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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (12.461 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PSAU - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 44

  1. Future talk in later life

    Paoletti, Isabella; Gomes, Sandra
    This article focuses on the relevance that the dimension of the future has for promoting healthy and active aging. Older people generally have difficulties in talking about the future and when they do they generally express very negative perspectives on it. The data analyzed in this paper are part of an on-going interdisciplinary research project: "Aging, poverty and social exclusion: an interdisciplinary study on innovative support services" ( The project aims at documenting good practices in social intervention with older people who are at risk of exclusion. This study describes and critically discusses an activity carried out in Portugal among...

  2. Does spirituality really matter?: A study on the potential of spirituality for older adult’s adjustment to aging

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa
    This study intended to analyze the indicators of adjustment to aging (AtA) and to investigate the latent constructs that can work as major determinants in spirituality for a cross-national older community-dwelling population. Questionnaires were completed to assess the participants’ background information. Interviews were performed, addressing one core area: indicators of AtA. Complete data were available for 154 older adults from two nationalities (German and Portuguese), aged between 75 and 103 years (M = 86.6; SD = 6.98). The data were subjected to content analysis. Representations of the associations and latent constructs were analyzed using a multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). The most prevalent response of the interviewed participants for indicators...

  3. Penis Size and Vaginal Orgasm

    Costa, Rui Miguel; Miller, Geoffrey F.; Brody, Stuart

  4. The effect of posthypnotic suggestion and task difficulty on adherence to health-related requests

    Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving
    The effects of posthypnotic suggestion on health-related behavior, using a behavioral measure of adherence, were investigated. Three hundred twenty-three students covering the full range of hypnotic suggestibility were prescribed an easy (mood rating) or a difficult (physical activity) task. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either a) hypnosis with posthypnotic suggestions to facilitate performance of the assigned task or b) a social request to perform the assigned task. There were significant effects for type of task and hypnosis, revealing that participants adhered significantly more to the easy task and that hypnosis decreased task adherence. Hypnotic suggestibility did not predict adherence, and its interaction with posthypnotic suggestion was not...

  5. Abortion counselling according to healthcare providers: A qualitative study in the Lisbon metropolitan area, Portugal

    Beja, Vanda; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Objective To gain a deeper understanding of healthcare providers’ perceptions on the abortion counselling they provide and its usefulness. Method We conducted in-depth interviews with 16 healthcare providers working in the Lisbon metropolitan area. The interviews were then subjected to content analysis. Results We identified the following themes on abortion counselling description: receiving the woman and understanding her request; providing information; supporting decisionmaking; managing emotional and psychological issues; addressing contraception; managing third-party involvement; offering psychological counselling; informing about the State’s support and offering social counselling. All participants described counselling as useful but valued different aspects of it: information provision; addressing contraception to prevent future unplanned pregnancy/abortion; emotional...

  6. Anxiety, depression, and peer relationships during adolescence: Results from the portuguese national health behaviour in school-aged children survey

    Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Barrett, Paula; Dadds, Mark; Shortt, Alison
    Used data from the Portuguese HBSC (Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children) survey, which was conducted by one of the authors who is the national representative of the European Study HBSC, a World Health Organisation collaborative study (Currie, Hurrelmann, Setterbulte, Smith, Todd, 2000; Matos, Simoes, Carvalhosa, Reis & Canha 2000), to examine correlates of depression and anxiety in a large, representative sample of adolescents. The study had four aims: (1) to examine the relationship between feelings of anxiety and depression; (2) to examine the association of positive peer relationships, and anxiety and depression in school-age adolescents; (3) to examine the relationship...

  7. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory – Student version: Cultural adaptation and validation into portuguese

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Carlotto, Mary Sandra; Maroco, João
    The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory for college students (OLBI-S) was adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and its reliability and validity were measured in a sample of both Brazilian (n=958) and Portuguese (n=602) college students. The confirmatory factor analysis of the OLBI-S showed good fit but two items were removed since they lacked individual reliability (λ<.50). The new structure showed good fit to 2/3 of the test sample and was invariant to the other 1/3 of the total sample. Convergent validity and internal consistency were low, but discriminant, concurrent and divergent validity were good. The OLBI-S was not invariant in the Brazilian and Portuguese samples. The adapted OLBI-S did...

  8. Validity and reliability of the portuguese version of Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Carrascosa, Andréa Corrêa; Maroco, João
    he aim of this study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire (MFIQ) (Portuguese version). Face and content validity of the Portuguese version were performed. To assess reproducibility of the data gathered with MFIQ, it was applied to 62 individuals who completed the questionnaire on two occasions. Validity and reliability of the data gathered with MFIQ were evaluated in a sample of 249 patients. Construct-related validity was assessed through factorial validity (by means of a confirmatory factor analysis), and convergent and discriminant validities were assessed, respectively, by the average variance extracted (AVE), composite reliability...

  9. Selection of Air Force pilot candidates: A case study on the predictive accuracy of discriminant analysis, logistic regression and four neural network types

    Maroco, João; Ribeiro, Rui Bártolo

  10. Women who prefer longer penises are more likely to have vaginal orgasms (but not clitoral orgasms): Implications for an evolutionary theory of vaginal orgasm

    Costa, Rui Miguel; Miller, Geoffrey F.; Brody, Stuart
    Introduction. Research indicates that (i) women’s orgasm during penile–vaginal intercourse (PVI) is influenced by fitness-related male partner characteristics, (ii) penis size is important for many women, and (iii) preference for a longer penis is associated with greater vaginal orgasm consistency (triggered by PVI without concurrent clitoral masturbation). Aims. To test the hypothesis that vaginal orgasm frequency is associated with women’s reporting that a longer than average penis is more likely to provoke their PVI orgasm. Method. Three hundred twenty-three women reported in an online survey their past month frequency of various sexual behaviors (including PVI, vaginal orgasm, and clitoral orgasm), the effects of a longer than average...

  11. Aging with diabetes: Sense of coherence and satisfaction with life in european older adults with type 2 diabetes

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Santos, Susana; Niculescu, Georgeta
    ABSTRACT -- Objectives: The population’s increased longevity is leading to a worldwide concern about older adults’ well-being and about the incidence of chronic diseases such as diabetes. The present research intends to: (a) determine significant differences among three groups of older adults with diverse diabetes diagnosis, namely, participants with only type 2 diabetes, participants with diabetes and other chronic diseases and the remaining without any chronic disease, regarding the satisfaction with life (SWL) and sense of coherence (SOC) scores, and (b) to assess the association of SWL with SOC in these groups. Method: We recruited 304 non-institutionalized older adults aged between 74-100 years (M=82.9; SD= 6.71), who...

  12. Examining occupational stress, sources of stress and stress management strategies through the eyes of management consultants: A multiple correspondence analysis for latent constructs

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Laneiro, Tito; Tavares, Patrícia
    To date, little research has yet focused in broad assessment for management consultancy professionals. This investigation aims to analysemanagement consultants’ self-perceptions of occupational stress (SPoOS), sources of stress (SoS) and stress management strategies (SMS) and to find latent constructs that can work as major determinants in consultants’ conceptualization of SPoOS, SoS and SMS. Measures were completed, including demographics and interviews. Complete data were available for 39 management consultants, 53.8% male and aged between 23 and 56 years (M=38.0; SD=9.2). The data were subjected to content analysis. Representation of the associations and latent constructs were analysed by a multiple correspondence analysis. Results indicated that ‘intellectual disturber’ (31.4%)...

  13. Sexuality: Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward same-sex parenting: The case of Portugal

    Costa, Pedro Alexandre; Rita, Claudia; Fernandes, Inês; Caldeira, Sara Cláudia Pombo; Pereira, Henrique Marques; Leal, Isabel Pereira

  14. Menopausal symptoms: Do life events predict severity of symptoms in peri- and post-menopause?

    Pimenta, Filipa; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João; Ramos, Catarina
    Objective: Hormonal changes during menopausal transition are linked to physical and psychological symptoms’ emergence. This study aims to explore if life events predict menopausal symptoms. Methods: This cross-sectional research encompasses a community sample of 992 women who answered to socio-demographic, health, menopause-related and lifestyle questionnaires; menopausal symptoms and life events were assessed with validated instruments. Structural equation modeling was used to build a causal model. Results: Menopausal status predicted only three symptoms: skin/facial hair changes (B = .136; p = .020), sexual (B = .157; p = .004) and, marginally, vasomotor symptoms (B = .094; p = .054). Life events predicted depressive mood (B = −.391; p = .002),...

  15. Masturbation among women: Associated factors and sexual response in a portuguese community sample

    Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Masturbation is a common sexual practice with significant variations in reported incidence between men and women. The goal of this study was to explore the (1) age at initiation and frequency of masturbation, (2) associations of masturbation with diverse variables, (3) reported reasons for masturbating and associated emotions, and (4) the relationship between frequency of masturbation and different sexual behavioral factors. A total of 3,687 women completed a web-based survey of previously pilot-tested items. The results reveal a high reported incidence of masturbation practices amongst this convenience sample of women. Ninety one percent of women, in this sample, indicated that...

  16. Brief cognitive-behavioral therapy for weight loss in midlife women: A controlled study with follow-up

    Pimenta, Filipa; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João; Ramos, Catarina
    Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has proven to be effective in weight reduction. This study explores whether individual, 8-session CBT can promote weight loss in midlife women. Methods: Anthropometric (weight, abdominal perimeter, and body mass index calculation), psychological (health-related and sexual quality of life, stress, anxiety, and depression), and behavioral measures (binge eating disorder and restrained, external, and emotional eating) were assessed at baseline (T1), posttreatment (T2), and 4-month follow-up (T3), for a total of 21 women at baseline; the CBT group (n = 11) and the control group (n = 10; waiting list) were compared. Results: Statistically significant effects that were dependent...

  17. Validity of four pain intensity rating scales

    Valente, Maria Alexandra Ferreira; Ribeiro, José Luís Pais; Jensen, Mark P.
    The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), and the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R) are among the most commonly used measures of pain intensity in clinical and research settings. Although evidence supports their validity as measures of pain intensity, few studies have compared them with respect to the critical validity criteria of responsivity, and no experiment has directly compared all 4 measures in the same study. The current study compared the relative validity of VAS, NRS, VRS, and FPS-R for detecting differences in painful stimulus intensity and differences between men and women in response to experimentally induced pain. One hundred twenty-seven...

  18. Quality of life is a primary end-point in clinical settings

    Ribeiro, José Luís Pais
    The objective of this review is to present and discuss the quality of life (QOL) construct, more specifically the QOL in the field of health and disease also designated as health-related quality of life (HRQOL). QOL is an everyday language concept with a relatively short history in the health field. It became a principal endpoint in health care as a consequence of the development of patients’ rights movements. It is important for clinical, economic and political decisions. There is no gold standard way to measure QOL and the existence of a huge number of measures and related QOL concepts makes it difficult to discuss QOL. This means...

  19. Psychosocial clinical pathway of breast cancer in portuguese women: The distress, emotional control, neuroticism, social support, coping, quality of life and body image perception’s changes over time

    Patrão, Ivone Alexandra Martins; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João
    Distressing events can lead to negative outcomes, such as post-traumatic stress symptoms; however, they can also lead to positive outcomes, being an experience of post-traumatic growth or benefit finding. In the context of cancer, the positive thinking may impact on important psychological outcomes, including depression, anxiety, positive well-being and health behaviors. There are few longitudinal studies in this area. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial clinical pathway of Portuguese women with breast cancer (time 1 “diagnosis”, time 2 “surgery” and time 3 “treatments”). A total of 30 women diagnosed with breast cancer were evaluated, on 3 separate occasions, in relation...

  20. Depression and self-awareness of impairment in a group of adults with sight loss

    Senra, Hugo Renato Carreira Gomes; Oliveira, Rui Aragão Gomes; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Background: Depression has been referred as a frequent problem in visually impaired adults. Recent studies have hypothesized depression as part of the adjustment process to vision loss. Studies with other physically impaired patients have associated depression with self-awareness of the impairment. Aim: Our study wants to know if self-awareness of the impairment is associated with depressive levels, putting depression as part of the adjustment process to vision loss. Methods: A naturalistic cross-sectional study, using both qualitative and quantitative instruments was adopted. Our sample was composed by a selected group of 40 adult patients at a rehabilitation setting, and who have lost their vision after age 18. Self-awareness of the impairment was collected through semi-structured...

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