Recursos de colección

Archive of European Integration (78.593 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Article

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 315

  1. Strengthening the Relationship between Science and Trade Policy in the European Union

    Trobbiani, Riccardo
    The European Union faces evolving environmental, social, health, economic, and political challenges, including attaining the UN Sustainable Development Goals to which the EU has committed, such as clean water and climate action. Trade policy is an important tool for addressing these challenges, as well as a field in which the EU enjoys exclusive competence and extensive experience. Because many of these challenges require innovative scientific and technological solutions, this article argues that S&I should receive more attention within EU trade policy, and vice versa. In addition to discussing the current neglect in the EU between S&I and bilateral and multilateral...

  2. Case Study. Science and technology agreements in the toolbox of science diplomacy: Effective instruments or insignificant add-ons? EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/6 • September 2017

    Nicolas Rüffin, Nicolas Rüffin; Schreiterer, Ulrich
    From the Introduction. In the wake of increasing global competition and challenges, science and technology (S&T) issues gain more and more attention in international relations and foreign policy. Eager for enhancing their S&T capabilities and international position, national governments, research organisations, foundations and companies engage Diplomacy for Science to stimulate and bolster global research collaborations and internationalisation. In addition, science has come to be seen as means to foster diplomatic relations between nations, following the idea of Science for Diplomacy (Royal Society, 2010).

  3. Revue GRASPE/GRASPE Review. Réflexions sur l'avenir de la Service Publique Européenne/Reflections on the future of the European civil service. GRASPE Cahier No 28, July 2016

    Author, No
    No abstract.

  4. Revue GRASPE/GRASPE Review. Réflexions sur l'avenir de la Service Publique Européenne/Reflections on the future of the European civil service. GRASPE Cahier No 27, May 2016

    Author, No
    No abstract.

  5. The European Construction - from Communities to a Genuine Supranational Union

    Calapod, Andrei; Matei, Ani
    The European Union is an entity having a unique way of construction. All started as a need to put the coal and steel resources together in order to avoid a new army conflict on the old continent and as a way to rebuild the European economies after the World War Two. The success of these strategies and policies but also the newly realities that appeared at the European and global level, encouraged the European leaders to dare for more. Hopefully, more and more European states embraced the idea of integration, thanks to all the advantages brought by the membership. Hence, new premises were...

  6. The EU’s Decision-Making Process Changes in the Constitutive Treaties

    Calapod, Andrei; Matei, Ani
    Since the beginning of its existence in the form of communities, the European Union’s decision-making process underwent constant evolution. There were continuous adjustments that transformed a pure intergovernmental process into one having rather federal features. Based on the hypothesis that changes have occurred at the decision level in regards to the actors, procedures, influence and ways of taking decisions in order for the new realities, needs and will at the European level to be properly addressed, this paper aims to present the reforms performed through the adoption of new treaties and the modification of the existing ones. The reality is that in order for the...

  7. Challenges for the European Union in times of crisis: reactions

    Matei, Lucica; Calapod, Andrei
    Since the beginning of its existence in the form of communities, this entity faced a lot of challenges that could had been stopped the European dream without the fast, prompt and appropriate reaction of the decision makers. There were a lot of difficult times in its history of more than 60 years but the ambition and need of going forward on the way of integration prevailed and today we can talk about European Union as one of the most important global players, having one of the most complex and fascinating political systems. The tenacity and the willing to succeed off the decision makers made...

  8. Eye on the EU. Europe No. 371, November 1997

    Leonard, Dick

  9. The New Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA II): Less Accession, More Assistance?. EIPA Working Paper 2014/W/01

    Koeth, Wolfgang
    The EU enlargement engine seems to have run out of political steam. Support within the member countries for future enlargement is at all-time low, while some of the candidate countries have also seemed to put the enlargement process on the backburner. However, at least rhetorically, the EU is still committed to the enlargement process and maintains its entire enlargement tool box, such as the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA) – one of the most important EU external financial instruments. The new IPA regulation (IPA II), adopted in March 20141, clearly reflects the fact that the enlargement process is on a holding pattern.

  10. Revue GRASPE/GRASPE Review. Réflexions sur l'avenir de la Service Publique Européenne/Reflections on the future of the European civil service. GRASPE Cahier No 24, February 2015

    Author, No
    No abstract.

  11. What does the UK want from an EU renegotiation, and what terms can it expect? CEPS Commentary, 7 January 2014

    Bruton, John
    In this new CEPS Commentary, John Bruton considers some likely consequences of the UK’s renegotiation of its membership of the EU, in terms of the UK’s own national interest, its relations with its European neighbours and the future effectiveness of a ‘revised’ EU.

  12. Revue GRASPE/GRASPE Review. Réflexions sur l'avenir de la Service Publique Européenne/Reflections on the future of the European civil service. GRASPE Cahier No 22, October 2013

    Author, No
    No abstract.

  13. The Theory of Interhybridity: Socio-political Dimensions and Migration Experiences of Post-communist Western Balkan States

    Aliu, Armando
    The Western Balkans integration within the EU has started a legal process which is the rejection of former communist legal/political approaches and the transformation of former communist institutions. Indeed, the EU agenda has brought vertical/horizontal integration and Europeanization of national institutions (i.e. shifting power to the EU institutions and international authorities). At this point, it is very crucial to emphasize the fact that the Western Balkans as a whole region has currently an image that includes characteristics of both the Soviet socialism and the European democracy. The EU foreign policies and enlargement strategy for Western Balkans have significant effects on...

  14. Strategic planning tools for European negotiators to defend their national interests in the Council of the European Union. EIPA Working Paper 2013/W/02

    Lavadoux, Frank; Grasset, Marion-Valérie
    Summary. Negotiating in the Council of the European Union poses some challenges that are common to most international negotiations but there are other dimensions that are a lot more specific. In order to understand better the specific nature of negotiations on a European level and to develop some practical guidelines for European negotiators, it is important to situate European negotiations in the more general context of the theory on international relations and to remember that European negotiations are governed by the general principles which characterise the negotiation theory. This working document has three objectives; after having reminded ourselves of the fundamental principles that...

  15. EEAS 2.0. A legal commentary on Council Decision 2010/427/EU establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service. EIPA Working Paper, 2013

    Blockmans, Steven; Hillion, Christophe
    From the Preface. Pursuant to Article 13(3) of Council Decision 2010/427/EU of 26 July 2010 establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service, the High Representative is held to provide a review of the organisation and functioning of the EEAS by mid-­‐2013. This review will cover, inter alia, the implementation of Article 6(6), (8) and (11), so as to ensure an adequate geographical and gender balance and a meaningful presence of nationals from all member states in the EEAS. If necessary, the review will be accompanied by appropriate proposals for the revision of the 2010 Council Decision (e.g., suggestions for additional specific measures to correct possible imbalances of staffing). In that case, the Council will, in accordance with Article 27(3) TEU, revise the Decision in light of the review by the beginning of 2014. This short and user-­‐friendly legal commentary on the 2010 Council Decision is the first of its kind and is intended to inform those involved in the review process and to serve as a reference document for practitioners and analysts dealing with the EEAS. This commentary is not an elaborate doctrinal piece, but rather a textual and contextual analysis of each article, that takes account of i) other relevant legal provisions (primary, secondary, international), ii) the process leading to the adoption of the 2010 Council Decision (i.e. travauxpréparatoires), iii) the preamble of the Council Decision, and iv) insofar as it is possible at this stage, early implementation. Wherever relevant, cross-­‐references to other provisions of the EEAS Council Decision have been made so as to tie in the different commentaries and ensure overall consistency.

  16. La Bosnie, le Kosovo et l’UE: une adhésion est-elle possible en l’absence d’une pleine souveraineté? = Bosnia, Kosovo and the EU: Is Accession Possible without Full Sovereignty?

    Koeth, Wolfgang
    No abstract.

  17. Programming EU External Action Post-Lisbon: New Opportunities or Business as Usual?

    Stroß,, Simon
    Over 90% of the external relations budget of the EU is processed through its external financial instruments. With the Lisbon Treaty and the creation of the new European External Action Service (EEAS), the institutional architecture of these instruments was significantly reformed. This contribution analyses strategic programming both pre- and post-Lisbon, identifies ‘winners’ and ‘losers’, and examines the potential of the new provisions to increase the coherence of EU external action. The examination shows that the instruments can be categorised into three groupings: ‘the big three’ comprising the bulk of funding characterised by joint programming and responsibilities; the ‘Commission-only’ instruments where all powers remain with the Commission; and the ‘EEAS-led rest’ in...

  18. The Revision of the Insurance Mediation Rules at EU Level and its Impact on Consumer Protection

    Domaradzka, Alina
    The European Commission has put forward a new proposal for a directive on insurance mediation which should provide for significant changes in practices of selling insurance products and guarantee enhanced level of consumer protection. This proposal accompanies other regulatory initiatives in the insurance sector, all of them pursuing three main objectives: firstly, a strengthened insurance supervision with convergent supervisory standards at EU level; secondly, a better risk management of insurance companies; and thirdly a greater protection of policyholders. All these initiatives contribute to the EU programme on consumer protection and herald a new approach to EU insurance regulation and supervision. However, while the new supervisory rules are a direct response to...

  19. What Does the Lisbon Treaty Change Regarding Subsidiarity within the EU Institutional Framework?

    Arribas, Gracia Vara; Bourdin, Delphine
    he principle of subsidiarity refers in general to the choice of the most suitable and efficient level for taking policy action. The European Union associates subsidiarity with the way of taking decisions ‘as closely as possible to the citizen’, as it is referred to in the EU treaties. Thus, ensuring the respect of subsidiarity within the EU legislative framework ensures that any EU action is justified when proposing draft legislative acts. The Lisbon Treaty establishes new mechanisms reinforcing subsidiarity control, both ex ante and ex post the EU legislative process, and by doing so, enhances mainly the role of the national parliaments (and to a lesser extent the regional...

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