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PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD) (2.997.259 recursos)

Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

The Canadian Veterinary Journal

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 14.214

  1. Erratum


  2. The challenge of nonsurgical and nonmedical communication

    Milani, Myrna

  3. Canine superficial pyoderma and therapeutic considerations

    Bajwa, Jangi

  4. Juvenile cellulitis in a 7-week-old golden retriever dog

    Martens, Sabrina M.
    A 7-week-old golden retriever puppy was presented with acute onset of marked facial inflammation and pustular dermatitis, markedly enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, and pyrexia. Treatment included high-dose corticosteroids and antibiotics. One week after presentation the puppy showed a significant decrease in inflammation and healing pustules.

  5. Answers to Quiz Corner


  6. Evaluation of 21 426 feline bladder urolith submissions to the Canadian Veterinary Urolith Centre (1998–2014)

    Houston, Doreen M.; Vanstone, Nick P.; Moore, Andrew E. P.; Weese, Heather E.; Weese, J. Scott
    This study reports emerging trends in feline urolithiasis in Canada during the past 16.8 y, evaluates associations of breed and gender with urolith types, and reports on feline submissions from outside of Canada. Struvite and calcium oxalate uroliths comprised > 90% of all uroliths submitted. In cats, oxalate submissions outnumbered struvite submissions from Canada, Hong Kong, Denmark, and the United Arab Emirates, while Australian struvite submissions outnumbered calcium oxalate submissions. In Canada, the majority of urolith submissions were from domestic cats followed by Himalayan, Persian, and Siamese cats. Males were more likely to form calcium oxalate uroliths and females were...

  7. A novel dextran polymer hydrogel local antimicrobial therapy in dogs: A pilot study

    Reed, Travis P.; Thomas, Leslie A.; Weeren, F. Robert; Ruth, Jeffrey D.; Anders, Brendan B.
    Our purpose was to evaluate physical, laboratory, and/or radiographic abnormalities associated with a novel dextran polymer hydrogel local antimicrobial agent impregnated with amikacin and clindamycin in dogs having tibial plateau leveling osteotomy implants removed due to suspected surgical site infection. A total of 28 client-owned dogs were enrolled and 20 completed the study. Routine plate explantation and bacterial cultures were performed and the polymer hydrogel was applied to the surgery site. No systemic antimicrobials were used after surgery. Serum biochemistry, hematology, urinalysis, physical examinations, and radiographs were monitored before surgery and up to 12 wk after surgery. Sixteen of the...

  8. Bacterial probiotics as an aid in the control of Clostridium difficile disease in neonatal pigs

    Arruda, Paulo H. E.; Madson, Darin M.; Ramirez, Alejandro; Rowe, Eric W.; Songer, J. Glenn
    Although Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common disease in swine, there is a lack of prevention strategies. The objectives of this study were to evaluate: i) the effectiveness of Lactobacillus spp. and ii) non-toxigenic C. difficile (NTCD) as prevention for the development of CDI in piglets. Cesarean-derived piglets (N = 150) were randomly assigned to 6 groups: GROUP 1 — negative control (n = 10); GROUP 2 — NTCD only (n = 13); GROUP 3 — Lactobacillus spp. only (n = 14); GROUP 4 — positive control (challenged with toxigenic C. difficile strain) (n = 35); GROUP 5 —...

  9. Hypersensitivity reactions associated with L-asparaginase administration in 142 dogs and 68 cats with lymphoid malignancies: 2007–2012

    Blake, Mary Kay; Carr, Brittany J.; Mauldin, Glenna E.
    Clinically significant hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) to the chemotherapy drug L-asparaginase are reported in humans and dogs, but frequency in small animals is not well-defined. This study retrospectively evaluated the frequency of HSR to L-asparaginase given by IM injection to dogs and cats with lymphoid malignancies. The medical records of all dogs and cats treated with at least 1 dose of L-asparaginase chemotherapy over a 5-year period were reviewed. A total of 370 doses of L-asparaginase were administered to the dogs, with 88 of 142 dogs receiving multiple doses, and 6 dogs experiencing an HSR. A total of 197 doses were...

  10. The Welfare of Animals Used in Research, Practice and Ethics

    Junaid, Janeen

  11. Prevalence of paratuberculosis in the dairy goat and dairy sheep industries in Ontario, Canada

    Bauman, Cathy A.; Jones-Bitton, Andria; Menzies, Paula; Toft, Nils; Jansen, Jocelyn; Kelton, David
    A cross-sectional study was undertaken (October 2010 to August 2011) to estimate the prevalence of paratuberculosis in the small ruminant dairy industries in Ontario, Canada. Blood and feces were sampled from 580 goats and 397 sheep (lactating and 2 y of age or older) that were randomly selected from 29 randomly selected dairy goat herds and 21 convenience-selected dairy sheep flocks. Fecal samples were analyzed using bacterial culture (BD BACTEC MGIT 960) and polymerase chain reaction (Tetracore); serum samples were tested with the Prionics Parachek enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Using 3-test latent class Bayesian models, true farm-level prevalence was estimated...

  12. Comparison of an alcohol-based hand rub and water-based chlorhexidine gluconate scrub technique for hand antisepsis prior to elective surgery in horses

    da Silveira, Eduardo Almeida; Bubeck, Kirstin A.; Batista, Edisleidy Rodriguez; Piat, Perrine; Laverty, Sheila; Beauchamp, Guy; Archambault, Marie; Elce, Yvonne
    This prospective clinical study evaluates the effectiveness of an alcohol-based hand rub (Avagard™) for pre-surgical hand antisepsis in an equine hospital and compares it with traditional scrubbing technique using 4% chlorhexidine gluconate sponges and water. Prior to elective surgery, 3 board-certified surgeons were randomly assigned to hand antisepsis with either technique. Culture samples of each hand were taken at 4 times: before and after neutral soap hand wash, after scrub or rubbing technique, and after surgery. There was no significant difference in mean bacterial colony forming units between scrub and rub techniques over the 3 time periods (P = 0.6),...

  13. Survey of gastrointestinal nematode parasites in Saskatchewan beef herds

    Jelinski, Murray; Lanigan, Emily; Gilleard, John; Waldner, Cheryl; Royan, Grant
    A survey of gastrointestinal parasites in Saskatchewan beef herds was conducted over the summer of 2014. Fecal samples were collected on 3 occasions during the summer grazing season from beef cows and calves from 14 herds. The mean number of strongylid eggs per gram of feces recovered from calves increased 9-fold (95% CI: 4.5 to 18) over the summer period, while egg counts in the cows remained constant over the same period. The prevalence and infection intensities of gastrointestinal nematode parasites in cow-calf herds in Saskatchewan were comparable to what is seen in cattle grazing in the northern regions of...

  14. Bilateral laryngeal paralysis in a dog secondary to laryngeal osseous metaplasia

    Skelding, Alicia Marie; Kisiel, Agatha; Essman, Stephanie; Rutland, Bronwyn E.
    A 7-year-old spayed female Lurcher was evaluated for a chronic history of increased upper respiratory noise. Advanced imaging including digital radiography and pre- and post-contrast computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the presence of an ill-defined soft tissue mineralized mass of the ventral larynx. Histopathology demonstrated pleocellular myositis and fasciitis with osseous metaplasia.

  15. In the Company of Animals: Stories of Extraordinary Encounters

    Charles, Jennifer

  16. Acute fatal pericardial effusion induced by accidental ingestion of cigarette butts in a dog

    Kim, Jung-Hyun; Lim, Jae-Hyun
    A dog was referred for collapse and tachypnea after ingesting cigarette butts. Thoracic radiography and echocardiography indicated pericardial effusion, and an electrocardiogram showed tachycardia, variable QRS complexes, and ventricular premature complexes. This is the first description of fatal pericardial effusion associated with cigarette butt ingestion in a veterinary patient.

  17. Pneumonia and gastritis in a cat caused by feline herpesvirus-1

    McGregor, Glenna F.; Sheehan, Karen; Simko, Elemir
    We report a case of fatal respiratory and gastric herpesvirus infection in a vaccinated, adult cat with no known immunosuppression or debilitation. The disease was characterized by severe necrotizing bronchopneumonia, fibrinonecrotic laryngotracheitis, and multifocal necrotizing gastritis associated with eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies and a large amount of feline herpesvirus-1 antigen detected with immunohistochemistry.

  18. Lucky Dog: How Being a Veterinarian Saved My Life

    Charles, Jennifer

  19. Total cysto-prostatectomy: Technique description and results in 2 dogs

    Bacon, Nicholas; Souza, Carlos H. de M.; Franz, Sarah
    We describe a novel technique for total cysto-prostatectomy, followed by uretero-urethral anastomosis in 2 dogs. The technique was successful and was performed without pubic osteotomy. Post-operative urinary tract infections may be a potentially serious event.

  20. Quiz Corner


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