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Archive of European Integration (74.290 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.035

  1. Beyond the economics of the Euro: Analysing the institutional evolution of EMU 1999-2000

    Salines, Marion; Glockler, Gabriel; del Favero, Paola; Truchlewski, Zbigniew
    This paper examines how and why the institutional framework governing EMU hasevolved since the creation of the euro. Building on theories of institutionalism, the paper in particular investigates to what extent functional spill-overs from the single currency to other policy domains, like macroeconomic policies or financial regulation, met with an adequate institutional response, and to what extent the existing institutional framework conditioned the response to the financial crisis. The interaction between policy requirements and institutional capabilities is examined both in “ordinary” times (1999-2007) and under “crisis conditions” (2007-2010). The paper uses a typology of change which helps to put into perspective both the...

  2. Introduction of a lifespan guarantee in the proposed online sales and digital content directives. Impact assessment of substantial amendments. Final Study. CEPS Study, October 2017

    Van Camp, Stefan; Bouyon, Sylvain; Zarra, Antonella
    This study carries out an ex-ante impact assessment of substantial amendments put forward by the IMCO and JURI Committees of the European Parliament, which would introduce a commercial lifespan guarantee in the proposed online sales and digital content Directives. It analyses the impact of these proposed amendments through the development of specific policy options. Two non-legislative options, implying that none of the amendments are implemented, are first assessed: an Option zero and a soft law approach (Option 1). Three distinct legislative options are also defined, by integrating specific aspects of the amendments: Option 2 (subjective duration of lifespan), Option 3...

  3. The great decommunisation. Ukraine’s wartime historical policy. OSW Point of View 66 (65?) September 2017

    Olszański, Tadeusz A.
    The war with Russia which began in 2014 has triggered serious changes in the way history is thought about by the Ukrainian public, especially in opinion-forming circles. The liberal reflection critical about the nationalist tradition initiated somewhat earlier has been rejected since wartime requires heroic narratives above all. Ukraine also had to counteract the propaganda offensive from Russia which wanted to equate the Ukrainian patriotic movement with radical nationalism seen at the time of World War II, which it branded as ‘fascist’.

  4. A region with special needs. The Russian Far East in Moscow’s policy. OSW Studies 65 June 2017

    Kardaś, Szymon
    Although in the 1990s the Russian Far East was not an important region in Russian central government’s internal policy, when Vladimir Putin assumed the presidency it was declared strategically significant. However, Moscow has been unable to generate a tangible stimulus to the region’s development so far. This is partly due to the systemic problems existing in Russia as a whole: the lack of a consistent concept of economic development and the ineffective governance system, and on the other hand, of purely local barriers: staffing problems, the decentralised energy system and the limited engagement of foreign investors.

  5. Towards a Comprehensive EU Protection System for Minorities. CEPS Research Report, September 2017

    Carrera, Sergio; Guild, Elspeth; Vosyliūtė, Lina; Bárd, Petra
    This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the added value of developing a democratic rule of law and fundamental rights-based approach to the protection of minorities in the EU legal system, from an ‘intersectional’ viewpoint. It presents the state of play regarding the main challenges characterising the protection of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities in a selection of 11 European countries, in light of existing international and regional legal standards. Minority protection has been an EU priority in enlargement processes as a conditional criterion for candidate countries to accede to the Union. Yet...

  6. The best army Ukraine has ever had. Changes in Ukraine’s armed forces since the Russian aggression. OSW Studies 66, July 2017

    Wilk, Andrzej
    The annexation of Crimea by Russia and the first weeks of the war in the Donbas revealed what Ukraine’s armed forces were in reality – a petrified structure, incapable of any effective action in the face of minimal enemy engagement. A considerable section of the armed forces’ personnel gradually became aware of whom they were representing only in the course of the conflict and it was not rare that from the perspective of service in one of post-Soviet military districts they sided with Russia.

  7. The best army Ukraine has ever had. Changes in Ukraine’s armed forces since the Russian aggression. OSW Studies 66, July 2017

    Wilk, Andrzej
    The annexation of Crimea by Russia and the first weeks of the war in the Donbas revealed what Ukraine’s armed forces were in reality – a petrified structure, incapable of any effective action in the face of minimal enemy engagement. A considerable section of the armed forces’ personnel gradually became aware of whom they were representing only in the course of the conflict and it was not rare that from the perspective of service in one of post-Soviet military districts they sided with Russia.

  8. The aftermath of the crisis. An overhaul of Ukraine’s banking sector. OSW Studies 67, August 2017

    Sadowski, Rafal
    In 2014–2016, Ukraine’s banking sector was affected by what has proven to be the most serious crisis in its modern history. Almost half of the banks went bankrupt and the losses incurred by the state and banking sector clients was in excess of US$ 20 billion. With considerable support and under major pressure from the West, Ukraine’s government has managed to stabilise the situation in the sector. Despite tangible improvement, it is too early to determine whether the reform programme has been successfully implemented and if the improvement is sustainable. The crisis has made it necessary for major changes to...

  9. The aftermath of the crisis. An overhaul of Ukraine’s banking sector. OSW Studies 67, August 2017

    Sadowski, Rafal
    In 2014–2016, Ukraine’s banking sector was affected by what has proven to be the most serious crisis in its modern history. Almost half of the banks went bankrupt and the losses incurred by the state and banking sector clients was in excess of US$ 20 billion. With considerable support and under major pressure from the West, Ukraine’s government has managed to stabilise the situation in the sector. Despite tangible improvement, it is too early to determine whether the reform programme has been successfully implemented and if the improvement is sustainable. The crisis has made it necessary for major changes to...

  10. The Platform Economy and Industrial Relations. Applying the old framework to the new reality. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/12, August 2017

    Kilhoffer, Zachary; Lenaerts, Karolien; Beblavý , Miroslav
    This paper investigates the relationship between the platform economy, industrial relations and social dialogue, as portrayed in the literature. It provides strong evidence that workers in the platform economy are organising into new employee associations (unions) and are also being brought into existing employees associations. None of the evidence surveyed indicates that platforms are organising into employer associations or being incorporated into existing employer associations. Anecdotal evidence suggests that actors in the platform economy are engaging in tripartite dialogue. The authors conclude that i) no overarching framework exists for governing or facilitating social dialogue between the parties involved in the platform economy, and ii) even if the existing...

  11. The Platform Economy and Industrial Relations. Applying the old framework to the new reality. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/12, August 2017

    Kilhoffer, Zachary; Lenaerts, Karolien; Beblavý , Miroslav
    This paper investigates the relationship between the platform economy, industrial relations and social dialogue, as portrayed in the literature. It provides strong evidence that workers in the platform economy are organising into new employee associations (unions) and are also being brought into existing employees associations. None of the evidence surveyed indicates that platforms are organising into employer associations or being incorporated into existing employer associations. Anecdotal evidence suggests that actors in the platform economy are engaging in tripartite dialogue. The authors conclude that i) no overarching framework exists for governing or facilitating social dialogue between the parties involved in the platform economy, and ii) even if the existing...

  12. Transparency and Oversight of the Council’s Budget: Council executive powers. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/11, July 2017

    Benedetto, Giacomo.; Rinaldi, David; Aden, Hartmut
    This briefing introduces the challenges that have been faced in delivering a discharge of the Council’s budget over the last decade, with particular regard to the Council’s executive activities. The authors analyse the institutional and legal constraints and put forward a number of recommendations aimed at achieving more accountability regarding the Council’s budget and executive expenditure without resorting to treaty reform.

  13. Transparency and Oversight of the Council’s Budget: Council executive powers. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/11, July 2017

    Benedetto, Giacomo.; Rinaldi, David; Aden, Hartmut
    This briefing introduces the challenges that have been faced in delivering a discharge of the Council’s budget over the last decade, with particular regard to the Council’s executive activities. The authors analyse the institutional and legal constraints and put forward a number of recommendations aimed at achieving more accountability regarding the Council’s budget and executive expenditure without resorting to treaty reform.

  14. Introducing EU Reduction Targets on Regulatory Costs: A Feasibility Study. CEPS Research Report No 2017/10 July 2017

    Renda, Andrea.
    This report looks at the feasibility of a European Commission’s initiative aimed at adopting net reduction targets for regulatory costs. As many as 14 alternative options are compared in terms of their comprehensiveness, accuracy, methodological simplicity, timeliness of implementation and compatibility with existing political commitments. The study calls for the adoption of a sequential approach to cost reduction, which implies that the Commission starts setting reduction targets in selected policy areas as early as the end of 2017, and gradually builds capacity over time on the quantification of regulatory costs for all the relevant EU acquis.

  15. Introducing EU Reduction Targets on Regulatory Costs: A Feasibility Study. CEPS Research Report No 2017/10 July 2017

    Renda, Andrea.
    This report looks at the feasibility of a European Commission’s initiative aimed at adopting net reduction targets for regulatory costs. As many as 14 alternative options are compared in terms of their comprehensiveness, accuracy, methodological simplicity, timeliness of implementation and compatibility with existing political commitments. The study calls for the adoption of a sequential approach to cost reduction, which implies that the Commission starts setting reduction targets in selected policy areas as early as the end of 2017, and gradually builds capacity over time on the quantification of regulatory costs for all the relevant EU acquis.

  16. Investing for the common good: a sustainable finance framework. Bruegel Essay and Lecture Series

    Schoenmaker, Dirk
    Traditional finance focuses solely on financial return and risk. By contrast, sustainable finance considers financial, social and environmental returns in combination. This essay provides a new framework for sustainable finance highlighting the move from the narrow shareholder model to the broader stakeholder model, aimed at long-term value creation for the wider community. Major obstacles to sustainable finance are short-termism and insufficient private efforts. To overcome these obstacles, this essay develops guidelines for governing sustainable finance.

  17. Investing for the common good: a sustainable finance framework. Bruegel Essay and Lecture Series

    Schoenmaker, Dirk
    Traditional finance focuses solely on financial return and risk. By contrast, sustainable finance considers financial, social and environmental returns in combination. This essay provides a new framework for sustainable finance highlighting the move from the narrow shareholder model to the broader stakeholder model, aimed at long-term value creation for the wider community. Major obstacles to sustainable finance are short-termism and insufficient private efforts. To overcome these obstacles, this essay develops guidelines for governing sustainable finance.

  18. The contribution G20 governments can make to support the circular economy. CEPS Policy Brief, 2 June 2017

    Rizos, Vasileios; Behrens, Arno; Rinaldi, David; Drabik, Eleanor
    In recent years the circular economy has received increasing attention worldwide due to, inter alia, the recognition that security of supply of resources and environmental sustainability are crucial for the prosperity of countries and businesses. This report urges G20 countries to develop frameworks that enhance the circular economy and more generally sustainable production and consumption modes. In this context, their governments are encouraged to: 1) integrate the circular economy into discussions about implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement, 2) work towards agreed terminologies for circular economy products and processes, 3) support demand for circular economy...

  19. The contribution G20 governments can make to support the circular economy. CEPS Policy Brief, 2 June 2017

    Rizos, Vasileios; Behrens, Arno; Rinaldi, David; Drabik, Eleanor
    In recent years the circular economy has received increasing attention worldwide due to, inter alia, the recognition that security of supply of resources and environmental sustainability are crucial for the prosperity of countries and businesses. This report urges G20 countries to develop frameworks that enhance the circular economy and more generally sustainable production and consumption modes. In this context, their governments are encouraged to: 1) integrate the circular economy into discussions about implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement, 2) work towards agreed terminologies for circular economy products and processes, 3) support demand for circular economy...

  20. Sharing responsibility for refugees and expanding legal migration. 2017 MEDAM ASSESSMENT REPORT ON ASYLUM AND MIGRATION POLICIES IN EUROPE

    Barslund, Mikkel; Akgüç, Mehtap; Laurentsyeva, Nadzeya; Ludolph, Lars
    From the Introduction. Throughout the EU, policy makers and voters are uncertain about the best way forward for policies on asylum, immigration, and immigrant integration. The number of asylum seekers who enter the EU irregularly has declined sharply from its peak in late 2015, offering a much-needed respite to over-stretched reception systems in the few EU countries that have received most asylum seekers. However, the policies that brought about this reduction – mainly, the EU’s agreement with Turkey to curb irregular migration and the closure of land borders in the Western Balkans to irregular migrants – will be difficult to sustain. It is not clear how the humanitarian emergencies that currently afflict...

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