ORBi Open Repository and Bibliography
In may 2007, the ULg's Administrative Board (joined in June 2007 by the FUSAGx) decided to create an institutional repository and defined a strong institutional self-archiving policy to increase the visibility, accessibility and impact of the University's publications (Board's decision).
This decision led to the official launch, in November 2008, of the ORBi platform including both the Academic Bibliography and the Institutional Repository of the Wallonia-Europe University Academy.
Business & economic sciences => Economic systems & public economics
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 471
Old‐Age Employment and Hours of Work Trends: Empirical Analysis for Four European Countries - Jousten, Alain; Perelman, Sergio; Flawinne, Xavier; Aliaj, Arjeta; Shi, Lin
For the last two decades, the increase of employment among cohorts of individuals aged 50+
has been a policy objective on the European employment agenda. The present paper takes
stock of the situation as observed in Belgium over the time period 1997-2011. First, we
provide analysis on the evolution of older workers’ employment in Belgium and its
neighboring countries Germany, France and the Netherlands using the EU Labour Force
Survey. Second, we characterize the different employment and hours of work patterns for
different age sub‐groups (50‐54, 55‐59, 60‐64) and provide evidence on their respective
evolution. The results show that employment rates among older workers started to catch‐up
Patterns of administrative integration in the European Union: a cross-country empirical analysis of political intentions to reform national public administrations (1997-2011) - Esposito, Giovanni; Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio; Trasciani, Giorgia
In the aftermath of the worst financial and economic crisis in generations, the modernization of public administrations of the EU’s Member States (MSs) is among the structural reforms recommended by the European Commission to relaunch growth in the European economy. This type of reforms has a longstanding tradition in the MSs as they sharply intensified during the 1990s following the paradigm of New Public Management (NPM). Indeed, by backing NPM-style reforms, the European Commission has fostered convergence between the administrative systems of the MSs based on a soft strategy of integration where, instead of establishing binding pan-European rules enforced directly...
The European Public Sectors in The Age of Managerialism: a cross-country empirical study reconstructing the political history of public administrations in Europe during the XX century - Esposito, Giovanni; Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio
During the XX century European administrative systems have undergone a profound process of managerial revolution during which private sector managerial tools and principles have spread across both central and local governments in many countries. As many scholars have associated this process of change with the raise and diffusion of a managerialist ideology, this paper empirically investigates the electoral propaganda that since 1950s has supported the diffusion of managerialist values across the national administrative systems of the European countries. On the basis of a longitudinal study of the electoral programs released by the European parties since 1950s, this research provides evidence-based...
Work Capacity and Longer Working Lives in Belgium - Jousten, Alain; Lefebvre, Mathieu
We explore the link between health indicators and employment rates of the population aged
55 or more. Our focus lies on work capacity as a key determinant of employment. Using
cohort mortality information as a proxy for overall health outcomes, we establish a substantial
untapped work capacity in the population 55+. Similar results are obtained when relying on
individual-level objective and subjective health and socioeconomic parameters as predictors.
The role of market-oriented institutions in the deployment of renewable energies: evidences from Europe - Jacqmin, Julien
This paper investigates the link between economic freedom and the production of energy using renewable sources, with a specific focus on European countries. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that this relationship is positive and significant. The results of our instrumental variable approach indicate further the causal channel between economic freedom and the deployment of renewable energies. Looking at the subcomponents of the economic freedom index, we find that long term price stability and freedom to trade boost the production of renewable energies. However, the importance given to markets, rather than governments, in the economy has no significant impact.
Does sector-specific experience matter? The case of European higher education ministers - Jacqmin, Julien; Lefebvre, Mathieu
This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher education ministers, we find that having a past experience in the sector leads to a higher level of performance, as measured by ranking data. Making a parallel with the literature about the impact of education on the educated, we discuss potential explanations behind the impact of this on-the-job learning experience. As we find that this characteristic has no impact on the spendings of the sector, we argue that this academic...
An economic appraisal of MOOC platforms: business models and impacts on higher education - belleflamme, paul; Jacqmin, Julien
We start by using various economic and pedagogical concepts to understand the specificities of MOOC
(Massive Online Open Courses) platforms. We then discuss how the private provision of MOOCs, seen
as pure public goods, can be sustained. Based on the theory of multisided platforms, we analyse five
ways to monetize the MOOC business. Our conclusion is that the most sustainable approach is what we call the ‘subcontractor model’, flavored by touches of the other four models. We then claim that MOOC platforms can play a key transformative role in the higher education sector by making teaching practices evolve, rather than by replacing incumbent...
Tiers Secteur et transition énergétique : le cas des parcs éoliens coopératifs au Danemark et en Belgique - Bauwens, Thomas
Le degré de développement du secteur des coopératives d’énergie renouvelable varie
énormément à travers l’Europe. Alors que le modèle coopératif est solidement établi dans
certains pays, il demeure marginal dans d’autres. Le présent exposé compare deux pays qui se
distinguent clairement à cet égard : le Danemark et la Belgique. Le Danemark est un pionnier
de l’énergie éolienne. En outre, son système énergétique est caractérisé par une
décentralisation avancée et une présence importante de coopératives. La Belgique, quant à elle, présente un secteur coopératif beaucoup moins développé, mais au potentiel de croissance prometteur. Ces différences résultent de plusieurs facteurs économiques,...
Social Security and Early Retirement in an Overlapping-Generations Growth Model - Michel, Philippe; Pestieau, Pierre
This paper explains why workers retire earlier, and earlier at the same time
as society becomes more and more indebted through increasing pay-as-you-
go pension liabilities. To do so, we extend the standard two-overlapping-
generations growth model to allow for endogenous labor participation in the
later period of life. We show that the rate of participation declines as the
size of social security system increases. We also show that mandatory early
retirement many be socially desirable in case of underaccumulation.