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International Motor Vehicle Program

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 139

  1. A Quality Policy for America

    Helper, Susan; Levine, David

  2. Fuel, Environment and the Economy: Automobiles and the Voice of Society

    Graves, Andrew

  3. Product Development Performance in the Auto Industry: 1990s Update

    Ellison, David J.; Clark, Kim B.; Fujimoto, Takahiro; Hyun, Young-Suk
    1995 Working Paper

  4. Product Development Performance in the Auto Industry: 1990s Update

    Ellison, David J.; Clark, Kim B.; Takahiro, Fujimoto; Young-suk, Hyun

  5. The Road to the Self-Reliance New Product Development of Hyundai Motor Company

    Hyun, Young-suk
    June 1995

  6. The International Car Distribution Programme: Project Evolution, Activities, and Research Summary

    Harbour, Malcolm
    The International Car Distribution Programme (ICDP) is the world’s largest research study into car distribution. Supported by 29 companies and organisations, ICDP will complete its first 2 year investigation into all aspects of franchised car retailing and after-sales in March 1996. Plans are already being made for a further 2 years of study. ICDP’s objectives are to help all participants in car distribution plan for the future by developing new ideas for improving the present system or for introducing entirely new distribution formats. These solutions will be based on a deep understanding of the present system, using independent data collection and research. International comparisons between distribution system...

  7. The Role Of Proximity In Automotive Technology Supply Chain

    Fine, Charles; Gilboy, George; Oye, Kenneth; Parker, Geoffrey
    Working Draft, 1995

  8. Technology Suuply Chains: An Introductory Essay

    Fine, Charles H.; Gilboy, George; Parker, Geoffrey G.
    This essay addresses strategic technology sourcing -- the determination of what technologies are strategic to a firm (or nation) and the management of the policy options that follow from this determination. This work is certainly not the first word on this subject, nor will it be the last. In fact, we hope that it will stimulate significant discussion about strategic technology sourcing especially in those organizations where such discussion has been absent, naive, or just shouted down by the manage-by-the-numbers types. In the business press today, outsourcing is the rage. "Restructure and downsize your organization; outsource as many functions as possible" seems to be the message from many...

  9. Upstream Volatility in the Supply Chain: The Machine Tool Industry as a Case Study

    Anderson Jr., E.G.; Fine, C.H.; Gilboy, G.J.; Parker, G.G.
    Working Draft, May 1995

  10. Inventory Reduction and Productivity Growth: Evidence from the Japanese Automotive Sector

    Lieberman, Marvin B.; Demeester, Lieven
    The literature on JIT production suggests a causal link between work-in-process inventory and manufacturing productivity. Such a connection has been described in numerous case studies but never tested statistically. This paper uses historical data for 52 Japanese automotive companies to evaluate the inventory-productivity relationship. We find that inventory reductions stimulated gains in productivity, rather than vice versa. On average, each 10% reduction in inventory led to about a 1% gain in labor productivity, with a lag of about one year. Significant differences are found among company groups: Toyota affiliates had a shorter lag; while Nissan affiliates demonstrated no productivity effect. Firms that made inventory reductions typically saw an...

  11. Incentive Effects of Promotions on Employee Participation: The Case of Korean Auto Workers

    Lee, Daechang
    In the tournament games only the winner can advance to the next rounds of competition. The important feature of tournament is that the reward is based on the rank order among competitors rather than absolute level of their performances. This type of reward system can be widely found in competition for promotion in business organizations. For example, many hourly workers in manufacturing plants compete for a limited number of supervisory positions; a number of vice presidents in a firm strive for one coveted position of president. The employee participation in improvement activities have been thought of as one of the best practices taken in many auto plants around the...

  12. Employee Relations in the International Automotive Industry in an Era of Global Change

    Kochan, Tom; Lansbury, Russell

  13. Japanese-Style Relationships in the Early Years of the US Auto Industry

    Helper, Susan R.; Hochfelder, David

  14. Layoffs and Worker Effort Theory and Evidence from the North American Automotive Supplier Industry

    Parkin, Richard J.; Helper, Susan R.
    In this paper, we examine the effect of layoffs and layoff policies on three measures of worker effort. More specifically, we use data on first-tier automotive suppliers in the U.S. and Canada to test the proposition that greater employment security interacts with other human resources policies to increase worker effort.

  15. Inventory Reduction in the Japanese Automotive Sector, 1965-1991

    Lieberman, Marvin B.; Demeester, Lieven; Rivas, Ronald
    This paper traces the diffusion of “just-in-time” production in the Japanese automotive sector, as reflected by inventory reductions in a sample of 52 suppliers and assemblers. We show that most inventory reductions occurred during a remarkable burst of activity starting in the late 1960s. Companies affiliated with Toyota were the early adopters but were followed very quickly by others in Japan. By the late 1970s nearly all of the firms in the sample had made drastic reductions in inventory. Work-in-process and suppliers’ finished goods fell by nearly two thirds on average.

  16. A Framework for Assessing Cost Management System Changes: The Case of Activity-Based Costing Implementation at General Motors, 1986-1993

    Anderson, Shannon W.
    An opportunity to study the technical and organizational impact of management accounting system changes has emerged with companies' adoption of activity-based costing (ABC). This paper provides a structured account of experimentation with, and adoption and adaptation of ABC in General Motors Corporation, from 1986 to 1993. From this case, the paper develops a framework for evaluating ABC implementation and hypotheses about factors that influence implementation. The search for factors that ABC implementation success is guided by information technology and organizational change literature, as well as anecdotal evidence of factors that influence ABC implementation success. Data is gathered from interviews, archival...

  17. Current developments of the Brazilian automotive industry

    Ferro, Jose Roberto
    In the context of the stabilization and economic growth that has followed the Real plan introduced in mid 1994, the latest effort to curb dramatically high inflation, the Brazilian automotive industry has continued to grow following a series of policy changes occurred throughout the 90s. The industry has "boomed" for two consecutive years, achieving record production and sales levels. In 1994 production volume reached 1.5 million units, domestic sales of 1.3 million and 380.000 units exported. And a record volume of 150.000 units of imported vehicles penetrated the Brazilian market. After more than a decade of stagnation and with a poor technological and efficiency performance, this partial success crowns a restructuring...

  18. Learning to be Lean in an Emerging Economy: The Case of South Korea

    Amsden, Alice H.; Kang, Jong-Yeol
    First draft

  19. The Effects of the GM/UAW Saturn Partnership on Quality Performance: A Brief Overview of Preliminary Findings

    Kochan, Thomas; Rubinstein, Saul
    This project analyzes the effects of the co-management arrangements built into the first line of supervision (module advisors) at the Saturn Corporation on first time quality (FTQ) performance and improvements in first time quality. This is a very unique organizational arrangement wherein represented (i.e., unionized) and non-represented (i.e., managers) partners share responsibilities for co-managing production work teams. The purpose of this portion of our work is to test whether this co-management arrangement contributes to the performance of these work units and thereby adds value to Saturn as a whole. We focus on first time quality as the performance measure. In order to analyze the value-added to quality performance...

  20. Recent Developments and Future Prospects in the Indian Automotive Industry

    Mukherjee, Avinandan; Sastry, Trilochan
    The automobile market is growing at about 25% for the last three years. The number of persons per car is 200, which is very large compared to other emerging markets like Korea and Brazil which have about 12 persons per car. There is therefore a very huge untapped market. Uncertainty exists about the extent of growth, but a minimum growth rate of 20% is expected until the year 2000. Sales are expected to rise to anywhere between 850,000 to 1.5 million vehicles by the year 2000. Markets are highly price sensitive since a car is about 18 to 24 months salary for the average middle class...

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