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Archive of European Integration (68.133 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.487

  1. A Life More Ordinary? Ten theses on a normalization of Germany's role in the EU

    Bulmer, Simon; Paterson, William E.
    This paper presents a set of theses to argue that, two decades after German re-unification and the end of the Cold War, Germany is playing a changed role in the European Union. It argues that changes in the European Union, German domestic politics and in its bilateral diplomacy have resulted in the emergence of a normalized European policy. The paper explores the sources of these changes from enlargement, strains in the euro-zone and bilateral relations with France, through changed processes of policy-making to public opinion. Since Germany has played a leading role in the integration process, the paper‘s findings have...

  2. National Parties and Group Membership in the European Parliament: Ideology or Pragmatism?

    Bressanelli, Edoardo
    This paper investigates the factors behind political Group membership in the European Parliament. At the beginning of each legislative term, political Groups are formally constituted. In June 2009, more than 150 national parties, from the 27 member countries of the EU, joined one of the seven transnational groupings. Two main explanations of Group membership are advanced. A first, traditional argument for Group membership is based on the ideological or policy compatibility of the member parties within each political Group. National parties will join the political Group that best matches their programmatic position. A second argument focuses, instead, on the structure of...

  3. La Cour de Justice dans les négociations du Traité de Paris instituant la CECA = The Court of Justice in the negotiations of the Treaty of Paris establishing the ECSC

    Boerger-De Smedt, Anne
    Basé sur une recherche extensive en archives, cet article examine les origines historiques de la première Cour de Justice européenne. Par une analyse détaillée des négociations du Traité de Paris (1951), il retrace le chemin, semé d’embuches, parcouru par les Six pour déterminer la forme à donner au pilier judiciaire des institutions de la CECA et pour définir sa composition, son fonctionnement et surtout ses compétences. L’auteur défend la thèse que les Pères de l’Europe (ou, du moins, la plupart d’entre eux) n’ont pas eu, durant cette période conceptrice, une vision claire de la contribution future que la Cour pourrait...

  4. Information Guide: Norway. February 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    A guide to information sources on the Kingdom of Norway, with hyperlinks to information within European Sources Online and on external websites.

  5. Information Guide: Malta. March 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    A guide to information sources on the Republic of Malta, with hyperlinks to information within European Sources Online and on external websites.

  6. Information Guide: Информационен справочник. March 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    Ръководство към информационните източници, посветени на Република България, предлагащо хиперлинкове, препращащи към информация в European Sources Online и във външни уебсайтове

  7. Information Guide: Bulgaria. March 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    A guide to information sources on the Republic of Bulgaria, with hyperlinks to information within European Sources Online and on external websites (For other language versions of this record click on the original url)

  8. Corporate Cultures in Global Interaction: People, Strategies, and Success

    Köppel, Petra; Sohm, Stefanie
    Markets and environmental conditions are in a continual state of flux, put growing pressure on corporations, and forcing them to adapt. New technologies are being created, new markets are emerging, and large new corporations are being founded on almost a daily basis. Furthermore, the emerging economies are already producing corporations which are operating on a global scale. This internationalization of the markets goes hand in hand with the increasingly transnational activities of corporations and thus with the enhanced cooperation between them and their employees and partners, competitors and colleagues from completely different cultures. Corporate culture is influenced by regional, national and international...

  9. Corporate Cultures in Global Interaction: A Management Guide

    Blazejewski, Susanne; Dorow, Wolfgang
    Over the past few years, “globalization” has become a catchword. It reflects a widening horizon, particularly in the business world. Transactions are taking on international dimensions, the networks of relationships in business, politics and society are growing ever more complex. The problem that emerges is this: heterogeneity leads to complexity, and complexity leads to heterogeneity.

  10. The Open method of coordination in European Education and Training Policy: New forms of integration through soft policy-making

    Drachenberg, Ralf
    New forms of governance, such as the Open Method of Coordination have become more and more popular within European policy-making. This paper discusses an example of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) under-analysed so far by the literature, namely the OMC in Education and Training. The argument presented here is that exactly this policy area has experienced through the use of the OMC significant developments over the last 10 years resulting in a fundamentally changed EU involvement in the education and training policy. Understanding the sometimes contradictory motivation of the different actors when creating the OMC in E&T is essential...

  11. Combating Institutional Anti-Gypsyism: Responses and promising practices in the EU and selected Member States. CEPS Research Report No 2017/08, May 2017 Friday, 19 May 2017

    Carrera, Sergio; Rostas, Iulius; Vosyliūtė , Lina
    The notion of ‘anti-Gypsyism’ aims to refocus public policies addressing Roma discrimination in order to place responsibility for combating structural, historically-embedded and systemic forms of racism, discrimination and exclusion towards Roma squarely on state institutions and actors. This report examines the ways in which policies and funding combat ‘anti-Gypsyism’ in the European Union and selected Member States and assesses the added value of the ‘anti-Gypsyism’ concept, with particular reference to its institutional forms. It explores ways in which these institutional forms could be combated by identifying some ‘promising practices or experiences’ found in five selected EU Member States (Germany, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the UK). These ‘promising...

  12. Turbulent Waters: Viking Line and the Accession of Estonia to the European Union. Bruges Series on European Business Cases 01 / 2015

    Tervo, Tomi; Pelkmans, Jacques; Heene, Aime
    The historical shipping routes between Helsinki/Turku, Finland and Stockholm, Sweden have been operated for decades as duopolies with some insignificant fringe competition. Although the traffic to and from Estonia was already lively and its effects were being felt by Viking Line, the Estonian accession in 2004 had a profound effect; it offered an opportunity to cut costs by flagging ships over to Estonia and by introducing Estonian salary levels for the on-board workforce, thus significantly reducing personnel costs. This business case analyses the response of Viking Line to this changing environment.

  13. Vodafone Facing the EU Roaming Regulations. Bruges Series on European Business Cases 02 / 2015

    Cachin, Elise; Heene, Aime; Pelkmans, Jacques.
    EU institutions have consequently made telecoms integration! in the European Union a priority through programmes such as the "Digital Agenda". Three Roaming Regulations were adopted in 2007, 2009 and 2012 introducing caps on roaming fees until 2022 to foster competition and market integration while ensuring affordable roaming prices for consumers. The Roaming Regulation packages faced strong industry resistance. The imposed price caps were believed to be too low to reflect the true costs of data and were therefore perceived as the reason for cutbacks in infrastructure investments. This case will analyse how Vodafone reacted to the capping of roaming fees, with particular...

  14. The EU Climate and Energy Package and E.ON: A two-step response to a disruptive policy. Bruges Series on European Business Cases 03 / 2016

    Akutsina, Alisa; Rinaldi, David; Roy, Thibault
    This business case analyses why and how E.ON reacted to the EU climate regulations and to the changing environment of the European energy market. In December 2008 the European Parliament adopted the EU Climate and Energy Package to significantly decrease greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and to promote renewables. The overcapacity on the market and the drop of wholesale price of electricity hit traditional oil, gas and coal energy utilities such as E.ON. The fast development of renewables also impacted the market structure. Faced with a disrupted market, E.ON carried massive losses. This business case analyses the corporate answers to this profoundly changing environment, from 2008 more common responses...

  15. European and International Criminal Cooperation: A Matter of Trust? Case Note 1/2017

    Rizcallah, Cecilia
    The year 2016 offered two additional opportunities to the ECJ to pronounce itself on the crucial and tricky tension between the preservation of the criminal policy’s effectiveness on the one hand and the concrete protection of Human Rights on the other. In its first judgment Aranyosi and Căldăraru2 , rendered in April and already widely discussed3 , the Court had to rule on the protection of the principle of human dignity and the prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatments in the field of EU criminal cooperation. The question submitted to the ECJ was whether solid evidence, showing that the detention conditions in a Member State issuing a European arrest warrant...

  16. Crisis in Russia. The degradation of the model of economic governance. OSW Studies 61, February 2017

    Domańska, Maria
    The present economic crisis in Russia is conditioned above all by political factors. The crisis is proof of a serious dysfunction of the model of economic governance which is subordinated to the government elite’s individual interests. Because oil prices were at a high level until 2014, this model could work at a relatively low social cost.

  17. At crossroads. Current problems of Russia’s gas sector. OSW Studies Number 63 March 2017

    Kardaś, Szymon
    From the Executive Summary. Gas production in Russia has been stagnating in recent years because of a significant decline in Gazprom’s output. The share of Russia’s largest gas company relative to total domestic production has also been shrinking systematically. The main causes of the weakening of Gazprom’s positioninRussia’s gasmarket concern, onthe onehand, the unfavourable situation in external markets (especially the decline in the volume of gas supplies to Ukraine), and on the other, declining gas consumption in Russia itself and rising competition from Russia’s socalled independent gas producers (Rosneft, Novatek). The fiscal policy towards the gas sector has also exacerbated these negative trends.

  18. Information Guide: Armenia. February 2017

    Cardiff EDC, .
    A guide to information sources on Armenia, with hyperlinks to information within European Sources Online and on external websites.

  19. Norms and interests in the Caspian region: bridging the division between ENP and EUCAS. Bruges Political Research Papers 58/2017

    Cenciarelli, Althea
    The present work is dedicated to the analysis of the nature and impact of EU’s engagement in the Caspian region. This territory is divided between two approaches performed by the EU: the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the EU Central Asia Strategy for a New Partnership (EUCAS). The former has been characterized by a ‘transition paradigm’ inspired by the enlargement toolkit, while the EUCAS adopted a ‘pragmatic modernization paradigm’ aimed at supporting Central Asia countries in their modernization path. The study intends to analyse to what extent the EU’s action proved to have normative characteristics when dealing with oil-rich and authoritarian Caspian littoral states. The core assumption is...

  20. Sink or Swim? UK Trade Arrangements after Brexit. Bruges Political Research Papers 57/2017

    Hine, Robert
    ‘Brexit’ – the departure of the UK from the European Union – will have important implications for international trade in Europe and beyond. This paper explores two related questions. First, how may the trade arrangement between the UK and the remaining EU countries be reconfigured? The spectrum appears to run from free trade and elements of the Single Market (‘soft Brexit’) to the full re-imposition of tariffs across the Channel (‘hard Brexit’). Secondly, what scope does the UK possess for reorganising its future trade relationship with non-EU countries? Is there, for example, a glittering range of free trade possibilities around a dynamic globe, or are the openings for...

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