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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (79.989 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Polar Oral History Program

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 93

  1. Interview of Frederick E. Crory by Brian Shoemaker

    Crory, Frederick E.
    Mr. Crory (Fred) grew up as a Massachusetts farm boy. At age 15 he joined the Massachusetts National Guard and at age 17 joined the Marines – serving in Guam and Japan. He also served during the Korean War. Upon discharge he used the G.I. Bill and attended the University of Massachusetts graduating with a degree in Civil Engineering. During his senior year one of his professors, Karl Hendrickson, introduced him to soil mechanics in the Polar Regions. This led to a job at the Army Corps of Engineers at their Arctic Construction and Frost Effects Laboratory (ACFEL). Fred describes...

  2. Interview of Frank G. Stokes by Brian Shoemaker

    Stokes, Frank G.
    Capt Stokes became interested in Admiral Byrd after listening to the Admiral’s broadcasts during his expeditions. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1953 and after his first tour of duty volunteered for Operation Deep Freeze. He was assigned to Little America in the fall of 1957 as the Communications Officer. He sailed from Seattle aboard the USS Atka via Christchurch to Little America at Kainan Bay. He gives good descriptions about life “On the Ice”. Mentions that Gus Shinn was their station pilot and that he spent the summer at Little America. Give a thorough accounting of the incident...

  3. Interview of Albert L. Raithel by Brian Shoemaker

    Raithel, Albert L.
    Capt. Raithel had a very short career with VX-6 during Deep Freeze II (1956-57). However, he flew one of the first P2V’s there and his narrative gives a good understanding of the development of P2V operations in Antarctica. After only one year flying with the squadron, he was transferred to the Naval Academy as an instructor. The following is pertinent: 1. Read about Byrd Expeditions in 1930’s 2. Was member of the first Air Scout Troop in Miami, Florida in 1943, attended Naval Academy and then flight training in 1953. 3. In 1954 Bernt Balchen invited him to fly in the Arctic with the USAF 10th...

  4. Interview of Charles A. Burroughs by Brian Shoemaker

    Burroughs, Charles A.
    Capt. Burroughs was commissioned as an Ensign in the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey upon graduation from the University of Connecticut in 1958 and was immediately sent to Alaska aboard the R/V Patton, a small hydrographic survey ship. Later he was assigned to the Bering Sea aboard the R/V Pathfinder where they surveyed the coast of the Aleutian Peninsula while based at Dutch Harbor. He attended graduate school (Major in Geodetic Science) from 1962-63 at The Ohio State University. He then worked in triangulation fieldwork in the Arctic, including the establishment of the first Coast and Geodetic satellite triangulation station in...

  5. Interview of John E. Sater by Brian Shoemaker

    Sater, John E.
    Mr. Sater’s polar career began 1955 when he was in the Army as part of the First Engineering Arctic Task Force. This group studied methods of constructing snow compacted runways on the Greenland Ice Cap. Later he got a bachelors degree at Ohio State University under the tutelage of Dr Richard Goldthwaite. During the IGY he did surface motion studies on the McCall Glacier under a project funded by the Arctic Institute of North America. His career from this point on was centered about AINA and Arctic research although he had one tour in the Antarctic with the British. The...

  6. Interview of Gordon Cartwright by Brian Shoemaker

    Cartwright, Gordon
    Mr Cartwright began a career with the US Weather Bureau in 1929 and served in positions of increasing responsibility witnessing all of the major developments in meteorological data collection and forecasting, the advent of satellites for weather reporting, the creation of NOAA from the USWB and other agencies and the USWB role in the Arctic and the Antarctic. Career highlights discussed in this interview include: during World War II, Cartwright organized a series of weather reporting stations along the ALCAN Highway for reporting Arctic weather conditions; he developed the Joint Arctic Weather Reporting System (JAWS) with the Canadians; he funded...

  7. Interview of William R. Anderson by Raimund E. Goerler

    Anderson, William R., 1921-
    The interview focuses almost entirely upon Anderson's role as captain of the nuclear submarine Nautilus in crossing from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean on August 3, 1958. Topics include planning for the expedition, unsuccessful efforts, fears that the Navy would cancel the expedition after the first failure, and the importance of Dr. Waldo Lyon in developing the special instruments that enabled the submarine to measure ice thickness and plot the Barrow Sea Canyon.

  8. Interview of Edwin C. Flowers by Laura J. Kissel

    Flowers, Edwin C.
    Recollections of Flowers' experience in Antarctica during the IGY as weather observer. Topics include: how he became a meteorologist and subsequently how he became involved with the IGY; daily life at the station; his role as a weather observer and what was involved in that, such as balloon launches; Paul Siple, and his influence on all who were there; relationship between navy personnel and civilian scientists; his relationship with other important people in Antarctica during that time.

  9. Interview of Herbert T. Ueda by Brian Shoemaker

    Ueda, Herbert T.
    Mr. Herbert T. Ueda (Herb), originally from the Puyallup Valley, Washington, was incarcerated in Japanese-American internment camps during WWII. After the war he held a variety of jobs until drafted into the Army in 1951. After his release from active duty he used the G.I. Bill to obtain a degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Illinois. After college, in 1958, he obtained a job at the Snow, Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment (SIPRE) in Wilmette, Illinois. His supervisor for the next several years at SIPRE and at the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) in Hanover, NH...

  10. Interview of Earl R. Hillis by Brian Shoemaker

    Hillis, Earl R.
    1. Born in Campaign, Tennessee 9/15/33. Grew up in Chattanooga, TN. 2. Attended David Lipscomb College (now Lipscomb University) for one year and Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Auburn University) for one year before entering the NAVCAD Flight Training program of the Navy. 3. Commissioned Ensign and Received wings in June 1956. 4. First duty was with VX-6 for Antarctic research support. 5. Checked out in the Otter and picked up one squadron Otter at DeHaviland factory in Toronto. 6. Otters shipped as deck-load on ships to Antarctica. 7. Hillis sailed on USNS Joseph F. Merrell from Davisville, RI to Antarctica. Merrell escorted through the ice pack by USS Eastwind and USS Glacier. Spent Christmas...

  11. Interview of Gerald F. Carlson by Brian Shoemaker

    Carlson, Gerald F., 1925-
    Mr. Carlson was just finishing his BA in Sociology at Washington State University in Pullman, WA in 1951 when he heard About the Alaska Native Services Office of the Department of Interior teaching program for native children. He and his wife Donna both signed up and three days later they were flying north to Alaska. His first year with the service he and his wife were assigned to a native boarding school in White Mountain, Alaska – near Nome. He recounts their experiences teaching grades K-12. There were some 300 Inupiat Eskimo children who boarded at the school. They lived in a...

  12. Interview of Eugene L. Boudette by Brian Shoemaker

    Boudette, Eugene L.
    Dr. Boudette (Gene) used the G.I. Bill to go to college after WW II. He obtained a B.S. in Geology in1951 from the University of New Hampshire and went to work for the New England Division of the Army Corps of Engineers. The job took him to the Northern Greenland icecap where he completed test drilling for what later became Camp Century. His drills did not work properly and he became the go-between with the manufacturer and the Army to develop equipment that would work in polar conditions in what he calls an “imagination problem.” Later he was involved with...

  13. Interview of John Svensson by Brian Shoemaker

    Svensson, John, 1940-
    Abstract of Contents: Capt Svensson’s (John) career began in Antarctica when he was stationed in McMurdo Station with the Naval Support Force Antarctica as a Sea Bee surveyor. He left the Navy in 1964 and landed a job at the Arctic Section of the Department of Oceanography of the University of Washington working with Dr. Larry Coachman. While at the University of Washington he served as “Scientific Cruise Leader” for numerous projects in Arctic seas. He left the University of Washington in 1970 after breaking his leg and became a commercial fisherman: The following is succinct: 1. John grew up in Santa...

  14. Interview of Harley D. Nygren by Brian Shoemaker

    Nygren, Harley D.
    The interview with Admiral Nygren was short, but very informative. He was the founder and organizer of the NOAA Corps and became its first Director when it was formed. He served in this capacity from 1971 to 1981 and reported to four Presidents – Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan. His early career, however, found him on duty in the Arctic where he was assigned for three years to the Arctic Field Party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. He was also assigned as United States Representative on the British Antarctic Survey Expedition of 1962 and was a member of the...

  15. Interview of Stephen L. DenHartog by Brian Shoemaker

    DenHartog, Stephen L.
    Summary of Contents: Stephen DenHartog (Denny) first went to Antarctica in late 1957. He and Buck Wilson sailed from San Diego aboard the USS Burton Island and rode the vessel all the way to McMurdo with a short stop in New Zealand. From McMurdo they rode the USNS Nespelen a tanker to Little America V (LAV). In January 1958. From LAV he flew out and joined the Ross Ice Shelf Traverse under Bert Crary, senior scientist for the Antarctic IGY program, and relieved Bill Cromie as glaciologist. Later he conducted glaciological observations out to Mile 160 along the “Byrd Station...

  16. Interview of Craig W. Brown by Brian Shoemaker

    Brown, Craig W., 1937-
    Mr. Brown graduated from the University of Iowa in 1960 with a degree in electrical engineering. He was in graduate school at the University of Idaho when he read a U.S. Weather Bureau recruitment brochure for work in Antarctica. He answered the advertisement and was accepted by the USWB in 1962. In June of 1962 he was sent to the USWB Station in Kansas City, KS where he was trained to maintain and repair the parabolic tracking radar to track weather balloons. From there he went to Herndon, VA where he learned to us the Dobson Ozone Spectro-Photometer and the Regener...

  17. Interview of Dale R. Reed by Brian Shoemaker

    Reed, Dale R.
    Born: Lakewood, Colorado on June 7 1935. BS Electrical Engineering (57) and MS Electrical Engineering (65), University of Colorado, Boulder. Father was mentor – influenced him to become an engineer. Employed (57) by National Bureau of Standards(NBS) Boulder. First tour(Deep Freeze III) 1957 – 1959, Ellsworth Station, Filchner Ice Shelf, Weddell Sea. Sailed November 1957 from Norfolk, Virginia on AKA-92 USS. Wyandot. Precision Depth Recordings Mid Atlantic Ridge for Lamont Laboratories of Columbia University. Traveled to Antarctica with Cdr. Schlossbach USN(Ret) Relieved the Finn Ronne party which had spent first winter at Ellsworth. Lt. Paul Tidd station Commanding Officer. Isolated under the ice with 40 other intrepid explorers. Cosmic...

  18. Interview of Bernard G. Koether by Brian Shoemaker

    Koether, Bernard G.
    Mr. Bernard G. Koether (Ben) has a very unique polar background. He grew up in City Island, New York and spent much of his formative years as a teenager and college student involved with sailing ships. In the summer of 1953 Ben landed a job on the Vema, a 220-foot topsail schooner to Northern Labrador as far north as Belle Isle. After graduating from Brown University in June 1959, he was commissioned an Ensign in the US Navy and was assigned to the USS Glacier for duty. He made two cruises to Antarctica aboard the Glacier the first in the...

  19. Interview of Donald Carpenter by Brian Shoemaker

    Carpenter, Donald
    Dr. Carpenter and parents moved from Spokane, Washington to Portland, Oregon when he was 5 years old. His two grandfathers were faculty members at two different universities. His father became leader of communications for Northwest Bell. Dr. Carpenter’s first degree was in political science. While in the U.S. Navy he went to an electronics school and later was called for the Korean War. Academics were very important to him, though he was unfocused for a time. He studied a variety of subjects, including Russian at Columbia University. After not being cleared for positions with the U.S. Information Agency and with...

  20. Interview of David Welch by Laura J. Kissel

    Welch, David, 1918-
    David “Kelly” Welch went to Franklin College in Indiana and graduated in 1940. He then went to the Naval Academy for the “V7” officer training and after three months, became a naval officer. He took a position in Antarctica as Commander of Task Force 43 Operation Deep Freeze. His duty there was to escort various VIPs through the ice. He would spend three out of four weeks on the ice and the other week he would be in New Zealand getting ready for the next group of VIPs. At the time he would also take guest to the South Pole...

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