Sunday, December 14, 2014

 

 



Soy un nuevo usuario

Olvidé mi contraseña

Entrada usuarios

Lógica Matemáticas Astronomía y Astrofísica Física Química Ciencias de la Vida
Ciencias de la Tierra y Espacio Ciencias Agrarias Ciencias Médicas Ciencias Tecnológicas Antropología Demografía
Ciencias Económicas Geografía Historia Ciencias Jurídicas y Derecho Lingüística Pedagogía
Ciencia Política Psicología Artes y Letras Sociología Ética Filosofía
 

rss_1.0 Recursos de colección

PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD) (2,728,859 recursos)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Journal of Bacteriology

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 94,991

1. Heterologous Expression of Bartonella Adhesin A in Escherichia coli by Exchange of Trimeric Autotransporter Adhesin Domains Results in Enhanced Adhesion Properties and a Pathogenic Phenotype - Schmidgen, Thomas; Kaiser, Patrick O.; Ballhorn, Wibke; Franz, Bettina; Göttig, Stephan; Linke, Dirk; Kempf, Volkhard A. J.
Human-pathogenic Bartonella henselae causes cat scratch disease and vasculoproliferative disorders. An important pathogenicity factor of B. henselae is the trimeric autotransporter adhesin (TAA) Bartonella adhesin A (BadA), which is modularly constructed, consisting of a head, a long and repetitive neck-stalk module, and a membrane anchor. BadA is involved in bacterial autoagglutination, binding to extracellular matrix proteins and host cells, and in proangiogenic reprogramming. The slow growth of B. henselae and limited tools for genetic manipulation are obstacles for detailed examination of BadA and its domains. Here, we established a recombinant expression system for BadA mutants in Escherichia coli allowing functional...

2. Role of norEF in Denitrification, Elucidated by Physiological Experiments with Rhodobacter sphaeroides - Bergaust, Linda L.; Hartsock, Angela; Liu, Binbin; Bakken, Lars R.; Shapleigh, James P.
Many denitrifying organisms contain the norEF gene cluster, which codes for two proteins that are thought to be involved in denitrification because they are expressed during the reduction of nitrite and nitric oxide. The products of both genes are predicted to be membrane associated, and the norE product is a member of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit III family. However, the specific role of norEF is unknown. The denitrification phenotypes of Rhodobacter sphaeroides strains with and without norEF genes were studied, and it was found that loss of norEF lowered the rate of denitrification from nitrate and resulted in accumulation...

3. Resolving Nonstop Translation Complexes Is a Matter of Life or Death - Keiler, Kenneth C.; Feaga, Heather A.
Problems during gene expression can result in a ribosome that has translated to the 3′ end of an mRNA without terminating at a stop codon, forming a nonstop translation complex. The nonstop translation complex contains a ribosome with the mRNA and peptidyl-tRNA engaged, but because there is no codon in the A site, the ribosome cannot elongate or terminate the nascent chain. Recent work has illuminated the importance of resolving these nonstop complexes in bacteria. Transfer-messenger RNA (tmRNA)-SmpB specifically recognizes and resolves nonstop translation complexes in a reaction known as trans-translation. trans-Translation releases the ribosome and promotes degradation of the...

4. Streptococcus mutans NADH Oxidase Lies at the Intersection of Overlapping Regulons Controlled by Oxygen and NAD+ Levels - Baker, J. L.; Derr, A. M.; Karuppaiah, K.; MacGilvray, M. E.; Kajfasz, J. K.; Faustoferri, R. C.; Rivera-Ramos, I.; Bitoun, J. P.; Lemos, J. A.; Wen, Z. T.; Quivey, R. G.
NADH oxidase (Nox, encoded by nox) is a flavin-containing enzyme used by the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans to reduce diatomic oxygen to water while oxidizing NADH to NAD+. The critical nature of Nox is 2-fold: it serves to regenerate NAD+, a carbon cycle metabolite, and to reduce intracellular oxygen, preventing formation of destructive reactive oxygen species (ROS). As oxygen and NAD+ have been shown to modulate the activity of the global transcription factors Spx and Rex, respectively, Nox is potentially poised at a critical junction of two stress regulons. In this study, microarray data showed that either addition of oxygen...

5. Construction and Characterization of tetH Overexpression and Knockout Strains of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans - Yu, Yangyang; Liu, Xiangmei; Wang, Huiyan; Li, Xiuting; Lin, Jianqun
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a major participant in consortia of microorganisms used for bioleaching. It can obtain energy from the oxidation of Fe2+, H2, S0, and various reduced inorganic sulfur compounds (RISCs). Tetrathionate is a key intermediate during RISC oxidation, hydrolyzed by tetrathionate hydrolase (TetH), and used as sole energy source. In this study, a tetH knockout (ΔtetH) mutant and a tetH overexpression strain were constructed and characterized. The tetH overexpression strain grew better on sulfur and tetrathionate and possessed a higher rate of tetrathionate utilization and TetH activity than the wild type. However, its cell yields on tetrathionate were much...

6. Genetic Dissection of T4 Lysis - Moussa, Samir H.; Lawler, Jessica L.; Young, Ry
t is the holin gene for coliphage T4, encoding a 218-amino-acid (aa) protein essential for the inner membrane hole formation that initiates lysis and terminates the phage infection cycle. T is predicted to be an integral membrane protein that adopts an Nin-Cout topology with a single transmembrane domain (TMD). This holin topology is different from those of the well-studied holins S105 (3 TMDs; Nout-Cin) of the coliphage lambda and S68 (2 TMDs; Nin-Cin) of the lambdoid phage 21. Here, we used random mutagenesis to construct a library of lysis-defective alleles of t to discern residues and domains important for holin...

7. Influence of Iron and Aeration on Staphylococcus aureus Growth, Metabolism, and Transcription - Ledala, Nagender; Zhang, Bo; Seravalli, Javier; Powers, Robert; Somerville, Greg A.
Staphylococcus aureus is a prominent nosocomial pathogen and a major cause of biomaterial-associated infections. The success of S. aureus as a pathogen is due in part to its ability to adapt to stressful environments. As an example, the transition from residing in the nares to residing in the blood or deeper tissues is accompanied by changes in the availability of nutrients and elements such as oxygen and iron. As such, nutrients, oxygen, and iron are important determinants of virulence factor synthesis in S. aureus. In addition to influencing virulence factor synthesis, oxygen and iron are critical cofactors in enzymatic and...

8. The Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi LeuO Global Regulator Forms Tetramers: Residues Involved in Oligomerization, DNA Binding, and Transcriptional Regulation - Guadarrama, Carmen; Medrano-López, Abraham; Oropeza, Ricardo; Hernández-Lucas, Ismael; Calva, Edmundo
LeuO is a LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) that has been described to be a global regulator in Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica, since it positively and negatively regulates the expression of genes involved in multiple biological processes. LeuO is comprised of an N-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD) with a winged helix-turn-helix (wHTH) motif and of a long linker helix (LH) involved in dimerization that connects the DBD with the C-terminal effector-binding domain (EBD) or regulatory domain (RD; which comprises subdomains RD-I and RD-II). Here we show that the oligomeric structure of LeuO is a tetramer that binds with high affinity to...

9. Adaptation of Iron Homeostasis Pathways by a Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pyoverdine Mutant in the Cystic Fibrosis Lung - Nguyen, Angela T.; O'Neill, Maura J.; Watts, Annabelle M.; Robson, Cynthia L.; Lamont, Iain L.; Wilks, Angela; Oglesby-Sherrouse, Amanda G.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients suffer from chronic bacterial lung infections, most notably by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which persists for decades in the lungs and undergoes extensive evolution. P. aeruginosa requires iron for virulence and uses the fluorescent siderophore pyoverdine to scavenge and solubilize ferric iron during acute infections. Pyoverdine mutants accumulate in the lungs of some CF patients, however, suggesting that the heme and ferrous iron acquisition pathways of P. aeruginosa are more important in this environment. Here, we sought to determine how evolution of P. aeruginosa in the CF lung affects iron acquisition and regulatory pathways through the use of...

10. Identification and Characterization of a Gene Cluster Required for Proper Rod Shape, Cell Division, and Pathogenesis in Clostridium difficile - Ransom, Eric M.; Williams, Kyle B.; Weiss, David S.; Ellermeier, Craig D.
Little is known about cell division in Clostridium difficile, a strict anaerobe that causes serious diarrheal diseases in people whose normal intestinal microbiome has been perturbed by treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Here we identify and characterize a gene cluster encoding three cell division proteins found only in C. difficile and a small number of closely related bacteria. These proteins were named MldA, MldB, and MldC, for midcell localizing division proteins. MldA is predicted to be a membrane protein with coiled-coil domains and a peptidoglycan-binding SPOR domain. MldB and MldC are predicted to be cytoplasmic proteins; MldB has two predicted coiled-coil...

11. Structure of Bacterial Transcription Factor SpoIIID and Evidence for a Novel Mode of DNA Binding - Chen, Bin; Himes, Paul; Liu, Yu; Zhang, Yang; Lu, Zhenwei; Liu, Aizhuo; Yan, Honggao; Kroos, Lee
SpoIIID is evolutionarily conserved in endospore-forming bacteria, and it activates or represses many genes during sporulation of Bacillus subtilis. An SpoIIID monomer binds DNA with high affinity and moderate sequence specificity. In addition to a predicted helix-turn-helix motif, SpoIIID has a C-terminal basic region that contributes to DNA binding. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structure of SpoIIID in complex with DNA revealed that SpoIIID does indeed have a helix-turn-helix domain and that it has a novel C-terminal helical extension. Residues in both of these regions interact with DNA, based on the NMR data and on the effects on DNA...

12. EscO, a Functional and Structural Analog of the Flagellar FliJ Protein, Is a Positive Regulator of EscN ATPase Activity of the Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Injectisome - Romo-Castillo, Mariana; Andrade, Angel; Espinosa, Norma; Monjarás Feria, Julia; Soto, Eduardo; Díaz-Guerrero, Miguel; González-Pedrajo, Bertha
Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are multiprotein molecular devices used by many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens to translocate effector proteins into eukaryotic cells. A T3SS is also used for protein export in flagellar assembly, which promotes bacterial motility. The two systems are evolutionarily related, possessing highly conserved components in their export apparatuses. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) employs a T3SS, encoded by genes in the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island, to colonize the human intestine and cause diarrheal disease. In the present work, we investigated the role of the LEE-encoded EscO protein (previously Orf15 or EscA) in T3SS biogenesis. We...

13. Involvement of rppH in Thermoregulation in Pseudomonas syringae - Hockett, Kevin L.; Ionescu, Michael; Lindow, Steven E.
Temperature, among other environmental factors, influences the incidence and severity of many plant diseases. Likewise, numerous traits, including the expression of virulence factors, are regulated by temperature. Little is known about the underlying genetic determinants of thermoregulation in plant-pathogenic bacteria. Previously, we showed that the expression of both fliC (encoding flagellin) and syfA (encoding a nonribosomal polypeptide synthetase) was suppressed at high temperatures in Pseudomonas syringae. In this work, we used a high-throughput screen to identify mutations that conferred overexpression of syfA at elevated temperatures (28°C compared to 20°C). Two genes, Psyr_2474, encoding an acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase, and Psyr_4843,...

14. A Proposed Genus Boundary for the Prokaryotes Based on Genomic Insights - Qin, Qi-Long; Xie, Bin-Bin; Zhang, Xi-Ying; Chen, Xiu-Lan; Zhou, Bai-Cheng; Zhou, Jizhong; Oren, Aharon; Zhang, Yu-Zhong
Genomic information has already been applied to prokaryotic species definition and classification. However, the contribution of the genome sequence to prokaryotic genus delimitation has been less studied. To gain insights into genus definition for the prokaryotes, we attempted to reveal the genus-level genomic differences in the current prokaryotic classification system and to delineate the boundary of a genus on the basis of genomic information. The average nucleotide sequence identity between two genomes can be used for prokaryotic species delineation, but it is not suitable for genus demarcation. We used the percentage of conserved proteins (POCP) between two strains to estimate...

15. The SdiA-Regulated Gene srgE Encodes a Type III Secreted Effector - Habyarimana, Fabien; Sabag-Daigle, Anice; Ahmer, Brian M. M.
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a food-borne pathogen that causes severe gastroenteritis. The ability of Salmonella to cause disease depends on two type III secretion systems (T3SSs) encoded in two distinct Salmonella pathogenicity islands, 1 and 2 (SPI1 and SPI2, respectively). S. Typhimurium encodes a solo LuxR homolog, SdiA, which can detect the acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) produced by other bacteria and upregulate the rck operon and the srgE gene. SrgE is predicted to encode a protein of 488 residues with a coiled-coil domain between residues 345 and 382. In silico studies have provided conflicting predictions as to whether SrgE is...

16. The LacI-Type Transcriptional Regulator AraR Acts as an l-Arabinose-Responsive Repressor of l-Arabinose Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 31831 - Kuge, Takayuki; Teramoto, Haruhiko; Yukawa, Hideaki; Inui, Masayuki
The Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 31831 araBDA operon consists of three l-arabinose catabolic genes, upstream of which the galM, araR, and araE genes are located in opposite orientation. araR encodes a LacI-type transcriptional regulator that negatively regulates the l-arabinose-inducible expression of araBDA and araE (encoding an l-arabinose transporter), through a mechanism that has yet to be identified. Here we show that the AraR protein binds in vitro to three sites: one upstream of araBDA and two upstream of araE. We verify that a 16-bp consensus palindromic sequence is essential for binding of AraR, using a series of mutations introduced upstream of...

17. Editorial Board

18. Arginine Deiminase in Staphylococcus epidermidis Functions To Augment Biofilm Maturation through pH Homeostasis - Lindgren, J. K.; Thomas, V. C.; Olson, M. E.; Chaudhari, S. S.; Nuxoll, A. S.; Schaeffer, C. R.; Lindgren, K. E.; Jones, J.; Zimmerman, M. C.; Dunman, P. M.; Bayles, K. W.; Fey, P. D.
Allelic replacement mutants were constructed within arginine deiminase (arcA1 and arcA2) to assess the function of the arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway in organic acid resistance and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis 1457. A growth-dependent acidification assay (pH ∼5.0 to ∼5.2) determined that strain 1457 devoid of arginine deiminase activity (1457 ΔADI) was significantly less viable than the wild type following depletion of glucose and in the presence of arginine. However, no difference in viability was noted for individual 1457 ΔarcA1 (native) or ΔarcA2 (arginine catabolic mobile element [ACME]-derived) mutants, suggesting that the native and ACME-derived ADIs are compensatory in S....

19. Phylogeny Poorly Predicts the Utility of a Challenging Horizontally Transferred Gene in Methylobacterium Strains - Michener, Joshua K.; Vuilleumier, Stéphane; Bringel, Françoise; Marx, Christopher J.
Horizontal gene transfer plays a crucial role in microbial evolution. While much is known about the mechanisms that determine whether physical DNA can be transferred into a new host, the factors determining the utility of the transferred genes are less clear. We have explored this issue using dichloromethane consumption in Methylobacterium strains. Methylobacterium extorquens DM4 expresses a dichloromethane dehalogenase (DcmA) that has been acquired through horizontal gene transfer and allows the strain to grow on dichloromethane as the sole carbon and energy source. We transferred the dcmA gene into six Methylobacterium strains that include both close and distant evolutionary relatives....

20. Streptococcus pneumoniae Phosphotyrosine Phosphatase CpsB and Alterations in Capsule Production Resulting from Changes in Oxygen Availability - Geno, K. Aaron; Hauser, Jocelyn R.; Gupta, Kanupriya; Yother, Janet
Streptococcus pneumoniae produces a protective capsular polysaccharide whose production must be modulated for bacterial survival within various host niches. Capsule production is affected in part by a phosphoregulatory system comprised of CpsB, CpsC, and CpsD. Here, we found that growth of serotype 2 strain D39 under conditions of increased oxygen availability resulted in decreased capsule levels concurrent with an ∼5-fold increase in Cps2B-mediated phosphatase activity. The change in Cps2B phosphatase activity did not result from alterations in the levels of either the cps2B transcript or the Cps2B protein. Recombinant Cps2B expressed in Escherichia coli similarly exhibited increased phosphatase activity under...

Página de resultados:
 

Busque un recurso