Pardal, Ana Cristina; Encinar, J.M.; González, J.F.; Martínez, G.
In this study, transesterification of rapeseed oil using various co-solvents(diethyl ether (DEE), dibutyl ether (diBE), tert-butyl methyl ether (tBME), diisopropyl ether (diIPE), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and acetone) was studied. The variables affecting the ester yield during transesterification reaction, such as catalyst content, methanol:oil molar ratio, methanol:cosolvent molar ratio, co-solvent type, catalysts type, agitation rate and reaction temperature were investigated. The process was monitored by gas chromatography, determining the concentration of the methyl esters. Biodiesel was characterized according to ISO norms. Among the studied
co-solvents, the DEE and tBME take to the best results, however diIPE, diBE and acetone hardly improve the...
Pardal, Ana Cristina; M. Encinar, J.; F. González, J.; Martínez, G.
In this study, transesterification of rapeseed oil using subcritical methanol and potassium hydroxide as catalyst was studied. The variables affecting the methyl ester yield during the transesterification reaction, such as the catalyst content, reaction temperature, reaction time and the molar ratio of alcohol to oil, were investigated. The results are compared to the obtained using cosolvents. The evolution of the process was followed by gas chromatography, determining the concentration of the methyl esters. The biodiesel was characterized by its density, viscosity, saponification value, iodine value, acidity index and water content, according to ISO norms. High methyl ester yield and fast...