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Archive of European Integration (78.427 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Discussion Paper

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 263

  1. The EU Cohesion policy in context: regional growth and the influence of agricultural and rural development policies. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 85/2014 December 2014

    Crescenzi, Riccardo; Giua, Mara
    This paper looks at the Cohesion Policy of the European Union (EU) and investigates how the EU agricultural and rural development policies shape its influence on regional growth. The analysis of the drivers of regional growth shows that the EU Regional Policy has a positive and significant influence on economic growth in all regions. However, its impact is stronger in the most socio-economically advanced areas and is maximised when its expenditure is complemented by Rural Development and Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) funds. The top-down funding of the CAP seems to be able to concentrate some benefits in the most deprived areas. Conversely only the most dynamics rural...

  2. Differently unequal Zooming-in on the distributional dimensions of the crisis in euro area countries. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 86/2015 January 2015

    D’Errico, Marco; Macchiarelli, Corrado; Serafini, Roberta
    This paper discusses how income inequality developed during the current crisis in euro area countries, as well as the role played by each income source. Based on an extended definition of income – including additional components which do not appear in the standard Eurostat definitions – we complement the information provided by the Gini index and quantile ratios by computing an alternative inequality indicator, developed by Zenga (2007), and its decomposition by income source. While broadly confirming the distributional effect of the crisis documented in previous studies, we find that in specific countries the level of inequality appears higher when alternative measures are taken into account, and...

  3. Current account “Core-periphery dualism” in the EMU. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 90/2015 March 2015

    Cesaroni, Tatiana; De Santis, Roberta
    Current account (CA) dispersion within European Union (EU) member states has been increasing progressively since the 1990s. Interestingly, the persistent deficits in many peripheral countries have not been accompanied by a significant growth process able to stimulate a long run rebalancing as neoclassical theory predicts. To shed light on the issue this paper investigates the determinants of Eurozone CA imbalances, focusing on the role played by financial integration. The analysis considers two samples of 22 OECD and 15 EU countries, three time horizons corresponding to various steps in European integration, different control variables and several panel econometric methods. The results suggest that within the OECD and EU groups,...

  4. Location Strategies of Multinationals from Emerging Countries in the EU Regions. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 93/2015 May 2015

    Crescenzi, Riccardo; Pietrobelli, Carlo; Rabellotti, Roberta
    This paper contributes to the current debate in both Economic Geography and International Business on the nature and strategies of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) from emerging countries (EMNEs). The paper fills a relevant gap in the existing literature by shedding new light on the location strategies of EMNEs at the national and regional level, looking at their investment drivers and systematically comparing them with those of multinationals from advanced countries (AMNEs). The empirical analysis looks at the location choices of MNEs in the European Union (EU-25) regions and unveils that EMNEs follow distinctive location strategies. Their attraction into large regional markets...

  5. EU Citizenship and Withdrawals from the Union: How Inevitable Is the Radical Downgrading of Rights? LEQS Discussion Paper No. 111/2016 June 2016

    Kochenov, Dimitry
    What are the likely consequences of Brexit for the status and rights of British citizenship? Can the fact that every British national is an EU citizen mitigate the possible negative consequences of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU on the plane of rights enjoyed by the citizens of the UK? These questions are not purely hypothetical, as the referendum on June 23 can potentially mark one of the most radical losses in the value of a particular nationality in recent history. This paper reviews the possible impact that the law and practice of EU citizenship can have on the conduct of Brexit negotiations and surveys the...

  6. Thirty Years of Conflict and Economic Growth in Turkey: A Synthetic Control Approach. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 112/2016 June 2016

    Bilgel, Fırat; Can Karahasan, Burhan
    This study seeks to estimate the economic effects of PKK terrorism in Turkey in a causal framework. We create a synthetic control group that reproduces the Turkish real per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before PKK terrorism emerged in the second half of the 1980s. We compare the GDP of the synthetic Turkey without terrorism to the actual Turkey with terrorism for the period 1955-2008. Covering the period of 1988-2008, we find that the Turkish per capita GDP would have been higher by an average of about $1,585 per year had it not been exposed to PKK terrorism. This translates into an average of 13.8 percent...

  7. Why Grexit cannot save Greece (but staying in the Euro area might). LEQS Discussion Paper No. 123/2017 August 2017

    Iordanoglou, Chrysafis; Matsaganis, Manos
    Grexit was narrowly averted in summer 2015. Nevertheless, the view that Greece might be better off outside the Euro area has never really gone away. Moreover, although Marine Le Pen’s bid for the French presidency was frustrated in May 2017, in Italy a disparate coalition, encompassing Beppe Grillo’s Movimento Cinque Stelle as well as Matteo Salvini’s Lega Nord, has called for a referendum on exiting the Euro. In this context, our argument that Grexit cannot save Greece may be of some relevance to national debates elsewhere in Europe. The paper examines the case for Grexit by offering a detailed account of its likely effects. Its structure...

  8. Economic and social conflicts, integration and constitutionalism in contemporary Europe. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 13/2009 November 2009

    Dani, Marco
    Concern for economic and social conflicts remains one of the most defining features of contemporary political and constitutional systems. This is particularly evident in Western democracies where political alignments are traditionally conceived along the left-right divide, a conflict line whose current configuration is reminiscent of the ideological cleavages associated with the 19th and 20th Century class struggles. This type of conflict (hereafter, first type conflicts), alongside playing a crucial role in the shaping of national political identities, has prominently featured in constitutional history as one of the main variables contributing to the rise of constitutional democracy.

  9. Shut out? South East Europe and the EU’s New Industrial Policy. LEQS Discussion Paper No. 84/2014 December 2014

    Bartlett, Will
    This paper explores the potential role of industrial policy to stimulate post-crisis recovery in South East Europe (SEE). Policy reactions in the region have focused on fiscal consolidation and austerity, while the design of active industrial policies to improve competitiveness has been less in evidence. The paper reviews the experience of industrial policies in the EU and shows how these policies have evolved from vertical to horizontal approaches, and how the latter versions of policy have been transferred to the accession states in SEE. The paper reviews the evolution of industrial policies in eight countries of the region and the impact of these policies on industrial production....

  10. Brexit: Half In, Half Out or Right Out? EPC Discussion Paper, 6 March 2018

    Duff, Andrew
    Following the presentation of the draft secession treaty by the Commission on 28 February and the interventions of four former, wannabe or acting UK Prime Ministers, Andrew Duff discusses the prospects of the future relationship between the European Union and the UK.

  11. A proposal for reinventing EU relations with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States. ZEI Discussion Paper C235 2016

    Sohn, Rike
    Since January 2013 Rike Sohn is a Research Fellow at ZEI and a Coordinator of the comparative research and consulting project “Sustainable Regional Integration in West Africa and Europe”, jointly implemented with the West Africa Institute (WAI), funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). She has observed international climate negotiations since working for ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability at COP15 in Copenhagen. Rike Sohn holds an M.A. in International Political Economy and Development from Fordham University, New York, and is currently studying for an M.S. in Environmental Studies at University of Hagen.

  12. Brexit: What if Britain changes its mind? EPC Discussion Paper, 18 January 2018

    Duff, Andrew
    If the UK revokes Article 50, it must expect that the EU27 would insist on applying new terms and conditions to its renewed membership. These would include a reaffirmation of 'ever closer union', agreement to contribute more to a higher EU budget, an end to British opt-outs in justice and home affairs, participation in common defence policy, engagement with Banking Union, and commitment to a common refugee policy. Britain should also drop referendums on future EU treaty changes.

  13. En Marche l’Europe? A strategy to implement democratic conventions. EPC Discussion Paper, 11 January 2018

    Stratulat, Corina; Rittelmeyer, Yann-Sven; Butcher, Paul
    President Macron’s idea of holding ‘democratic conventions’ across Europe provides a genuine opportunity to help improve the public’s trust and engagement in European decision-making. But at the same time there is a risk that unrealistic expectations will be raised, and a poorly-implemented strategy could do more harm than good. In this paper, we lay out a detailed and ambitious framework to ensure that the idea delivers on its potential, while minding the pitfalls. It involves a bottom-up strategy, operating at local, national and European levels, designed to discuss specific policy proposals and shape a reform agenda. The paper includes a visual...

  14. Brexit: Launching Satellite Britain. EPC Discussion Paper, 5 December 2017

    Duff, Andrew
    The collapse of the Juncker-May talks on 4 December has plunged the Brexit process into crisis. Whether the outstanding issues can be resolved in time for the European Council on 14-15 December is unclear. If the problems persist, we may conclude that the Conservative minority government is incapable of delivering Brexit and that another general election must ensue. It is in any case wholly improbable that the Tory party can hold together once the content of the Article 50 withdrawal agreement is known.

  15. Brexit: Towards a deep and comprehensive partnership? EPC Discussion Paper, 5 December 2017

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    Following significant movements of the UK position in response to EU demands, despite the current impasse on Northern Ireland agreement on sufficient progress seems close. Ahead of the 14-15 December European Summit, Fabian Zuleeg explores the likely scenarios that could be considered during the second phase of the negotiations.

  16. EU External Energy Policy in Natural Gas: A Case of Neofunctionalist Integration? ZEI Discussion Paper C241/2017

    Stüwe, Robert
    The energy policy of the European Commission has deepened integration of EU natural gas matters. Energy cooperation at EU level and policy mechanisms for cooperation with third countries are harmonized to a large extent. The author concludes that integration strategies of the EU Commission follow the spillover-logic as set out by the theory of Neofunctionalism - a concept first developed by Ernst Bernard Haas to explain the post-war creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) as peace-preserving institutions. According to this theory, integration in one sector creates further integration in related policy...

  17. Brexit: Terra Nova to explore together. EPC Discussion Paper, 7 November 2017

    Duff, Andrew
    Regardless of the outcome of the Article 50 negotiations, Britain and Europe will remain inextricably linked even after Brexit. But what this partnership will look like largely depends on whether the former can, in the next few weeks, persuade its soon-to-be-gone EU partners that the time is ripe to move on to the second phase of the Brexit talks. If a provisional political agreement on the nature of the future relationship between the UK and the EU cannot be found, there is a serious risk that the negotiation talks will result in a purely technical treaty of secession, reverting the...

  18. The Juncker Commission past midterm: Does the new setup work? EPC Discussion Paper, 18 October 2017

    Ivan, Paul
    To improve the ability of the European Commission to tackle the challenges faced by the European Union, President Juncker has introduced organisational and institutional changes in the Commission. With the Juncker Commission more than halfway through its mandate, this Discussion paper takes stock of the ways in which the introduced innovations have changed the way the Brussels executive works.

  19. Brexit: dealing with withdrawal symptoms. EPC Discussion Paper, 5 September 2017

    Duff, Andrew
    Britain's efforts to leave the European Union are in trouble. At the press conference on 31 August after the third round of talks, Michel Barnier evinced his frustration: "The UK wants to take back control, it wants to adopt its own standards and regulations but it also wants to have these standards recognised automatically in the EU. That is what the UK papers ask for. This is simply impossible."

  20. Social Costs of the Inefficient Management of the EU Funds for Bulgaria

    Nozharov, Shteryo
    The study identifies and defines the social costs of the inefficient management of EU funds for Bulgaria. It is analyzed the last due programme period (2007-2015) and its prolongation. As methodology of the research the V4 BM model of Al-Debei and Avison (2010) which has not been used for analysis of EU funds management for cohesion policy in the public sector, is applied. In this way its potential for application in this field is tested. The concept of the study could be successfully used for analysis of the social costs of inefficient management of EU funds in other member-states.

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