Recursos de colección

Repositorio da Universidade dos Açores (8.657 recursos)

O Repositório Institucional da Universidade dos Açores desenvolvido no âmbito do projecto RCAAP.

CEEAplA Working Paper Series 2006

Mostrando recursos 1 - 13 de 13

  1. Determinants of length of stay : a parametric survival analysis

    Menezes, António Gomes de; Moniz, Ana Isabel Arruda
    Length of stay is one of the most important decisions made by tourists as it conditions their overall expenditure and stress caused on local resources. This paper estimates survival analysis models to learn the determinants of length of stay as survival analysis naturally lends itself to study the time elapsed between arrival and departure at a destination. It is found that individual sociodemographic profiles, such as nationality and gender, and attributes of actual trip experiences, such as repeat visitor behavior and overall satisfaction, are important determinants of length of stay. Thus, this paper’s regression results can be used to estimate...

  2. A História do Direito de Asilo no Direito Internacional

    Rodrigues, José Noronha
    Após os acontecimentos fatídicos ocorridos a 11 de Setembro de 2001, nos Estados Unidos, a 11 de Março de 2005, em Espanha e a 21 de Julho de 2005, em Londres, temos obrigatoriamente, que analisar o sistema internacional de protecção dos refugiados. Principalmente, porque, os estrangeiros em geral, independentemente, da nacionalidade passaram a ser vistos como alvos a abater. Estará então, em crise o sistema internacional de protecção dos refugiados? Julgamos que não. Desde que, não confundamos os refugiados, os requerentes de asilo, os deslocados, e os imigrantes em geral com os terroristas.

  3. The impact of IFRS in the financial information of the portuguese companies

    Couto, Gualter; Cordeiro, Ruben
    With the purpose of increasing the efficiency of the European finance market, the European Union forced the classified companies in the share market to publish, from January 1st, 2005 onwards, their consolidated financial statements with the support of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), emanated of International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). This study intends to measure the impact caused by IFRS application in the financial information of the Portuguese business companies, belonging to the Eurolist by Euronext Lisbon. The results demonstrated that the structure of the consolidated balance sheet and income statement suffered a relevant accounting conversion, conditioning the measure...

  4. Políticas de asilo e de direito de asilo na União Europeia

    Rodrigues, José Noronha
    A ideia de asilo pode-se dizer que é tão antiga como os primórdios da humanidade, talvez, por isso, existe uma panóplia de literatura e de legislação (Internacional e/ou Europeia) que, de forma directa e/ou indirecta, caracterizam, essa problemática. Todavia, somos da opinião de que “ (…) não existe, efectivamente, um verdadeiro Direito de Asilo na União Europeia, pelo menos, no sentido em que, tradicionalmente, ele é considerado, como um conjunto de normas jurídicas harmónicas e correlacionadas entre si. Existem, sim, várias políticas de asilo, díspares entre os diversos Estados-Membros (…)”

  5. Forecast of hotel overnights in the autonomous region of the Azores

    Santos, Carlos; Couto, Gualter; Pimentel, Pedro
    This paper concentrates on the application of various time series methods in order to forecast the monthly overnights in Azorean hotels. The aim is to find out the degree to which the forecast of overnights segmented by country of origin, presents smaller errors when compared with the forecast of the total overnights in the Region. The appropriate forecasting method by a tourist’s country of origin, is also analyzed so that potential optimal combinations of separate forecasts can be found in order to forecast the total overnights in Azores.

  6. Impacto dos Fundos Estruturais no PIB e no emprego : uma aplicação ao caso dos Açores

    Laranjeira, Ana; Fortuna, Mário; Silva, Francisco
    Desde a Segunda Guerra Mundial têm sido construídos modelos de planeamento regional para análise de problemas ambientais e sistemas de transporte. Os métodos Econométricos têm evoluído consideravelmente desde os seus primórdios nas décadas de 50 e de 60, altura em que eram dominados pelas ideias originárias da modelização econométrica nacional. A evolução da modelização regional tem sido bastante independente da modelização nacional, em grande parte devido às limitações de dados e às preocupações específicas da política económica regional. Foi propósito deste trabalho desenvolver um modelo susceptível de calcular o impacto dos fundos estruturais na economia açoriana, nomeadamente na geração do...

  7. Impacts of closure of a military base on a small island open economy

    Fortuna, Mário; Bayar, Ali; Sisik, Suat; Mohora, Cristina; Rege, Sameer
    Military bases are commonplace in many countries. Their economic impact on the neighbouring communities depends on their location and the level of integration of their activities on the local economies. Base closures or base activity reductions are also frequent as a consequence of military strategy alterations. The current paper seeks to analyse the economic impact of a US base located in the island of Terceira in the Azores. The base has been an important element of economic life in this island since the end of WWII. The changing geo-strategic map of the world has, along the second half of the...

  8. A computable general equilibrium modeling platform for the azorean economy : a simple approach with international trade

    Bayar, Ali; Fortuna, Mário; Sisik, Suat; Mohora, Cristina; Silva, Francisco
    Computable general equilibrium models have become commonplace instruments of economic policy analysis in many developed countries. These models have gained increased acceptance due to their capacity to address many policy questions in a simple way, using now commonly available databases on the structure of production in the form of input-output matrices, while retaining traditional economic assumptions for household, firm and government behaviour, among others such as trade. In this paper we lay –out the model for application to the Azorean economy. The model contemplates households, firms, government, and trade. It is calibrated using a SAM built from a 1998 I-O table with...

  9. Eficiência técnica dos hospitais portugueses 1997-2004 : uma análise (regional) com base num modelo de fronteira estocástica

    Menezes, António Gomes de; Rendeiro, Marco Forjaz; Vieira, José Cabral
    Este estudo estima um modelo de fronteira estocástica à la Battese e Coelli (1992, 1995) para explicar a função custo variável de um conjunto de 51 hospitais Portugueses para o período 1997-2004. Os resultados obtidos têm forte valor estatístico e interessante significado económico. Entre os diversos resultados inovadores do estudo, de referir que os hospitais SA/EPE e os hospitais com sistemas de gestão de qualidade certificada apresentam custos variáveis superiores aos demais. De referir, ainda, que variáveis de índole regional, como a população da cidade e a região onde se situa o hospital, explicam cerca de 60% da eficiência técnica hospitalar estimada. Estes...

  10. Supermarket site assessment and the importance of spatial analysis data

    Mendes, Armando B.; Cardoso, Margarida G.M.S.; Oliveira, Rui Carvalho
    Publicado originalmente em "Advances in Doctoral Research in Management", Volume 1, pp. 171-195, Fevereiro de 2006. ISBN 978-981-256-044-5 (Hardcover).

  11. Computable general equilibrium models : a literature review

    Menezes, António Gomes de; Fortuna, Mário; Silva, Francisco; Vieira, José Cabral
    Applied general equilibrium models have become popular tools used on ongoing economic policy debates. In this paper we discuss at length the most proeminent features of applied general equilibrium models in a comprehensive and non-technical way, thus accessible to the reader interested in economic policy but with no prior formal exposure to economic modeling. We rationalize the increasing political demand for such models as policy analysis tools. We argue that applied general equilibrium models are best equipped to model regional economies.

  12. Inter-Household private transfers and underlying motives : evidence for Bulgaria

    Menezes, António Gomes de
    The effects of interactions between private transfer behavior and income redistribution policies depend on the motives underlying private income transfers. This paper tests for two different potential motives: pure altruism versus simple exchange, in the presence of capital market imperfections. Using household survey data for Bulgaria, microeconometric evidence is found that both motives are in effect. We also find evidence that capital market imperfections are likely to be binding for consumption smoothing, and hence are an important cause of private transfers. The results indicate that social security benefits “crowd in” the incidence of private transfers, but not the amounts transferred.

  13. Willingness to pay for airline services attributes : microeconometric evidence from a stated preference discrete choice model

    Menezes, António Gomes de; Vieira, José Cabral
    We analyze consumer preferences for airline services attributes between Ponta Delgada and Lisbon. For this purpose, we conduct a stated preferences choice game and estimate a microeconometric model à la McFadden (1974). Our results are statistically significant and imply willingness to pay measures economically high for attributes such as punctuality warranties and comfort. We interpret these results at the light of the theories found in Kahneman (2003). Willingness to pay for additional daily flights is quite low. This result is important to how should the policy maker liberalize this sector.

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