Introduction: The euro and Ukraine crises, compounded with the rise of Euroskepticism, have led to a panic
wave about the future of Europe as a zone of peace and prosperity but also about the European
Union as a viable political experiment. This panic wave is encapsulated in the titles of a number
of recent books, articles and op-eds written by eminent scholars: The Decline and Fall of Europe,
by Richard Youngs; Europe as a Small Power, by Asle Toje; The Coming Erosion of the
European Union, by Stephen Walt; Europe crise et fin? d’Etienne Balibar; Europe, le continent
perdu, de Philippe Maystadt; or The Decline of...
Van Hullen, Vera
Compared to a global trend towards governance transfer by regional organizations, the League of Arab States is clearly a latecomer in prescribing and promoting governance standards in its member states – and its efforts are more limited and weaker than in many other regional organizations (Börzel and Stapel in this volume). While the Arab League started to deal with selected human rights issues in the late 1960s, an Arab Charter on Humans Rights as the cornerstone of a regional human rights regime only entered into force in 2008 – much later than its American, European, and African counterparts. Continental organizations...
Tsarouhas, Dimitris; Ladi, Stella
To what extent and in what ways does the European Union (EU) seek to adjust the global public policy debate to its own goals and priorities? Our paper sheds light to these crucial questions regarding the EU’s global role by examining the Union’s relationship to the World Trade Organization (WTO), adopting and revising public procurement regulations as the case study under investigation.
Using a qualitative research methodology and relying on more than 15 interviews with EU, WTO and interest groups, the paper sheds new light to an underdeveloped research area. Theoretically, we point to the limitations of the Principal Agent (PA)...
Economists claim that the European monetary union would work so much better if labor mobility were higher. But economic models treat workers’ migration to another member state essentially in the same way as workers’ changing jobs within the domestic economy. The jurisprudence on free movement of persons (workers and services) and non-discrimination that the CJEU developed over the years can show how different cross-border and within-border movements are. For comparative political economists, who conceptualize welfare states as institutionally coherent regimes, this proves that free movement of persons clashes with the “logic of closure” (Ferrera) on which welfare states rest. This...
Introduction: Following the transition to democracy and the country's European integration, Spain was, prior to the 2008 crisis, a model country. But then the dream was shattered and the country's economy imploded after 2008. How did this happen? Policy choices and the structure of decision making; the role of organized interest; the structure of the state; and institutional degeneration all played an important role in explaining the severity of the economic crisis in Spain; as did the country's membership under an incomplete monetary union. The country is currently (as of 2014) exiting a triple crisis: financial, fiscal and competitiveness. This...
Rossi, Lucia Serena
Introductory Slide: The economic implications of
the free movement
• I- The Original Market Approach
• II From Market to Citizenship
• III Are Citzens’ Rights Fundamental
• IV Non-EU citizens:What Resources are
This paper contributes to the very limited literature on the implementation of EU external
migration policy. Cooperation with non-EU countries has become a central policy priority for
the EU over the past decade, with the main policy tool being the Mobility Partnership
framework. Since 2008, seven such partnerships have been signed with countries in the EU’s
neighbourhood. Since the Commission’s 2009 evaluation, however, little has been written
about how the Mobility Partnerships are playing out in practice. This paper addresses this
deficit, and focuses in particular on the concept of mobility. It first attempts to assess the
whether the Mobility Partnerships have created extra channels of migration...
Radulova, Elissaveta; Spendzharova, Aneta; Versluis, Esther; Flothe, Linda
This article examines the European response to complex financial crises. In particular it traces the debate on the revision of the financial services supervision, and demonstrates a major and abrupt shift in European financial governance with regard to two very important dimensions of every regulatory system: the locus and form of institutionalization (where the EU underwent a shift from a decentralized and network-based to a centralised and institutionalised regime), and the regulatory approach (where the EU embraces harmonization and standardisation after decades of support for mutual recognition). To illustrate these substantial shifts we conduct longitudinal qualitative content analysis of the...
Posner, Elliot; Veron, Nicolas
Newman, Abraham; Posner, Elliot
Introduction: Moving beyond arguments maintaining that the EU ‘matters’ in a uniform and static way, our study, a largely deductive exercise, identifies potential causal linkages between context and strategies and suggests that as the context changes, so too does the EU’s foreign regulatory engagement. The article’s core, then, develops an analytic framework that predicts different strategies under alternate conditions and indicates how shifts in these conditions are likely to alter strategies (George and Bennett 2005). In particular, we posit that temporal and spatial trends in the regulatory context are likely to result in four distinct strategies: regulatory export, first mover...
Newman, Abraham; Posner, Elliot
Pre-crisis global governance of finance was marked by extensive cooperation supported by a preference alignment between the two regulatory great powers, the U.S. and the EU. The paper’s explanation of this surprising pattern in regulatory preferences takes the institutional context of global finance seriously. It highlights endogenous, temporal effects of the international institutions at the core of global economic governance and, in particular, policy feedbacks arising from the interaction of transnational soft law and domestic political contests. In this extension of historical institutionalist theory to the international political arena, soft law is more than a coordinating mechanism. It is an...
Zeff, Eleanor E.; Shaw, Kelly B.
The primary goal and mandate of this study are to
map the development of European Economic Community
(EEC), now European Union (EU) studies (EEC/EU) in
political science in the United States (US). The discussion
of EU studies in the US has been divided into two chapters
due to the large quantity of research this field has generated
in the US since 1958. This chapter concentrates on the
middle and eastern regions of the US where proximity to
Europe has promoted interest in European politics and
scholarship on European integration and EEC/EU development.
There is another chapter focusing primarily on
political science studies of the EU in the western US region,
Introduction: This paper addresses issues from my current Marie Curie-funded two-year research project at the University of Portsmouth. This project seeks to understand how two types of geography have interacted:
1. the spatial patterns of the transnational scholarly networks which study European integration, known as European Studies (ES) or European Union Studies (EUS)
2. their narratives, and especially their normative narratives, about the geography of European integration
I focus on scholarship of the EU’s 2004 eastern enlargement as a case study and therefore on opinions by scholars about which countries are more or less suitable for EU membership.
The present paper addresses two...
Introduction: In 2004, ten new member states, eight from Central and Eastern Europe (the socalled
“A8” countries), joined the European Union. European Union citizens have the right to freely
move throughout and reside in (subject to conditions) all member states. At the time, though
thirteen out of fifteen existing E.U. member states put temporary restrictions on migrants from
these new member states, the U.K. decided to give these migrants immediate full access to the
labor market. While in France, for example, fears about the “Polish plumber” taking French jobs
became a hot topic of debate and caused the French to implement temporary controls, in the U.K.
This paper is a very first attempt to explore the EU’s secular identity as it is constructed through the EU’s external relations and in comparison to its main transatlantic partner, and ‘other’, the US. It primarily aims at understanding how the EU and the US interpret the role of religion in their foreign policies and whether and how their interpretations resemble or differ from each other. Against the background of debates on the EU’s international role identity and based on a discursive approach, the paper analyzes official documents produced by EU and US foreign policy institutions in their relationship with...
Hassel, Anke; Knudsen, Jette Steen; Wagner, Bettina
The literature on European Union (EU) integration sees increasing liberalization as a major challenge for models of national capitalism within Member States. EU liberalization, it is argued, erodes national welfare regimes and prevents the re-embedding of markets in social protection systems. However, other scholars highlight the ability of national institutions to reinvent themselves to offer social protection. This paper assesses these claims by exploring an extreme case of labor market pressure driven by EU liberalization. Employment conditions in the meat production sector in Germany and Denmark have been affected in very different ways by EU liberalization. We explore whether, and...
den Heijer, Maarten
This contribution focuses on the externalization of maritime border controls coordinated by the EU borders agency Frontex. This externalization occurs in two ways. First, by geographically relocating controls away from coastal border crossing points to the various maritime zones. Secondly, by involving non-EU countries in border controls. The recently adopted Frontex Sea Border Regulation aims to clarify the legal regime applicable to such controls in the sphere of fundamental rights, powers of interdiction and search and rescue obligations. The contribution argues that the Regulation is fundamentally flawed as it avoids hard choices, thereby failing to harmonize divergent Member State practice....
Yesilada, Birol; Tanrikulu, Osman Goktug
Global Power Transition and the Future of the European Union
Will EU Leaders Stop Missing Key Opportunities?
Birol Yeşilada, Portland State University & Osman Göktuğ Tanrıkulu, Portland State University
Paper presented at the 2015 Conference of the European Union Studies Association in Boston, March 5-8. This paper applies power transition theory to EU’s future as a global power. It assesses economic and political/strategic capabilities of the EU vis-à-vis other global contenders as Transatlantic Alliance is challenged by rising powers in the east - China and India. Analysis includes simulations of how structural reforms (i.e fiscal union) and membership enlargement(s) are likely to affect...
Europe has pioneered regional integration, and studies on European integration have dominated the study of regionalism. Curiously, as much as the study of regionalism has long been Europe-centered, the study of European regionalism and the theories of European integration have centered on the European Union (EU), its organizational growth and performance. This literature is vast and discussed in entire handbooks on the EU (e.g. Jones et al. 2012; Jørgensen et al. 2006). By contrast, this chapter deliberately takes a regional perspective. It starts with a discussion of how “Europe” has been constructed as a civilizational and institutional region and how...
Savage, James D.; Verdun, Amy
Has the executive role of the European Commission changed since
the euro debt crisis? Intergovernmentalists point to the increased
role of the member states and the Council at the expense of the
Commission and other supranational institutions. This paper
examines how the Commission has responded to the expansion of
fiscal and economic rules such as the regulations that strengthen the
EU’s statistical competence and the Six-Pack and Two-Pack. Based
on interviews conducted with key staff, we find that these rules
have created significant coordination, information, and analytical
demands on the Commission. The latter has enhanced its horizontal
and vertical coordination efforts, prioritized staff for the
Directorate-Generals conducting surveillance activities, added DGs