PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Gene therapy for cardiovascular disease mediated by ultrasound and microbubbles - Chen, Zhi-Yi; Lin, Yan; Yang, Feng; Jiang, Lan; Ge, Shu ping
Gene therapy provides an efficient approach for treatment of cardiovascular disease. To realize the therapeutic effect, both efficient delivery to the target cells and sustained expression of transgenes are required. Ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) technique has become a potential strategy for target-specific gene and drug delivery. When gene-loaded microbubble is injected, the ultrasound-mediated microbubble destruction may spew the transported gene to the targeted cells or organ. Meanwhile, high amplitude oscillations of microbubbles increase the permeability of capillary and cell membrane, facilitating uptake of the released gene into tissue and cell. Therefore, efficiency of gene therapy can be significantly improved....
The true cost of cardiovascular imaging: focusing on downstream, indirect, and environmental costs - Braga, Larissa; Vinci, Bruna; Leo, Carlo G; Picano, Eugenio
To develop a more realistic assessment of costs, herein named “true” costs, the extra-cancer from medical radiation, environmental damage from imaging paraphernalia and radioactive wastes must be included as long-term costs from imaging examinations. It is urgent to define the “true” costs across imaging modalities as it interferes on physicians’ decision to request an exam and on research projects such as cost-effectiveness analysis. Cardiology is the specialty that most will benefit from the outcome as cardiovascular exams represent almost 30% of the total exams acquired annually worldwide.
Early detection of doxorubicin myocardial injury by ultrasonic tissue characterization in an experimental animal model - Romano, Minna Moreira Dias; Pazin-Filho, Antônio; O’Connel, João Lucas; Simões, Marcus Vinícius; Schmidt, André; Campos, Érica C; Rossi, Marcos; Maciel, Benedito Carlos
In the clinical setting, the early detection of myocardial injury induced by doxorubicin (DXR) is still considered a challenge. To assess whether ultrasonic tissue characterization (UTC) can identify early DXR-related myocardial lesions and their correlation with collagen myocardial percentages, we studied 60 rats at basal status and prospectively after 2mg/Kg/week DXR endovenous infusion. Echocardiographic examinations were conducted at baseline and at 8,10,12,14 and 16 mg/Kg DXR cumulative dose. The left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), shortening fraction (SF), and the UTC indices: corrected coefficient of integrated backscatter (IBS) (tissue IBS intensity/ phantom IBS intensity) (CC-IBS) and the cyclic variation magnitude of...