PubMed Central (PMC3 - NLM DTD)
Archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Presumptive Toxoplasma gondii abortion in a sheep - Weissmann, Judith
A primiparous ewe aborted in mid-gestation. Toxoplasma gondii was suspected as the cause of abortion and a presumptive diagnosis of T. gondii abortion was based on histological lesions of the placenta.
Salmonellosis in a herd of beef cows - Pender, Andrew B.
Two postparturient beef cows in a herd of 30 developed acute enteritis, with pyrexia and bloody diarrhea containing intestinal casts. Salmonella typhimurium phage type 66 was isolated from feces of both animals; both recovered after treatment with tetracycline. A third cow had died without treatment after showing similar signs.
Investigation of an anthrax outbreak in Alberta in 1999 using a geographic information system - Parkinson, Robert; Rajic, Andrijana; Jenson, Chris
A Geographic Information System was used to document an anthrax outbreak in Alberta in 1999 and to describe the physical and environmental conditions of the area. The majority of infected farms were located on poorly drained organic soils. Regulatory agencies should consider adopting this tool for animal disease outbreak investigations.
Tetralogy of Fallot in a 2-year-old Holstein heifer - McKenna, Shawn L.B.; Barkema, Herman W.; McClure, J. T.; Rogers, Laura A.
A 2-year-old, purebred Holstein heifer with exercise intolerance and cardiovascular compromise was diagnosed at postmortem with tetralogy of Fallot, which typically results in death within a few months of life. Survival past the age of 2 was unexpected. The concurrent endocarditis of the pulmonic valve is discussed.
Use of computed tomography to predict the outcome of a noninvasive intranasal infusion in dogs with nasal aspergillosis - Saunders, Jimmy H.; Duchateau, Luc; Störk, Christophe; van Bree, Henri
Computed tomography (CT) was performed on 36 dogs with nasal aspergillosis to assess whether this imaging technique can be used to predict the success of a noninvasive intranasal infusion of enilconazole. A CT score based on the severity of the disease was given to each dog, prior to treatment, by dividing the nasal cavities and frontal sinuses into 8 anatomical regions. After therapy, the dogs were classified into 2 response groups (success group: dogs cured after 1 treatment; failure group: dogs needing more than 1 treatment or with treatment failure). No significant relationship on the logistic scale was found between...
Preliminary investigation of the probiotic potential of Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG in horses: fecal recovery following oral administration and safety - Weese, J. Scott; Anderson, Maureen E.C.; Lowe, Andrew; Monteith, Gabrielle J.
This study was designed to evaluate whether Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (LGG), an extensively studied probiotic organism in humans, can colonize the intestines of adult horses and foals. Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG was administered to adult horses at doses of 1 × 109 CFU/50kg bodyweight (BW)/day (group 1, 7 horses), 1 × 1010 colony forming units/ 50kg BW/day (group 2, 7 horses) and 5 × 1010 colony forming units/50kg BW/day (group 3, 7 horses) for 5 d. Foals received 2 × 1010 colony forming units/50kg BW/day (group 1, 7 foals) or 1 × 1011 colony forming units/50kg BW/day (group 2,...
Measurement of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide as an indicator of prognosis in dogs with cardiac disease - Greco, Deborah S.; Biller, Barbara; Van Liew, Cammie H.
Twenty-three dogs with heart failure were evaluated in a 12-month study by measuring baseline plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations. Ten dogs were classified as having mild to moderate cardiac disease (group 1) and 13 dogs were classified as having severe cardiac disease (group 2). The mean plasma ANP concentration for the group 1 dogs was 64 ± 45 pg/mL and for the group 2 dogs, 328 ± 122 pg/mL. The median survival time (1095 d) for group 1 dogs was significantly greater (P < 0.05) than for group 2 dogs (58 d). A significantly (P , 0.05) greater median...