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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (10.261 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PSOC - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 15 de 15

  1. Back to basics: Socially facilitated situated cognition

    Fonseca, Ricardo Jorge Rodrigues Moita da; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
    A widely ignored finding in social facilitation suggests that the mere presence of others increases the “spreading out” of one’s thoughts (Allport, 1920). Here, we revisit this finding and expand upon it using a situated cognition perspective. Experiment 1 approached the spreading-out-of-thought effect using the same free-association task as Allport. Results replicated and extended previous findings. Compared to an alone condition, co-action and mere presence activated more associations, being that these associations are more context-related and more distant in the target word associative network. Assuming that this spreading-out-of-thought effect arises from an increased salience of context-related processing, we tested this hypothesis using the Framed-Line Test...

  2. Sport sponsorship: The relationship between team loyalty, sponsorship awareness, attitude toward the sponsor, and purchase intentions

    Biscaia, Rui; Correia, Abel; Rosado, António Fernando; Ross, Stephen; Maroco, João
    Sponsorship studies have generally been focused on attitudinal measures of fan loyalty to understand the reactions to abstract sponsors. This study examines the relationships between both attitudinal and behavioral loyalty with sponsorship awareness, attitude toward two actual sponsors, and purchase intentions. Data were collected among fans of a professional soccer team, and the results of a structural equation model provide evidence that attitudinal loyalty impacts the attitude toward both sponsors and purchase intentions. Behavioral loyalty influences sponsorship awareness, and impacts differently the attitude and purchase intentions toward each sponsor. Sponsorship awareness influences significantly the attitude toward both sponsors, while the attitude toward the sponsor was the strongest...

  3. We are human, they are not: Driving forces behind outgroup dehumanisation and the humanisation of the ingroup

    Vaes, Jeroen; Leyens, Jacques-Philippe; Paladino, Maria Paola; Miranda, Mariana Pires
    Mostly invigorated by infrahumanisation theory, our knowledge on processes of dehumanisation in intergroup relations has grown considerably in the last decade. Building on these earlier endeavours, the present chapter reviews some recent empirical extensions that highlight the importance of differentiating between ingroup humanisation and outgroup dehumanisation because they are often moderated by specific variables. The role of these separate processes is discussed as a function of the main structural elements that define intergroup behaviour; that is, the defining boundaries of the groups, the relation between the groups at hand, and the ideologies of its members. Finally, the role of the different senses of humanness is discussed,...

  4. We are human, they are not: Driving forces behind outgroup dehumanisation and the humanisation of the ingroup

    Vaes, Jeroen; Leyens, Jacques-Philippe; Paladino, Maria Paola; Miranda, Mariana Pires
    Mostly invigorated by infrahumanisation theory, our knowledge on processes of dehumanisation in intergroup relations has grown considerably in the last decade. Building on these earlier endeavours, the present chapter reviews some recent empirical extensions that highlight the importance of differentiating between ingroup humanisation and outgroup dehumanisation because they are often moderated by specific variables. The role of these separate processes is discussed as a function of the main structural elements that define intergroup behaviour; that is, the defining boundaries of the groups, the relation between the groups at hand, and the ideologies of its members. Finally, the role of the different senses of humanness is discussed,...

  5. Adaptive transnational identity and the selling of soccer: The new england revolution and lusophone migrant populations

    Moniz, Miguel
    The essay provides an overview of adaptive transnational identity processes related to soccer among Lusophone migrant communities in New England. Particular attention is paid to how the New England Revolution soccer team (in the US first division) markets the club to Lusophone migrants and as a result participates in the transnational social field, important for migrant economic and social integration in local contexts. The essay provides insight into adaptive transnational migration processes by examining an institution that may not discursively linked to the migrant group, but that nonetheless participates in the construction and maintenance of the adaptive transnational social category.

  6. False memories and impressions of personality

    Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Ferreira, Mário Augusto Boto; Nunes, Ludmila Duarte; Garrido, Margarida Vaz; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
    We extended the false memories paradigm to the study of impressions formation. Traits most commonly used in describing person-targets were employed to identify the four clusters underlying the implicit theory of personality semantic structure (intellectual positive and negative; social positive and negative). Finally, we developed lists including semantic neighbors of the traits closest to the clusters’ centroid and athematic (non-trait) words. Participants were presented with these lists and instructed to either form an impression of a person described by those words or simply to memorize them. Impression formation relative to memory participants produced higher levels of false memories of lures corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits and...

  7. The feeling of familiarity as a regulator of persuasive processing

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Mackie, Diane M.
    Two experiments demonstrated that a subjective feeling of familiarity determined whether participants processed persuasive information analytically (systematically) or non-analytically (heuristically). In the first experiment, individuals unfamiliar with message content showed differential attitude change when strong versus weak arguments were presented, whereas individuals made familiar with the message through unrelated repetition failed to do so. These results were confirmed in a second study that manipulated familiarity through subtle repetition and eliminated procedural priming explanations of the effect. Implications of these findings for familiarity as a regulator of persuasive processing are discussed.

  8. Corporate social responsibility: Mapping its social meaning

    Duarte, Ana Patrícia; Mouro, Carla; Neves, José Gonçalves das
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the social meaning of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and improve understanding of this concept. Design/methodology/approach – A free association task was completed by a sample of 275 individuals, mostly employees from different industries, who were given “socially responsible corporation” as the stimulus. Findings – The results elicit three distinct views of a socially responsible corporation. Some individuals consider a socially responsible corporation to be one that undertakes its business operations in an efficient and ethical manner. Others see it as an organisation that takes an active role in contributing to the well being of society and behaves in...

  9. Familiarity impacts person perception

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Mackie, Diane M.
    We investigated the effects of familiarity on person perception. We predicted that familiarity would increase non-analytic processing, reducing attention to and the impact of individuating information, and increasing the impact of category labels on judgments about a target person. In two studies participants read either incriminating or exculpatory individuating information about a defendant in a criminal case and made judgments of guilt. In Study 1, participants were subliminally exposed to the defendant’s photo, another matched photo, or no photo before seeing the evidence. Participants familiar with the defendant’s photo both processed and used the individuating information less. In Study 2, participants were subtly made familiar or not...

  10. When do people derogate or psychologically distance themselves from victims? Belief in a just world and ingroup identification

    Correia, Isabel; Alves, Hélder; Sutton, Robbie; Ramos, Miguel; Pereira, Maria Gouveia; Vala, Jorge
    Two factors increase the threat for individuals’ belief in a just world (BJW) posed by an innocent victim: the degree of the observer’s explicit endorsement of BJW and the fact that the victim shares a common identity with the observer. In this paper, we aim to investigate whether or not these two factors (BJW and ingroup identification) have an interaction effect on each of two mechanisms that reduce the threat to BJW: victim derogation and psychological distancing from the victims. In two studies with university students we predicted and found that BJW interacted with identification with an ingroup victim to predict victim derogation (Study 1) and...

  11. The effects of emotions on football spectators’ satisfaction and behavioural intentions

    Biscaia, Rui; Correia, Abel; Rosado, António Fernando; Maroco, João; Ross, Stephen
    The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between spectators’ emotions, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions at football games. A survey was conducted among spectators of the top Portuguese professional football league during eight games (n 466). The sport emotion questionnaire was used to assess spectators’ emotions and the results gathered from a structural equation model suggest that analysis of specific emotions is crucial to understand spectators’ responses. Findings provide evidence that only the emotion of joy has a positive direct effect on satisfaction, as well as an indirect effect on behavioural intentions, via satisfaction. In turn, dejection has a negative direct effect on behavioural intentions, while satisfaction...

  12. Tolerance is not enough: The moderating role of optimism on perceptions of regional economic performance

    Lopes, Miguel Pereira; Palma, Patrícia Jardim Trindade Martins da; Cunha, Miguel Pina e
    Current theories on economic growth are stressing the important role of creativity and innovation as a main driver of regional development. Some perspectives, like Richard Florida’s ‘creative class theory’, have elected tolerance and diversity as a core concept in explaining differential development between different places, but his assumptions are challenged by other empirical and theoretical studies. In this article, we raise the possibility that tolerance is a necessary yet not a sufficient ingredient to trigger economic development in regions, and explore the role of subjective well-being (life-satisfaction, happiness, and optimism) as a moderator. Using a nationwide survey of 3,757 respondents from 21 different municipalities, the results show that...

  13. Cohesión y cooperación en equipos deportivos

    Olmedilla, Aurelio; Ortega, Enrique; Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Lameiras, João; Villalonga, Tomás; Sousa, Cristina
    La cohesión y la cooperación son dos mecanismos psicológicos del equipo diferentes teóricamente, y relativamente independientes. En este trabajo se pretende estudiar, en una muestra de 945 jugadores de fútbol de competición, con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 18 años (media: 14.7 y dt: 1.8) los niveles de cohesión y de cooperación, y su relación entre sí, así como con otras variables. Los resultados indican que los factores de la cohesión deportiva se comportan casi como un factor único, al contrario de lo que ocurre con la cooperación, y que existe rela-ción entre cooperación incondicionada y cohesión. Se...

  14. Tradeoffs and theory: The double-mediation model

    Scholten, Marc; Sherman, Steven J.
    Most theories of decision making suggest that, when options imply tradeoffs between their attributes, conflict increases as tradeoff size increases, because greater sacrifices are to be incurred in choosing one option instead of another. An alternative view is that conflict decreases as tradeoff size increases, because stronger arguments can be made for any decision. The authors propose a unified model, the double-mediation model, which combines the mediating effects of sacrifice and argumentation. Our model generally predicts an inverse U-shaped relation between tradeoff size and conflict. Results support this prediction. Also, when the decision situation increases the mediating effect of sacrifice...

  15. The psychology of intertemporal tradeoffs

    Scholten, Marc; Read, Daniel
    It is commonly assumed that people make intertemporal choices by “discounting” the value of delayed outcomes, assigning discounted values independently to all options, and comparing the discounted values. We identify a class of anomalies to this assumption of alternative-based discounting, which collectively shows that options are not treated independently but rather comparatively: The time difference, or interval, between the options sometimes counts more and sometimes counts less if it is taken as a whole than if it is divided into shorter subintervals (superadditivity and subadditivity, respectively), and whether the interval counts more or less depends on the money difference, or...

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