PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Clinical, hematological, and biochemical findings in puppies with coronavirus and parvovirus enteritis - Castro, Tatiana X.; Cubel Garcia, Rita de Cássia N.; Gonçalves, Luciana P. S.; Costa, Erika M.; Marcello, Gracy C.G.; Labarthe, Norma V.; Mendes-de-Almeida, Flavya
The clinical and laboratory findings in puppies naturally infected with canine coronavirus (CCoV) and/or canine parvovirus (CPV) were compared with findings in uninfected puppies. Lymphopenia was the only parameter related to CCoV infection that was statistically significant; vomiting, anorexia, lethargy, hemorrhagic fluid diarrhea, leukopenia, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, hypoglycemia, and hypoproteinemia were correlated with CPV infection.
Prospective trial of autologous conditioned plasma versus hyaluronan plus corticosteroid for elbow osteoarthritis in dogs - Franklin, Samuel P.; Cook, James. L.
This prospective, randomized, double-blinded trial compared outcomes in dogs with bilateral elbow osteoarthritis (OA) treated with hyaluronan plus methylprednisolone (HA + S) or autologous conditioned plasma (ACP®; Arthrex). An investigator blinded to the treatments graded lameness (0–4) before and 6 months after a single injection with either HA + S or ACP. Clients were blinded to treatment and completed a validated survey before and 1, 6, 12, and 24 weeks after injection. Ten dogs (5 per group) completed all parts of the study. Pre-treatment lameness grades were 1.2 ± 0.97 for HA + S and 1.8 ± 1.1 for ACP...
Tyzzer’s disease in foals: Retrospective studies from 1969 to 2010 - Swerczek, Thomas W.
Reports of 148 cases of Tyzzer’s disease in foals in central Kentucky were analyzed to identify features of the disease and factors associated with it. The records indicate that Tyzzer’s disease is a rapidly progressive, highly fatal hepatitis caused by Clostridium piliforme. Common clinical findings are lethargy, fever, anorexia, and icterus. Seizures, coma, and death may rapidly ensue. Laboratory findings are leukopenia, metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and increased activity of hepatic enzymes. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical signs and postmortem findings but a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is now available to detect C. piliforme DNA in organs and feces. Disease...
Home-care treatment of swimmer syndrome in a miniature schnauzer dog - Kim, Sun-A; Na, Ki-Jeong; Cho, Jong-Ki; Shin, Nam-Shik
A 50-day-old, female miniature schnauzer dog was presented for astasia, dorsoventral flattening of the thorax, hypoplasia of hind-limb muscles, stiffness of hind-limb joints, paddling leg motion, and panting. The dog was diagnosed with swimmers syndrome. The dog recovered completely following 40 days of home-care treatment that involved environmental and nutritional management along with intensive physiotherapy.
Clinical use of a low-dose medetomidine infusion in healthy dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy - Rioja, Eva; Gianotti, Giacomo; Valverde, Alexander
Eight healthy dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy were anesthetized with a standard protocol and received a low-dose medetomidine constant rate infusion during surgery. Cardiorespiratory parameters, including non-invasive cardiac output, were measured at various times. This protocol resulted in acceptable and stable cardiovascular performance, allowed low isoflurane concentrations, and provided smooth recoveries.
Bacterial diskospondylitis in juvenile mink from 2 Ontario mink farms - Martínez, Jorge; Vidaña, Beatriz; Cruz-Arambulo, Robert; Slavic, Durda; Tapscott, Brian; Brash, Marina L.
Nine juvenile mink with hind-limb paresis/paralysis from 2 Ontario farms were submitted for necropsy. Diagnostic tests revealed spinal compression and severe thoracic diskospondylitis with intralesional Gram-positive coccoid bacterial colonies. Streptococcus canis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis, and hemolytic Staphylococcus spp. were isolated from vertebral lesions.
Lawsonia intracellularis-associated ulcerative and necro-hemorrhagic enteritis in 5 weanling foals - Arroyo, Luis G.; ter Woort, Federica; Baird, John D.; Tatiersky, Laetitia; DeLay, Josepha; van Dreumel, Tony
This report describes 5 cases of fatal Lawsonia intracellularis-associated ulcerative and necro-hemorrhagic enteritis in weanling Thoroughbred and Standardbred foals. The lesions are similar to those of the L. intracellularis-associated ulcerative and necro-hemorrhagic enteritis syndrome in pigs. Two foals had concurrent severe typhlo-colitis as a result of a large burden of encysted cyathostomes. The clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic challenges, and the potential complications encountered during the management of such cases are discussed.
Laminar epidermal hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis in an equine hoof - Tatarniuk, Dane M.; Bracamonte, Joe L.; Wilson, David G.; Sharma, Ajay; Perry, Al W.
A 6-year-old Canadian Warmblood gelding was presented for suspicion of keratoma growth, based on a history of recurring abscesses in the right front foot. Radiographic examination and computed tomography identified 2 bilaterally symmetrical, laminar epidermal ingrowths adhered to the hoof wall at the level of the lateral and medial heels.
Hepatocellular carcinoma in a young dog - Teshima, Takahiro; Matsumoto, Hirotaka; Shigihara, Kae; Sawada, Harumi; Michishita, Masaki; Takahashi, Kimimasa; Koyama, Hidekazu
A 25-month-old Chihuahua dog with no clinical signs was evaluated for high serum liver enzymes. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a mass in the left hepatic medial lobe. The histological diagnosis reached using resected tissues was hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To the authors’ knowledge, this is the youngest dog diagnosed with HCC.
Inguinal herniation with hydrometra/mucometra in a poodle bitch - Sontas, B. Hasan; Toydemir, F.T. Seval; Erdogan, Özge; Şennazli, Gülbin; Ekici, Hayri
A 5-year-old, sexually intact poodle bitch was presented with a 2-year history of inguinal mass. A tentative diagnosis of hydrometra/mucometra with inguinal herniation was made and ovariohysterectomy with hernia repair was performed. Both fluid-filled uterine horns, both broad ligaments, and the uterine body were observed to be herniated through the inguinal ring. On histopathology, marked edema and diffuse hemorrhage were diagnosed in the uterus.