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Miami University

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 306

  1. Understanding breast-cancer patients’ perceptions: Health information-seeking behaviour and passive information receipt

    It is critical to understand patients’ information use from the patient perspective, especially when patients are from different cultures and levels of health literacy. A cross-sectional survey supplemented with interviews of breast cancer survivors including both Latina and non- Latina women was undertaken. Subjects were classified as active information seekers, passive information receivers, and/or users of information. Subjects were further classified by stage of information use, progressing from unawareness or awareness of available information to use or non-use of information to make health decisions. Information sources used and use patterns were examined. Most were active information seekers; many were also passive receivers. Healthcare providers remain the primary information source. Interpersonal communication was far more often cited than either the...

  2. Post–Breast Cancer Lymphedema and the Family: A Qualitative Investigation of Families Coping With Chronic Illness

    The number of women who experience breast cancer is increasing. Meanwhile there have been improvements in technologies used for detection and intervention. As a result, more women are living as breast cancer survivors who are now dealing with issues of quality of life related to the aftereffects of treatments. For about one third of women who have treatments involving the removal of and/or irradiation of the axillary lymph nodes, secondary lymphedema of the arm is likely to develop.We take a qualitative approach to investigating how lymphedema affects these women and their families in terms of task completion and family functioning. The Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response (FAAR) Model is...

  3. Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Implications for Family Leisure Participation

    An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors face the chronic condition of breast cancer related lymphedema. This study explored the ways in which women with this condition experienced changes in their participation in family leisure as one indicator of family functioning. Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding lifestyles before and after lymphedema, perceptions of personal independence, relationships with others, and personal coping. Data were analyzed using a cooperative, inductive format. Participants described a heightened sense of caution regarding participation in family leisure activities. Participants coped with lymphedema by either modifying the way they participated or not taking part in family leisure activities. Professionals may use these findings to assist women and their families in modifying...

  4. Criticism of contemporary women's prose. Bibliographical description

  5. Women's literacy in Old Russia: hypotheses and facts

  6. GenerAges : Generations as They Age

    GenerAges examines the history and culture of the 20th century that shaped the lives of Americans age 65 and older today, with a special focus on the generations coming of age in the 1920s (centenarians), ‘40s (the Greatest Generation) and ‘60s (Age of Aquarius). The lengthy work is full of statistics and information regarding what was then the technological revolution of the early 20th century as well as the cultural revolution of the 1960s and early 1970s that ushered in a new era of civil rights and women’s liberation and equality. While this study emphasizes the enormous amount of technological, social...

  7. Implementation of the 2010 Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey : Final Report

    In 2010, the Scripps Gerontology Center conducted the fifth biennial Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey under a contract to the Ohio Department of Aging. This year the survey had the largest number of family response ever, with 97% of facilities participating and nearly 30,000 involved family and friends responding. An online version of the family survey was also made available for the first time. The report includes information about the survey process, psychometric analysis of the survey, and recommendations for future implementation of the family survey. The family satisfaction survey is one important component of the comprehensive nursing home...

  8. Implementation of the 2010 Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey : Research Brief

    In 2010, the Scripps Gerontology Center conducted the fifth biennial Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey. The year the survey had the largest number of family responses ever, with 97% of facilities participating and nearly 30,000 involved family and friends responding. An online version of the survey was made available for the first time. This research brief includes highlights from the full research report.

  9. Ohio's Aging Network Efforts to Enhance Nursing Home Diversion and Transition

    This brief report provides preliminary results from an evaluation of Ohio's diversion and transition demonstration program.

  10. Writing The Woman’s Documentary Voice in Perestroika Gulag Narratives

    A substantial body of fictional and factual literature discusses labor camps, imprisonment, and exile as aspects of Russian culture both before and after 1917. However, while the Thaw opened public discussion of the Gulag, women’s responses have received far less attention than their male counterparts. Beginning in the late 1980s, however, the nebulous genre of life writing allowed women a framework for more visibly representing their experiences in the lageri.

  11. Publishing the Russian Soul? Women’s Provincial Literary Anthologies, 1990-1995

    From 1990 to 1995 four collections of women’s writing appeared in northwestern Russia: Mariia (two volumes: one issued in 1990 and the other in 1995), Zhena, kotoraia umela letat’ (The Wife Who Could Fly, 1993), and Russkaia dusha (Russian Soul, 1995). These volumes, all but ignored by Russian and Western critics, were published at the same time as a series of similar anthologies in Moscow. In the West this lack of attention is somewhat understandable – the prose, poetry, and essays from the provincial anthologies have not been translated.

  12. Liudmila Ulitskaia’s Literature of Tolerance

    When Liudmila Ulitskaia published The Funeral Party in 1997 the novella received the critical scrutiny warranted by the latest work of an already prominent figure in postSoviet letters. The plot, set in New York in the humid summer of 1991, revolves around the dying artist Alik and the crowd of friends, former and present lovers, and chance acquaintances gathering in his Chelsea loft. Booker Prize laureate Ol'ga Slavnikova misdiagnoses this narrative as an engaging failure: it attempts to achieve the impossible by trying to fill the void left by the deceased.

  13. Writing the Urals: Permanence and Ephemerality in Ol'ga Slavnikova’s 2017

    Ol'ga Slavnikova’s novel 2017 (Vagrius, 2006) made her the second woman to win Russia’s coveted Booker Prize, garnering conflicting critical responses in the process. Many hurried to label the narrative a dystopia: 2017’s last hundred pages depict the centenary of the November ‘revolution’, chronicling how crowds commemorate the event by dressing up as Reds or Whites and slaughtering their enemies (Chantsev 287; Eliseeva 14). Other critics, and Slavnikova herself, see dystopia as only one strand in the work (Slavnikova ‘Mne ne terpitsia’, 18; Basinskii 13).

  14. Regret and behavior: comment on Zeelenberg and Pieters

    Zeelenberg and Pieter's (2007) regret regulation theory 1.0 offers a synthesis that brings together concepts spanning numerous literatures. We have no substantive disagreement with their theory, but instead offer 3 observations to further aid regret researchers studying con- sumer decision making. First, the overall arch of any regret theory must be situated within an understanding of behavior regulation. Second, the distinction between regrets of action versus inaction is best understood in terms of motivational implications, particularly with regard to Higgin's (1998) distinction between promotion and prevention focus. Third, the opportunity principle offers a particularly clear means of summarizing the regulatory consequences of the regret experience. Regret is an emotion pivotal...

  15. Repetitive regret, depression, and anxiety: findings from a nationally representative survey

    Past research has established a connection between regret (negative emotions connected to cognitions about how past actions might have achieved better outcomes) and both depression and anxiety. in the present research, the relations between regret, repetitive thought, depression, and anxiety were examined in a nationally representative telephone survey. although both regret and repetitive thought were associated with general distress, only regret was associated with anhedonic depression and anxious arousal. Further, the interaction between regret and repetitive thought (i.e., repetitive regret) was highly predictive of general distress but not of anhedonic depression nor anxious arousal. these relations were strikingly consistent across demographic variables such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, education, and income.

  16. Rush of regret: a longitudinal analysis of naturalistic regrets

    The current research examines immediate regrets occurring at the time of a meaningful life outcome to better understand influences on real-life regrets. This research used a longitudinal approach to examine both initial severity and the rate of change in immediate regrets. Initial severity was associated with greater past control over the outcome and lower levels of future ability to attain goals relevant to the regret and correct the regretted situation. Regret decreased over time, but less so if it concerned attainable ongoing goals. These contrasting effects of future opportunity on initial severity and change over time support a Dynamic Opportunity...

  17. Mystery Plots: Motivating Algebraic Model Building with Dynamic Sketches

    In this paper, we explore the use of dynamic geometry software (DGS) as a medium for changing student and teacher interactions (and attitudes) with functions. We o er three examples of sketches that may be used to encourage students to build their own functions. Moreover, we share a strategy for developing additional sketches, namely our three-step MTA process (Measure - Trace - Algebratize). Note that these steps roughly correspond to concrete, iconic, and symbolic levels of representation proposed by Bruner (1960; 1966). As our examples illustrate, the MTA approach provides students with opportunities to explore and construct remarkably non-standard functions - often beautiful, unexpected, and thoroughly original.

  18. Multi-measure investigation of the divergence of implicit and explicit consumer evaluations

    This research extends findings that implicit and explicit attitudes may diverge to a consumer evaluation task using multiple measures of implicit evaluation: Evaluative Movement Assessment (EMA; Brendl, Markman, & Messner, 2005), and Evaluative Priming (Fazio,Jackson, Dunton, & Williams,1995). These measures were significantly associated with each other for both positive and negative implicit attitudes. Neither measure predicted explicit liking of the product or explicit intention to purchase the product. We believe this to be the first such demonstrated divergence in a naturalistic, unconditioned consumer evaluation context. Implicit activation of the product’s emotional benefit (e.g., “relaxation”), as assessed in a lexical decision task (LDT) was not associated with the EMA or...

  19. Dare to compare: fact-based versus simulation-based comparison in daily life

    We examined the relative frequency of social, counter factual, past-temporal, and future-temporal comparison in daily life using an experience-sampling method, in which participants were randomly prompted to record thought samples using palmtop computers carried for two weeks. Comparative thought accounted for 12% of all thoughts, and all four comparison types occurred with equivalent frequency. Comparisons may be either fact-based (i.e., based on actuality, as in social and past-temporal comparison) or simulation-based (i.e., based on imagination, as in counterfactual and future-temporal comparison). Because the latter are more “unbounded,” and because greater perceived opportunity invites greater self-improvement, we predicted and found that counterfactual and future-temporal comparison were more likely to...

  20. Self-report measures of individual differences in regulatory focus: a cautionary note

    Regulatory focus theory distinguishes between two independent structures of strategic inclination, promotion versus prevention. However, the theory implies two potentially independent definitions of these inclinations, the self-guide versus the reference-point definitions. Two scales (the Regulatory Focus Questionnaire [Higgins, E. T., Friedman, R. S., Harlow, R. E., Idson, L. C., Ayduk, O. N., & Taylor, A. (2001). Achievement orientations from subjective histories of success: Promotion pride versus prevention pride. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 3–23] and the General Regulatory Focus Measure [Lockwood, P., Jordan, C. H., & Kunda, Z. (2002). Motivation by positive and negative role models: Regulatory focus determines who will best inspire us. Journal of Personality...

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