PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Retropharyngeal abscess with carotid involvement presenting as fever of undetermined origin in a dog - Borkowski, Emma A.
A young dog was presented with lethargy and pyrexia of 2 days duration, not responding to empirical treatment. Thorough diagnostic investigation failed to determine the cause. A retropharyngeal abscess became apparent when it eroded into the carotid artery 2 days later. This case highlights the challenging nature of fever of undetermined origin (FUO) and the value of close monitoring for diagnosis and prompt intervention.
Evaluation of the effects of treating dairy cows with meloxicam at calving on retained fetal membranes risk - Newby, Nathalie C.; Renaud, David; Tremblay, Robert; Duffield, Todd F.
Some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increase the risk of retained fetal membranes. This is the first study to investigate the effects of meloxicam on the risk of retained fetal membranes. Administration of meloxicam to dairy cattle immediately following calving revealed no differences in the incidence of retained fetal membranes between meloxicam-treated and untreated animals. There was no difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of periparturient diseases following calving. Meloxicam can be used on the day of calving in lactating cows without increasing the risk of retained fetal membranes.
Rural origin, age, and endoparasite fecal prevalence in dogs surrendered to the Regina Humane Society, 2013 - Schurer, Janna M.; Hamblin, Brie; Davenport, Laura; Wagner, Brent; Jenkins, Emily J.
We report the results of fecal parasite surveillance in dogs surrendered to the Regina Humane Society, Saskatchewan, Canada, between May and November 2013. Overall, 23% of 231 dogs were infected with at least 1 intestinal parasite. Endoparasite infection was positively associated with rural origin (P = 0.002) and age (< 12 months; P < 0.001).
Spontaneous pneumopericardium in a dog with bronchopulmonary disease complicated by pyothorax and pneumothorax - Borgonovo, Simone; Rocchi, Paola M.; Raiano, Vera; Diana, Daniela; Greci, Valentina
Spontaneous pneumopericardium is a rare condition consisting of pericardial gas in the absence of iatrogenic or traumatic causes; it has been described secondary to pneumonia, lung abscess, and bronchopulmonary disease. This report describes a case of spontaneous pneumopericardium in a dog presenting with dyspnea secondary to pyopneumothorax complicating a bronchopulmonary disease.
Inhibition of priming for bovine respiratory syncytial virus-specific protective immune responses following parenteral vaccination of passively immune calves - Ellis, John; Gow, Sheryl; Bolton, Michael; Burdett, William; Nordstrom, Scott
The effect of maternal antibodies (MatAb) on immunological priming by neonatal parenteral vaccination for bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) was addressed for the first time in experimental infection in 34 Holstein calves. Both vaccinated and control calves developed moderate to severe respiratory disease characteristic of acute BRSV infection. There were no differences in clinical signs, BRSV shed, arterial oxygen concentrations, or mortality between vaccinated and control calves after BRSV challenge approximately 11 wk after vaccination. There were no anamnestic antibody or cytokine responses in the vaccinates after challenge. Lung lesions were extensive in both groups, and although there was a...
Customization of Advia 120 thresholds for canine erythrocyte volume and hemoglobin concentration, and effects on morphology flagging results - Grimes, Carolyn N.; Fry, Michael M.
This study sought to develop customized morphology flagging thresholds for canine erythrocyte volume and hemoglobin concentration [Hgb] on the ADVIA 120 hematology analyzer; compare automated morphology flagging with results of microscopic blood smear evaluation; and examine effects of customized thresholds on morphology flagging results. Customized thresholds were determined using data from 52 clinically healthy dogs. Blood smear evaluation and automated morphology flagging results were correlated with mean cell volume (MCV) and cellular hemoglobin concentration mean (CHCM) in 26 dogs. Customized thresholds were applied retroactively to complete blood (cell) count (CBC) data from 5 groups of dogs, including a reference sample...
Successful treatment of cricopharyngeal dysphagia with bilateral myectomy in a dog - Langlois, Daniel K.; Stanley, Bryden J.; Ballegeer, Elizabeth A.
An 8-month-old golden retriever/standard poodle mixed breed dog was diagnosed with cricopharyngeal dysphagia and possibly asynchrony. After failing standard unilateral cricopharyngeal myectomy, the dog underwent a second surgery to completely resect the contralateral musculature resulting in immediate and complete resolution of clinical signs. Bilateral myectomy can be considered for dogs with cricopharyngeal dysphagia that fail unilateral myectomy.
Cholecystocutaneous fistula containing multiple gallstones in a dog - Fabbi, Martina; Volta, Antonella; Quintavalla, Fausto; Zubin, Elena; Manfredi, Sabrina; Martini, Filippo M.; Mantovani, Luciana; Tribaudino, Mario; Gnudi, Giacomo
A 7-year-old dog was presented with a history of an open lesion on the right thoracic wall, discharging honey-like fluid and small stones. Ultrasonography and computed tomographic fistulography identified a cholecystocutaneous fistula; cholecystectomy was curative. Veterinarians should consider this disease in patients with long-term discharging lesions on the right thoracic or abdominal wall.
Bacterial contamination of gloves worn by small animal surgeons in a veterinary teaching hospital - Walker, Meagan; Singh, Ameet; Rousseau, Joyce; Weese, J. Scott
This prospective study investigated bacterial contamination of surgical gloves during small animal surgical procedures and factors associated with glove contamination. The outer surface of surgical gloves was sampled and cultured after completion of surgical procedures. Bacterial presence and numbers were recorded. Of 78 gloves sampled from 39 surgical procedures, bacterial contamination was noted in 16/78 (21%) gloves from 12/39 (31%) procedures. There was no difference in contamination of left or right hand glove [7/39 (18%) versus 9/39 (23%)], respectively (P = 0.78). There was no impact of glove type of left hand (P = 0.41), right hand (P = 0.44)...
Carpal valgus in llamas and alpacas: Retrospective evaluation of patient characteristics, radiographic features and outcomes following surgical treatment - Hunter, Barbara; Duesterdieck-Zellmer, Katja F.; Huber, Michael J.; Parker, Jill E.; Semevolos, Stacy A.
This study evaluated outcomes of surgical treatment for carpal valgus in New World camelids and correlated successful outcome (absence of carpal valgus determined by a veterinarian) with patient characteristics and radiographic features. Univariable and multivariable analyses of retrospective case data in 19 camelids (33 limbs) treated for carpal valgus between 1987 and 2010 revealed that procedures incorporating a distal radial transphyseal bridge were more likely (P = 0.03) to result in success after a single surgical procedure. A greater degree of angulation (> 19°, P = 0.02) and younger age at surgery (< 4 months, P = 0.03) were associated...
The effects of topical oxygen therapy on equine distal limb dermal wound healing - Tracey, Alexandra K.; Alcott, Cody J.; Schleining, Jennifer A.; Safayi, Sina; Zaback, Peter C.; Hostetter, Jesse M.; Reinertson, Eric L.
Topical oxygen therapy (TOT) has been used in human medicine to promote healing in chronic wounds. To test the efficacy and safety of TOT in horses, an experimental wound model was created by making 1 standardized dermal wound on each limb of 4 healthy horses (n = 16). Each wound was fitted with an oxygen delivery cannula and covered with a bandage. One limb of each front and hind pair was randomly assigned to the treatment group (fitted with an oxygen concentrator device), with the contralateral limb assigned to the control group (no device). Wound area, epithelial area, and contraction...