It is critical to understand patients’ information
use from the patient perspective, especially
when patients are from different cultures and
levels of health literacy. A cross-sectional survey
supplemented with interviews of breast cancer
survivors including both Latina and non-
Latina women was undertaken. Subjects were
classified as active information seekers, passive
information receivers, and/or users of information.
Subjects were further classified by stage of
information use, progressing from unawareness
or awareness of available information to use
or non-use of information to make health
decisions. Information sources used and use
patterns were examined. Most were active
information seekers; many were also passive
receivers. Healthcare providers remain the
primary information source. Interpersonal communication
was far more often cited than either
The number of women who experience breast cancer is increasing. Meanwhile
there have been improvements in technologies used for detection and
intervention. As a result, more women are living as breast cancer survivors
who are now dealing with issues of quality of life related to the aftereffects of
treatments. For about one third of women who have treatments involving the
removal of and/or irradiation of the axillary lymph nodes, secondary lymphedema
of the arm is likely to develop.We take a qualitative approach to investigating
how lymphedema affects these women and their families in terms of
task completion and family functioning. The Family Adjustment and Adaptation
Response (FAAR) Model is...
An estimated 20% of breast cancer survivors
face the chronic condition of breast cancer related
lymphedema. This study explored the
ways in which women with this condition experienced
changes in their participation in family
leisure as one indicator of family functioning.
Participants (N = 27) were interviewed regarding
lifestyles before and after lymphedema,
perceptions of personal independence, relationships
with others, and personal coping. Data
were analyzed using a cooperative, inductive
format. Participants described a heightened
sense of caution regarding participation in family
leisure activities. Participants coped with lymphedema by either modifying the way they
participated or not taking part in family leisure
activities. Professionals may use these findings
to assist women and their families in modifying...
GenerAges examines the history and culture of the 20th century that shaped the lives of Americans age 65 and older today, with a special focus on the generations coming of age in the 1920s (centenarians), ‘40s (the Greatest Generation) and ‘60s (Age of Aquarius). The lengthy work is full of statistics and information regarding what was then the technological revolution of the early 20th century as well as the cultural revolution of the 1960s and early 1970s that ushered in a new era of civil rights and women’s liberation and equality.
While this study emphasizes the enormous amount of technological, social...
In 2010, the Scripps Gerontology Center conducted the fifth biennial Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey under a contract to the Ohio Department of Aging. This year the survey had the largest number of family response ever, with 97% of facilities participating and nearly 30,000 involved family and friends responding. An online version of the family survey was also made available for the first time. The report includes information about the survey process, psychometric analysis of the survey, and recommendations for future implementation of the family survey. The family satisfaction survey is one important component of the comprehensive nursing home...
In 2010, the Scripps Gerontology Center conducted the fifth biennial Ohio Nursing Home Family Satisfaction Survey. The year the survey had the largest number of family responses ever, with 97% of facilities participating and nearly 30,000 involved family and friends responding. An online version of the survey was made available for the first time. This research brief includes highlights from the full research report.
This brief report provides preliminary results from an evaluation of Ohio's diversion and transition demonstration program.
A substantial body of fictional and factual literature discusses labor camps, imprisonment, and exile as aspects of Russian culture both before and after 1917. However, while the Thaw opened public discussion of the Gulag, women’s responses have received far less attention than their male counterparts. Beginning in the late 1980s, however, the nebulous genre of life writing allowed women a framework for more visibly representing their experiences in the lageri.
From 1990 to 1995 four collections of women’s writing appeared in northwestern Russia: Mariia (two volumes: one issued in 1990 and the other in 1995), Zhena, kotoraia umela letat’ (The Wife Who Could Fly, 1993), and Russkaia dusha (Russian Soul, 1995). These volumes, all but ignored by Russian and Western critics, were published at the same time as a series of similar anthologies in Moscow. In the West this lack of attention is somewhat understandable – the prose, poetry, and essays from the provincial anthologies have not been translated.
When Liudmila Ulitskaia published The Funeral Party in 1997 the novella received
the critical scrutiny warranted by the latest work of an already prominent figure in postSoviet
plot, set in New York
in the humid summer of 1991, revolves around the
and the crowd of friends, former and present lovers, and chance
gathering in his Chelsea loft. Booker Prize laureate Ol'ga Slavnikova
this narrative as an engaging failure: it attempts to achieve the impossible by
to fill the void left by the deceased.
Ol'ga Slavnikova’s novel 2017 (Vagrius, 2006) made her the second
woman to win Russia’s coveted Booker Prize, garnering conflicting critical
responses in the process. Many hurried to label the narrative a dystopia:
2017’s last hundred pages depict the centenary of the November ‘revolution’,
chronicling how crowds commemorate
the event by dressing up as
or Whites and slaughtering their
(Chantsev 287; Eliseeva 14).
Other critics, and Slavnikova herself,
see dystopia as only one strand in
the work (Slavnikova
‘Mne ne terpitsia’,
18; Basinskii 13).
Zeelenberg and Pieter's (2007) regret regulation theory 1.0 offers a synthesis that brings
together concepts spanning numerous literatures. We have no substantive disagreement with
their theory, but instead offer
3 observations to further aid regret researchers studying con-
sumer decision making. First, the overall arch of any regret theory must be situated within an
understanding of behavior regulation. Second, the distinction between regrets of action versus
inaction is best understood in terms of motivational implications, particularly with regard to
(1998) distinction between promotion and prevention focus. Third, the opportunity
principle offers a particularly clear means of summarizing the regulatory consequences of the
regret experience. Regret is an emotion pivotal...
Past research has established a connection between regret (negative emotions
connected to cognitions about how past actions might have achieved better outcomes)
in the present research, the relations
between regret, repetitive thought, depression, and anxiety were examined in
a nationally representative telephone survey. although both regret and repetitive
thought were associated with general distress, only regret was associated
with anhedonic depression and anxious arousal. Further, the interaction between
regret and repetitive thought (i.e., repetitive regret) was highly predictive of general
age, education, and income.
The current research examines immediate regrets occurring at the time of a meaningful
life outcome to better understand influences on real-life regrets. This research used a
longitudinal approach to examine both initial severity and the rate of change in immediate regrets. Initial severity was associated with greater past control over the
outcome and lower levels of future ability to attain goals relevant to the regret and correct
the regretted situation. Regret decreased over time, but less so if it concerned attainable
ongoing goals. These contrasting effects of future opportunity on initial severity and
change over time support a Dynamic Opportunity...
In this paper, we explore the use of dynamic geometry software (DGS) as a medium for
changing student and teacher interactions (and attitudes) with functions. We o er three
examples of sketches that may be used to encourage students to build their own functions.
Moreover, we share a strategy for developing additional sketches, namely our three-step
MTA process (Measure - Trace - Algebratize). Note that these steps roughly correspond
to concrete, iconic, and symbolic levels of representation proposed by Bruner (1960; 1966).
As our examples illustrate, the MTA approach provides students with opportunities to
explore and construct remarkably non-standard functions - often beautiful, unexpected,
and thoroughly original.
This research extends findings that implicit and explicit attitudes may diverge to a
consumer evaluation task using multiple measures of implicit evaluation: Evaluative
Movement Assessment (EMA; Brendl, Markman, & Messner, 2005), and Evaluative
Priming (Fazio,Jackson, Dunton, & Williams,1995). These measures were significantly
associated with each other for both positive and negative implicit attitudes. Neither
measure predicted explicit liking of the product or explicit intention to purchase the
product. We believe this to be the first such demonstrated divergence in a naturalistic,
unconditioned consumer evaluation context. Implicit activation of the product’s
emotional benefit (e.g., “relaxation”), as assessed in a lexical decision task (LDT) was
not associated with the EMA or...
We examined the relative frequency of social, counter factual, past-temporal, and future-temporal
comparison in daily life using an experience-sampling method, in which participants were
randomly prompted to record thought samples using palmtop computers carried for two weeks.
Comparative thought accounted for 12% of all thoughts, and all four comparison types occurred
with equivalent frequency. Comparisons may be either fact-based (i.e., based on actuality, as in
social and past-temporal comparison) or simulation-based (i.e., based on imagination, as in
counterfactual and future-temporal comparison). Because the latter are more “unbounded,” and
because greater perceived opportunity invites greater self-improvement, we predicted and found
that counterfactual and future-temporal comparison were more likely to...
Regulatory focus theory distinguishes between two independent structures of strategic inclination,
promotion versus prevention. However, the theory implies two potentially independent definitions
of these inclinations, the self-guide versus the reference-point definitions. Two scales (the
Regulatory Focus Questionnaire [Higgins, E. T., Friedman, R. S., Harlow, R. E., Idson, L. C.,
Ayduk, O. N., & Taylor, A. (2001). Achievement orientations from subjective histories of success:
Promotion pride versus prevention pride. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 3–23] and
the General Regulatory Focus Measure [Lockwood, P., Jordan, C. H., & Kunda, Z. (2002). Motivation
by positive and negative role models: Regulatory focus determines who will best inspire us.
Journal of Personality...