN DECEMBER 2004, the new Barroso Commission brought the saga of the French and German infringements of the Stability and Growth Pact to a close by lifting the "excessive deficit" procedure launched in 2003. That same month, the Commission launched infringement proceedings against Greece that has been providing inaccurate public deficit statistics since the creation of the Pact in 1997. The new head of the Commission also declared that there would be no major overhaul of the Pact. In the November 2003 crisis, when the Council suspended the implementation of the Pact at a time France and Germany overshot its...

  6. Law and European Integration: Socio-Legal Perspectives

    Schepel, Harm; Chalmers, Damian.
    [Introduction]. European Union Legal Integration has been the subject of a rich, interdisciplinary literature. Studies on the powers of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the dynamics of preliminary rulings, on the constitutionalization of the Treaties, and the reach of EU law into national legal systems, abound. Scholars have theorized that the ECJ and EU law have been a driving force of integration, perhaps the driving force in times of eurosclerosis as suggested by Cassis de Dijon and other famous rulings. It is all the more surprising then that we know little about the professions that partake in the...

  7. The European Parliament; Taking Stock after the June 2004 Elections

    Kauppi, Niilo; Shackleton, Michael; Costa, Olivier; Hix, Simon.
    [Introduction]. ON June 10-13, 2004, voters in the 25 member states elected a new European Parliament (EP). Five days later, governments agreed on a Constitution for the EU that reinforces the legislative role of the EP in numerous areas. This is a unique occasion to reflect on the evolution of dynamics within the European Parliament and on its relations with other EU institutions. This Forum gathers four recognized experts on the EP and European elections to take stock of changes and continuities in the practices of members of the EP. First, Niilo Kauppi analyzes the key features on the 2004...

  8. Transatlantic Relations: A Year Later

    Meunier, Sophie; Keeler, John T. S.; Guiraudon, Virginie.
    [Introduction by Virginie Guiraudon, EUSA Forum Editor]. After the bombings in Madrid on March 11, 2004, presented in the press as "Europe's September 11th," U.S. and EU leaders will intensify cooperation in the area of Justice and Home Affairs. Yet, in other policy sectors, the EU and the U.S. publicly voice their differences. The declarations of the next head of government, the Socialist Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, regarding Spanish troops in Iraq suggest that the "pro-Bush" coalition in the EU is about to change. A year after the beginning of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq and the intra-EU and transatlantic...

  9. Is the EU Democratic, and Does it Matter?

    Etzioni, Amitai; Schmitter, Philippe C.; Schmidt, Vivien; Scharpf, Fritz W.
    [Introduction by Vivien Schmidt, Forum Guest Editor]. This forum originally came in the form of a roundtable I organized at the American Political Science Association meetings in Philadelphia (August 2003) in an attempt to bring together a wide range of views on the democratic challenges facing the EU. Amitai Etzioni questioned the sustainability of the EU if it did not become a truly supranational political entity. Philippe Schmitter insisted that the democratic deficit problems were real, and most pressing at the national level. I followed up on this, arguing that were the EU to be appropriately understood as a regional...

  10. The Convention on the Future of Europe - Transatlantic Perspectives

    Magnette, Paul; Dinan, Desmond; Dehousse, Renaud.
    [Introduction by Virginie Guiraudon, Forum Editor]. In June 2000, the Convention on the Future of Europe delivered its project for a draft Constitution to the European Council as a basis for negotiations during the 2003-2004 Intergovernmental Conference. Although it is too early to tell how different the final outcome will be from the Convention draft, it is time to reflect on the Convention as process, and situate this EU experiment in deliberative negotiating. In this "EUSA Review Forum", three authors look back at the work of the Convention and analyze it in a historical and transatlantic light.

  11. Progressive Europe? Gender and Non-discrimination in the EU

    Mazey, Sonia; Shaw, Jo; Elman, R. Amy; Bell, Mark
    [Introduction by series editor]. THE ISSUE OF EQUAL RIGHTS between women and men—at least in the workplace—has long been one of the most prominent examples of "positive integration" in the European Union, and arguably the most far-reaching element of EU social policy. In recent years, the EU’s traditional emphasis on sex equality in the workplace has been supplemented by a commitment to the "mainstreaming" of gender issues, the upgrading of sexual equality as a common objective in the Treaties, and the insertion of a new Treaty provision relating to the principle of nondiscrimination more generally. These and other developments have...

  12. The Commission White Paper and European Governance

    Wincott, Daniel; Metcalfe, Les; Everson, Michelle; Armstrong, Kenneth A.
    [Introduction by Mark A. Pollack, series editor]. FIRST PROPOSED BY COMMISSION President Romano Prodi in February 2000, the Commission's White Paper on European Governance was designed to examine and make proposals about the concept of European governance, which was taken to encompass "rules, processes and behavior that affect the way in which powers are exercised at European level" (Commission 2000: 4). As Daniel Wincott recounts below, the White Paper itself was drafted by a "Governance Team" within the Commission, which in turn consulted widely among academics as well as government experts and civil society. For many observers, the White Paper...

  13. Law in an enlarged European Union

    Bermann, George A.
    [Abstract by Archive of European Integration editor]. This essay focuses on the influence of the coming enlargement on EU legal matters, focusing on two legal preoccupations this enlargement has fueled: whether the accession states can adapt to existing EU law; what institutional modifications are necessary in order to accommodate the accession states.

  14. Justice and Home Affairs in the aftermath of September 11: opportunities and challenges

    Ucarer, Emek M.
    [Abstract by Archive of European Integration editor]. This essay focuses on the re-emphases and activities, such as judicial and police cooperation in criminal and cross-border matters, caused by September 11.

  15. Bargaining among Unequals: Enlargement and the Future of European Integration

    Moravcsik, Andrew; Vachudova, Milada Anna
    [Abstract by Archive of European Integration editor]. Focusing on "asymmetric interdependence" - those who benefit most must sacrifice most - this essay ponders the consequences of accession for the new states.

  16. CESDP After 11 September: From Short-term Confusion to Long-Term Cohesion?

    Howorth, Jolyon
    [Abstract by Archive of European Integration editor]. This essay discusses the new challenges to CESDP - technically a subset of CFSP - arising from September 11 and European responses.

  17. European Foreign, Security, and Defense Policy

    Ginsberg, Roy; Smith, Michael E.; Smith, Hazel; Carlsnaes, Walter
    [Introduction by Mark A. Pollack, series editor]. This EUSA Review Forum examines an increasingly important aspect of the EU’s global role: its pursuit of a common foreign, security, and (potentially) defense policy. Although the EU has made great strides in foreign policy cooperation over the past few decades, especially when compared to similar efforts in other regional organizations, it still faces a number of challenges in attempting to enhance its foreign policy capabilities in light of the current debate on the EU’s constitutional structure. The following essays by four EUSA members provide various perspectives on some of these challenges, focusing...

  18. Analyzing the Treaty of Nice

    Ludlow, Peter; Ross, George; Philippart, Eric; Meunier, Sophie; Nicolaidis, Kalypso; de Burca, Grainne; de Witte, Bruno
    [Introduction by Mark A. Pollack, series editor]. IN DECEMBER 2000, THE European Council met under the leadership of the French Presidency to complete the negotiation of the Treaty of Nice, which was intended to reform the institutions of the Union and prepare them for eventual enlargement to the candidate countries of the east and south. The conduct of the 2000 IGC has been chronicled in detail by Desmond Dinan and Sophie Vanhoonacker in the pages of ECSA Review (Dinan and Vanhoonacker 2000, 2001), and the Commission has made both the text of the Treaty and much of its preparatory documentation...

  19. IGC 2000 Watch (4 parts): 1. Origin and Preparation; 2. The Opening Round; 3. Pre- and Post-Nice; 4. Long Live the IGC

    Dinan, Desmond; Vanhoonacker, Sophie
    Editor's note: This series ran concurrently with the 2000 IGC and concluded with the signing of a new Treaty at the Nice European Council in December 2000. All four parts are presented together here: originally, the parts appeared in the ECSA Review 13: 2,3,4, and 14: 1.

  20. Enlargement of the European Union: Impacts on the EU, the Candidates and the "Next Neighbors"

    Wallace, Helen; Fowler, Brigid; Friis, Lykke; Murphy, Anna; Sedelmeier, Ulrich
    In this Forum, five ECSA members examine the progress and prospects of EU enlargement to the east and south, asking about the impacts of the enlargement process on the existing members of the Union, the candidate countries, and the "next neighbors" of an enlarged EU.

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