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Archive of European Integration (78.593 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 247

  1. The Decline of the European Union: Insights from Historical Sociology

    Merand, Frederic
    Introduction: The euro and Ukraine crises, compounded with the rise of Euroskepticism, have led to a panic wave about the future of Europe as a zone of peace and prosperity but also about the European Union as a viable political experiment. This panic wave is encapsulated in the titles of a number of recent books, articles and op-eds written by eminent scholars: The Decline and Fall of Europe, by Richard Youngs; Europe as a Small Power, by Asle Toje; The Coming Erosion of the European Union, by Stephen Walt; Europe crise et fin? d’Etienne Balibar; Europe, le continent perdu, de Philippe Maystadt; or The Decline of...

  2. Just Leave Us Alone: The Arab League and Human Rights

    Van Hullen, Vera
    Compared to a global trend towards governance transfer by regional organizations, the League of Arab States is clearly a latecomer in prescribing and promoting governance standards in its member states – and its efforts are more limited and weaker than in many other regional organizations (Börzel and Stapel in this volume). While the Arab League started to deal with selected human rights issues in the late 1960s, an Arab Charter on Humans Rights as the cornerstone of a regional human rights regime only entered into force in 2008 – much later than its American, European, and African counterparts. Continental organizations...

  3. The EU in the World: Public Procurement Policy and the EU-WTO relationship

    Tsarouhas, Dimitris; Ladi, Stella
    To what extent and in what ways does the European Union (EU) seek to adjust the global public policy debate to its own goals and priorities? Our paper sheds light to these crucial questions regarding the EU’s global role by examining the Union’s relationship to the World Trade Organization (WTO), adopting and revising public procurement regulations as the case study under investigation. Using a qualitative research methodology and relying on more than 15 interviews with EU, WTO and interest groups, the paper sheds new light to an underdeveloped research area. Theoretically, we point to the limitations of the Principal Agent (PA)...

  4. Risk sharing between member states through migration as a social right

    Schelkle, Waltraud
    Economists claim that the European monetary union would work so much better if labor mobility were higher. But economic models treat workers’ migration to another member state essentially in the same way as workers’ changing jobs within the domestic economy. The jurisprudence on free movement of persons (workers and services) and non-discrimination that the CJEU developed over the years can show how different cross-border and within-border movements are. For comparative political economists, who conceptualize welfare states as institutionally coherent regimes, this proves that free movement of persons clashes with the “logic of closure” (Ferrera) on which welfare states rest. This...

  5. After Austerity. Lessons from the Spanish Experience

    Royo, Sebastian
    Introduction: Following the transition to democracy and the country's European integration, Spain was, prior to the 2008 crisis, a model country. But then the dream was shattered and the country's economy imploded after 2008. How did this happen? Policy choices and the structure of decision making; the role of organized interest; the structure of the state; and institutional degeneration all played an important role in explaining the severity of the economic crisis in Spain; as did the country's membership under an incomplete monetary union. The country is currently (as of 2014) exiting a triple crisis: financial, fiscal and competitiveness. This...

  6. Free Movement of Those Having Sufficient Resources not to become a Burden on the “Social Assistance System of the Host State”

    Rossi, Lucia Serena
    Introductory Slide: The economic implications of the free movement • I- The Original Market Approach • II From Market to Citizenship • III Are Citzens’ Rights Fundamental Rights? • IV Non-EU citizens:What Resources are “adequate”?

  7. Implementation dynamics in EU ‘Mobility’ Partnerships

    Reslow, Natasja
    This paper contributes to the very limited literature on the implementation of EU external migration policy. Cooperation with non-EU countries has become a central policy priority for the EU over the past decade, with the main policy tool being the Mobility Partnership framework. Since 2008, seven such partnerships have been signed with countries in the EU’s neighbourhood. Since the Commission’s 2009 evaluation, however, little has been written about how the Mobility Partnerships are playing out in practice. This paper addresses this deficit, and focuses in particular on the concept of mobility. It first attempts to assess the whether the Mobility Partnerships have created extra channels of migration...

  8. Crisis as a Window of Opportunity for Regulatory Shifts and Institutional Reform: Insights from Policy Framing in European Financial Sector Regulation

    Radulova, Elissaveta; Spendzharova, Aneta; Versluis, Esther; Flothe, Linda
    This article examines the European response to complex financial crises. In particular it traces the debate on the revision of the financial services supervision, and demonstrates a major and abrupt shift in European financial governance with regard to two very important dimensions of every regulatory system: the locus and form of institutionalization (where the EU underwent a shift from a decentralized and network-based to a centralised and institutionalised regime), and the regulatory approach (where the EU embraces harmonization and standardisation after decades of support for mutual recognition). To illustrate these substantial shifts we conduct longitudinal qualitative content analysis of the...

  9. The End of EU Financial Regulatory Internationalism?

    Posner, Elliot; Veron, Nicolas
    Introduction: This paper grapples with the issue of EU internationalism in the area of financial regulation. It first delineates between two dimensions of internationalism – integrationism and multilateralism – noting that since 2007 it is increasingly difficult to be internationalist in both senses. After discussing policymakers’ confidence in EU internationalism as well as scholarly debates, we report on our own comparative study of nine regulatory areas, over time and with respect to the US and international soft law. Our findings suggest that compared to 2007 the EU and the US have become less integrationist – though they have done so in a coordinated fashion, at least through 2011, but less so afterwards; and the EU, contrary to its image as portrayed by EU officials, has also become less multilateralist, notably after 2010, in contrast to a US pattern of relative stability. The explanatory sections of the paper thus focus on the inflection point between 2010 and 2011, preceded by high levels of Transatlantic coordination and followed by a decline of EU multilateralist behavior. We attribute both to a combination of three interrelated causal variables: public salience; UK-­‐Continental relations; and the distance between EU preferences and transnational soft law. We provide empirical evidence in support of all three.

  10. “Putting the EU in Its Place: Policy Strategies and the Global Regulatory Context”

    Newman, Abraham; Posner, Elliot
    Introduction: Moving beyond arguments maintaining that the EU ‘matters’ in a uniform and static way, our study, a largely deductive exercise, identifies potential causal linkages between context and strategies and suggests that as the context changes, so too does the EU’s foreign regulatory engagement. The article’s core, then, develops an analytic framework that predicts different strategies under alternate conditions and indicates how shifts in these conditions are likely to alter strategies (George and Bennett 2005). In particular, we posit that temporal and spatial trends in the regulatory context are likely to result in four distinct strategies: regulatory export, first mover...

  11. Transnational Feedbacks, Soft Law, and Preferences in Global Financial Regulation

    Newman, Abraham; Posner, Elliot
    Pre-crisis global governance of finance was marked by extensive cooperation supported by a preference alignment between the two regulatory great powers, the U.S. and the EU. The paper’s explanation of this surprising pattern in regulatory preferences takes the institutional context of global finance seriously. It highlights endogenous, temporal effects of the international institutions at the core of global economic governance and, in particular, policy feedbacks arising from the interaction of transnational soft law and domestic political contests. In this extension of historical institutionalist theory to the international political arena, soft law is more than a coordinating mechanism. It is an...

  12. A MAPPING OF EUROPEAN STUDIES EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI: POLITICAL SCIENCE

    Zeff, Eleanor E.; Shaw, Kelly B.
    The primary goal and mandate of this study are to map the development of European Economic Community (EEC), now European Union (EU) studies (EEC/EU) in political science in the United States (US). The discussion of EU studies in the US has been divided into two chapters due to the large quantity of research this field has generated in the US since 1958. This chapter concentrates on the middle and eastern regions of the US where proximity to Europe has promoted interest in European politics and scholarship on European integration and EEC/EU development. There is another chapter focusing primarily on political science studies of the EU in the western US region, and also...

  13. Civilisational narratives in European Studies debates on EU enlargement

    McMahon, Richard
    Introduction: This paper addresses issues from my current Marie Curie-funded two-year research project at the University of Portsmouth. This project seeks to understand how two types of geography have interacted: 1. the spatial patterns of the transnational scholarly networks which study European integration, known as European Studies (ES) or European Union Studies (EUS) 2. their narratives, and especially their normative narratives, about the geography of European integration I focus on scholarship of the EU’s 2004 eastern enlargement as a case study and therefore on opinions by scholars about which countries are more or less suitable for EU membership. The present paper addresses two...

  14. “Benefit Tourism” and Migration Policy in the U.K.: The Construction of Policy Narratives

    Luhman, Meghan
    Introduction: In 2004, ten new member states, eight from Central and Eastern Europe (the socalled “A8” countries), joined the European Union. European Union citizens have the right to freely move throughout and reside in (subject to conditions) all member states. At the time, though thirteen out of fifteen existing E.U. member states put temporary restrictions on migrants from these new member states, the U.K. decided to give these migrants immediate full access to the labor market. While in France, for example, fears about the “Polish plumber” taking French jobs became a hot topic of debate and caused the French to implement temporary controls, in the U.K. Tony...

  15. Human rights vs. security? The EU’s secular international identity from a transatlantic perspective

    Jenichen, Anne
    This paper is a very first attempt to explore the EU’s secular identity as it is constructed through the EU’s external relations and in comparison to its main transatlantic partner, and ‘other’, the US. It primarily aims at understanding how the EU and the US interpret the role of religion in their foreign policies and whether and how their interpretations resemble or differ from each other. Against the background of debates on the EU’s international role identity and based on a discursive approach, the paper analyzes official documents produced by EU and US foreign policy institutions in their relationship with...

  16. Labor Migration in the European Union: De-institutionalization or Re-institutionalization of Social Protection?

    Hassel, Anke; Knudsen, Jette Steen; Wagner, Bettina
    The literature on European Union (EU) integration sees increasing liberalization as a major challenge for models of national capitalism within Member States. EU liberalization, it is argued, erodes national welfare regimes and prevents the re-embedding of markets in social protection systems. However, other scholars highlight the ability of national institutions to reinvent themselves to offer social protection. This paper assesses these claims by exploring an extreme case of labor market pressure driven by EU liberalization. Employment conditions in the meat production sector in Germany and Denmark have been affected in very different ways by EU liberalization. We explore whether, and...

  17. How the Frontex Sea Borders Regulation avoids the hot potatoes

    den Heijer, Maarten
    This contribution focuses on the externalization of maritime border controls coordinated by the EU borders agency Frontex. This externalization occurs in two ways. First, by geographically relocating controls away from coastal border crossing points to the various maritime zones. Secondly, by involving non-EU countries in border controls. The recently adopted Frontex Sea Border Regulation aims to clarify the legal regime applicable to such controls in the sphere of fundamental rights, powers of interdiction and search and rescue obligations. The contribution argues that the Regulation is fundamentally flawed as it avoids hard choices, thereby failing to harmonize divergent Member State practice....

  18. Global Power Transition and the Future of the European Union Will EU Leaders Stop Missing Key Opportunities?

    Yesilada, Birol; Tanrikulu, Osman Goktug
    Global Power Transition and the Future of the European Union Will EU Leaders Stop Missing Key Opportunities? Birol Yeşilada, Portland State University & Osman Göktuğ Tanrıkulu, Portland State University ABSTRACT Paper presented at the 2015 Conference of the European Union Studies Association in Boston, March 5-8. This paper applies power transition theory to EU’s future as a global power. It assesses economic and political/strategic capabilities of the EU vis-à-vis other global contenders as Transatlantic Alliance is challenged by rising powers in the east - China and India. Analysis includes simulations of how structural reforms (i.e fiscal union) and membership enlargement(s) are likely to affect...

  19. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, Chapter 10

    Schimmelfennig, Frank
    Europe has pioneered regional integration, and studies on European integration have dominated the study of regionalism. Curiously, as much as the study of regionalism has long been Europe-centered, the study of European regionalism and the theories of European integration have centered on the European Union (EU), its organizational growth and performance. This literature is vast and discussed in entire handbooks on the EU (e.g. Jones et al. 2012; Jørgensen et al. 2006). By contrast, this chapter deliberately takes a regional perspective. It starts with a discussion of how “Europe” has been constructed as a civilizational and institutional region and how...

  20. STRENGTHENING THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S BUDGETARY AND ECONOMIC SURVEILLANCE CAPACITY SINCE GREECE AND THE EURO DEBT CRISIS: A STUDY OF FIVE DIRECTORATES-GENERAL

    Savage, James D.; Verdun, Amy
    Has the executive role of the European Commission changed since the euro debt crisis? Intergovernmentalists point to the increased role of the member states and the Council at the expense of the Commission and other supranational institutions. This paper examines how the Commission has responded to the expansion of fiscal and economic rules such as the regulations that strengthen the EU’s statistical competence and the Six-Pack and Two-Pack. Based on interviews conducted with key staff, we find that these rules have created significant coordination, information, and analytical demands on the Commission. The latter has enhanced its horizontal and vertical coordination efforts, prioritized staff for the Directorate-Generals conducting surveillance activities, added DGs to...

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