ORBi Open Repository and Bibliography
In may 2007, the ULg's Administrative Board (joined in June 2007 by the FUSAGx) decided to create an institutional repository and defined a strong institutional self-archiving policy to increase the visibility, accessibility and impact of the University's publications (Board's decision).
This decision led to the official launch, in November 2008, of the ORBi platform including both the Academic Bibliography and the Institutional Repository of the Wallonia-Europe University Academy.
Life sciences => Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
Coconut lumber for wood decks (Cocos nucifera L.):decay resistance against Basidiomycetes fungi - Jourez, Benoît; Verheyen, Cécile; Van Acker, Joris
Since a couple of years, manufactured products of coconut wood for outdoor uses like wood decks have been proposed on the European market. These are presented as an alternative for traditional tropical timbers. In the past, coconut wood was neglected and burned for sanitary reasons and lack of interest at industrial scale. Plantation coconut trees at end of production of copra constitute a renewable resource with high added value. In order to convince the markets, natural durability for outdoor use, without preservative treatment, against wood destroying fungi characteristic of northern temperate regions is a major property that has to be...
Stockage de bois chablis sous bâche - Castaings, Frédéric; Jourez, Benoît; Riguelle, Simon
Le samedi 24 janvier 2009, la tempête Klaus traverse le sud-ouest de la France. Tempête la plus dévastatrice depuis 1999, la forêt des Landes et ses pins maritimes paient un lourd tribut à ce phénomène extrême: 60% de la superficie est touchée, environ 40 millions de m3 de bois sont à terre, quatre fois la récolte annuelle. Il faudra attendre plusieurs mois avant que les aires de stockage par aspersion soient opérationnelles. Trop tard, le pin maritime montre déjà des signes de bleuissement de son bois, il est invendable sur les marchés à forte valeur ajoutée, là où l’esthétisme prime....
IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PROTEOMIC RESPONSES OF WILLOWS (SALIX SP.) - Evlard, Aricia; Sergeant, Kjell; Ferrandis, Salvador; Renaut, Jenny; Guignard, Cedric; Paul, Roger; Hausman, Jean-François; Campanella, Bruno
In 2010, around 3,800 sites in Wallonia (Belgium) were identified as potentially contaminated by heavy metals, a result of their past industrial and agricultural activities . The technique of using plants to remediate contaminated sites (phytoremediation) has been studied for over twenty years. In particular, the use of trees (alder, willow, poplar) has been considered because of their large biomass production    .
The aim of this study was to identify the potential of local willow ecotypes to grow in the presence of heavy metals using lysimeters filled with dredging sludge. Several willow ecotypes were compared realizing morphological and...
Le potentiel du saule pour la phytostabilisation des sols pollués par les éléments-traces métalliques - Evlard, Aricia
Since the ‘80s, when the concept of phytoremediation first appeared, a lot of research has been put into studying the efficiency of woody plants in metal extraction. Willows, as fast growing plants and because of their tolerance to difficult edaphic conditions, have been particularly well investigated. In this investigation, the essays were done on Salix clones, which come from a Walloon collection provided by ECOLIRI and ECOLIRIMED projects. The first objective was to study the potential of these local clones by considering not only their ability to extract their pollutants, but also by adding their biomass production to this parameter....
Potential of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) for phytoremediation of dredging sludge contaminated by trace metals - Arbaoui, Sarra; Evlard, Aricia; Mhamdi, Mohamed El Wafi; Campanella, Bruno; Paul, Roger; Bettaieb, Taoufik
The potential of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinusL.) and corn (Zea mays L.) for accumulation of cadmium and zinc was investigated. Plants have been grown in lysimetres containing dredging sludge, a substratum naturally rich in trace metals. Biomass production was determined. Sludge and water percolating from lysimeters were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry.No visible symptoms of toxicity were observed during the three- month culture. Kenaf and corn tolerate trace metals content in sludge. Results showed that Zn and Cd
were found in corn and kenaf shoots at different levels,2.49 mg/kg of Cd and 82.5 mg/kg of Zn in kenaf shoots and2.1mg/kgofCdand10.19mg/kgincornshoots. Quantities of...
Towards identification of active root-secreted proteases of Arabidopsis thaliana. - Lallemand, Jérôme; Désiron, Carole; Périlleux, Claire; Tocquin, Pierre
Besides traditional production systems, such as bacteria, yeasts and mammal cells, plants can now be used to produce eukaryotic recombinant proteins. Their advantages as hosts for proteins production include correct post-translational modifications, low cost of maintenance and no risk of contamination by human pathogens. Targeting heterologous proteins to the extracellular space is required for the correct folding of complex proteins and makes harvesting and purification easier. However, the quantity and the quality of recombinant proteins have been proved to be reduced by the action of endogenous co-secreted proteases.
In this study, we characterized root-secreted proteases in the model plant Arabidopsis...
Molecular analysis of root medium impact on Arabidopsis thaliana development - Bouché, Frédéric; André, Julie; Tocquin, Pierre; Périlleux, Claire
Hydroponics and soil are the most common media used for plant growth. Hydroponics has the main advantage of providing easy access to the root system and is therefore commonly used for gene expression analyses in molecular studies of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. However, the impact of root substrate on plant growth remains poorly documented. Here we show that hydroponics accelerates both shoot growth and developmental phases as compared with culture on soil. In order to identify molecular changes in the roots that could account for these medium effects, a transcriptomic comparison was performed by microarray analysis. This experiment revealed...
A root chicory MADS-box sequence and the Arabidopsis flowering repressor FLC share common features that suggest conserved function in vernalization and devernalization responses - Périlleux, Claire(*); Pieltain, Alexandra(*); Jacquemin, Guillaume; Bouché, Frédéric; Detry, Nathalie; D'Aloia, Maria; Thiry, Laura; Aljochim, Pierre; Delansnay, Martin; Mathieu, Anne-Sophie; Lutts, Stanley; Tocquin, Pierre
Root chicory (Cichorium intybus var. sativum) is a biennial crop, but is harvested for root inulin at the end of the first growing season before flowering. However, cold temperatures might vernalize seeds or plantlets, leading to incidental early flowering and hence understanding the molecular basis of vernalization is important. A MADS-box sequence was isolated by RT-PCR and named FLC-LIKE1 (CiFL1) because of its phylogenetic positioning within the same clade as the floral repressor Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS C (AtFLC). Moreover, overexpression of CiFL1 in Arabidopsis caused late flowering and prevented up-regulation of the AtFLC target FLOWERING LOCUS T gene by photoperiod,...