PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Hereditary hyperplastic gingivitis in North American farmed silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) - Clark, Jo-Anna B.J.; Hudson, Robert C.; Marshall, H. Dawn
Hereditary hyperplastic gingivitis is a progressive growth of gingival tissues in foxes resulting in dental encapsulation. It is an autosomal recessive condition displaying a gender-biased penetrance, with an association with superior fur quality. This disease has been primarily described in European farmed foxes. Here we document its emergence in Canada.
Efficacy of needle-free injection on antibody production against Clostridium chauvoei in beef calves under field conditions - Rey, Michel; Rodriguez-Lecompte, Juan; Undi, Michael; Joseph, Tomy; Morrison, Jason; Yitbarek, Alex; Wittenberg, Karin; Tremblay, Robert; Crow, Gary; Ominski, Kim
This study compared needle-free and needle-based injection devices for vaccination of calves against Clostridium chauvoei in warm and cold conditions. Both devices elicited comparable antibody responses in calves. Needle-free injection devices can be used to vaccinate calves provided appropriate precautions are taken in cold weather.
Antimicrobial resistance trends among canine Escherichia coli isolates obtained from clinical samples in the northeastern USA, 2004–2011 - Cummings, Kevin J.; Aprea, Victor A.; Altier, Craig
Our objectives were to describe the antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolates from dogs in the northeastern USA and to identify temporal trends in resistance to selected antimicrobial agents. Data were collected retrospectively for all canine E. coli isolates from clinical samples submitted to Cornell University’s Animal Health Diagnostic Center between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2011. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed on 3519 canine E. coli isolates; frequency of resistance to each agent ranged from 0.4% (amikacin) to 34.3% (ampicillin). No trends were evident among urinary isolates, but cephalosporin resistance remained consistently high. Among non-urinary isolates, there was...
Comparison of cardiorespiratory variables in dorsally recumbent horses anesthetized with guaifenesin-ketamine-xylazine spontaneously breathing 50% or maximal oxygen concentrations - Karrasch, Nicole M.; Hubbell, John A.E.; Aarnes, Turi K.; Bednarski, Richard M.; Lerche, Phillip
This study compared cardiorespiratory variables in dorsally recumbent horses anesthetized with guaifenesin-ketamine-xylazine and spontaneously breathing 50% or maximal (> 90%) oxygen (O2) concentrations. Twelve healthy mares were randomly assigned to breathe 50% or maximal O2 concentrations. Horses were sedated with xylazine, induced to recumbency with ketamine-diazepam, and anesthesia was maintained with guaifenesin-ketamine-xylazine to effect. Heart rate, arterial blood pressures, respiratory rate, lithium dilution cardiac output (CO), inspired and expired O2 and carbon dioxide partial pressures, and tidal volume were measured. Arterial and mixed-venous blood samples were collected prior to sedation (baseline), during 30 minutes of anesthesia, 10 minutes after disconnection...
Ceratohyoidectomy for treatment of equine temporohyoid osteoarthopathy (15 cases) - Oliver, Shem T.; Hardy, Joanne
This study investigated 15 horses diagnosed with temporohyoid osteoarthopathy (THO) and treated by ceratohyoidectomy between 2004 and 2012. The presenting complaint, duration and nature of the clinical signs, additional diagnostic procedures, and complications were reviewed retrospectively. Long-term follow-up on horses was used to determine prognosis. All horses were diagnosed by guttural pouch endoscopy. Follow-up was available for 14 horses that survived to discharge. Eight of 10 horses that were used athletically prior to surgery returned to previous levels of use. Persisting clinical signs included mild facial nerve paralysis (3/14; 21.4%) or head tilt (6/14; 42.8%) but these were not functionally...
Effects of incision closure method on infection prevalence following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy in dogs - Atwood, Chase; Maxwell, Mac; Butler, Ryan; Wills, Robert
The goal of this study was to retrospectively investigate the effect of incisional closure with either stainless steel skin staples or intradermal poliglecaprone 25 on the prevalence of surgical site infection following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy in dogs. Medical records were reviewed for dogs treated with unilateral tibial plateau leveling osteotomy at Memphis Veterinary Specialists between 2006 and 2013. Procedures (n = 306) from 242 dogs were included in the study. The association of potential risk factors with the occurrence of postoperative infection was assessed using logistic regression. A value of P < 0.05 was considered significant. Weight and administration...
Cranial vena cava syndrome secondary to cryptococcal mediastinal granuloma in a cat - Letendre, Jo-Annie; Boysen, Søren
The successful management of cranial vena cava syndrome with suspected secondary chylothorax due to mediastinal cryptococcal granuloma in a 4-year-old male domestic shorthair cat is described. Treatment included long-term antifungal medication, short-term corticosteroids, intermittent thoracocentesis, rutin, octreotide, and enalapril.
Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome secondary to joint supplement overdosage in a dog - Nobles, Irma J.; Khan, Safdar
A 5-year-old spayed female Bernese mountain dog, with a chief complaint of vomiting and melena ingested approximately 200 nutritional joint supplement tablets. Despite aggressive therapy, the patient developed a coagulopathy, pancreatitis, peritonitis, acute kidney injury, and was euthanized. Postmortem examination revealed myocardial necrosis, pneumonia, centrilobular hemorrhage and necrosis of the liver, vasculitis, and acute tubular necrosis.
Anthrax vaccine associated deaths in miniature horses - Wobeser, Bruce K.
During a widespread anthrax outbreak in Canada, miniature horses were vaccinated using a live spore anthrax vaccine. Several of these horses died from an apparent immune-mediated vasculitis temporally associated with this vaccination. During the course of the outbreak, other miniature horses from different regions with a similar vaccination history, clinical signs, and necropsy findings were found.
Laparoscopic-assisted extirpation of falciform ligament hemangiosarcoma in a dog - Hoddinott, Katie; Singh, Ameet; Crawford, Evan C.; Guieu, Elizabeth V.; Richardson, Danielle
An 8-year-old, spayed female, bichon frisé dog had incidental nodules within its falciform ligament identified on routine abdominal ultrasonography. A laparoscopic-assisted technique provided both a diagnostic and a therapeutic treatment option. A histopathological diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma was made. This is the second case reporting hemangiosarcoma of the falciform fat.