Recursos de colección

Archive of European Integration (75.096 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Type = Discussion Paper

Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 246

  1. Europa in den Kräftefeldern des 21. Jahrhunderts. Grenzen, Aufgaben, Handlungsfähigkeiten = Europe in the Fields of Power of the 21th Century. Limits, Problems, Possibilities. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 22

    Kühnhardt, Ludger
    [From the Introduction]. Der Wochentag steht noch nicht fest. Aber mit 95prozentiger Gewißheit wird im Jahr 2750 ein Weltstaat Realität geworden sein. Im Jahr 2625 liegt die Wahrscheinlichkeit noch bei 92 Prozent, im Jahr 2500 erst bei 87 Prozent. So hat es 1967 ein gewisser Raoul Naroll berechnet und wenn sein Name ansonsten in der Welt der Wissenschaft eher unbekannt geblieben ist, so mag er sich mit Mozart und anderen Großen trösten, die auch erst von den Nachgeborenen angemessen gewürdigt worden sind. Immerhin griff ein gewisser Robert L. Carneiro, ebenfalls kein "household name" im internationalen wissenschaftlichen Geschäft, die ambitionierte Hypothese...

  2. Ist Polen reif für die europäische Union? = Is Poland Ready for the European Union? ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 24

    Czachór, Zbigniew
    No Abstract.

  3. Der Friedensprozeß im Nahen Osten und die Rolle der Europäischen Union = The Peace Process in the Middle East and the Role of the European Union. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 25

    Primor, Avi
    [Introduction]. Die Frage, was die Europäische Union, was Europa überhaupt im Nahen Osten tun kann, kann man nur dann beantworten, wenn man versucht zu verstehen, was sich heute im Nahen Osten abspielt und in welcher Situation sich die Krise im Nahen Osten befindet. Man spricht überall von der Krise des Friedensprozesses, auch in Israel. Viele sagen sogar, daß es im Jahr 1998 überhaupt keinen Friedensprozeß mehr gibt. Wenn also vielleicht sogar wieder Krieg ausbricht, muß man sich fragen, was kann Europa dann überhaupt tun? Wir müssen zunächst die Lage des Friedensprozesses erörtern. Was ist eigentlich die Ursache, die Wurzel des...

  4. The WEU between NATO and EU. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 4

    Lenzi, Guido
    [From Introduction]. That being said, the theme of my discussion today is "Western European Union between NATO and EU". What I will try to address and talk over with you - since I have not made up my mind yet - is whether the European Union is energized or on the contrary stifled by these two organizations, after NATO’s Berlin and Madrid ministerials and the EU Amsterdam Summit, both of which have indicated that Western European Union is an instrument at their disposal. It is now clearly established, even if not as clearly as we may have wished, that Western...

  5. Poland’s Future in a United Europe. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 6

    Buzek, Jerzy
    [From the Introduction]. The momentum of Europe’s development in the recent years has become an immense challenge for all of us. Poland can finally participate in the European integration process. This opens the question on the role of our country in a united Europe. In Luxembourg the European Union made the decision on the initiation of membership negotiations with Poland, among other countries. This has set the final seal on the end of the post-war period in Europe – a disastrous period for our political aspirations and economic needs. This change is a chance for a new era – in...

  6. The British Presidency of the EU and British European Policy. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 7

    Henderson, Doug
    No Abstract.

  7. Greece, the Balkans and the European Union. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 9

    Veremis, Thanos
    [From the Introduction]. The Kosovo is very much in view now. One should say that Kosovo is really a very old conflict, and many thought that Yugoslavia would have disintegrated over the Kosovo issue, rather than Bosnia or Croatia. Strangely enough, Kosovo did not erupt as some had predicted in 1989 and 1990, when Mr. Miloševiæ took away the Kosovo-Albanians autonomy, which they had enjoyed under the previous regime and especially after the reform of the Yugoslavian constitution in 1974. At that time Kosovo was given more autonomy than it had previously enjoyed, but an autonomy short of complete independence...

  8. The Trilemma of Legitimacy. Multilevel Governance in the EU and the Problem of Democracy. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 11

    Höreth, Marcus
    [Introduction]. As the European Communities have unquestionably been exercising govermental power for many years, there is a need for democratic legitimation of this specific "Governance without Statehood." To a far greater extent than ordinary international organizations, the European Union has crossed the boundary from horizontal interstate cooperation to vertical policy-making in a dynamic multi-level system, in which the member states are but one level of the polity. The European Union has developed into a new type of political system which lacks many of the features we associate with democratic governance. Whereas in the past the EC relied on indirect legitimacy...

  9. Japan and the European Union. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 12

    Ghaussy, Saadollah
    [Introduction]. Japan-E.U. relations have taken new and important dimensions in the decade of the 90s, exactly since the Hague declaration of 1991. If Japan-E.U. relations up to the Maastricht treaty were mainly dominated by economic and trade issues and trade deficit with its visibility and political sensitivity, the period since the Hague joint declaration of July 1991 could be noted as strengthening their cooperation and partnership in different areas. Conscious of their common attachment to freedom, democracy, the rule of law, human rights and a common attachment to the promotion of free trade and market principles, both sides have decided...

  10. EU - SAARC: Comparisons and Prospects of Cooperation. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 15

    Bhargava, Kant K.
    [Introduction]. The very title of this essay implies a certain exercise in comparisons and forecasts. Comparisons can be odious. Forecasts may at times go wrong, but they are starting points for understanding and planning processes. In the present age of information technology, where events may, in comparison to the past, telescope time, a searching look into the distant future is a practical necessity in the realm of possibility. An innovative approaches to Europe-South Asia relations may become apparent against the backdrop of a sufficiently long span of time and in the context of comparisons between the European Union (EU) and...

  11. The Danish Referendum on the Treaty of Amsterdam Europas? ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 17

    Petersen, Nikolaj
    [From Introduction]. On May 28, 1998, the Danish people approved the Amsterdam Treaty in a referendum by 55.1 per cent of the vote. This was the fifth referendum on Europe since 1972, and more referenda may be in the offing over the next few years. This raises several questions, which this paper tries to answer: Why do referenda play such a major role in the Danish decision system concerning Europe? What is the particular role of referenda in the formulation of Denmark’s EU policy? And what explains the outcome of the recent referendum?

  12. In Search of an Identity for Europe. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 23

    Bifulco, Marco
    [Introduction]. The search for an identity is the search for an essence. The purpose of this paper is to reveal “that something called Europe”....I will here attempt to reconstruct a historical and philosophical path through the ages with inevitable over-interpretations and manipulations of reality. Coherence would imply silence. This essay is written while Europe is living de facto through a constituent phase, which the author believes to be one of the inevitable consequences of the end of the cold war. For the first time in its history, Europe has the possibility of forming a single political entity that is not...

  13. Beyond Satisfaction: Russia’s Perspectives on European Integration. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 26

    Leshoukov, Igor
    Introduction. "Devising an EU strategy for relations with the new Russia is a challenge. It calls for a complete break with the perceptions inherited from the Cold War. At the same time it must be remembered that Russia, in spite of its current difficulties and the uncertainties of transition, remains a great power in both political and military terms. It would be a fundamental error to underestimate it.... The West in general, and the EU in particular, react to events in Russia rather than trying to anticipate them. The Western countries have always been fascinated by Russia but at the...

  14. Europe as Unfinished Business: The Role of Lithuania in the 21st Century‘s Continent. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1999, C 30

    Adamkus, Valdas
    No Abstract.

  15. Germany and the EU Council Presidency: expectations and reality. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1999, C 35

    Verheugen, Günter
    Introduction. Expectations of a German EC or EU Presidency have rarely been so high as this time. This is true of the expectations of the other member states as well as the public, the citizens themselves. But we only have six months to work in this particularly difficult environment: the European Parliament elections are approaching, the Commission has fallen prey to harsh criticism, and Agenda 2000 brings particularly awkward and complex negotiations. In our Presidency programme, we are building on what is laid down in the treaties and by European Council decisions. We must not pin our hopes too high,...

  16. The Slovak Republic on its Way into the European Union. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1999, C 40

    Kukan, Eduard
    No Abstract.

  17. Principios de Integración Regional en América Latina y su análisis comparativo con la Unión Europea = Principles of regional integration in Latin America in comparison to the European Union. ZEI Discussion Papers: 2000, C 73

    Vera-Fluixa, Ramiro Xavier
    Al igual que los lazos comunes existentes en la historia de América Latina y Europa1, es posible observar lazos comunes, nexos, influencias y determinantes mutuas en la evolución misma de ambos procesos de integración regional, de sus principios y mecanismos. En efecto, si fuese tan fácil representar el fenómeno de la integración regional a través de una línea, las líneas de la integración de Europa y de América Latina atestiguarían, inclusive desde sus comienzos, un constante entrecruzamiento de características comunes, intervalos de influencias mutuas, seguidos contínuamente de alejamientos y desviaciones, del correr paralelo, para volver a confluir en un nuevo...

  18. Die belgische "Nationalitätenfrage" als Herausforderung für Europa = The Belgian Issue of Nationalities as a Challenge for Europe. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 27

    Rochtus, Dirk.
    [Introduction]. In der vorliegenden Untersuchung geht der Verfasser vor allem von der flämischen Perspektive aus, nicht nur weil er als Flame unvermeidlich einem der beiden, noch zu erwähnenden "cultural networks" in Belgien zuzuordnen ist, sondern auch weil vor allem im dynamischeren Teil Belgiens, nämlich in Flandern, die Forderung nach mehr Autonomie durch den Hinweis auf das Europa der Regionen legitimiert wird. Die frankophone Position kennzeichnet sich vor allem durch ein Festhalten am belgischen status quo und durch eine defensive Haltung gegenüber den Forderungen der Flamen. Wenn einfachheitshalber die Rede von den "Flamen" ist, sind vor allem die führenden Kreise in...

  19. Europa - Erbe und Auftrag = Europe - Heritage and Responsibility. ZEI Discussion Papers: 1998, C 28

    Rüttgers, Jürgen
    [Introduction]. "Das nächste Jahrhundert wird ein europäisches" - Dies vertrat Samuel Huntington in einem Beitrag für Foreign Affairs. "Jedenfalls dann", so schränkte er nonchalant ein, "wenn es kein amerikanisches mehr sein sollte". Und in der Tat steht das Thema Europa am Übergang in das 21. Jahrhundert markant auf vielen Stellen der politischen Agenda: · Da wäre zuvorderst die neue gemeinsame Währung. Der Euro kommt und mit ihm - als mächtigster Wirtschaftsraum der Welt - ein vollkommener europäischer Binnenmarkt. --Da steht die Osterweiterung der Europäischen Union vor der Tür und bringt eine geografische und politische Gewichtsverschiebung von historischer Bedeutung. - Ein...

  20. Die EU als Modell für die zentralasiatische Integration? = The EU as a Model for Central Asian Integration? ZEI Discussion Papers: 1999, C 29

    Laumulin, Murat T.
    [From the Introduction]. Diese Arbeit widmet sich der Betrachtung derjenigen politischen und ökonomischen Veränderungen im heutigen Zentralasien, welche den Aufbau einer lebensfähigen und integrativen Union in dieser Region beeinflussen. Ihnen muß Beachtung geschenkt werden, denn sie bilden bereits heute die Parameter für die zukünftige politische und sozio-ökonomische Integration. Das heutige Zentralasien, das in der sowjetischen Zeit als Mittelasien bezeichnet wurde, besteht aus fünf ehemaligen Sowjetrepubliken, welche 1991 zu unabhängigen Staaten wurden: Kasachstan, Kirgistan, Tadschikistan, Turkmenistan und Usbekistan. Von diesen fünf Staaten nehmen bisher jedoch nur drei aktiv an einer regionalen Integration teil. Im Laufe dieser Entwicklung schufen Kasachstan, Kirgistan und...

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