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Archive of European Integration (73.487 recursos)

The Archive of European Integration (AEI) is an electronic repository and archive for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. The AEI collects two types of materials: certain types of independently-produced research materials and official European Community/European Union documents

Status = Submitted

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 117

  1. Why is the Court of Justice of the European Union accepted? Three mechanisms of opposition abatement

    Werner, Benjamin
    The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) played a very important role in the process of European integration. Its jurisprudence has again and again strengthened the competencies of the supranational level to the disadvantage of the member states. The CJEU has always been criticized for this pro-integrationist activism but that never had a serious impact on the court’s behavior. In recent years, however, the environment for legal integration has changed: The CJEU is increasingly treading on political sensitive issues; and that in a period when the integration project as such is becoming more and more contested. Scholars of...

  2. Why is the Court of Justice of the European Union accepted? Three mechanisms of opposition abatement

    Werner, Benjamin
    The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) played a very important role in the process of European integration. Its jurisprudence has again and again strengthened the competencies of the supranational level to the disadvantage of the member states. The CJEU has always been criticized for this pro-integrationist activism but that never had a serious impact on the court’s behavior. In recent years, however, the environment for legal integration has changed: The CJEU is increasingly treading on political sensitive issues; and that in a period when the integration project as such is becoming more and more contested. Scholars of...

  3. Irish Diplomacy in Time of Crisis and the Evolution of a ‘European’ diplomatic service

    Tonra, Ben
    The foreign policies of several European states have been centrally engaged in national crisis management subsequent to the crisis in the euro-zone. In several instances this has included determined efforts to rebuild national credibility, intensively to engage with bilateral partners and multilateral agencies both in Europe and internationally and actively to contribute to trade promotion and the attraction of foreign direct investment as part of a programme of national economic recovery. In such a context, where a national diplomatic service is tasked with roles that can be seen to be addressing a near existential crisis for the state, what if...

  4. Irish Diplomacy in Time of Crisis and the Evolution of a ‘European’ diplomatic service

    Tonra, Ben
    The foreign policies of several European states have been centrally engaged in national crisis management subsequent to the crisis in the euro-zone. In several instances this has included determined efforts to rebuild national credibility, intensively to engage with bilateral partners and multilateral agencies both in Europe and internationally and actively to contribute to trade promotion and the attraction of foreign direct investment as part of a programme of national economic recovery. In such a context, where a national diplomatic service is tasked with roles that can be seen to be addressing a near existential crisis for the state, what if...

  5. From Backdoor-Opening To Concluding “Real” Free Trade Agreements? : Japan’s Free Trade Policy Towards The US, The EU And Latin American Countries

    Suzuki, Hitoshi
    The first country Japan signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) was Singapore in January 2002. Since then, Japan has agreed upon EPAs with most of the Asian-Pacific countries, including Australia (July 2014), but without Korea and China. This could be described as the first stage of Japan’s FTA/EPA negotiations, set upon a strategy to conclude with countries “as many as possible” and “in the order of conclude-able.” Japan’s EPAs with Mexico (May 2005), Chile (September 2007), and Peru (March 2012) aimed to catch up with the US and the European Union’s (EU) free trade policy with Latin American countries, so that Japanese multi-nationals would not reduce...

  6. From Backdoor-Opening To Concluding “Real” Free Trade Agreements? : Japan’s Free Trade Policy Towards The US, The EU And Latin American Countries

    Suzuki, Hitoshi
    The first country Japan signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) was Singapore in January 2002. Since then, Japan has agreed upon EPAs with most of the Asian-Pacific countries, including Australia (July 2014), but without Korea and China. This could be described as the first stage of Japan’s FTA/EPA negotiations, set upon a strategy to conclude with countries “as many as possible” and “in the order of conclude-able.” Japan’s EPAs with Mexico (May 2005), Chile (September 2007), and Peru (March 2012) aimed to catch up with the US and the European Union’s (EU) free trade policy with Latin American countries, so that Japanese multi-nationals would not reduce...

  7. The Global Health policies of the EU and its Member States: a common vision?

    Steurs, Lies; Van Belle, Sara
    This paper assesses the coherence between the global health policy of the European Union (EU) and those of its individual Member States. So far EU and public health scholars have paid little heed to this, despite the large budgets of the member states in this area. While the European Commission has recently attempted to define the ‘EU role in Global Health’, EU member states would like to keep a grip on the domain of global health as well. Therefore, this paper questions the existence of a common EU vision on global health by comparing the global health policy documents of...

  8. The Global Health policies of the EU and its Member States: a common vision?

    Steurs, Lies; Van Belle, Sara
    This paper assesses the coherence between the global health policy of the European Union (EU) and those of its individual Member States. So far EU and public health scholars have paid little heed to this, despite the large budgets of the member states in this area. While the European Commission has recently attempted to define the ‘EU role in Global Health’, EU member states would like to keep a grip on the domain of global health as well. Therefore, this paper questions the existence of a common EU vision on global health by comparing the global health policy documents of...

  9. The EU’s Role in Development Cooperation: Promoting Aid Harmonisation in Times of Crisis

    Steingass, Sebastian
    Despite starting from a highly fragmentary development policy system, a considerable consensus on policy norms for effective development cooperation has become prevalent on the EU level. This consensus makes claims about the EU’s role in European development cooperation. This role embraces the EU’s active promotion of approximation and convergence of European policies on aid and development cooperation, the EU’s so called “federating role”. The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretically-informed model for understanding institutional dynamics in European development cooperation in terms of competing ideas and discourses on the EU’s role in regard to national aid policies. After...

  10. The EU’s Role in Development Cooperation: Promoting Aid Harmonisation in Times of Crisis

    Steingass, Sebastian
    Despite starting from a highly fragmentary development policy system, a considerable consensus on policy norms for effective development cooperation has become prevalent on the EU level. This consensus makes claims about the EU’s role in European development cooperation. This role embraces the EU’s active promotion of approximation and convergence of European policies on aid and development cooperation, the EU’s so called “federating role”. The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretically-informed model for understanding institutional dynamics in European development cooperation in terms of competing ideas and discourses on the EU’s role in regard to national aid policies. After...

  11. EU normative power and the Iranian nuclear program

    no, author
    Ian Manners has proposed the concept of European Union normative power: the ability of the EU to change what is ‘normal’ in international relations. The EU-led international negotiations with Iran aimed at preventing the Islamic Republic from acquiring nuclear weapons may provide an example of EU normative power in action. In his 2002 state of the union address, president George W Bush included Iran in an ‘axis of evil’, a move which appeared to raise the possibility of an American military intervention against Iran. In response to the alarm raised by the International Atomic Energy Agency report on the Iranian...

  12. EU normative power and the Iranian nuclear program

    no, author
    Ian Manners has proposed the concept of European Union normative power: the ability of the EU to change what is ‘normal’ in international relations. The EU-led international negotiations with Iran aimed at preventing the Islamic Republic from acquiring nuclear weapons may provide an example of EU normative power in action. In his 2002 state of the union address, president George W Bush included Iran in an ‘axis of evil’, a move which appeared to raise the possibility of an American military intervention against Iran. In response to the alarm raised by the International Atomic Energy Agency report on the Iranian...

  13. Social Models under Economic and Monetary Union

    Marzinotto, Benedicta
    This paper explains the build-up and the reversal of macroeconomic imbalances in the euro area from a social-model point of view. Imbalances between the core and the periphery have been attributed either to fundamental differences in competitiveness or to the fact that capital was flowing into low-income countries where returns were highest. The former hypothesis is unable to account for the decoupling of export performance and standard cost competitiveness indicators and can hardly fit the Irish case. The latter is weak on push factors or, when focused on credit demand, unable to explain why countries with similar per capita income...

  14. Social Models under Economic and Monetary Union

    Marzinotto, Benedicta
    This paper explains the build-up and the reversal of macroeconomic imbalances in the euro area from a social-model point of view. Imbalances between the core and the periphery have been attributed either to fundamental differences in competitiveness or to the fact that capital was flowing into low-income countries where returns were highest. The former hypothesis is unable to account for the decoupling of export performance and standard cost competitiveness indicators and can hardly fit the Irish case. The latter is weak on push factors or, when focused on credit demand, unable to explain why countries with similar per capita income...

  15. The European Union as a New Context and Challenge for the Triangle of Greece, Cyprus and Turkey

    Joseph, Joseph S.
    This paper deals with Greek-Turkish relations and the Cyprus problem in the context of EU interests and concerns in the region. It argues that today, more than ever before, the EU can play a catalytic role in finding a long overdue settlement on Cyprus and improving Greek-Turkish relations. Following the development of a spirit of rapprochement across the Aegean in the late 1990s, the accession of Cyprus to the EU in 2004, and the commencement of accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU in October 2005, the political setting in the region is changing. It is also argued that a...

  16. The European Union as a New Context and Challenge for the Triangle of Greece, Cyprus and Turkey

    Joseph, Joseph S.
    This paper deals with Greek-Turkish relations and the Cyprus problem in the context of EU interests and concerns in the region. It argues that today, more than ever before, the EU can play a catalytic role in finding a long overdue settlement on Cyprus and improving Greek-Turkish relations. Following the development of a spirit of rapprochement across the Aegean in the late 1990s, the accession of Cyprus to the EU in 2004, and the commencement of accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU in October 2005, the political setting in the region is changing. It is also argued that a...

  17. The European Union and Israel’s Occupation: Using Technical Customs Rules as Instruments of Foreign Policy

    Pardo, Sharon; Gordon, Neve
    This article describes the rules of origin dispute between the European Union and Israel, and argues that these technical customs rules are also instruments of foreign policy. Although the rules have had no direct impact on Israel’s industry in the Occupied Territories, they have bolstered the European Union’s self-identification as a “normative power” while constituting an important legal precedent that has served to legitimize other actions against Israel’s occupation.

  18. The European Union and Israel’s Occupation: Using Technical Customs Rules as Instruments of Foreign Policy

    Pardo, Sharon; Gordon, Neve
    This article describes the rules of origin dispute between the European Union and Israel, and argues that these technical customs rules are also instruments of foreign policy. Although the rules have had no direct impact on Israel’s industry in the Occupied Territories, they have bolstered the European Union’s self-identification as a “normative power” while constituting an important legal precedent that has served to legitimize other actions against Israel’s occupation.

  19. Analyzing European Union Politics

    Bindi, Federiga; Eliassen, Kjell A.; Moses, Jonathan; Wiberg, Matti; Falkner, Gerda; Muravska, Tatjana; Justaert, Arnout; Van Den Brande, Karoline; Delreux, Tom; Drieskens, Edith; Nachev, Ivan; Garaski, Salla; Jorgensen, Knud Erik; Manners, Ian; Costa, Olivier; Borzel, Tanja; Heinze, Torben; Contogeorgis, George; Chryssochoou, Dmitris N.; Ocsko, Edina; Giusti, Serena; Dijkstra, Hylke; Vink, Maarten; Marino, Marit Sjovaag; Bergmann, Erikur; Pisarska, Katarzyna; Vila Maior, Paulo; Ramos, Claudia T.; Angelescu, Irina; Ollora, Izea; Sitter, Nick; Dunphy, Sarah; Laursen, Finn; Roy, Joaquim; Strelkov, Alexander; Entin, Mark; Barabanov, Oleg; Zeff, Eleanor; Shaw, Kelly B.; Andrews, Davis
    The speed and depth with which the European Communities/ European Union has evolved is breathtaking and has radically shaped the life of the continent. Ever since the beginning of this ambitious economic and political project, scholars around the world have tried to explain the underlying logic behind it and the mechanisms of its functioning. Thus, a plethora of studies developed alongside the evolution of the EU. SENT (Network of European Studies) is an innovative and ambitious project which brought together about 100 partners from the EU member states, candidate and associated countries, and other parts of the world. It was a far reaching project aimed to overcome disciplinary and geographical- linguistic boundaries in...

  20. Analyzing European Union Politics

    Bindi, Federiga; Eliassen, Kjell A.; Moses, Jonathan; Wiberg, Matti; Falkner, Gerda; Muravska, Tatjana; Justaert, Arnout; Van Den Brande, Karoline; Delreux, Tom; Drieskens, Edith; Nachev, Ivan; Garaski, Salla; Jorgensen, Knud Erik; Manners, Ian; Costa, Olivier; Borzel, Tanja; Heinze, Torben; Contogeorgis, George; Chryssochoou, Dmitris N.; Ocsko, Edina; Giusti, Serena; Dijkstra, Hylke; Vink, Maarten; Marino, Marit Sjovaag; Bergmann, Erikur; Pisarska, Katarzyna; Vila Maior, Paulo; Ramos, Claudia T.; Angelescu, Irina; Ollora, Izea; Sitter, Nick; Dunphy, Sarah; Laursen, Finn; Roy, Joaquim; Strelkov, Alexander; Entin, Mark; Barabanov, Oleg; Zeff, Eleanor; Shaw, Kelly B.; Andrews, Davis
    The speed and depth with which the European Communities/ European Union has evolved is breathtaking and has radically shaped the life of the continent. Ever since the beginning of this ambitious economic and political project, scholars around the world have tried to explain the underlying logic behind it and the mechanisms of its functioning. Thus, a plethora of studies developed alongside the evolution of the EU. SENT (Network of European Studies) is an innovative and ambitious project which brought together about 100 partners from the EU member states, candidate and associated countries, and other parts of the world. It was a far reaching project aimed to overcome disciplinary and geographical- linguistic boundaries in...

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