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PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD) (3.020.751 recursos)

Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 509.693

  1. Differential phosphorylation-based regulation of αB-crystallin chaperone activity for multipass transmembrane proteins

    Ciano, Michela; Allocca, Simona; Ciardulli, Maria Camilla; della Volpe, Lucrezia; Bonatti, Stefano; D'Agostino, Massimo
    We have previously shown that αB-crystallin (CRYAB), a small heat shock protein (sHsp) that prevents irreversible aggregation of unfolded protein by an ATP-independent chaperone activity, plays a pivotal role in the biogenesis of multipass transmembrane proteins (TMPs) assisting their folding from the cytosolic side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (D'Agostino et al., 2013). Here we present evidence, based on phosphomimetic substitutions, that the three phosphorytable serine residues at position 19, 45 and 59 of CRYAB play a different regulatory role in this novel chaperone activity: S19 and S45 have a strong inhibitory effect, either alone or in combination, while S59 has...

  2. The apoptotic members CD95, BclxL, and Bcl-2 cooperate to promote cell migration by inducing Ca2+ flux from the endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria

    Fouqué, A; Lepvrier, E; Debure, L; Gouriou, Y; Malleter, M; Delcroix, V; Ovize, M; Ducret, T; Li, C; Hammadi, M; Vacher, P; Legembre, P
    Metalloprotease-processed CD95L (cl-CD95L) is a soluble cytokine that implements a PI3K/Ca2+ signaling pathway in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Accordingly, high levels of cl-CD95L in TNBC women correlate with poor prognosis, and administration of this ligand in an orthotopic xenograft mouse model accelerates the metastatic dissemination of TNBC cells. The molecular mechanism underlying CD95-mediated cell migration remains unknown. Here, we present genetic and pharmacologic evidence that the anti-apoptotic molecules BclxL and Bcl-2 and the pro-apoptotic factors BAD and BID cooperate to promote migration of TNBC cells stimulated with cl-CD95L. BclxL was distributed in both endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondrion membranes....

  3. Splicing controls the ubiquitin response during DNA double-strand break repair

    Pederiva, C; Böhm, S; Julner, A; Farnebo, M
    Although evidence that splicing regulates DNA repair is accumulating, the underlying mechanism(s) remain unclear. Here, we report that short-term inhibition of pre-mRNA splicing by spliceosomal inhibitors impairs cellular repair of DNA double-strand breaks. Indeed, interference with splicing as little as 1 h prior to irradiation reduced ubiquitylation of damaged chromatin and impaired recruitment of the repair factors WRAP53β, RNF168, 53BP1, BRCA1 and RAD51 to sites of DNA damage. Consequently, splicing-deficient cells exhibited significant numbers of residual γH2AX foci, as would be expected if DNA repair is defective. Furthermore, we show that this is due to downregulation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase...

  4. MicroRNA-17-92 regulates myoblast proliferation and differentiation by targeting the ENH1/Id1 signaling axis

    Qiu, H; Liu, N; Luo, L; Zhong, J; Tang, Z; Kang, K; Qu, J; Peng, W; Liu, L; Li, L; Gou, D
    Myogenesis is an important biological process that occurs during both skeletal muscle regeneration and postnatal growth. Growing evidence points to the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in myogenesis. Our analysis of miRNA expression patterns reveal that miRNAs of miR-17-92 cluster are dramatically downregulated in C2C12 cells after myogenesis stimulation, are strongly induced in mouse skeletal muscle after injury and decrease steadily thereafter and are downregulated with age in skeletal muscle during mouse and porcine postnatal growth. However, their roles in muscle developmental processes remain elusive. We show that the miR-17-92 cluster promotes mouse myoblast proliferation but inhibits myotube formation. miR-17,...

  5. Reactivation of mutant p53 by a dietary-related compound phenethyl isothiocyanate inhibits tumor growth

    Aggarwal, M; Saxena, R; Sinclair, E; Fu, Y; Jacobs, A; Dyba, M; Wang, X; Cruz, I; Berry, D; Kallakury, B; Mueller, S C; Agostino, S D; Blandino, G; Avantaggiati, M L; Chung, F-L
    Mutations in the p53 tumor-suppressor gene are prevalent in human cancers. The majority of p53 mutations are missense, which can be classified into contact mutations (that directly disrupts the DNA-binding activity of p53) and structural mutations (that disrupts the conformation of p53). Both of the mutations can disable the normal wild-type (WT) p53 activities. Nevertheless, it has been amply documented that small molecules can rescue activity from mutant p53 by restoring WT tumor-suppressive functions. These compounds hold promise for cancer therapy and have now entered clinical trials. In this study, we show that cruciferous-vegetable-derived phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) can reactivate p53...

  6. Focused screening of mitochondrial metabolism reveals a crucial role for a tumor suppressor Hbp1 in ovarian reserve

    Dong, Z; Huang, M; Liu, Z; Xie, P; Dong, Y; Wu, X; Qu, Z; Shen, B; Huang, X; Zhang, T; Li, J; Liu, J; Yanase, T; Zhou, C; Xu, Y
    Granulosa cells (GCs) are tightly associated with fertility and the fate of ovarian follicles. Mitochondria are the central executers of apoptosis. However, the genetic basis underlying mitochondrial modulation in GCs during the ovarian development is poorly understood. Here, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genetic screening was used to identify genes conferring mitochondrial metabolism in human GCs. The results uncovered roles for several tumor suppressors, including HBP1, in the augmentation of mitochondrial function. Focused analysis revealed that high-mobility group (HMG)-box transcription factor 1 (Hbp1) levels regulate mitochondrial biogenesis, which is associated with global changes in transcription including Tfam. The systemic or granulosa-specific but not oocyte-specific...

  7. Giant hypothalamic hamartoma associated with an intracranial cyst in a newborn

    Lee, Joo Yeon; Yoon, Hye-Kyung; Khang, Shin Kwang
    We report the case of a giant hypothalamic hamartoma with a large intracranial cyst in a neonate. On ultrasonography, the lesion presented as a lobulated, mass-like lesion with similar echogenicity to the adjacent brain parenchyma, located anterior to the underdeveloped and compressed left temporal lobe, and presenting as an intracranial cyst in the left cerebral convexity without definite internal echogenicity or septa. The presence of a hypothalamic hamartoma and intracranial neurenteric cyst were confirmed by surgical biopsy. The association of a giant hypothalamic hamartoma and a neurenteric cyst is rare. Due to the rarity of this association, the large size of the intracranial cyst, and the resulting distortion...

  8. Preclinical evaluation of acoustic radiation force impulse measurements in regions of heterogeneous elasticity

    Hollerieth, Katharina; Gaßmann, Bernhard; Wagenpfeil, Stefan; Moog, Philipp; Vo-Cong, Minh-Truc; Heemann, Uwe; Stock, Konrad Friedrich

  9. Diagnostic vascular ultrasonography with the help of color Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography

    Rübenthaler, Johannes; Reiser, Maximilian; Clevert, Dirk-André
    The use of ultrasonography and especially of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the diagnosis of vascular pathologies before and after interventions has significantly increased over the past years due to the broader availability of modern ultrasound systems with CEUS capabilities and more trained user experience in this imaging modality. For the preinterventional and postinterventional work-up of carotid diseases, duplex ultrasound as well as CEUS have been established as the standard-of-care examination procedures for diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up. In addition to its use for carotid arterial diseases, ultrasonography has also become the primary modality for the screening of vascular pathologies. This review...

  10. Theragnostic ultrasound using microbubbles in the treatment of prostate cancer

    Lee, Hak Jong; Yoon, Young Il; Bae, Yun Jung
    The use of gas-filled microbubbles in perfusion monitoring as intravascular ultrasound contrast agents has recently become more common. Additionally, microbubbles are employed as carriers of pharmaceutical substances or genes. Microbubbles have great potential to improve the delivery of therapeutic materials into cells and to modify vascular permeability, causing increased extravasation of drugs and drug carriers. Prostate cancer is the most common neoplasm in Europe and America, with an incidence twice to three times that of lung and colorectal cancer. Its incidence is still rising in Asian countries, including Japan and Korea. In this review, we present current strategies regarding the...

  11. Clinical photoacoustic imaging of cancer

    Valluru, Keerthi S.; Willmann, Juergen K.
    Photoacoustic imaging is a hybrid technique that shines laser light on tissue and measures optically induced ultrasound signal. There is growing interest in the clinical community over this new technique and its possible clinical applications. One of the most prominent features of photoacoustic imaging is its ability to characterize tissue, leveraging differences in the optical absorption of underlying tissue components such as hemoglobin, lipids, melanin, collagen and water among many others. In this review, the state-of-the-art photoacoustic imaging techniques and some of the key outcomes pertaining to different cancer applications in the clinic are presented.

  12. Synchronous multicentric small hepatocellular carcinomas: defining the capsule on high-frequency intraoperative ultrasonography with pathologic correlation

    Ahn, Jae Hong; Eom, Dae-Woon; Ryu, Dae Shick; Park, Man Soo; Jung, Seung Mun; Choi, Kun Moo; Cheon, Gab Jin; Choi, Soo-Jung; Jang, Hyuk Jai

  13. Molecular subtypes and imaging phenotypes of breast cancer

    Cho, Nariya
    During the last 15 years, traditional breast cancer classifications based on histopathology have been reorganized into the luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and basal-like subtypes based on gene expression profiling. Each molecular subtype has shown varying risk for progression, response to treatment, and survival outcomes. Research linking the imaging phenotype with the molecular subtype has revealed that non-calcified, relatively circumscribed masses with posterior acoustic enhancement are common in the basal-like subtype, spiculated masses with a poorly circumscribed margin and posterior acoustic shadowing in the luminal subtype, and pleomorphic calcifications in the HER2-enriched subtype. Understanding...

  14. Validation of the fifth edition BI-RADS ultrasound lexicon with comparison of fourth and fifth edition diagnostic performance using video clips

    Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Min Jung; Lee, Hye Sun; Kim, Sung Hun; Youk, Ji Hyun; Jeong, Sun Hye; Kim, You Me

  15. Malignant-looking thyroid nodules with size reduction: core needle biopsy results

    Lee, Ha Young; Baek, Jung Hwan; Ha, Eun Ju; Park, Jee Won; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Song, Dong Eun; Shong, Young Kee

  16. Applications of acoustic radiation force impulse quantification in chronic kidney disease: a review

    Wang, Liang
    Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging is an emerging technique with great promise in the field of elastography. Previous studies have validated ARFI quantification as a method of estimating fibrosis in chronic liver disease. Similarly, fibrosis is the principal process underlying the progression of chronic kidney disease, which is the major cause of renal failure. However, the quantification of tissue stiffness using ARFI imaging is more complex in the kidney than in the liver. Moreover, not all previous studies are comparable because they employed different procedures. Therefore, subsequent studies are warranted, both in animal models and in clinical patients, in...

  17. USP14 deubiquitinates proteasome-bound substrates that are ubiquitinated at multiple sites

    Lee, Byung-Hoon; Lu, Ying; Prado, Miguel A.; Shi, Yuan; Tian, Geng; Sun, Shuangwu; Elsasser, Suzanne; Gygi, Steven P.; King, Randall W.; Finley, Daniel
    USP14 is a major regulator of the proteasome and one of three proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzymes1–9. Its effects on protein turnover are substrate specific, for unknown reasons. We report that USP14 shows a dramatic preference for ubiquitin-cyclin B conjugates that carry more than one ubiquitin modification or chain. This specificity is conserved from yeast to humans and is independent of chain linkage type. USP14 has been thought to cleave single ubiquitin groups from the distal tip of a chain but we find that it removes chains from cyclin B en bloc, proceeding until a single chain remains. The suppression of degradation...

  18. Erratum: Correction of Figure: Simvastatin Reduces Capsular Fibrosis around Silicone Implants

    Chung, Kyu Jin; Park, Ki Rin; Lee, Jun Ho; Kim, Tae Gon; Kim, Yong-Ha

  19. Rupture of a Choledochal Cyst in an Adult Female: A Rare Consequence of Blunt Abdominal Trauma

    Chen, Lu-Jia; Cheng, Ping; Xue, Yin-Kai; Chen, Li-Bo

  20. Primary Laryngo-tracheobronchial Amyloidosis: An Unusual Cause of Hoarseness and Dyspnea

    Zhang, Qun-Cheng; Zhang, Xiao-Ju; An, Yun-Xia; Xie, Hong-Jian

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