Donnermeyer, Joseph F.; Barclay, Elaine; Phillips, Daniel W.; Weisheit, Ralph; Wood, Darryl S.
May, David C.; Herbert, Joe; Cline, Kelly; Nellis, Ashley
This article examines attitudes about terrorism utilizing criminological literature
about fear of crime and perceived risk of victimization and data from a statewide
survey of 1,617 adults in Kentucky. Measures of both fear of terrorism and perceived
risk of terrorism were geography based. The demographic variables had minimal
impact on both perceived risk of terrorism and fear of terrorism, although gender was
significantly related to both, suggesting a link based on socialization experiences of
men and women. Although rural residence had a small but statistically significant
relationship to perceived risk, it was not related to fear. The strongest predictor of
fear was perceived risk itself, which mirrors research...
Green, Egan K.
Wildlife poachers throughout the world have developed innovative techniques to
commit their crimes and evade arrest by law enforcement. By taking advantage of
technological advances as well as legitimate wildlife management practices, the
poachers are able to participate in what Cohen and Machalek (1988, 1995) refer to as
expropriative crime strategies. This paper documents specific non-conventional
poaching techniques used as reported by 22 self-reported poachers, 14 wildlife law
enforcement agents and 2 non-poaching hunters who were wildlife crime witnesses.
The data, collected in semi-formal interviews, also present the different perceptions
of poaching frequency and methods by both criminals and law enforcement officers.
McElwee, Gerard; Smith, Rob; Somerville, Peter
Illegal entrepreneurship in the rural is under researched and scrutinised, yet it occupies a
distinctive space in entrepreneurship practice in terms of how it is construed and how it is
enacted. This is a theoretical paper which provides a conceptual framework for defining
‘ideal types’ of illegal rural enterprise activity in order to better frame the phenomenon.
Four types of enterprise activity are provided which suggest how the activities of illegal
entrepreneurship in the rural can be categorised. This article is valuable to researchers
and policy makers in that the framework suggests diversity in illegal rural enterprises
which can manifest differing motives and modes of operation.
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between social structure and
crime in rural counties of the United States. Social structures are assumed to be
associated with informal control of crime, and as well, it is assumed that structural
changes in rural communities influence changes in the level of informal social control of
crime, hence, crime itself. Social disorganization theory provides a useful macro-level
study frame for this study. The county is the study unit. Data from 2,050
non-metropolitian counties were collected, using three different sources: the census, the
FBI Uniform Crime Report, and the USDA Economic Research Service. US Counties
data files of the...
This study examines the effects of rapid social change brought on by industrial
restructuring to nine small town/rural communities located in Southern Louisiana.
Social change is often found to have negative impacts on traditional community
organization. In particular, communities experiencing rapid social change often
demonstrate heightened perceptions of crime problems and social disorder. Other
sociological literature finds that communities that are civically organized show
various positive social outcomes. Utilizing qualitative methodology, this study aimed
to examine the nuances of the relationship between rapid social change, civic
community, and perceptions of crime and disorder. This study proposed that civic
and social organizations may work as intervening institutions against the negative
Ruddell, Rick; Mays, G. Larry
There has been very little scholarship on the roles and functions of rural jails in the
United States. This study examines some of the key challenges facing these small
correctional institutions, using data from two national surveys, focus groups of jail
administrators, and the results from a survey of Texas jail administrators. These
studies solicited information about the operational challenges and changing offender
populations in small and rural jails. In order to better respond to these changing
characteristics, a number of policy options for rural jails are considered, including:
regionalization, transferring the operations of local jails to state departments of
corrections, increasing alternatives to incarceration, expanding local capacity,...