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Datasets with PANGAEA technical keyword @SESAMEBIOLOGY

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 10.972

  1. Physical oceanography during UNIVERSITATIS cruise HERM2

    Durrieu de Madron, Xavier

  2. Physical oceanography during UNIVERSITATIS cruise HERM2

    Durrieu de Madron, Xavier

  3. Grain size and diatom valves in sediment cores KS82-30 and KS82-31

    Abrantes, Fatima F
    Diatoms were studied quantitatively in six latest Quaternary (~70 kyr B.P. to Recent) piston cores from the westernmost Mediterranean, the Alboran Basin, and the Atlantic region immediately to the west of the Straits of Gibraltar. The Atlantic cores completely lack diatoms. In the Alboran Basin, diatoms are common from late Stage 3 (~27.5 kyr B.P.) to Termination lb (9 kyr B.P.) and in Recent core tops, but are absent in the other latest Quaternary intervals. Maximum accumulation of diatoms and highest abundance of species normally in sediments associated with increased productivity occurred during the latest Quaternary deglaciation, in the first...

  4. Grain size and diatom valves in sediment cores KS82-30 and KS82-31

    Abrantes, Fatima F
    Diatoms were studied quantitatively in six latest Quaternary (~70 kyr B.P. to Recent) piston cores from the westernmost Mediterranean, the Alboran Basin, and the Atlantic region immediately to the west of the Straits of Gibraltar. The Atlantic cores completely lack diatoms. In the Alboran Basin, diatoms are common from late Stage 3 (~27.5 kyr B.P.) to Termination lb (9 kyr B.P.) and in Recent core tops, but are absent in the other latest Quaternary intervals. Maximum accumulation of diatoms and highest abundance of species normally in sediments associated with increased productivity occurred during the latest Quaternary deglaciation, in the first...

  5. Grain size and diatom valves in sediment cores KS82-30 and KS82-31

    Abrantes, Fatima F
    Diatoms were studied quantitatively in six latest Quaternary (~70 kyr B.P. to Recent) piston cores from the westernmost Mediterranean, the Alboran Basin, and the Atlantic region immediately to the west of the Straits of Gibraltar. The Atlantic cores completely lack diatoms. In the Alboran Basin, diatoms are common from late Stage 3 (~27.5 kyr B.P.) to Termination lb (9 kyr B.P.) and in Recent core tops, but are absent in the other latest Quaternary intervals. Maximum accumulation of diatoms and highest abundance of species normally in sediments associated with increased productivity occurred during the latest Quaternary deglaciation, in the first...

  6. Biogeochemistry of sediments in the Aegean Sea

    Danovaro, Roberto; Marrale, Daniela; Della Croce, Norberto; Parodi, P; Fabiano, Mauro
    Biochemical composition of sedimentary organic matter (OM), vertical fluxes and bacterial distribution were studied at 15 stations (95-2270 m depth) in the Aegean Sea during spring and summer. Downward fluxes of labile OM were significantly higher in the northern than in the southern part and were higher in summer than in spring. Primary inputs of OM were not related to sedimentary OM concentrations, which had highest values in summer. Sedimentary chlorophyll-a concentrations were similar in the northern and southern parts. Carbohydrates, the main component of sedimentary OM, were about 1.2 times higher in the southern part than in the northern,...

  7. Biogeochemistry of sediments in the Aegean Sea

    Danovaro, Roberto; Marrale, Daniela; Della Croce, Norberto; Parodi, P; Fabiano, Mauro
    Biochemical composition of sedimentary organic matter (OM), vertical fluxes and bacterial distribution were studied at 15 stations (95-2270 m depth) in the Aegean Sea during spring and summer. Downward fluxes of labile OM were significantly higher in the northern than in the southern part and were higher in summer than in spring. Primary inputs of OM were not related to sedimentary OM concentrations, which had highest values in summer. Sedimentary chlorophyll-a concentrations were similar in the northern and southern parts. Carbohydrates, the main component of sedimentary OM, were about 1.2 times higher in the southern part than in the northern,...

  8. Meiofauna of surface sediments in the Cretan Sea

    Danovaro, Roberto; Tselepides, Anastasios; Otegui, Ana; Della Croce, Norberto
    Quantitative information on metazoan meiofaunal abundance and biomass was obtained from three continental shelf (at 40, 100 and 200 m depth) and four deep-sea stations (at 540, 700, 940 and 1540 m depth) in the Cretan Sea (South Aegean Sea, NE Mediterranean). Samples were collected on a seasonal basis (from August 1994 to September 1995) with the use of a multiple corer. Meiofaunal abundance and biomass on the continental shelf of the Cretan Sea were high, in contrast to the extremely low values reported for the bathyal sediments that showed values comparable to those reported for abyssal and hadal environments....

  9. Meiofauna of surface sediments in the Cretan Sea

    Danovaro, Roberto; Tselepides, Anastasios; Otegui, Ana; Della Croce, Norberto
    Quantitative information on metazoan meiofaunal abundance and biomass was obtained from three continental shelf (at 40, 100 and 200 m depth) and four deep-sea stations (at 540, 700, 940 and 1540 m depth) in the Cretan Sea (South Aegean Sea, NE Mediterranean). Samples were collected on a seasonal basis (from August 1994 to September 1995) with the use of a multiple corer. Meiofaunal abundance and biomass on the continental shelf of the Cretan Sea were high, in contrast to the extremely low values reported for the bathyal sediments that showed values comparable to those reported for abyssal and hadal environments....

  10. Nanoflagellates (mixotrophs, heterotrophs and autotrophs) in the oligotrophic eastern Mediterranean

    Christaki, Urania; Van Wambeke, France; Dolan, John
    The vertical distribution (0 to 100 m) and abundance of nanoflagellates were examined in the oligotrophic Aegean Sea (east Mediterranean) in early spring (south basin) and late summer (north and south basins) of 1997 in the framework of the MATER project (Mass Transfer and Ecosystem Response). Different trophic types of nanoflagellates (mixotrophic, heterotrophic, and phototrophic) were identified based on the possession of chloroplasts and the consumption of Fluorescently Labelled Minicells (FLM). Bacterial production (leucine method) was compared with bacterivory estimated from FLM consumption. We found that mixotrophic nanoflagellates played a small role as bacterivores relative to heterotrophic nanoflagellates and total...

  11. Nanoflagellates (mixotrophs, heterotrophs and autotrophs) in the oligotrophic eastern Mediterranean

    Christaki, Urania; Van Wambeke, France; Dolan, John
    The vertical distribution (0 to 100 m) and abundance of nanoflagellates were examined in the oligotrophic Aegean Sea (east Mediterranean) in early spring (south basin) and late summer (north and south basins) of 1997 in the framework of the MATER project (Mass Transfer and Ecosystem Response). Different trophic types of nanoflagellates (mixotrophic, heterotrophic, and phototrophic) were identified based on the possession of chloroplasts and the consumption of Fluorescently Labelled Minicells (FLM). Bacterial production (leucine method) was compared with bacterivory estimated from FLM consumption. We found that mixotrophic nanoflagellates played a small role as bacterivores relative to heterotrophic nanoflagellates and total...

  12. Distribution of macrozooplankton at time series station MIGZOO-4

    Andersen, Valérie; Sardou, Jacques
    A large population of the colonial pelagic tunicate Pyrosoma atlanticum occurred in April 1991 in offshore waters of the Ligurian Sea (Northwestern Mediterranean). The high numbers of colonies caught allowed their vertical distribution and diel migration in the 0-965 m water column to be described as a function of their size. Daytime depths and amplitudes of the migration were correlated with colony size. The amplitude of the migration ranged from 90 m for 3-mm-length colonies to 760 m for 51-mm-length colonies, with a mean amplitude of 410 m for the whole population, all sizes pooled. The results of horizontal hauls...

  13. Distribution of macrozooplankton at time series station MIGZOO-4

    Andersen, Valérie; Sardou, Jacques
    A large population of the colonial pelagic tunicate Pyrosoma atlanticum occurred in April 1991 in offshore waters of the Ligurian Sea (Northwestern Mediterranean). The high numbers of colonies caught allowed their vertical distribution and diel migration in the 0-965 m water column to be described as a function of their size. Daytime depths and amplitudes of the migration were correlated with colony size. The amplitude of the migration ranged from 90 m for 3-mm-length colonies to 760 m for 51-mm-length colonies, with a mean amplitude of 410 m for the whole population, all sizes pooled. The results of horizontal hauls...

  14. Distribution of macrozooplankton at time series station MIGZOO-1

    Andersen, Valérie; Sardou, Jacques
    Vertical distributions and diel migrations of the main species of micronekton, four euphausiids, one mysid, one decapod and three fishes, were described in detail in the 0-1000 m water column on a fixed station in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. The euphausiids Euphausia krohni and Thysanopoda aequalis, the decapod Gennadas elegans and, to a lesser extent, the fish Argyropelecus hemigymnus were shown to perform clear diel vertical migrations. Results of horizontal hauls at a given depth around sunrise and sunset showed a marked diurnal symmetry of the migratory cycles, particularly for E.krohni, T.aequalis and G.elegans. The behaviour of the euphausiid Nematoscelis...

  15. Distribution of macrozooplankton at time series station MIGZOO-1

    Andersen, Valérie; Sardou, Jacques
    Vertical distributions and diel migrations of the main species of micronekton, four euphausiids, one mysid, one decapod and three fishes, were described in detail in the 0-1000 m water column on a fixed station in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. The euphausiids Euphausia krohni and Thysanopoda aequalis, the decapod Gennadas elegans and, to a lesser extent, the fish Argyropelecus hemigymnus were shown to perform clear diel vertical migrations. Results of horizontal hauls at a given depth around sunrise and sunset showed a marked diurnal symmetry of the migratory cycles, particularly for E.krohni, T.aequalis and G.elegans. The behaviour of the euphausiid Nematoscelis...

  16. Vertical distribution of large particulate matter in the Western Mediterranean Sea

    Gorsky, Gabriel; Prieur, Louis Marie; Taupier-Letage, I; Stemmann, Lars; Picheral, Marc
    The relationship between mesoscale hydrodynamics and the distribution of large particulate matter (LPM, particles larger than 200 ?m) in the first 1000 m of the Western Mediterranean basin was studied with a microprocessor-driven CTD-video package, the Underwater Video Profiler (UVP). Observations made during the last decade showed that, in late spring and summer, LPM concentration was high in the coastal part of the Western Mediterranean basin at the shelf break and near the continental slope (computed maximum: 149 ?g C/l between 0 and 100 m near the Spanish coast of the Gibraltar Strait). LPM concentration decreased further offshore into the...

  17. Vertical distribution of large particulate matter in the Western Mediterranean Sea

    Gorsky, Gabriel; Prieur, Louis Marie; Taupier-Letage, I; Stemmann, Lars; Picheral, Marc
    The relationship between mesoscale hydrodynamics and the distribution of large particulate matter (LPM, particles larger than 200 ?m) in the first 1000 m of the Western Mediterranean basin was studied with a microprocessor-driven CTD-video package, the Underwater Video Profiler (UVP). Observations made during the last decade showed that, in late spring and summer, LPM concentration was high in the coastal part of the Western Mediterranean basin at the shelf break and near the continental slope (computed maximum: 149 ?g C/l between 0 and 100 m near the Spanish coast of the Gibraltar Strait). LPM concentration decreased further offshore into the...

  18. Vertical distribution of suspended aggregates at time series station DYNAPROC

    Stemmann, Lars; Picheral, Marc; Gorsky, Gabriel
    Day/night variations in the size distribution of the particulate matter >0.15 mm (PM) were studied in May 1995 during the DYNAPROC time-series cruise in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Data on vertical distributions of PM (>0.15 mm) and zooplankton were collected with the Underwater Video Profiler (UVP). The comparisons of the UVP data with plankton net data and POC data from water bottles indicated that more than 97% of the particles detected by the UVP were non-living particles (0.15 mm) and that the PM contributed 4-34% of the total dry weight measured on GF/F filters. Comparison of seven pairs of day...

  19. Vertical distribution of suspended aggregates at time series station DYNAPROC

    Stemmann, Lars; Picheral, Marc; Gorsky, Gabriel
    Day/night variations in the size distribution of the particulate matter >0.15 mm (PM) were studied in May 1995 during the DYNAPROC time-series cruise in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Data on vertical distributions of PM (>0.15 mm) and zooplankton were collected with the Underwater Video Profiler (UVP). The comparisons of the UVP data with plankton net data and POC data from water bottles indicated that more than 97% of the particles detected by the UVP were non-living particles (0.15 mm) and that the PM contributed 4-34% of the total dry weight measured on GF/F filters. Comparison of seven pairs of day...

  20. Abundance and biomass of planktic ciliates at time series station DYNAPROC

    Pérez, M T; Dolan, John; Vidussi, Francesca; Fukai, E
    The composition and vertical distribution of planktonic ciliates within the surface layer was monitored over four diel cycles in May 95, during the JGOFS-France DYNAPROC cruise in the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean). Ciliates were placed into size and trophic categories: micro- and nano-heterotrophic ciliates, mixotrophic ciliates, tintinnids and the autotrophic Mesodinium rubrum. Mixotrophic ciliates (micro and nano) represented an average of 46% of oligotrich abundance and 39% of oligotrich biomass; nano-ciliates (hetero and mixotrophic) were abundant, representing about 60 and 17% of oligotrich abundance and biomass, respectively. Tintinnid ciliates were a minor part of heterotrophic ciliates. The estimated contribution of...

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