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ORBi Open Repository and Bibliography (252,888 recursos)
In may 2007, the ULg's Administrative Board (joined in June 2007 by the FUSAGx) decided to create an institutional repository and defined a strong institutional self-archiving policy to increase the visibility, accessibility and impact of the University's publications (Board's decision). This decision led to the official launch, in November 2008, of the ORBi platform including both the Academic Bibliography and the Institutional Repository of the Wallonia-Europe University Academy.

Business & economic sciences => Economic systems & public economics

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 469

1. Old‐Age Employment and Hours of Work Trends: Empirical Analysis for Four European Countries - Jousten, Alain; Perelman, Sergio; Flawinne, Xavier; Aliaj, Arjeta; Shi, Lin
For the last two decades, the increase of employment among cohorts of individuals aged 50+ has been a policy objective on the European employment agenda. The present paper takes stock of the situation as observed in Belgium over the time period 1997-2011. First, we provide analysis on the evolution of older workers’ employment in Belgium and its neighboring countries Germany, France and the Netherlands using the EU Labour Force Survey. Second, we characterize the different employment and hours of work patterns for different age sub‐groups (50‐54, 55‐59, 60‐64) and provide evidence on their respective evolution. The results show that employment rates among older workers started to catch‐up with...

2. The Macroeconomics of PAYG Pension Schemes in an Ageing Society - Artige, Lionel

3. Mer ou RER : faut-il vraiment 10 milliards d'argent public pour l'éolien offshore ? - Ernst, Damien; Hermans, Michel

4. Evaluation of simplified flexibility evaluation tools using a unit commitment model - Quoilin, Sylvain; Nijs, Wouter; Hidalgo, Ignacio; Thiel, Christian
Peer reviewed

5. Work Capacity and Longer Working Lives in Belgium - Jousten, Alain; Lefebvre, Mathieu
We explore the link between health indicators and employment rates of the population aged 55 or more. Our focus lies on work capacity as a key determinant of employment. Using cohort mortality information as a proxy for overall health outcomes, we establish a substantial untapped work capacity in the population 55+. Similar results are obtained when relying on individual-level objective and subjective health and socioeconomic parameters as predictors.

6. An Economic Appraisal of MOOC Platforms: Business Models and Impacts on Higher Education - Jacqmin, Julien; belleflamme, paul
Peer reviewed

7. Economie sociale et transitions polycentriques - Bauwens, Thomas; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille
Peer reviewed

8. Serving the general interest with public enterprises. New forms of governance and trends in ownership
Peer reviewed

9. The role of market-oriented institutions in the deployment of renewable energies: evidences from Europe - Jacqmin, Julien
This paper investigates the link between economic freedom and the production of energy using renewable sources, with a specific focus on European countries. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that this relationship is positive and significant. The results of our instrumental variable approach indicate further the causal channel between economic freedom and the deployment of renewable energies. Looking at the subcomponents of the economic freedom index, we find that long term price stability and freedom to trade boost the production of renewable energies. However, the importance given to markets, rather than governments, in the economy has no significant impact.

10. Does sector-specific experience matter? The case of European higher education ministers - Jacqmin, Julien; Lefebvre, Mathieu
This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher education ministers, we find that having a past experience in the sector leads to a higher level of performance, as measured by ranking data. Making a parallel with the literature about the impact of education on the educated, we discuss potential explanations behind the impact of this on-the-job learning experience. As we find that this characteristic has no impact on the spendings of the sector, we argue that this academic...

11. An economic appraisal of MOOC platforms: business models and impacts on higher education - belleflamme, paul; Jacqmin, Julien
We start by using various economic and pedagogical concepts to understand the specificities of MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) platforms. We then discuss how the private provision of MOOCs, seen as pure public goods, can be sustained. Based on the theory of multisided platforms, we analyse five ways to monetize the MOOC business. Our conclusion is that the most sustainable approach is what we call the ‘subcontractor model’, flavored by touches of the other four models. We then claim that MOOC platforms can play a key transformative role in the higher education sector by making teaching practices evolve, rather than by replacing incumbent...

12. Marchés énergétiques en transition : le cas de la Belgique - Agrell, Per; Gautier, Axel
Peer reviewed

13. Repenser la tarifaction de l'énergie - Gautier, Axel
Peer reviewed

14. Le financement des entités décentralisées dans la nouvelle Belgique fédérale - Bayenet, Benoît; Husson, Jean-François
Peer reviewed

15. Tiers Secteur et transition énergétique : le cas des parcs éoliens coopératifs au Danemark et en Belgique - Bauwens, Thomas
Le degré de développement du secteur des coopératives d’énergie renouvelable varie énormément à travers l’Europe. Alors que le modèle coopératif est solidement établi dans certains pays, il demeure marginal dans d’autres. Le présent exposé compare deux pays qui se distinguent clairement à cet égard : le Danemark et la Belgique. Le Danemark est un pionnier de l’énergie éolienne. En outre, son système énergétique est caractérisé par une décentralisation avancée et une présence importante de coopératives. La Belgique, quant à elle, présente un secteur coopératif beaucoup moins développé, mais au potentiel de croissance prometteur. Ces différences résultent de plusieurs facteurs économiques,...

16. National Report: Belgium - Jousten, Alain; Salanauskaite, Lina

17. National Report: Belgium - Jousten, Alain; Salanauskaite, Lina

18. Social Security and Early Retirement in an Overlapping-Generations Growth Model - Michel, Philippe; Pestieau, Pierre
This paper explains why workers retire earlier, and earlier at the same time as society becomes more and more indebted through increasing pay-as-you- go pension liabilities. To do so, we extend the standard two-overlapping- generations growth model to allow for endogenous labor participation in the later period of life. We show that the rate of participation declines as the size of social security system increases. We also show that mandatory early retirement many be socially desirable in case of underaccumulation.

19. United but (un)equal: human capital, probability of divorce, and the marriage contract - Cremer, Helmuh; Pestieau, Pierre; Roeder, Kerstin
Peer reviewed

20. Les comportements vis-à-vis de la fraude fiscale et de la fraude sociale diffèrent-ils ? Une expérience menée en Belgique, en France et aux Pays-Bas - Pestieau, Pierre; Lefebvre, Mathieu; Riedl, Arno; Villeval, Marie Claire
Peer reviewed

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