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Archive of European Integration (75.693 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.795

  1. Critical functions and public interest in banking services: Need for clarification? Banking Union Scrutiny. Bruegel Report, November 2017

    Merler, Silvia
    Under the EU framework for dealing with banking problems, resolution is seen as an exception to be granted only if liquidation under national insolvency proceedings is not warranted. We look at the recent liquidation of two Italian banks to show how resolution and liquidation differ substantially when it comes to the scope of legislation applicable to the use of public funds. We argue that more clarity would be needed as to the role that the concepts of critical functions and public interest play in Member States’ decision to grant liquidation aid, and that the two-tier system – in which resolution...

  2. The Impact of Brexit on the EU Energy System. Bruegel Report, November 2017

    Fredriksson, Gustav; Roth, Alexander; Tagliapietra, Simone; Zachmann, Georg.
    This study provided by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) shows that the energy-system related impact of Brexit on EU citizens and companies will be limited. The EU will be able to complete its market, achieve its climate and energy targets and maintain supply security. It appears likely (although not guaranteed) that the UK will continue to maintain sensible environmental policies and safeguard the rights of EU companies in the UK. However, special attention on the impact of Brexit on the Irish energy system is warranted.

  3. Analysis of development in EU capital flows in the global context. Bruegel Report, 15 January 2018

    Claeys, Grégory; Demertzis, Maria; Efstathiou, Konstantinos; Raposo, Gonçalves; Hüttl, Pia; Lehmann, Alexander
    The aim of this report is to analyse capital movements in the European Union in a global context. The monitoring and analysis of capital movements is essential for policymakers, given that capital flows can have welfare implications. Free movement of capital can enhance welfare if it channels savings towards productive use, but in crisis times, reliance on capital flows can also be a source of vulnerability if those flows transmit shocks across borders and disrupt local financial systems, with far-reaching spillovers into the real economy. The first two sections are devoted to the monitoring of developments in international capital flows, cross-border...

  4. 2017 ECMI Statistical Package. CEPS Special Report No. 12 / December 2017

    Lechtenfeld, Robin; Thomadakis, Apostolos
    The ECMI Statistical Package presents a comprehensive collection of the most relevant data on various segments of European and global capital markets. It enables users to trace trends so as to highlight the ongoing transformation of capital markets, including the structural changes brought about by competitive forces, innovation and regulation. It represents an important step towards overcoming the existing data fragmentation on the evolution of European capital markets by offering a ‘one-stop-shop’ for market participants, regulators, academics and students. The 2017 version contains data on equity markets, debt securities, securitisation, covered bonds, exchange-traded and over-the-counter derivatives, asset management, mutual funds, insurance...

  5. The Interplay between the Circular Economy and the European Semester: An assessment. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/16, December 2017

    Behrens, Arno; Rizos, Vasileios
    The European Semester is the European Union’s annual cycle of economic policy guidance and oversight. Although monitoring the achievement of Europe 2020 Strategy targets, some of which focus on energy and climate change, is among the key actions of the European Semester, the reviewers so far have concentrated on economic policies in the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis. The circular economy is currently part of the European Commission’s agenda for jobs, growth and investment, which are important themes of the Semester. Against this background, this paper assesses the extent to which the European Semester genuinely takes the circular...

  6. Recent Developments in European Capital Markets – Key findings from the 2017 ECMI Statistical Package. CEPS Research Report No. 2017/12, December 2017

    Lechtenfeld, Robin; Thomadakis, Apostolos
    This report presents the key findings of the 2017 ECMI Statistical Package, a comprehensive database, compiled annually, of developments in European and global capital markets (US, Japan, China, etc.). The Package aims to enable users to trace trends and illustrate the ongoing transformation of capital markets, including the structural changes brought about by competitive forces, innovation and regulation. The report follows the same structure as applied in the ECMI Statistical Package, and consists of five main sections: equity markets, debt securities, exchange-traded derivatives, over-the-counter derivatives and asset management (mutual funds).

  7. How to strengthen the European Semester? CEPS Research Report No. 2017/15, December 2017

    Alcidi, Cinzia; Gros, Daniel
    The emphasis of the European Semester should shift from economic policy coordination – intended as the process through which member states commit to common rules and recommendations adopted by the Council of the European Union under the surveillance of the European Commission – to a stronger national ownership. Coordination of national policies may be essential at times of crisis, when cross-country spillover effects tend to be large, but it may not be very effective when economic conditions return to normal, as spillovers tend to be small and the incentives for governments to coordinate are diminished. Stronger national ownership should lead...

  8. Putin’s Cossacks. Just folklore – or business and politics? OSW Point of View Number 68 December 2017

    Darczewska, Jolanta
    The rhetoric of social engineering is repeatedly used in the Russian narration on the Cossack nation. This social engineering has been served by historically-rooted slogans such as ‘the Cossack state’ and ‘registered Cossacks’. Terms such as ‘the Cossack state service’ and ‘the Cossack component’ are also functionally marked concepts. These appear in different contexts (the patriotic education of children and young people, the so-called civil society of Russia and its allegedly traditional conservative values, the creation of pro-defence attitudes, military reserves, a social factor combating the new threats posed by culture, information, illegal migration, etc.). Such concepts are the product of the Kremlin’s political technology – by shaping the military organisation of society...

  9. The coup as a founding myth. The ideological pillars of the New Turkey. OSW Point of View Number 66 October 2017

    Chudziak, Mateusz
    The Justice and Development Party (AKP), which has governed Turkey since 2002, has been engaged in reconstructing the Republic of Turkey in a revolutionary manner. This process is highly dynamic; in 2002–2016 the state was being reconstructed in an inconsistent manner. Furthermore, a broad spectrum of ideas has been employed on the ideological level, and the government’s actions have met with resistance from various circles. However, the unsuccessful coup attempt of 15 July 2016 marked a turning point in Turkey’s modern history. The changes that began at that time are irreversible, and the process of the construction of a New Turkey gained fresh momentum.

  10. The unfinished reform. An assessment of the energy transformation in Germany during the rule of the Grand Coalition 2013-2017. OSW Studies 69 November 2017

    Bajczuk, Rafał
    In its time in power, which is shortly to end, the CDU/CSU-SPD coalition introduced key legislative changes enabling a further transformation of the energy sector (referred to as ‘Energiewende’), which provide for a total restructuring of the German energy system by 2050. The term Energiewende (energy transformation) became popular in Germany in 2011, when, in response to social protests following the disaster in the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan, the government announced a plan to accelerate the decommissioning of nuclear plants and began to use this term to popularise an energy strategy whose main aim was to develop renewable sources of energy1. The long-term goals of Energiewende include reducing...

  11. Increasing Wage Inequality in Germany: What Role Does Global Trade Play?

    Felbermayr, Gabriel; Baumgarten, Daniel; Lehwald, Sybille
    Germany is in the midst of a debate on economic inequality and distribution of wealth. People frequently mention a division in society: Some groups find themselves facing stagnating or even falling real wages, while others benefit from economic growth and the shifting shortages on the labor market. What factors can these developments be attributed to?

  12. Implementing Migration Policy Reform: An Outline for Germany

    Kösemen, Orkan
    Migration policy in Germany today is better than its reputation would suggest. It has improved considerably over the last 20 years, though it has suffered setbacks and contradictions in the process. The improvements made have been driven less by a commitment to making migration policy “fit for the future” than by the need to respond to a changing reality. In addition, Germany’s integration into the European Union also positively affected domestic realities of integration, which has sown the terrain for a more effective migration policy concept. Nonetheless, instead of tackling problems directly, the migration policy debate in Germany continues to languish under self-critical navel-gazing. As a result,...

  13. Implementing Migration Policy Reform: An Outline for Germany

    Kösemen, Orkan
    Migration policy in Germany today is better than its reputation would suggest. It has improved considerably over the last 20 years, though it has suffered setbacks and contradictions in the process. The improvements made have been driven less by a commitment to making migration policy “fit for the future” than by the need to respond to a changing reality. In addition, Germany’s integration into the European Union also positively affected domestic realities of integration, which has sown the terrain for a more effective migration policy concept. Nonetheless, instead of tackling problems directly, the migration policy debate in Germany continues to languish under self-critical navel-gazing. As a result,...

  14. Germany and the United States: Reliable Allies. But Disagreement on Russia, Global Leadership and Trade

    Stokes, Bruce; Cuddington, Danielle; Devlin, Kat; Keegan, Michael; Parker, Bridget; Schwarzer, Steve; Smith, Bethany; Zainulbhai, Hani; Carle, Jill; Deane, Claudia; Drake, Bruce; Kent, David; Poushter, Jacob; Simmons, Katie; Wike, Richard
    This Pew Research Center report, in association with Bertelsmann Foundation, examines American and German attitudes toward each other and their respective geopolitical roles. This report is based on telephone surveys in the United States and Germany. In the U.S., interviews were conducted February 26 to March 1, 2015 among a national sample of 1,003 persons, 18 years of age or older. In Germany, interviews were conducted February 24-25, 2015 among a national sample of 963 persons, 18 years of age or older. For more details, see survey methods and topline results.

  15. Germany and Israel Today: United by the Past, Divided by the Present?

    Hagermann, Steffen; Nathanson, Roby
    May 2015 will mark the fiftieth anniversary of German-Israeli diplomatic relations. During these fifty years, the two countries have intensified their political and economic ties and drawn closer together in a wide variety of social spheres. They have also launched a number of joint projects such as cooperative business and research endeavors, joint cultural initiatives, and numerous encounter programs for young people from both countries. All these efforts attest to the special significance of the bilateral relations between Israel and Germany, which also shows in the annual consultations between the two governments, which began in 2008 to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the...

  16. Developing Successful Sustainability Strategies: Strategies for a Sustainable Future in Germany, Europe and Worldwide

    Riedel, Henrik
    In Germany, strategies for a sustainable future were initially and primarily developed at the municipal level in the form of local agenda processes. In addition, in 2002, the federal government decided on a “National Sustainability Strategy,” which was subsequently continuously updated. Sustainability strategies were also adopted in various federal states and at least partially further developed. The challenges of political sustainability strategies at the level of the states comprise mainly two areas.

  17. Brazil and Germany: A 21st-Century Relationship. Opportunities in Trade, Investment and Finance

    Bastos, Viviane Marie; Esche, Andreas; Flores, Renato; George, Samuel; Gonçalves, Antonio Carlos Porto; Petersen, Thieß; Rausch, Thomas
    On the surface, it would seem that Brazil and Germany present many opportunities for fruitful bilateral trade and investment. In terms of comparative advantages, the Brazilian export portfolio tacks heavily towards precisely the raw materials German manufacturers require—and lack domestically. Conversely, German producers specializing in high-end technological and knowledge-based goods could find an expanding consumer base both in the burgeoning Brazilian middle class and in business-to-business trade with Brazilian partners. In terms of investment, Brazil would appear to be a prime destination for surplus German savings. For example, Brazil faces an infrastructure deficit while German firms have achieved particular sophistication in...

  18. States, Branches of Industry and Education Levels. Who will Benefit in Germany from a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)? Final Report, Part 2: Microeconomic Effects in Germany

    Felbermayr, Gabriel; Lehwald, Sybille; Schoof, Ulrich; Ronge, Mirko
    In the first part of this study we examined the macroeconomic effects of a transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the USA1. The main focus was on changes in trade structure, real income and employment provoked by the TTIP. Using a general equilibrium model, aggregated effects were examined for more than 120 countries. Adaptation of the aggregated price index in all these countries and the feedback effects on gross domestic products were considered in doing so, as was the full matrix of trade effects (even those between countries only indirectly affected) and thus all worldwide trade diversion...

  19. Cash in Hand: Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S. and Germany. 2012

    Xu, Ting; Petersen, Thieß; Wang, Tianlong
    In this study, we offer a comparative analysis of Chinese FDI growth in two developed country destinations: Germany and the United States. An analysis of the data establishes a sharp upward trend in FDI into both of these countries. The current trajectory indicates that Chinese FDI into developed countries like the U.S. and Germany will have a profound impact on the global economy in the future.

  20. Attitudes of young people toward entrepreneurship. Youth Entrepreneurship Barometer 2007. Results of a representative survey of young people and teachers in Germany

    Hekman, Björn
    Attitudes toward entrepreneurs: Young people have a positive but realistic view of entrepreneurs. The Youth Entrepreneurship Barometer (YEB) survey of young people shows that a majority of young people today hold (cautiously) favorable attitudes toward entrepreneurs, with 12 percent having a “very favorable” and 87 percent a “somewhat favorable” opinion.

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