PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Atherosclerosis associated with vasculopathic lesions in a golden retriever with hypercholesterolemia - Boynosky, Nicole A.; Stokking, Laura
A 2-year-old neutered male golden retriever dog presented for lameness secondary to ulcerations of multiple digital paw pads was diagnosed with vasculitis and hypercholesterolemia. Despite treatment, ischemic necrosis progressed to include all distal extremities and the dog eventually expired due to myocardial infarction secondary to severe atherosclerosis. The rapid demise and the dermatologic lesions may have been secondary to cholesterol embolism syndrome which has never before been reported in a dog.
Metastatic anaplastic adenocarcinoma suspected to be of mammary origin in an intact male rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) - Summa, Noémie M.; Eshar, David; Snyman, Heindrich N.; Lillie, Brandon N.
A 7-year-old, intact male, pet dwarf rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was presented for a ventral abdominal subcutaneous mass. Histolopathology of the resected mass was suggestive of a mammary adenocarcinoma. Six months later, the rabbit died from severe dyspnea. Necropsy showed recurrence of the original mass with hepatic and pulmonary metastasis of the anaplastic adenocarcinoma, suspected to be of mammary origin.
Colonic gastrointestinal stromal tumor resulting in recurrent colic and hematochezia in a warmblood gelding - Malberg, Jessica A.; Webb, Brett T.; Hackett, Eileen S.
A 14-year-old Trakehner gelding was evaluated for recurrent colic, with episodes occurring over 1 year. Signs were consistent with intermittent ascending colon obstruction and hematochezia. Necropsy examination revealed an ulcerated mass extending into the lumen of the right dorsal ascending colon. Gross and histologic appearance and immunoreactivity to c-kit (CD117), desmin, vimentin, and smooth muscle actin, were consistent with a diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor.
Massive vulvar edema in 2 prepartum dairy cows - Cheong, Soon Hon; Gilbert, Robert O.
Two late gestation Holstein cows about to begin the third lactation developed massive vulvar edema. These were the only affected animals in the herd of 500 milking cows. The vulvar edema spontaneously regressed postpartum for both cows. Massive vulvar swelling is seldom observed in dairy cows in advanced pregnancy and is not described in the literature.
Tetralogy of Fallot in a 6-year-old albino ferret (Mustela putorius furo) - Laniesse, Delphine; Hébert, Julie; Larrat, Sylvain; Hélie, Pierre; Pouleur-Larrat, Bénédicte; Belanger, Marie C.
Tetralogy of Fallot associated with bidirectional shunting across a large ventricular septal defect, was found in a 6-year-old ferret. The prognosis associated with tetralogy of Fallot is usually poor. This case is interesting given the advanced age of the ferret. The bidirectional shunting, responsible for an acyanotic disease, may explain the unexpected prolonged survival in this ferret.
Comparison of the access window created by hemilaminectomy and mini-hemilaminectomy in the thoracolumbar vertebral canal using computed tomography - Huska, Jonathan L.; Gaitero, Luis; Brisson, Brigitte A.; Nykamp, Stephanie; Thomason, Jeff; Sears, William C.
Hemilaminectomy and mini-hemilaminectomy were performed on opposite sides of the spine at T11–T12, T13-L1, and L2–L3 in 11 canine cadavers in order to report differences in the access provided to the thoracolumbar vertebral canal. Measurements of the vertebral canal height, defect height, and dorsal and ventral remnants of the vertebral arch were obtained after computed tomography. A median of 7% to 20% of the vertebral canal height was not removed dorsally after mini-hemilaminectomy compared to 1% to 2% in hemilaminectomy. Thirteen to 25% of the vertebral canal height was left ventrally in mini-hemilaminectomy and 11% to 27% in hemilaminectomy. Potential...
An investigation of the effects of ketoprofen following rumen fistulation surgery in lactating dairy cows - Newby, Nathalie C.; Tucker, Cassandra B.; Pearl, David L.; LeBlanc, Stephen J.; Leslie, Ken E.; von Keyserlingk, Marina A.G.; Duffield, Todd F.
Post-operative pain management following rumen surgery is not common practice. We examined the effect of providing the pain medication ketoprofen to dairy cattle following the first stage of a rumen cannulation surgery, which involves an incision in the body wall and exteriorizing and clamping the rumen. The results of this study provide clear evidence that the first stage of the surgery was painful and ketoprofen at the time of and 24 h following surgery, alleviated some, but not all, of the post-surgical pain. Pain mitigation should be included when performing flank surgery in cattle.
Intra- and inter-observer reliability of combined segmental measurement techniques for predicting immediate post-deployment intraluminal tracheal stent length in dogs - Monaco, Thomas A.; Taylor, Jim A.; Langenbach, Anke; Gordon, Sebastian; Vance, Eric
This study evaluated segmental measurement techniques for predicting immediate post-deployment intraluminal tracheal stent length in dogs with naturally occurring tracheal collapse. Radiographs of 12 client-owned dogs that underwent intraluminal tracheal stent placement were retrospectively reviewed. Tracheal lengths were divided into 1, 2, 3, or 4 equal segments. Stent lengths were predicted using the widest dorsoventral height of each segment, with and without the addition of 10%, and an accompanying foreshortening chart. Techniques were compared for intra- and inter-observer reliability, and post-deployment stent length predictability. There was good to high intra- and inter-observer reliability for all segmental measurements; median intra-class correlation...