Recursos de colección

Caltech Authors (147.820 recursos)

Repository of works by Caltech published authors.

Group = Humanities Working Papers

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 157

  1. William Cobbett and the Politics of System

    Gilmartin, Kevin

  2. The Counterrevolution Is Not Over: Commemorating Legh Richmond

    Gilmartin, Kevin
    Recent critical interest in romantic-period evangelical literature has been shadowed by another recovery project outside the university, as American evangelical publishers have brought out devotional editions of the religious works of Hannah More and Legh Richmond written in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. While it is easy to dismiss this as cultural nostalgia, contemporary Christian publishers are alert to the enterprising and activist character of early evangelical tract literature. If there is a lapse of historicism about their recovery project, there is also another way of thinking about history and human agency.

  3. "This is Very Material": William Cobbett and the Rhetoric of Radical Opposition

    Gilmartin, Kevin
    William Cobbett's Cottage Economy (published serially in 1821- 1822, and then in book form in 1822) was a handbook of domestic and agricultural techniques meant to shield the rural household from encroaching commerce and industry by providing the means of an independent subsistence. In an Eighth Number (added to the second edition of 1824), "Selecting, Cutting and Bleaching the Plants of English Grass and Grain, for the purpose of making Hats and Bonnets," Cobbett promoted his scheme for a cottage industry that would employ women and children at home.

  4. Popular Radicalism and the Public Sphere

    Gilmartin, Kevin
    Theories of the public sphere would seem to offer a promising framework for analyzing the language, organization, and public profile of the popular radical reform movement in early nineteenth-century Britain. Yet in the Preface to The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Jürgen Habemus immediately announces that his investigation "leaves aside the plebeian public sphere as a variant that in a sense was suppressed in the historical process." And despite the conceptual strength and impressive scope of his work, Habermas has been criticized for inadequately addressing problems of access that were at the heart of reform agitation. In the wake of Oskar Negt and Alexander Kluge's "pioneering critique" of...

  5. Horses and Bridles

    Clark, J. Kent
    Horses and Bridles is Chapter XIX of my biography of Thomas Wharton, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton. The chapter covers the major political events of 1687, particularly those leading up to the Revolution of 1688. It shows how James II alienated his Tory subjects and provided the Whig "Tom" Wharton, soon to be a leader in the Revolution, with powerful allies The chapter also deals with the most significant changes in the personal world of the Whartons. The table of abbreviations and the short-title bibliography apply to the whole book, not merely this chapter.

  6. Galloping

    Clark, J. Kent
    "Galloping" is chapter eighteen in my biography of Thomas Wharton, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton (Torn Wharton to most of political England and to his biographer). The chapter covers some crucial stages in the process by which James II committed political suicide, and it follows some important events in the fortunes of the Whartons. The time-span covered is roughly a year, from the spring of 1686 through January 1687, with brief glances at 1688 and 1705. The table of abbreviations and the short-title bibliography apply to the whole book, not merely this segment.

  7. Patenting Human Genes: the Advent of Ethics in the Political Economy of Patent Law

    Berkowitz, Ari; Kevles, Daniel J.
    Just as the development of technology is a branch of the history of political and economy, so is the evolution of patent law. The claim is well illustrated by the attempts mounted in recent years in the United States and Europe to patent DNA sequences that comprise fragments of human genes. Examination of these efforts reveals a story that is partly familiar: Individuals, companies, and governments have been fighting over the rights to develop potentially lucrative products based on human genes. The battle has turned in large part on whether the grant of such rights would serve a public economic and biotechnological interest. Yet the contest...

  8. Controversies in the History of the Radiation Reaction Problem in General Relativity

    Kennefick, Daniel J.
    Beginning in the early 1950s, experts in the theory of general relativity debated vigorously whether the theory predicted the emission of gravitational radiation from binary star systems. For a time, doubts also arose on whether gravitational waves could carry any energy. Since radiation phenomena have played a key role in the development of 20th century field theories, it is the main purpose of this paper to examine the reasons for the growth of scepticism regarding radiation in the case of the gravitational field. Although the focus is on the period from the mid-1930s to about 1960, when the modern study of gravitational waves was developing, some attention...

  9. Exits

    Clark, J. Kent
    Exits is Chapter XVI of my biography of Thomas, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton (1648-1715). It covers the major events in Wharton's life from the death of Charles II to the death of Anne Wharton. These include the accession of James II, the Buckinghamshire election of 1685, the first session of the new Parliament, Argyll's rising in Scotaland, Monmouth's Rebellion, Wharton's sojourn in Tunbridge Wells, and the final illness of Wharton's wife. I have annotated the chapter to provide additional information and to allow historians to see how I derived the facts. The lists of abbreviations...

  10. Seizures

    Clark, J. Kent
    Seizures is Chapter XV of my biography of Thomas, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton (1648-1715). It covers the crucial events of 1683, thirteen years before Wharton inherited his father's barony. It shows how the Rye House plot, which dominated the politics of 1683, affected "Tom" Wharton himself and the Whig party, of which he was a prominent member. I have annotated the chapter to provide additional information and to allow specialists in the period to see how I derived the facts. The lists of abbreviations and short titles pertain to the whole book, not merely to this chapter.

  11. Outrages

    Clark, J. Kent

    Outrages is Chapter XIV of my biography of Thomas Wharton, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton (Tom Wharton to his friends, his present biographer, and the English political world of the Revolution period). The story covers the events between November 1681 and February 1683-between the trial of the Earl of Shaftesbury and the Rye House Plot. It covers the most forgettable episode in Wharton's personal life-one that may be charitably described as disgraceful; and it deals with the tortured, serio-comic romance between Wharton's wife Anne and his brother Goodwin. Politically, the story traces some of the stages in the decline of the Whig party...

  12. Anne Wharton

    Clark, J. Kent

    Anne Wharton is Chapter XIII of my biography of Thomas Wharton, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton (Tom Wharton to the English political world of the Glorious Revolution period). The story covers crucial episodes in Wharton's personal and political life. It deals with the health of his talented wife Anne, her affection for her uncle and mentor the Earl of Rochester, her sojourn in Paris in 1681, and Wharton's own brief visits there. On political themes the story covers the famous Oxford Parliament of March 1681-the turning point, as matters turned out, in the contest between Charles II and his Whig opponents, Tom Wharton's political...

  13. Science and Art Among the Chickens: Practical Breeding in the Work of Raymond Pearl

    Cooke, Kathy J.
    [none]

  14. Protestants in Masquerade

    Clark, J. Kent
    "Protestants in Masquerade" is the twelfth chapter of my biography of Thomas, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton. It deals with the emergence of the Whig party, of which Wharton was to become a famous leader, and the attempt to exclude James, Duke of York, from the throne of England. My story covers the period from the parliamentary elections of August 1679 to the dissolution of the "Second Exclusion Parliament" in January 1681. It is an installment in the political education of then-young Tom Wharton as well as an account of a great crisis in English government. The narrative will be more meaningful...

  15. The Enemies Without and Within Cancer and the History of the Laboratory Sciences

    Kevles, Daniel J.
    [none]

  16. Daughters, Dollars, and Domesticity: Family Wages and Female Autonomy in American Textiles, Evidence From the Federal Survey of 1908

    Flamming , Douglas
    [none]

  17. Regression Options for Historians: Choosing Among OLS, Tobit, and Probit Models

    Flamming, Douglas
    Only a generation ago, it was almost unheard of for historians to use multivariate regression analyses to substantiate their arguments. And when historians did begin to utilize regression models in the early 1970s, the suitability of such methods for historical research was a matter of considerable debate. But today, although protests occasionally resurface, regression tables can be found in mainstream journals and well-received books, on topics ranging from the impact of the Counter Reformation in France to the dynamics of kinship in colonial New England to the nature of the Ku Klux Klan in Indiana.

  18. Renato Dulbecco and the New Animal Virology: Medicine, Methods, and Molecules

    Kevles, Daniel J.
    Animal virology -- the study of viruses that prey on animals and human beings -- deserves historical treatment if only because since the 1950s it has become one of the most important fields in the biomedical sciences. Nowadays, it is central to the understanding of many infectious diseases, including AIDS, and the non-infectious scourge of cancer. Yet the development of the new animal virology -- "new" because it was a biological science as distinct from an arm of clinical practice in medicine -- is richly suggestive not only because of its salient importance to medicine but also historiographically. It provides an opportunity to examine the role of...

  19. The Modern Experimental Life Sciences: Needs and Opportunities for Historical Research

    Kevles, Daniel J.; Geison, Gerald L.

  20. The Plot

    Clark, J. Kent

    The following essay on the Popish Plot is chapter nine of my biography of Thomas, 5th Baron, 1st Earl, and 1st Marquess of Wharton; and perhaps it is the only chapter in the history of biography that barely mentions the name of the protagonist. This odd state of affairs arises because neither the political career of Thomas Wharton, who later became de facto prince of the Whigs, nor the English Revolution, which he vigorously supported, can be understood without considerable background knowledge of the famous Plot. The plot crisis, with its bizarre mixture of lies and truths, conditioned politics for years to come.

    If I could have assigned...

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