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ONC - Artigos
Mostrando recursos 1 - 13 de 13
Entire hemithorax irradiation for Masaoka stage IVa thymomas - Soares, A; Louro, LV; Almeida, M; Sousa, O
Thymomas are rare neoplasms that have an indolent growth with a preferentially intra-thoracic dissemination pattern. Surgery is currently the standard treatment of thymomas; however radiotherapy is often used in an adjuvant setting due to a high sensitivity of these tumors to such treatment. Postoperative entire hemithoracic irradiation has been used in selected Masaoka stage IVa cases after complete surgical excision of metastatic lesions. In the present article, the authors report three cases of Masaoka stage IVa thymoma that underwent entire hemithorax irradiation after surgical excision of metastatic lesions. The first two patients presented as stage IVa thymomas. The third case...
TP53 codon 72 polymorphism in susceptibility, overall survival, and adjuvant therapy response of gliomas. - Lima-Ramos, V; Pacheco-Figueiredo, L; Costa, S; Pardal, F; Silva, A; Amorim, J; Lopes, JM; Reis, RM
TP53 is a key tumor suppressor gene that encodes a transcriptional factor involved in several cellular mechanisms, including growth arrest, DNA repair, and induction of apoptosis. In addition to TP53 gene mutations, a common polymorphism, Arg72Pro, has been involved in the carcinogenesis process. The Pro72 variant has been associated with a slower induction of apoptosis and may influence the risk of cancer development. The role of Arg72Pro polymorphism in glioma susceptibility is poorly characterized. With the objective of analyzing the role of the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism in glioma risk, overall survival, and patient therapy response in a Portuguese population, we...
Impact of EGFR genetic variants on glioma risk and patient outcome - Costa, BM; Viana-Pereira, M; Fernandes, R; Costa, S; Linhares, P; Vaz, R; Pinheiro, C; Lima, J; Soares, P; Silva, A; Pardal, F; Amorim, J; Nabiço, R; Almeida, R; Alegria, C; Pires, MM; Pinheiro, C; Carvalho, E; Oliveira, P; Lopes, JM; Reis, RM
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) regulates important cellular processes and is frequently implicated in human tumors. Three EGFR polymorphisms have been described as having a transcriptional regulatory function: two single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the essential promoter region, -216G/T and -191C/A, and a polymorphic (CA)(n) microsatellite sequence in intron 1. We aimed to elucidate the roles of these EGFR polymorphisms in glioma susceptibility and prognosis.
We conducted a case-control study with 196 patients with glioma and 168 cancer-free controls. Unconditional multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate ORs and 95% confidence intervals. A Cox regression model was used to evaluate associations...
Detection of the Epstein-Barr virus in blood and bone marrow mononuclear cells of patients with aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is not associated with prognosis - Marques, H; Catarino, R; Domingues, N; Barros, E; Portela, C; Almeida, MI; Costa, S; Reis, RM; Medeiros, R; Longatto-Filho, A
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a large spectrum of lymphoproliferative diseases. Traditional methods of EBV detection include the immunohistochemical identification of viral proteins and DNA probes to the viral genome in tumoral tissue. The present study explored the detection of the EBV genome, using the BALF5 gene, in the bone marrow or blood mononuclear cells of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) and related its presence to the clinical variables and risk factors. The results show that EBV detection in 21.5% of patients is not associated with age, gender, staging, B symptoms, international prognostic index scores or...
Increased expression of monocarboxylate transporters 1, 2, and 4 in colorectal carcinomas - Pinheiro, C; Longatto-Filho, A; Scapulatempo, C; Mesquita-Rodrigues, A; Alves, VA; Schmitt, F; Baltazar, F
Tumour cells are known to be highly glycolytic, thus producing high amounts of lactic acid. Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs), by promoting the efflux of the accumulating acids, constitute one of the most important mechanisms in the maintenance of tumour intracellular pH. Since data concerning MCT expression in colorectal carcinomas (CRC) are scarce and controversial, the present study aimed to assess the expressions of MCT1, 2, and 4 in a well characterized series of CRC and assess their role in CRC carcinogenesis. CRC samples (126 cases) were analyzed for MCT1, MCT2, and MCT4 immunoexpression and findings correlated with clinico-pathological parameters. Expression of...
Recomendações para o diagnóstico, tratamento e monitorização da leucemia mielóide crónica - Almeida, A; Castro, I; Coutinho, J; Guerra, L; Marques, H; Pereira, AM
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a clonal stem cell disease characterized by the expression of the fusion protein bcr-abl1, which has deregulated tirosine-kinase activity. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), and in particular imatinib, introduced fundamental changes in the treatment of CML, becoming, in most cases, the first-line treatment of choice in the chronic phase of this disease. Compared to other available therapies imatinib results in a marked increase in overall survival, tolerability and quality of life. The introduction of second generation TKI, with increased potency against bcr-abl1, expanded the number of therapeutic options for this disease and offers an alternative for...
Prognostic value of MGMT promoter methylation in glioblastoma patients treated with temozolomide-based chemoradiation: a Portuguese multicentre study - Costa, BM; Caeiro, C; Guimarães, I; Martinho, O; Jaraquemada, T; Augusto, I; Castro, l; Osório, L; Linhares, P; Honavar, M; Resende, M; Nabiço, R; Almeida, R; Alegria, C; Pires, M; Pinheiro, C; Carvalho, E; Lopes, JM; Costa, P; Damasceno, M; Reis, RM
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor. The identification of novel molecular prognostic markers of GBM has recently been an area of great interest in neuro-oncology. The methylation status of the MGMT gene promoter is currently a promising molecular prognostic marker, but some controversial data have precluded its clinical use. We analyzed MGMT methylation by methylation-specific PCR in 90 GBM patients from four Portuguese hospitals, uniformly treated with radiotherapy combined with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide (Stupp protocol). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to construct survival curves, and the log-rank test and a Cox-regression model were used...
Echocardiographic assessment of a cardiac lymphoma: beyond two-dimensional imaging - Gaspar, A; Salomé, N; Nabais, S; Brandão, A; Simões, A; Portela, C; Salgado, A; Pereira, A; Correia, A
Lymphoma is usually recognized as the third most frequent metastatic malignancy involving the heart. In recent years, the incidence of cardiac lymphoma has increased, mainly because of HIV-infected patients. We present a case of secondary cardiac lymphoma in an HIV patient presenting with heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography showed increased left ventricular (LV) wall thickness and an extensive mass in the right cavities with involvement of the tricuspid annulus (Figure 1). Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) showed reduced systolic and diastolic velocities at mitral and tricuspid annulus, compatible with systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction, likely owing to infiltration. After 2 weeks of...
Expression, mutation and copy number analysis of platelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA) and its ligand PDGFA in gliomas - Martinho, O; Longatto-Filho, A; Lambros, MB; Martins, A; Pinheiro, C; Silva, AI; Pardal, F; Amorim, J; Mackay, A; Milanezi, F; Tamber, N; Fenwick, K; Ashworth, A; Reis-Filho, J; Lopes, JM; Reis, RM
Malignant gliomas are the most prevalent type of primary brain tumours but the therapeutic armamentarium for these tumours is limited. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signalling has been shown to be a key regulator of glioma development. Clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of anti-PDGFRA therapies on gliomas are ongoing. In this study, we intended to analyse the expression of PDGFA and its receptor PDGFRA, as well as the underlying genetic (mutations and amplification) mechanisms driving their expression in a large series of human gliomas.
PDGFA and PDGFRA expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a series of 160 gliomas of distinct World Health...
Análise económica do rituximab, em associação com ciclofosfamida, vincristina e prednisolona no tratamento de doentes com linfoma folicular avançado em Portugal - Braga, P; Carvalho, S; Gomes, M; Guerra, L; Lúcio, P; Marques, H; Negreiro, F; Pereira, C; Silva, C; Teixeira, A
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate costs and benefits of rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide/vincristine/prednisolone chemotherapy regimen (R-CVP), in previously untreated patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), compared to CVP alone from a Portuguese National Health System (NHS) perspective. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness (Life Years Gained--LYG) and cost-utility analysis (Quality Adjusted Life Years--QALYs) were performed for a time horizon of 10 years, according to a Markov economic model with three health states (progression free survival, progression and death) and monthly cycles for a population of previously untreated patients with indolent NHL. Data from a phase III clinical trial was used and expanded to include unpublished 53-month...