The relationship between the European Union (EU) and the African,
Caribbean, Pacific Group of States (ACP) is one of the most unknown,
underperforming and underrated legal arrangements in the world. However,
all things considered, the EU-ACP relationship has the potential to be of
great value. It can be of growing importance if it is properly placed in the
context of foreseeable global trends. For this, the European Union and its
ACP partners need to be bold and forward looking, strategic and geopolitical.
The EU-ACP relationship can become much more relevant for
coping with a rising number of global issues. So much so, that it would
need to be invented...
From the Introduction. The UN Climate Summit in Paris was a major success for EU climate
diplomacy, far away from Copenhagen’s blow to the EU’s self-image as a
global climate leader; stood-off by China in 2009, or the disappointing
round of negotiations in Warsaw in 2013, when the EU wanted to offer
more, but could not due to its internal divisions and crises. Divided by the
economic and financial Euro crisis, and the recent major migration influx,
the tendency to prioritize national over regional issues has further eroded
the EU’s credibility as a leader in climate negotiations.
From the Introduction. Migration and the movement of people have characterized humankind for
centuries, and will continue to be so as long as there is life in our planet.
The current shape and structure of our societies would not be possible
without the desire and the need to go further to explore what is beyond the
horizon. The decision of leaving behind the motherland can be motivated
by several reasons which have been changing and evolving through history.
From tribes and groups to individual journeys, migration is essentially the
movement towards a better life, “an exercise in hope”.1
Given the looming withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the country’s position
as one of the main contributors to the EU budget both in gross and net terms, this paper offers an analysis
of the potential implications of Brexit for the EU budget from a political economy perspective.
At the European Council of 9-10 March, Theresa May will, In all likelihood, at last invoke Article 50, setting into motion a process that will result in the withdrawal of the UK out of the EU and, hopefully, a new agreement between the UK and the EU on their long-term relation. In this Discussion Paper Andrew Duff gives an outline of what will follow after the launch of Article 50 based on what we know so far (the content of Article 50, Theresa May’s speech at Lancaster House and the Brexit white paper), and discusses the points of ambiguity and...
Over the years, the rest of the European Union has got very used to being lectured at by British prime ministers.
So the deeply critical tone of Theresa May's speech at Lancaster House (17 January) when she spoke about the
EU's failings – and her unseemly boastfulness about Britain – shocked nobody.1 There were nevertheless some
important clues in her speech about what in the Brexit negotiations will be really difficult issues to resolve; there
were also ambiguities and provocations.
The election of the next president of the European Parliament will take place next Tuesday in Strasbourg. Already the press wheels out its usual reports of backroom deals and an imminent ‘stitch-up’ between party bosses. However, the truth is much more democratic and therefore complicated, says Andrew Duff. Who gets the top job is a decision that belongs uniquely to MEPs. In this Discussion Paper, he takes a closer look at the election of Martin Schulz’s successor and discusses Parliament’s rules for the election; the candidates; what may motivate MEPs to vote for whom; and lastly, whether this election matters...
Donald Trump’s victory in the 2016 US presidential elections has shaken long-held assumptions about American foreign policy. In many ways, Trump’s foreign policy discourse (insofar one can discern a coherent one) is defined by his opposition to the grand strategy of international liberal order building and forward-leaning military posture in Europe and Asia that previous administrations have more or less consistently pursued since World War II. In this Discussion Paper, Giovanni Grevi takes a step back from the flurry of commentaries that followed Trump’s election and attempts to provide the reader with some coordinates to navigate the uncertainty surrounding President...
Paul, Amanda; Sammut, Dennis
The “four-day war”, fought between the Armenian and Azerbaijani armed forces from 1-5 April 2016, has forced the international community to take a fresh look at the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Although the fighting ended with a truce reached under Russia’s auspices, it showed the threat for further escalation and violence to be very real, raising the stakes for both sides in the conflict, and for the international community. In this Discussion Paper, Amanda Paul and Dennis Sammut discuss the latest developments in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and argue that, with prospects of a resolution once more on the horizon, it is important...
The conflicts of the twentieth century and especially the Second World War have shown that the possession of energy is of strategic importance. However, even in the years that followed the last major oil shock in 1986, the energy questions were carelessly ignored driven by the idea that the European Union was in a state of energy abundance.
Last month, a majority of British voters decided that the UK should leave the European Union (EU). In the wake of the Brexit result, anti-EU politicians in a host of member states began to float the idea of putting the same ‘in-out’ option to electorates in their own countries. As the economic and political fallout of the UK’s choice to withdraw from the EU continues to unfold, an acute sense of uncertainty gathers steam and ripples not just through the remaining member states but also their EU-hopeful neighbours in the Balkans. What will the departure of the UK from the...
On 28 June 2016, just a few days after the historic Brexit vote, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini presented the paper on the new European Union Global Strategy (EUGS) at the European Council, outlining the strategic coordinates for the EU’s foreign and security policy. In this Discussion Paper, Giovanni Grevi takes a closer look at the EUGS and assesses its main rationale, features, added value and prospects against the backdrop of an ever more complex world. Not only is the EU dealing with increasingly contested and polarised politics at home, but the...
Berton, Beatrice; Ekman, Alice; Schmidt, Juliane; Selleslaghs, Joren; Stang, Gerald; Van Langenhove, Luk
The ongoing consultation process on the European Union Global Strategy (EUGS) presents an occasion for the European Union (EU) to redress the European Security Strategy’s (ESS) shortcomings and update its stance on multilateralism. As rule-based multilateralism remains deeply entrenched in the Union’s DNA, the EUGS is unlikely to represent ground-breaking innovations as to how the EU should act in international affairs.
The key challenge in respect of the EU’s multilateralism is twofold. The first challenge lies in setting out clear priorities for the EU’s multilateral action to be pursued collectively by the member states; and the second in determining the form...
Bratsiotis, George; Cobham, David; Bofinger, Peter; Burda, Michael C.; Demetriades, Panicos O.; Feld, Lars P.; Granville, Brigitte; Hayo, Bernd; Neumeier, Florian; Mélitz, Jacques; Wyplosz, Charles; Zuleeg, Fabian
Do the macroeconomics of the German political establishment really differ from standard western macroeconomics? That question was the starting point for the seminar on ‘German macro: How it’s Different and Why that Matters’, which was held at Heriot-Watt University in December 2015, with financial support from the Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE) and the Money, Macro & Finance Research Group (MMF). This ebook, edited by George Bratsiotis and David Cobham, is the result of that exercise; six of the papers were presented at the seminar in earlier versions, and the editors sought some additional papers to complete the...
Ando, László; Hess, Regula
The eurozone crisis triggered a whole new series of innovations in EU economic governance in order to make the Union more resilient for the next economic downswing. But one of the more persistent issues are the socio-economic divergences between member states, identified by the Five Presidents’ Report as a major problem in the functioning of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Debates took place in recent years about automatic stabilisers, and more specifically about the possibility of introducing an unemployment insurance within the EMU. While the need for some form of fiscal risk-sharing has become a dominant view in expert...
Dhéret, Claire; Ghimi, Andreia
Labour mobility within the European Union continues to be a limited phenomenon. This concerns both
long-term intra-EU mobility and more temporary forms of mobility such as posting of workers, i.e. workers
posted to another member state in the framework of cross-border service provision. Yet, despite the limited
nature of posting, this topic is far from being absent from the public and political debates. Several factors
contribute to this.
Firstly, a surge in the number of posted workers has been noticed over the recent years and increased
attention has therefore been paid to this issue. Quite a few economic sectors, including construction,
manufacturing, and social work, are very...
Ghimis, Andreia; Goebbels, Robert; Guillaume, Sylvie; Heinze, Aleksej; Hokovský, Radko; Malkoutzis, Nick; Pascouau, Yves
The first edition of this new multi-authored publication entitled ‘Migration Panorama’ focuses on the consequences of the refugee and migration crisis on the Schengen area and the concept of a borderless union. Several external and EPC authors have contributed to building a comprehensive picture on the manifold challenges and possible consequences of maintaining and/or returning to internal border controls among Schengen countries. How does a signatory of the Schengen agreement see the current developments? What would be the impact of the reintroduction of physical borders on Europe’s digital economy? In what way do the V4 countries envisage to solve the...
There are a lot of myths surrounding the bailout money that was given to Greece. Many people still believe that the money never went to the Greek people, but to the Greek and European banks; that the intervention of the euro-area governments and the IMF dealt almost exclusively with the Greek debt; that very little money was used to finance Greek public expenditure; that most Greek debt was reimbursed; that no cuts were made to the stock of Greek government bonds on the market; and, finally, that so far, no cuts have been made to the debt of the Greek...
At a time when the EU finds itself in a perfect storm of crises which it seems unable to overcome, a bold move is needed to reinvigorate the EU’s system of government and stave off the risk of disintegration. In order to address the inherent weakness of the EU’s monetary and economic governance, this pamphlet proposes a new treaty for the eurozone: the Protocol of Frankfurt. Written by Andrew Duff, former Member of the European Parliament and Visiting Fellow at the EPC, it is the first ever attempt to draft a treaty aimed at setting up a fiscal union. “The...
Keynote speech at the Final Ceremony of the ZEI Class of 2015.
On the occasion of the Final Ceremony of the ZEI Master of European Studies “Class of 2015”, Prime Minister Hannelore Kraft congratulated the this year’s graduates and at the same time the ZEI and its staff for its past twenty years of innovative and successful academic work. Twenty years in which the European Union has succeeded in making progress in many areas, like Economic and Monetary Union, EU enlargement, introduction of the Euro and the changing role of the regions in the EU. North Rhine-Westphalia, the 8th largest region...